• Title, Summary, Keyword: finite element

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A Study on the Improvement of Shape Optimization associated with the Modification of a Finite Element (유한요소의 개선에 따른 형상최적화 향상에 관한 연구)

  • Sung, Jin-Il;Yoo, Jeong-Hoon
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.26 no.7
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    • pp.1408-1415
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    • 2002
  • In this paper, we investigate the effect and the importance of the accuracy of finite element analysis in the shape optimization based on the finite element method and improve the existing finite element which has inaccuracy in some cases. And then, the shape optimization is performed by using the improved finite element. One of the main stream to improve finite element is the prevention of locking phenomenon. In case of bending dominant problems, finite element solutions cannot be reliable because of shear locking phenomenon. In the process of shape optimization, the mesh distortion is large due to the change of the structure outline. So, we have to raise the accuracy of finite element analysis for the large mesh distortion. We cannot guarantee the accurate result unless the finite element itself is accurate or the finite elements are remeshed. So, we approach to more accurate shape optimization to diminish these inaccuracies by improving the existing finite element. The shape optimization using the modified finite element is applied to a two and three dimensional simple beam. Results show that the modified finite element has improved the optimization results.

Stochastic finite element based reliability analysis of steel fiber reinforced concrete (SFRC) corbels

  • Gulsan, Mehmet Eren;Cevik, Abdulkadir;Kurtoglu, Ahmet Emin
    • Computers and Concrete
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.279-304
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    • 2015
  • In this study, reliability analyses of steel fiber reinforced concrete (SFRC) corbels based on stochastic finite element were performed for the first time in literature. Prior to stochastic finite element analysis, an experimental database of 84 sfrc corbels was gathered from literature. These sfrc corbels were modeled by a special finite element program. Results of experimental studies and finite element analysis were compared and found to be very close to each other. Furthermore experimental crack patterns of corbel were compared with finite element crack patterns and were observed to be quite similar. After verification of the finite element models, stochastic finite element analyses were implemented by a specialized finite element module. As a result of stochastic finite element analysis, appropriate probability distribution functions (PDF's) were proposed. Finally, coefficient of variation, bias and strength reduction (resistance) factors were proposed for sfrc corbels as a consequence of stochastic based reliability analysis.

Evaluation of Probabilistic Finite Element Method in Comparison with Monte Carlo Simulation

  • 이재영;고홍석
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.32 no.E
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    • pp.59-66
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    • 1990
  • Abstract The formulation of the probabilistic finite element method was briefly reviewed. The method was implemented into a computer program for frame analysis which has the same analogy as finite element analysis. Another program for Monte Carlo simulation of finite element analysis was written. Two sample structures were assumed and analized. The characteristics of the second moment statistics obtained by the probabilistic finite element method was examined through numerical studies. The applicability and limitation of the method were also evaluated in comparison with the data generated by Monte Carlo simulation.

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Finite Element Modeling and Mechanical Analysis of Orthodontics (치아교정의 역학적 해석을 의한 유한요소 모델링 및 치아의 거동해석)

  • Heo, Gyeong-Heon;Cha, Gyeong-Seok;Ju, Jin-Won
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.907-915
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    • 2000
  • The movement of teeth and initial stress associated with the treatment of orthodontics have been successfully studied using the finite element method. To reduce the effort in preprocessing of finite element analysis, we developed two types of three-dimensional finite element models based on the standard teeth model. Individual malocclusions were incorporated in the finite element The movement of teeth and initial stress associated with the treatment of orthodontics have been successfully studied using the finite element method. To reduce the effort in preprocessing of finite element analysis, we developed two types of three-dimensional finite element models based on the standard teeth model. Individual malocclusions were incorporated in the finite element models by considering the measuring factors such as angulation, crown inclination, rotation and translations. The finite element analysis for the wire activation with a T-loop arch wire was carried out. Mechanical behavior on the movement and the initial stress for the malocclusion finite element model was shown to agree with the objectives of the actual treatment. Finite element models and procedures of analysis developed in this study would be suitably utilized for the design of initial shape of the wire and determination of activation displacements.

Formulation Method for Solid-to-Beam Transition Finite Elements

  • Im, Jang-Gwon;Song, Dae-Han;Song, Byeong-Ho
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.15 no.11
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    • pp.1499-1506
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    • 2001
  • Various transition elements are used in general for the effective finite element analysis of complicated mechanical structures. In this paper, a solid-to-beam transition finite element, which can b e used for connecting a C1-continuity beam element to a continuum solid element, is proposed. The shape functions of the transition finite element are derived to meet the compatibility condition, and a transition element equation is formulated by the conventional finite element procedure. In order to show the effectiveness and convergence characteristics of the proposed transition element, numerical tests are performed for various examples. As a result of this study, following conclusions are obtained. (1) The proposed transition element, which meets the compatibility of the primary variables, exhibits excellent accuracy. (2) In case of using the proposed transition element, the number of nodes in the finite element model may be considerably reduced and the model construction becomes more convenient. (3) This formulation method can be applied to the usage of higher order elements.

