• Title/Summary/Keyword: fermented

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Quality and Sensory Characteristics of Fermented Milk Adding Black Carrot Extracts Fermented with Aspergillus oryzae (Aspergillus oryzae로 발효한 자색당근을 첨가한 발효유의 품질 및 관능 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Bae Keun;Kang, Suna;Han, Jung In;Park, Sunmin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.370-376
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    • 2015
  • In this study, we compared the organoleptic and other qualities of fermented milk containing 10 or 15% purple carrot extract that had either been previously fermented with Aspergillus oryzae or not fermented. Fermentation characteristics, pH, chromaticity, viscosity, viable cell counts, and sensory evaluations were measured. The pH and acid values did not differ between purple carrot extract fermented with Aspergillus oryzae and non-fermented extract. Viable cell counts were significantly higher in 15% purple carrot extract fermented with Aspergillus oryzae compared to the control after fermentation. Regarding characteristic changes, purple carrot extract fermented with Aspergillus oryzae group showed a lower red value but higher yellow value compared with non-fermented purple carrot extract due to heat-sterilization. Both fermented and non-fermented extract groups showed significantly increased viscosity compared to control. In the sensory evaluation, 15% purple carrot extract fermented with Aspergillus oryzae showed the highest score. In conclusion, addition of 15% purple carrot extract fermented with Aspergillus oryzae resulted in a superior fermented milk product.

Pediococcus spp.-fermented chicken meat for dogs

  • Lee, Eunchae;Nam, Ki-Taek;Lee, Kyung-Woo;Lee, Sang-Rak
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.62 no.1
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    • pp.84-93
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    • 2020
  • An experiment was conducted to evaluate Pediococcus spp.-fermented chicken meat as a snack for dogs. The fermented or non-fermented snacks used in this study were prepared through the following process; meat mixtures containing 52.8% MDCM, 35.2% chicken breast meat (CBM) and 9.7% corn starch were inoculated with or without Pediococcus spp., incubated at 37℃ for 24 h and then sterilized at 121℃ for 20 min. During the 24-h fermentation, the pH of fermented chicken snack dropped rapidly with concomitant increase in number of lactic acid bacteria. The nutritional composition was not altered by fermentation. In vitro pepsin nitrogen digestibility was higher (p < 0.05) in the fermented snack compared with the non-fermented snack. Upon storage at room temperature for 14 days, bacteria grew slowly in fermented vs. non-fermented snack samples. In a palatability trial, dogs preferred non-fermented over fermented snack food. In 12-d-long feeding trial, fecal ammonia content was lowered, but fecal lactic acid content was increased in dogs fed the fermented vs. non-fermented snack food. Our study shows that the fermented MDCM-based snack exhibited good preservability upon storage, and improved in vitro nitrogen digestibility and fecal characteristics in dogs.

The Inhibiton Effects of Hypercholesterolemia and Platelet in Fermented and Non-Fermented Preparation of Garlic

  • Kim, Hyun-Kyoung
    • International Journal of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2019
  • This Dietary cholesterol augments lipid profile and primes production and activation of platelets, leading to development of atherosclerosis which produce several detrimental effects on cardiovascular health. Ethnomedicine and Mediterranean diet are natural sources and cost effective modes against several ailments including cardiovascular diseases while fermented foods have gained interest due to their increased nutrient profile, enhanced bioavailability and efficacy. Garlic has been known to reduce cholesterol and inhibit platelet activation. We examined whether fermented garlic ameliorates effects of hypercholesterolemia and platelet functions in rats. Methodology: Male SD rats were fed with hypercholesterolemia diet and treated with spirulina, fermented and non-fermented preparations of garlic for one month. Platelet aggregation and granule secretion were assessed to evaluate platelet activation. Liver and kidney weights, lipid and enzymatic profile of serum and whole blood analysis was performed. Expressions of SREBP, ACAT-2 and HMG-CoA were assessed using RT-PCR while liver and adipose tissues were analyzed for histological changes. Both fermented and non-fermented garlic inhibited platelet aggregation and granule secretion while fermented garlic showed greater inhibitor tendency. Fermented garlic significantly reduced liver weight and triglycerides concentrations than non-fermented garlic. Similarly, fermented garlic greatly abrogated the detrimental effects of steatosis on liver and adipose tissues. Fermented garlic significantly improved lipid profile and modulated platelet functions, thereby inhibiting atherosclerosis and platelet related cardiovascular disorders.

