• Title, Summary, Keyword: fibrinolytic protease

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Characterization of Fibrinolytic Proteases from Gloydius blomhoffii siniticus Venom

  • Choi, Suk-Ho
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.71-79
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : This study was undertaken to identify fibrinolytic proteases from Gloydius blomhoffii siniticus venom and to characterize a major fibrinolytic protease purified from the venom. Methods : The venom was subjected to chromatography using columns of Q-Sepharose and Sephadex G-75. The molecular weights of fibrinolytic proteases showing fibrinolytic zone in fibrin plate assay were determined in SDS-PAGE (Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis) The effects of inhibitors and metal ions on fibrinolytic protease and the proteolysis patterns of fibrinogen, gelatin, and bovine serum albumin were investigated. Results : 1) The fibrinolytic fractions of the three peaks isolated from Gloydius blomhoffii siniticus venom contained two polypeptides of 46 and 59 kDa and three polypeptides of 32, 18, and 15 kDa and a major polypeptide of 54 kDa, respectively. 2) The fibrinolytic activity of the purified protease of 54 kDA was inhibited by metal chelators, such as EDTA, EGTA, and 1,10-phenanthroline, and disulfhydryl-reducing compounds, such as dithiothreitol and cysteine. 3) Calcium chloride promoted the fibrinolytic activity of the protease, but mercuric chloride and cobalt(II) chloride inhibited it. 4) The fibrinolytic protease cleaved preferentially A${\alpha}$-chain and slowly B${\beta}$-chain of fibrinogen. It also hydrolyzed gelatin but not bovine serum albumin. Conclusions : The Gloydius blomhoffii siniticus venom contained more than three fibrinolytic proteases. The major fibrinolytic protease was a metalloprotease which hydrolyzed both fibrinogen and gelatin, but not bovine serum albumin.

Purification and Characterization of Fibrinolytic Enzyme from Lepista nuda (민자주방망이버섯으로부터 혈전용해효소의 정제 및 특성 연구)

  • Kim, Jun-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Mycology
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.69-74
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    • 2005
  • Fibrinolytic enzyme has been isolated and purified from the edible mushroom, Lepista nuda. The apparent molecular mass of purified enzyme was estimated to be 34 KDa by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the enzyme was Tyr-Pro-Ser-Pro-Ser-His-Gln-Thr-Ala-Val-Asn-Ala-Ile-Ile-X. It has a pH optimum at $7.0.{\sim}9.5$, suggesting that the purified enzyme is an alkaline protease. It shows the maximum fibrinolytic activity at $55^{\circ}C$. The fibrinolytic activity was inhibited by phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride, indicating that the purified enzyme is a serine protease. The activity of the purified enzyme was totally inhibited by $Hg^{2+}$.

Purification and Biochemical Characterization of a Serine Protease with Fibrinolytic Activity from Maggots of Mimela splendems

  • Kwon Heun Young;Kim Tae Un
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.347-351
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    • 2004
  • Maggot fibrolase (MsMg-1) was purified from the maggots of Mimela splendems using ammonium sulfate fractionation, DEAE Affi-gel affinity chromatography. This protease had a molecular weight of 85 kDa as determined by SDS-polyacrylarnide gel electrophoresis under reducing conditions. It showed strong proteolytic and fibrinolytic activities. The purified enzyme was strongly inhibited by phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride, Mn/sup 2+/, and Zn/sup 2+/ but it was not by EDTA, EGT, Mg/sup 2+/, Ca/sup 2+/, and Li/sup 2+/ ions. In these experimental results, we have speculated that MsMg-1 is a serine protease with a strong fibrinolytic activity.

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Purification and Characteristics of Fibrinolytic Enzyme from Chongkukjang

  • Yang, Jeong-Lye;Kim, Hee-Sook;Hong, Jeong-Hwa;Song, Young-Sun
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.127-132
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    • 2006
  • Bacillus sp. strain K-l, which produces a strong fibrinolytic enzyme, was isolated from chongkukjang, a traditional Korean fermented soybean paste. The fibrinolytic enzyme was purified from chongkukjang base by using ammonium sulfate fractionation and chromatographic techniques. Purified enzyme, CK K-1 was demonstrated to be homogeneous by SDS-PAGE and isoelectric focusing electrophoresis, and has molecular mass of a 12.4 kDa and a pI of 8.0. The optimal reaction pH value and temperature were 8.0 and $40^{\circ}C$, respectively. Phenyl-methyl-sulfonyl-fluoride (PMSF; serine protease inhibitor), ethylene-diamine-tetra-acetic acid (EDTA; metallo protease inhibitor), copper ion, ferric ion and lead ion inhibited the enzyme activity. These results indicated that the fibrinolytic enzyme is a metallo-serine protease and different from nattokinase and chongkukjangkinase.