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A Study on the Modification of a Finite Element for Improving Shape Optimization (형상최적화 향상을 위한 유한요소의 개선에 관한 연구)

  • Sung, Jin-Il;Yoo, Jeong-Hoon
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.367-371
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    • 2001
  • In the shape optimization based on the finite element method, the accuracy of finite element analysis of a given structure is important to determine the final shape. In case of a bending dominant problem, finite element solutions by the full integration scheme are not reliable because of the locking phenomenon. Furthermore, in the process of shape optimization, the mesh distortion is large due to the change of the structure outline: therefore, we cannot guarantee the accurate result unless the finite element itself is accurate. We approach to more accurate shape optimization to diminish these inaccuracies by improving the existing finite element. The shape optimization using the modified finite element is applied to a two-dimensional simple beam. Results show that the modified finite element have improved the optimization results.

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Contact Heat Transfer Coefficient for Finite Element Analysis in Warm Forging Processes (온간단조 공정의 계면열전달계수)

  • Kang J.H.;Ko B.H.;Jae J.S.;Kang S.S.
    • Transactions of Materials Processing
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.183-188
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    • 2006
  • Heat transfer coefficients have great influence on finite element analysis results in elevated temperature forging processes. Experimentally calculated contact heat transfer coefficient is not suitable for one-time finite element analysis because analyzed temperature will be appeared to be too low. To get contact heat transfer coefficient for one-time finite element analysis, tool temperature in operation was measured with thermocouple and repeated finite element analysis was performed with experimentally calculated contact and cooling heat transfer coefficient. Surface temperature of active tool was obtained comparing measurement and analysis results. Contact heat transfer coefficient for one-time finite element analysis was achieved analyzing surface temperature between repeated finite element analysis and one-time finite element analysis results.

Static Analysis of Two Dimensional Curbed Beam Structure by Finite Element-Transfer Stiffness Coefficent Method (유한요소-전달강성계수법에 의한 2차원 곡선 보 구조물의 정적해석)

  • Choi, Myung-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Society For Power System Engineering
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.40-45
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    • 2017
  • The objective of this study is the finite element-transfer stiffness coefficient method, which is the combination of the modeling technique of finite element method and the transfer technique of transfer stiffness coefficient method, is applied in the static analyses of two dimensional curved beam structures. To confirm the effectiveness of the applied method, two computational models are selected and analyzed by using finite element method, finite element-transfer stiffness coefficient method and exact solution. The computational results of the static analyses for two computational models using finite element-transfer stiffness coefficient method are equal to those using finite element method. When the element partition number of curved beam structure is increased, the computational results of the static analyses using both methods approach the exact solution. We confirmed that the finite element-transfer stiffness coefficient method is superior to finite element method when the number of the curved beam elements is increased from the viewpoints of the computational speed and the utility of computer memory.

Study on Strain Localization and Progressive Failure of Concrete (콘크리트의 변형률 국소화 및 진행성 파괴에 관한 연구)

  • 송하원;김형운;우승민
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.181-192
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    • 1999
  • The progressive failure following strain localization in concrete can be analyzed effectively using finite element modeling of fracture process zone of concrete with a finite element embedded discontinuity. In this study, a finite element with embedded discontinuous line is utilized for the analysis of progressive failure in concrete. The finite element with embedded discontinuity is a kind of discrete crack element, but the difficulties in discrete crack approach such as remeshing or adding new nodes along with crack growth can be avoided. Using a discontinuous shape function for this element, the displacement discontinuity is embedded within an element and its constitutive equation is modeled from the modeling of fracture process zone. The element stiffness matrix is derived and its dual mapping technique for numerical integration is employed. Then, a finite element analysis program with employed algorithms is developed and failure analysis results using developed finite element program are verified through the comparison with experimental data and other analysis results.

MULTIGRID CONVERGENCE THEORY FOR FINITE ELEMENT/FINITE VOLUME METHOD FOR ELLIPTIC PROBLEMS:A SURVEY

  • Kwak, Do-Y.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.69-79
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    • 2008
  • Multigrid methods finite element/finite volume methods and their convergence properties are reviewed in a general setting. Some early theoretical results in simple finite element methods in variational setting method are given and extension to nonnested-noninherited forms are presented. Finally, the parallel theory for nonconforming element[13] and for cell centered finite difference methods [15, 23] are discussed.

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