Fatty Acid Composition of Salt-Fermented Seafoods in Chonnam Area (전남산 젓갈의 지방산 조성)

  • 박복희;박영희
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.465-469
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    • 1993
  • This study was designed to investigate fatty acid composition of salt-fermented seafoods in Chonnam area. The seven samples were analyzed for fatty acid composition. The contents of lipid was highest in salt-fer-mented anchovies and followed by salt-fermented small mullets, salt-fermented oysters, salt-fermented sea-arrows and salt-fermented small shrimps. The ratio of fatty acid composition depended on the samples but the major fatty acids were $C_{l6:0}$, $C_{20:5}$, $C_{l6:1}$, $C_{22:6}$, and $C_{l8:1}$ among all samples. The composition of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids was highest in salt-fermented sea-arrows (39.11%) and followed by salt-fermented small shrimps, salt-fermented oysters, salt-fermented anchovies and salt-fermented small mullets. In n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, $C_{20:5}$ was relatively abundant in salt-fermented oysters (17.71%) and salt-fermented sea-arrows (16.38%), and $C_{22:6}$ in salt-fermented sea-arrows (22.22%) and salt-fermented small shrimps (15.13~21.50%). However, $C_{22:6}$ was very little in salt-fermented small mullets.l mullets.

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Utilization of Fermented Milk and It's Health Promotion (유산균 발효유의 이용과 건강증진)

  • Lee, Jung-Lyoul;Huh, Chul-Sung;Baek, Young-Jin
    • Journal of Dairy Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.58-71
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    • 1999
  • This study was designed to investigate the health promotion effect of fermented milk and historical story of Korean dairy products from the ancient period to present. Although the origin of fermented milk is Europe, the recede of fermented milk was founded in far-east and middle east areas at BC 4C. After the spread of fermented milk to Korea and Japan. The consumption of fermented milk in Korea was dramatically increased to 14.2 kg per person in 1997. Health promotion effect of fermented milk can be devided to 5 major effected improvements of intestinal microflora, anticancer, cholesterol assimilation anti-pathogenic activity. Fermented milk reduced the level of ${\beta}$-glucornidase and nitroreductase to 50% and it provides anticancer activity by cell wall an polysaccharides. Fermented milk has cholesterol assimilation activity ca. 54${\sim}$40% (B. longum, Str. thermophillus). Anti-pathogenic activity of fermented milk was significant. It appeared that Sal. ser. typhimurium was more susceptible than 5. coli 0157 at low pH fermented milk. Viable cells of E. coli 0157 were not dramatically decreased in most of fermented milks tested, but in general, Sal. ser. typhimurium was drastically decreased in most of the fermented milks.

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The Chemoprotective Effect of Fermented Rice Bran on Doxorubicin Induced Toxicity in the Rat

  • Lee, Keyong Ho;Rhee, Ki-Hyeong;Cho, Choa Hyung
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.29-32
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    • 2014
  • In the present study, we examined the chemoprotective effects of different rice bran, which are produced by fermentation or not, on doxorubicin induced rat model, and detected the change of components of rice bran. Rats receiving fermented rice bran of 100 mg/kg by oral plus doxorubicin 10 mg/kg had greater weight gain as +24% than that observed with doxorubicin alone. In case of the treatment of non-fermented rice bran of 100 mg/kg by oral with doxorubicin of 10 mg/kg, fermented rice bran showed a -1.3% decrease in body weight. 100 mg/kg fermented rice bran decreased the incidence to 30%, and non-fermented rice bran decreased the incidence to 50%. In lethality, the rate of death of doxorubicin was 60%. 100 mg/kg fermented rice bran decreased to 10% in death rate and non-fermented rice bran to 30%. In gross gastrointestinal pathology, doxorubicin showed the gross gastrointestinal mucosal pathology in 70% of treated rats, fermented rice bran decreased to 40% and non-fermented rice bran to 50%. In the change of constituent, xylose concentration of fermented rice bran was detected to 59.33 mg/g while its concentration of non-fermented rice bran was 11.12 mg/g.

Aerobic Stability and Effects of Yeasts during Deterioration of Non-fermented and Fermented Total Mixed Ration with Different Moisture Levels

  • Hao, W.;Wang, H.L.;Ning, T.T.;Yang, F.Y.;Xu, C.C.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.816-826
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    • 2015
  • The present experiment evaluated the influence of moisture level and anaerobic fermentation on aerobic stability of total mixed ration (TMR). The dynamic changes in chemical composition and microbial population that occur after air exposure were examined, and the species of yeast associated with the deterioration process were also identified in both non-fermented and fermented TMR to deepen the understanding of aerobic deterioration. The moisture levels of TMR in this experiment were adjusted to 400 g/kg (low moisture level, LML), 450 g/kg (medium moisture level, MML), and 500 g/kg (high moisture level, HML), and both non-fermented and 56-d-fermented TMR were subjected to air exposure to determine aerobic stability. Aerobic deterioration resulted in high losses of nutritional components and largely reduced dry matter digestibility. Non-fermented TMR deteriorated during 48 h of air exposure and the HML treatment was more aerobically unstable. On dry matter (DM) basis, yeast populations significantly increased from $10^7$ to $10^{10}cfu/g$ during air exposure, and Candida ethanolica was the predominant species during deterioration in non-fermented TMR. Fermented TMR exhibited considerable resistance to aerobic deterioration. Spoilage was only observed in the HML treatment and its yeast population increased dramatically to $10^9cfu/g$ DM when air exposure progressed to 30 d. Zygosaccharomyces bailii was the sole yeast species isolated when spoilage occurred. These results confirmed that non-fermented and fermented TMR with a HML are more prone to spoilage, and fermented TMR has considerable resistance to aerobic deterioration. Yeasts can trigger aerobic deterioration in both non-fermented and fermented TMR. C. ethanolica may be involved in the spoilage of non-fermented TMR and the vigorous growth of Z. bailii can initiate aerobic deterioration in fermented TMR.

