• Title, Summary, Keyword: fibrinolytic activity

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Selection and Fermentation Characteristics of Cheongbukjang Strains (청국장 균주의 선발과 발효 특성)

  • Woo Seung-Mi;Kwon Joong-Ho;Jeong Yong-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.77-82
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    • 2006
  • This study was carried out to investigate the Cheongbukjang fermentation characteristics and to select the strain showing a fibrinolytic activity. Fibrinolytic activity of 5 strains isolated from the commercial Chungkukjang was tested N2 strain showed the highest activity $(41.7\%)$ while N3 and N5 had similar activity $(27.8\%)$ compared to plasmin 1 unit/mL The selected N2 strain was determined as B. subtilis with $90.1\%$ homology by API kit analysis. Quality characteristics of Cheongbukjang fermented by 6 kinds of strains were tested Among 3 strains cultured, B. subtilis (KCTC 3014) showed the highest viscous substance, fibrinolytic activity and amino type nitrogen content. After isolated, B. subtilis N2 showed the highest viscous substance, fibrinolytic activity and amino type nitrogen content. Optimum steam-time for Cheongbukjang fermented by B. subtilis (KCTC 3014) and B. subtilis N2 was 45 min while optimum fermentation-time was 20 hr.

Characterization of Physiological Functionalities of Codonopsis lanceolata, Cornus officinalis S. et Z, and Their Mixtures

  • Oh, Hae-Sook;Kim, Jun-Ho
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.393-398
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    • 2006
  • These studies were carried out to characterize the physiological functionalities of Codonopsis lanceolata, Cornus officinalis, and their mixtures. We investigated the antioxidative, fibrinolytic, and ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitory activities of them. The antioxidative activities of Codonopsis lanceoiata and Cornus officinalis were 87% and 90%, respectively. Addition of salt to Codonopsis lanceolata and Cornus officinalis did not affect its antioxidative activities. In spite of fourfold addition of Codonopsis lanceolata to Cornus officinalis, the antioxidative activity was conserved at 90%. The fibrinolytic activities of Codonopsis lanceolata and Cornus officinalis were 0.78 plasmin unit/ml and 1.74 plasmin unit/ml, respectively. Addition of salt decreased the fibrinolytic activities of both Codonopsis lanceolata and Cornus officinalis. A mixture (3:1) of Codonopsis lanceolata and Cornus officinalis exhibited a 21% increase in activity. The ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitory activities of Codonopsis ianceoiata and 100-fold diluted Cornus officinalis were 25% and 73%, respectively. The addition of salt to Codonopsis lanceolata and Cornus officinalis slightly decreased their ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitory activities. According to the addition of Cornus officinalis to Codonopsis lanceoiata, the ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitory activities of the resulting mixture were highly increased. We anticipate that these results will be used as basic data for the development of new bifunctional foods.

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Fibrinolytic Enzyme Activity of Extract from Camellia japonica L. (동백나무 추출물의 혈전용해 효소활성)

  • Lim, Chae-Young;Lee, Sook-Young;Pyo, Byeong-Sik;Kim, Sun-Min
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.195-201
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    • 2006
  • The fibrinolytic activities of soluble proteins extracted from young leaves of Camellia japonica L. were studied. Fibrinolvity activity of extract from partitions of C. japonica L. showed 1.6-2.0 times higher than plasmin used as positive control. The fibrinolytic enzyme was confirmed directly from young leaves of C. japonica L. by a fibrin Plate and fibrin zymography. The protein was composed of a single polypeptide and its apparent molecular weight was found to be 45 kDa, as judged by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The optimum pH and temperature for the fibrinolytic activity were pH 5.5 and $30^{\circ}C$, respectively. Also, the fibrinolytic activity was clearly inhibited by PMSF and TLCK, suggesting that it is a member of the trypsin-like serine protease. All these results suggest the protease is a fibrinolytic enzyme belong to a family of trypsin-like serine protease.

A Fibrinolytic Enzyme from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens D4-7 Isolated from Chungkook-Jang; It′s Characterization and Influence of Additives on Thermostability. (청국장으로부터 분리한 Bacillus amyloliquefaciens D4-7이 분비하는 혈전용해효소의 특성 및 열안정성에 미치는 첨가물의 효과)

  • 김상숙;이주훈;안용선;김정환;강대경
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.271-276
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    • 2003
  • Bacillus amyloliquefaciens D4, which produces a strongly fibrinolytic enzyme, was isolated from Chungkook-Jang, a traditional Korean soybean-fermented food. B. amyloliquefaciens D4 was mutated with N-methyl-N-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) to yield a series of mutants with increasing levels of fibrinolytic enzyme production. After mutation, a mutant D4-7 was obtained with fibrinolytic activity about eight times stronger than the parent strain. The fibrinolytic activity of B. amyloliquefaciens D4-7, reached a maximum, when the producer was cultivated in 2% Isolated Soy Protein (ISP) broth for 48 h at $37^{\circ}C$. Compared to commercial fibrinolytic enzymes, the cell-free culture supernatant of B. amyloliquefaciens D4-7 showed stronger activity than plasmin and streptokinase. The optimum temperature and pH were $50^{\circ}C$ and 10.0 and thermostability was increased by the addition of glycerol, glucose, and NaCl.