A Novel Thrombolytic and Anticoagulant Serine Protease from Polychaeta, Diopatra sugokai

  • Kim, Hye Jin;Shim, Kyou Hee;Yeon, Seung Ju;Shin, Hwa Sung
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.275-283
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    • 2018
  • Ischemic stroke can result from blockage of blood vessels, forming fibrin clots in the body and causing irreparable brain damage. Remedial thrombolytic agents or anticoagulants have been studied; however, because the FDA-approved tissue plasminogen activator has low efficacy and side effects, it is necessary to develop safer and more effective treatment candidates. This study aimed at assessing the fibrinolytic and anticoagulation features of a novel serine protease extracted and purified from Diopatra sugokai, a polychaeta that inhabits tidal flats. The purified serine protease was obtained through ammonium sulfate precipitation, affinity chromatography, and ion-exchange chromatography. Its molecular size was identified via SDS-PAGE. To characterize its enzymatic activities, the protease activity at various pH and temperatures, and in the presence of various inhibitors, was measured via azocasein assay. Its fibrinolytic activity and anticoagulant effect were assessed by fibrin zymography, fibrin plate assay, and fibrinogenolytic activity assays. The novel 38 kDa serine protease had strong indirect thrombolytic activity rather than direct activity over broad pH (4-10) and temperature ($37^{\circ}C-70^{\circ}C$) ranges. In addition, the novel serine protease exhibited anticoagulant activity by degrading the ${\alpha}$-, ${\beta}$-, and ${\gamma}$-chains of fibrinogen. In addition, it did not produce cytotoxicity in endothelial cells. Therefore, this newly isolated serine protease is worthy of further investigation as a novel alkaline serine protease for thrombolytic therapy against brain ischemia.

Characterization and Production of Thermostable and Acid-stable Extracellular Fibrinolytic Enzymes from Cordyceps militaris

  • Kim, Seon-Ah;Son, Hong-Joo;Kim, Keun-Ki;Park, Hyun-Chul;Lee, Sang-Mong;Cho, Byung-Wook;Kim, Yong-Gyun
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.83-93
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    • 2011
  • Biochemical and enzymatic characterization for extracellular protease isolated from Cordyceps militaris cultivated on rice bran medium was investigated. C militaris produced proteolytic enzymes from 10 days after inoculation, maximum enzyme production was found at 25 days. The optimum temperature and pH of proteases production was at $25^{\circ}C$ and pH 7.0, respectively. The protease activity was observed in the four peaks (Pro-I, Pro-II, Pro-III, and Pro-IV) separated through Sephadex G-100 column chromatography. The separated protease was optimally active at $25^{\circ}C$. Optimum pH of the protease was between 7 and 8. Enzyme was also stable over at $30-80^{\circ}C$. The enzyme was highly stable in a pH range of 4-9. Protease activity was found to be slightly decreased by the addition of $Mg^{2+}$, $Mn^{2+}$, $Zn^{2+}$, $Fe^{2+}$ and $Cu^{2+}$, whereas inhibited by the addition of $Ca^{2+}$ and $Co^{2+}$ Protease activity was inhibited by protease inhibitor PMSF. On the other hand, the partially purified protease was investigated on proteolytic protease activity by zymogram gel electrophoresis using three substances (casein, gelatin and fibrin). Four active bands (F-I, FII, F-III, and F-IV) of fibrin degradation were revealed on fibrin zymogram gels. Both of F-II and FIII showed caseinolytic, fibrinolytic and gelatinolytic activities in three gels. Thermostability, pH stability, and pH-thermostability of the enzyme determined the residual fibrinolytic activity also displayed on fibrin zymogram gel. The only one enzyme (F-II) displayed over a broad range of temperature at $30-90^{\circ}C$. The FII displayed fibrinolytic activity in the pH range 3-5, but was inactivated in the range of pH 6-11. The F-I and F-III showed enzyme activity in the pH range of 6-11. In the pH-thermostability, the F-II only kept fibrinolytic activity after heating at $100^{\circ}C$ for 10, 20 and 30 min at pH 3 and pH 7, respectively. On the other hand, the F-II was retained activity until heating for 10 min under pH 11 condition. By using fibrin zymogram gel electrophoresis, extracellular fibrinolytic enzyme F-II from C. militaris showed unusual thermostable under acid and neutral conditions.