Anti-Obesity Effect of Commercial Kochujang and Fermented Wheat Grain Products in Sprague-Dawley Rats (흰쥐에서 개량식 고추장과 발효 밀쌀의 항비만 효과)

  • Kim, Jong-Hee;Lim, Yaung-Iee
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.641-649
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    • 2014
  • The antiobesity effect of commercial kochujang and fermented wheat grains in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats was studied. The experiment was consisted of 6 groups. Normal, high fat diet (HFD), HFD+raw wheat grains, HFD+first fermented wheat grains (FFWG, with Aspergillus oryzae) HFD+final fermented wheat grains (FiFWG, fermented more for 30~40 days), and HFD+ commercial kochujang. The results showed that final body weight, weight gain, food efficiency ratio, and adipose tissue weight were markedly decreased by the commercial kochujang and the fermented wheat grains, whereas non-fermented raw wheat grains had no such effect. Lipid contents such as total lipid, total triglyceride and total cholesterol decreased in the serum and organs of liver and adipose tissues by the commercial kochujang and the fermented wheat grains as well. These results also indicated that fermented wheat grains exhibited more suppressive effects on high fat induced-obesity than raw wheat grains. Increased fermentation time and adding the red pepper powder resulted in increased the anti-obesity effect. Especially, commercial kochujang showed higher antiobestic effects than fermented wheat grains. These in vivo findings suggested that well-fermented end products of the wheat grains and red pepper powder in kochujang could be useful in the prevention of obesity.

Characteristics of Vegetable Juice Fermented with Lactobacillus plantarum MKHA15 and Leuconostoc mesenteroids MKSR (Lactobacillus plantarum MKHA15와 Leuconostoc mesenteroides MKSR을 첨가한 발효 채소 주스의 특성)

  • Jang, Hyunah;Kim, Misook
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.281-294
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    • 2019
  • The objective of this study was to develop fermented vegetable juices that possess antidiabetic and antioxidant activities. Lactobacillus plantarum MKHA15 (MKHA15) and Leuconostoc mesenteroides MKSR (MKSR) were applied to ferment onion, cabbage, and tomato juices at $37^{\circ}C$ and $30^{\circ}C$ for 72 h, respectively, and their functionality was tested using the 12 h hour-fermented juice by MKHA15, and 48 h hour-fermented juice by MKSR. Inhibition of ${\alpha}$-glucosidase activity was observed in all fermented juices. The onion juice fermented by MKHA15 showed significantly higher ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibition activity compared to other juices. All juices showed more than 70% inhibition of ${\alpha}$-amylase activity. The DPPH radical scavenging activity of onion juice fermented by MKSR showed significantly lower activity than cabbage and tomato juices; however, no difference was observed between the types of starter cultures. The SOD-like activity of cabbage juice fermented by MKSR was the highest among the fermented juices. The juices fermented by MKHA15 showed higher reducing power than those by MKSR. Therefore, we believe that cabbage, onion and tomato juice fermented by MKHA15 and MKSR would be useful in probiotic juices, as they possess antidiabetic and antioxidant activities.

Effect of Fermented Spinach as Sources of Pre-Converted Nitrite on Color Development of Cured Pork Loin

  • Kim, Tae-Kyung;Kim, Young-Boong;Jeon, Ki-Hong;Park, Jong-Dae;Sung, Jung-Min;Choi, Hyun-Wook;Hwang, Ko-Eun;Choi, Yun-Sang
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.105-113
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    • 2017
  • The effect of fermented spinach extracts on color development in cured meats was investigated in this study. The pH values of raw cured meats without addition of fermented spinach extract or nitrite (negative control) were higher (p<0.05) than those added with fermented spinach extract. The pH values of raw and cooked cured meats in treatment groups were decreased with increasing addition levels of fermented spinach extract. The lightness and yellowness values of raw cured meats formulated with fermented spinach extract were higher (p<0.05) than those of the control groups (both positive and negative controls). The redness values of cooked cured meats were increased with increasing fermented spinach extract levels, whereas the yellowness values of cooked cured meats were decreased with increasing levels of fermented spinach extract. The lowest volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) values were observed in the positive control group with addition of nitrite. TBARS values of cured meats added with fermented spinach extract were decreased with increasing levels of fermented spinach extract and VBN values of curing meat with 30% fermented spinach extract was lower than the other treatments. Total viable bacterial counts in cured meats added with fermented spinach extract ranged from 0.34-1.01 Log CFU/g. E. coli and coliform bacteria were not observed in any of the cured meats treated with fermented spinach extracts or nitrite. Residual nitrite contents in treatment groups were increased with increasing levels of fermented spinach extract added. These results demonstrated that fermented spinach could be added to meat products to improve own curing characteristics.