Isolation and Characterization of a 32-kDa Fibrinolytic Enzyme (FE-32kDa) from Gloydius blomhoffii siniticus Venom -Fibrinolytic Enzyme from Gloydius blomhoffii siniticus Venom-

  • Kim, Joung-Yoon;Lee, Seung-Bae;Kwon, Ki Rok;Choi, Suk-Ho
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.44-50
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: This study was undertaken to isolate a fibrinolytic enzyme from the snake venom of Gloydius blomhoffii siniticus and to investigate its enzymatic characteristics and hemorrhagic activity as a potential pharmacopuncture agent. Methods: The fibrinolytic enzyme was isolated by using chromatography, sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and fibrin plate assay. The characteristics of the enzyme were investigated using fibrin plate assay, protein hydrolysis analysis, and hemorrhage assay. Its amino acid composition was determined. Results: The fibrinolytic enzyme with the molecular weight of 32kDa (FE-32kDa) from Gloydius blomhoffii siniticus showed a fibrin hydrolysis zone at the concentration of 0.2 mg/mL in the fibrin plate assay. The fibrin hydrolysis activity of the enzyme was inhibited completely by ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), ethyleneglycoltetraacetic acid (EGTA), and 1, 10-phenanthroline, thiothreitol and cysteine, and partially by phenylmethanesulfonylfluoride (PMSF). Metal ions such as $Fe^{2+}$ and $Hg^{2+}$ inhibited the fibrin hydrolysis completely, but $Zn^{2+}$ enhanced it. FE-32kDa hydrolyzed ${\alpha}$-chain but did not hydrolyze ${\beta}$-chain and ${\gamma}$-chain of fibrinogen. High-molecular-weight polypeptides of gelatin were hydrolyzed partially into low-molecular-weight polypeptides, but the extent of hydrolysis was limited. FE-32kDa induced hemorrhage beneath back skin of mice at the dose of $2{\mu}g$. Conclusions: FE-32kDa is a ${\alpha}$-fibrin(ogen)olytic metalloprotease that requires $Zn^{2+}$ for fibrinolytic activity and causes hemorrhage, suggesting that the enzyme is not appropriate for use as a clinical pharmacopuncture.

Physiological Functionalities of Solvent Fractions Isolated from Crataegi Fructus

  • Oh, Hae-Sook;Kim, Jun-Ho
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.249-255
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    • 2008
  • In this study we investigated the biological activities of Crataegi Fructus, including antioxidative, fibrinolytic, $\alpha$-glucosidase inhibitory, and thrombin inhibitory activities. Crataegi Fructus, hot water extract was fractionated into hexane, $CHCLl_3$, ethyl acetate, butanol, and water fractions, and each of these was assayed individually. The water fraction showed the highest extraction yield at 4.08% (w/w). The antioxidative activities of the water, ethyl acetate, and butanol fractions were 31.07%, 45.87%, 50.28%, and 91.74%, respectively. Assays for fibrinolytic activity indicated that only the butanol fraction has significant efficacy at 1.93 plasmin units/ml. Thrombin inhibitory assays indicated that the 10-fold dilutions of the $CHCLl_3$, ethyl acetate, and butanol fractions had inhibitory activities of 34.97%, 41.43%, and 58.10%, respectively. The 10-fold dilutions of the only ethyl acetate fraction demonstrated $\alpha$-glucosidase inhibitory activities of 75.07%. From the above results, we propose that extracts of Crataegi Fructus can be used as a material for the development of biofunctional foods.

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Screening of Fibrinolytic Enzymes from Soil Metagenome Library (토양 metagenome library로부터 혈전용해효소의 탐색)

  • Lee Sun-Yi;Kim Bo-Hye;Kang Ju-Hyung;Cho Hyo-Jin;Kong Eun-Hee;Moon Sang-Wook;Kim Yeong-Jin;Ahn Soon-Cheol
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.360-364
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    • 2006
  • Fibrin clots of blood vessels are one of the serious factor caused cardiovascular disease. The development of a antithrombotic and thrombolysis solvent is necessary to prevent and treat these diseases. It has been reported that a strong fibrin-specific fibrinolytic enzyme was produced from a Korean fermented soybean paste similar to Japanese miso. We have been screened the known or novel fibrinolytic enzymes by activity-based and sequence-based screening from soil DNA metagenome library containing all kinds of environmental genomic DNA. The activity-based screening was determined the protease activity on 0.5% skim milk. For sequence-based screening, we designed a set of primer expanding gene sequence of fibrinolytic enzyme, performed PCR and selected clones showing the expected size of amplicons from metagenome library. Transformation of the gene encoding fibrinolytic enzyme was carried out with commercial vectors and their transformants were selected. Finally, we found 15 positive clones from metagenome library. Then each of sequences were analyzed and identified as similar or known the clones of nattokinase. We are going to perform full sequence of each clones, ligate with expression vector, transform into competent cells and then determine activity of expressed enzymes.