An Anticoagulant/Fibrinolytic Protease from Lumbricus rubellus

  • Jeon, Ok-Hee;Moon, Woong-Joon;Kim, Doo-Sik
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.138-142
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    • 1995
  • An anticoagulant/fibrinolytic protease was purified to homogeneity from the earthworm Lumbricus rubellus. The protein was a single chain glycoprotein of 32 kDa that exhibited strong proteolytic activity on human thrombin and fibrin clots. Proteolytic degradation of these plasma proteins by the purified enzyme occurred at a neutral pH range. Among several human plasma proteins tested as possible substrates for the protease reaction, the 32 kDa enzyme specifically hydrolyzed both thrombin and fibrin polymers without affecting other proteins, such as serum albumin, immunoglobulin, and hemoglobin. Treatment of the purified enzyme at neutral pH with either phenylmethylsulfonylfluoride or soybean trypsin inhibitor resulted in a loss of catalytic activity. The enzyme hydrolyzed the chromogenic substrate H-D-Phe-L-Pipecolyl-L-Arg-p-nitroanilide with a $K_m$ value of 1.1 ${\mu}M$ at a neutral pH. These results suggest that the anticoagulant/fibrinolytic enzyme from Lumbricus rubellus is a member of the serine protease family having a trypsin-like active site, and one of the potential clevage sites for the enzyme is the carbonyl side of arginine residues in polypeptide chains.

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Fibrinolytic Enzyme Activity of Extract from Camellia japonica L. (동백나무 추출물의 혈전용해 효소활성)

  • Lim, Chae-Young;Lee, Sook-Young;Pyo, Byeong-Sik;Kim, Sun-Min
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.195-201
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    • 2006
  • The fibrinolytic activities of soluble proteins extracted from young leaves of Camellia japonica L. were studied. Fibrinolvity activity of extract from partitions of C. japonica L. showed 1.6-2.0 times higher than plasmin used as positive control. The fibrinolytic enzyme was confirmed directly from young leaves of C. japonica L. by a fibrin Plate and fibrin zymography. The protein was composed of a single polypeptide and its apparent molecular weight was found to be 45 kDa, as judged by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The optimum pH and temperature for the fibrinolytic activity were pH 5.5 and $30^{\circ}C$, respectively. Also, the fibrinolytic activity was clearly inhibited by PMSF and TLCK, suggesting that it is a member of the trypsin-like serine protease. All these results suggest the protease is a fibrinolytic enzyme belong to a family of trypsin-like serine protease.

The Effect of Quality Improvement for Wool and Silk Treated with Protease Produced by B. subtilis K-54 (Bacillus subtilis K-54의 단백질 분해효소 처리에 의한 양모와 견의 품질개선효과)

  • Kang, Sang-Mo;Cha, Min-Kyung;Kim, Soo-Jin;Kwon, Yoon-Jung
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.239-244
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    • 2006
  • For studies of fibrinolytic enzyme strain K-54 was isolated from the Korean traditional food chungkook-jang. Isolated strains K-54 was identified as Bacillus subtilis. The molecular weight of fibrinolytic enzyme from B. subtilis K-54 was 27 kDa. Optimum temperature for fibrinolytic enzyme of B. subtilis K-54 was $50-70^{\circ}C$ and optimum pH for producing the enzyme of this strain was ranging from 8 to 12. Also, it was found out enzyme activity was completely inhibited by 1mM PMSF. The result indicated this enzyme was thermo-stable alkaline serine protease with strong fibrinolytic activity. The wool and silk were treated with protease of B. subtilis K-54. As a result, the property of dyeing of wool fabrics was increased. By the increasing of treatment time became smoothened. But the change of mechanical properties were not changed.

Purification and Characterization of a Novel Serine Protease with Fibrinolytic Activity from Tenodera sinensis (Chinese Mantis) Egg Cases

  • Cho, So-Yean;Hahn, Bum-Soo;Kim, Yeong-Shik
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.579-584
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    • 1999
  • Mantis egg fibrolase (MEF-3) was purified from the egg cases of Tenodera sinensis using ammonium sulfate fractionation, gel filtration on Bio-Gel P-60, DEAE Affi-Gel blue gel affinity chromatogragphy, and MONO-Q anion-exchange chromatography. This protease had a molecular weight of 35,600 Da as determined by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis under reducing conditions and its isoelectric point was 6.0. The N-terminal amino acids sequence was Ala-Thr-Gln-Asp-Asp-Ala-Pro-Pro-Gly-Leu-Ala-Arg-Arg. This sequence was 80% homologous to the serine protease from Tritirachium album. MEF-3 readily digested the ${\alpha}$-and ${\beta}$-chains of fibrinogen and more slowly the ${\gamma}$-chains. It showed strong proteolytic and fibrinolytic activities. Phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride and chymostatin inhibited its proteolytic activity, while EDTA, EGTA, cysteine, ${\beta}$-mercaptoethanol, elastinal, tosyl-lysine chloromethylketone, and tosyl-amido-2-phenylethyl chloromethyl ketone did not affect its proteolytic activity. Among the chromogenic protease substrates, the most sensitive one to the hydrolysis of MEF-3 was benzoyl-Phe-Val-Arg-p-nitroanilide. Based on these experimental results, we speculated that MEF-3 is a serine protease with a strong fibrin(ogen)olytic activity.

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