• Title, Summary, Keyword: fibrinolytic activity

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Characteristics of Chungkookjang that Enhance the Flavor and GABA Content in a Mixed Culture of Bacillus subtilis MC31 and Lactobacillus sakei 383 (Bacillus subtilis MC31와 Lactobacillus sakei 383의 혼합배양으로 향상된 풍미와 GABA 함량을 지닌 청국장의 품질 특성)

  • Lee, Ga-Young;Kim, Su-In;Jung, Min-Gi;Seong, Jong-Hwan;Lee, Young-Guen;Kim, Han-Soo;Chung, Hun-Sik;Lee, Byoung-Won;Kim, Dong-Seob
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.24 no.10
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    • pp.1102-1109
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    • 2014
  • Chungkookjang has several functional properties, such as fibrinolytic activity, anticancer effects, and antioxidant effects. However, children do not like Chungkookjang because of its foul odor. A mixed culture of Bacillus subtilis MC31 and Lactobacillus sakei 383 was used to improve the production of GABA in Chungkookjang and its flavor. Most of the foul odor of Chungkookjang was removed. The slime content and viscosity of Chungkookjang fermented in the mixed culture were similar to those of commercial Chungkookjang when B. subtilis MC31 and Lactobacillus sakei 383 were inoculated in a 1:1 ratio. The maximum GABA content was obtained when Chungkookjang was fermented with B. subtilis MC31 and L. sakei 383, which was fermented at $37^{\circ}C$ for 72 hr. During the period of fermentation, the viable cell number of B. subtilis MC31 reached a peak (log 9.13 CFU/g) at six days, and L. sakei 383 reached a peak (log 6.78 CFU/g) at two days. The moisture, crude ash, crude protein, crude fat, and crude fiber contents were 61.71%, 2.05%, 17.54%, 8.36%, and 1.95%, respectively. The amino-type nitrogen content of Chungkookjang fermented by B. subtilis MC31 and L. sakei 383 was less than Chungkookjang fermented by B. subtilis MC31 alone. The ammonia-type nitrogen and reducing sugar content of the Chungkookjang fermented by B. subtilis MC31 and L. sakei 383 were higher than that of steamed soybean. The glutamic acid and GABA content detected with an amino acid analyzer were 1.40 mg/g and 0.47 mg/g, respectively. These results suggest that fermentation with B. subtilis MC31 and L. sakei 383 in a 1:1 ratio removes more of the foul odor and increases the GABA content compared with single fermentation.

Inhibition of Bacillus cereus in Cheonggukjang Fermented with Bacillus Starters with Antimicrobial Activities (항균력을 지닌 Bacillus 균주들을 종균으로 사용한 청국장에서 Bacillus cereus 억제)

  • Lee, Jae Yong;Shim, Jae Min;Liu, Xiaoming;Yao, Zhuang;Lee, Kang Wook;Cho, Kye Man;Kim, Gyoung Min;Shin, Jung-Hye;Kim, Jong-Sang;Kim, Jeong Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.736-745
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    • 2016
  • Cheonggukjang, a traditional Korean fermented soy food, was prepared by inoculation of Bacillus subtilis EMD4 or Bacillus amyloliquefaciens EMD17 with anti-bacterial or anti-fungal activities into soybeans. Cheonggukjang was also prepared by co-inoculation of EMD4 and EMD17 (1:1, v/v). Control cheonggukjang was prepared by using B. subtilis KACC16450 (Natto strain). Growth of B. cereus cells spiked with starter organisms was completely inhibited by B. amyloliquefaciens EMD17 after 12 h of fermentation at $37^{\circ}C$. Growth of B. cereus was also inhibited by B. subtilis EMD4, but the degree of inhibition was weaker. After 48 h of fermentation, cheonggukjang samples were stored for 10 days at $4^{\circ}C$. B. cereus cells were not detected from cheonggukjang inoculated with EMD4, whereas significant numbers still present in control. The pH values of cheonggukjang samples were not significantly different. During fermentation, cheonggukjang fermented with EMD17 showed the highest fibrinolytic activity and during storage, cheonggukjang fermented with a Natto strain was the highest. Cheonggukjang fermented with a Natto strain also showed the highest amount of total phenolic compounds. The results show that control of B. cereus in cheonggukjang is possible by using starters such as B. amyloliquefaciens EMD17.