Purification and Characterization of the Fibrinolytic Enzyme Produced by Bacillus subtilis KCK-7 from Chungkookjang

  • Paik, Hyun-Dong;Lee, Si-Kyung;Heo, Seok;Kim, Soo-Young;Lee, Hyung-Hoan;Kwon, Tae-Jong
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.829-835
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    • 2004
  • A fibrinolytic enzyme has been found in several bacteria isolated from fermented food. This study was carried out to investigate the purification and characteristics of the fibrinolytic enzyme produced by Bacillus subtilis KCK-7 originated from Chungkookjang. The fibrinolytic enzyme was purified to homogeneity from the culture supernatant using ammonium sulfate fractionation and chromatographies on DEAE-cellulose and on Sephadex G-100. The final specific activity of the purified enzyme increased 11.0-fold, and the protein amount in the purified enzyme was about 16% of that in the culture supernatant. The molecular weight of the purified enzyme was estimated to be about 45,000 by SDS-PAGE. The optimum pH and temperature for the enzyme activity were pH 7.0 and $60^{\circ}C$, respectively. The enzyme activity was relatively stable up to $60^{\circ}C$ over the pH range of 7.0-10.0. The fibrinolytic enzyme activity increased by $Ca^{2+}$ and $Cu^{2+}$, whereas it was inhibited by $Hg^{2+}$ and $Ba^{2+}$. In addition, it was severely inhibited by PMSF and DFT. It is suggested that the purified enzyme was a serine protease for the fibrinolysis. The purified enzyme could completely hydrolyze fibrin in vitro within 8 h. Hence, it is suggested that the purified enzyme can be put into practice as an effective thrombolytic agent.

Improvement of Fibrinolytic Activity of Bacillus subtilis 168 by Integration of a Fibrinolytic Gene into the Chromosome

  • Jeong, Seon-Ju;Park, Ji Yeong;Lee, Jae Yong;Lee, Kang Wook;Cho, Kye Man;Kim, Gyoung Min;Shin, Jung-Hye;Kim, Jong-Sang;Kim, Jeong Hwan
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.25 no.11
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    • pp.1863-1870
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    • 2015
  • Fibrinolytic enzyme genes (aprE2, aprE176, and aprE179) were introduced into the Bacillus subtilis 168 chromosome without any antibiotic resistance gene. An integration vector, pDG1662, was used to deliver the genes into the amyE site of B. subtilis 168. Integrants, SJ3-5nc, SJ176nc, and SJ179nc, were obtained after two successive homologous recombinations. The integration of each fibrinolytic gene into the middle of the amyE site was confirmed by phenotypes (Amy-, SpecS) and colony PCR results for these strains. The fibrinolytic activities of the integrants were higher than that of B. subtilis 168 by at least 3.2-fold when grown in LB broth. Cheonggukjang was prepared by inoculating each of B. subtilis 168, SJ3-5nc, SJ176nc, and SJ179nc, and the fibrinolytic activity of cheonggukjang was 4.6 ± 0.7, 10.8 ± 0.9, 7.0 ± 0.6, and 8.0 ± 0.2 (U/g of cheonggukjang), respectively at 72 h. These results showed that construction of B. subtilis strains with enhanced fibrinolytic activities is possible by integration of a strong fibrinolytic gene via a marker-free manner.

Fibrinolytic and α-Glucosidase Inhibitory Activities of Wild Mushroom Methanol Extracts (야생버섯 메탄올추출물의 혈전용해 활성과 α-Glucosidase 저해 활성)

  • Kim, Jun-Ho;Lee, Eun-Jin;Seok, Soon-Ja
    • The Korean Journal of Mycology
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.128-132
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    • 2007
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the physiological functionalities of 60 wild mushroom methanol extracts. We determined their fibrinolytic and ${\alpha}-glucosidase$ inhibitory activities. Among them, 11 mushrooms showed fibrinolytic activity. In particular, Armillaria sp. showed the greatest enzyme activity (4.2 plasmin units/ml) in a fibrin plate assay. The fibrinolytic activities of Amanita virosa. Gymnophilus sp. and Lepista nuda were 2.3, and the activities of Amanita citrina and Cortinarius alboviolaceus were 2.1 and 2.0 plasmin units, respectively. In a ${\alpha}-glucosidase$ inhibitory activity test, Naematoloma fasciculare showed the greatest inhibitory activity at 98.5%. The ${\alpha}-glucosidase$ inhibitory activities of Suillus luteus and Gomphidius maculatus were 66.6% and 61.5%, respectively. This study suggests that both Armillaria sp. and N. fasciculare can be used as candidates for the development of new medicine effective to cardiovascular diseases and biofunctional food.