• Title, Summary, Keyword: finite type

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Finite Type Invariants and the Kauffman Bracket Polynomials of Virtual Knots

  • Jeong, Myeong-Ju;Park, Chan-Young;Yeo, Soon Tae
    • Kyungpook Mathematical Journal
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    • v.54 no.4
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    • pp.639-653
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    • 2014
  • In [9], Kauffman introduced virtual knot theory and generalized many classical knot invariants to virtual ones. For example, he extended the Jones polynomials $V_K(t)$ of classical links to the f-polynomials $f_K(A)$ of virtual links by using bracket polynomials. In [4], M. Goussarov, M. Polyak and O. Viro introduced finite type invariants of virtual knots. In this paper, we give a necessary condition for a virtual knot invariant to be of finite type by using $t(a_1,{\cdots},a_m)$-sequences of virtual knots. Then we show that the higher derivatives $f_K^{(n)}(a)$ of the f-polynomial $f_K(A)$ of a virtual knot K at any point a are not of finite type unless $n{\leq}1$ and a = 1.

TUBES OF FINITE CHEN-TYPE

  • Al-Zoubi, Hassan;Jaber, Khalid M.;Stamatakis, Stylianos
    • Communications of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.581-590
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, we consider surfaces in the 3-dimensional Euclidean space $\mathbb{E}^3$ which are of finite III-type, that is, they are of finite type, in the sense of B.-Y. Chen, corresponding to the third fundamental form. We present an important family of surfaces, namely, tubes in $\mathbb{E}^3$. We show that tubes are of infinite III-type.

Finite Type Invariants and Virtual Twist Moves of Virtual Knots

  • Jeong, Myeong-Ju
    • Kyungpook Mathematical Journal
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.449-461
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    • 2006
  • Generalizing twist moves of classical knots, we introduce $t(a_1,{\cdots},a_m)$-moves of virtual knots for an $m$-tuple ($a_1,{\cdots},a_m$) of nonzero integers. In [4], M. Goussarov, M. Polyak and O. Viro introduced finite type invariants of virtual knots and Gauss diagram formulae giving combinatorial presentations of finite type invariants. By using the Gauss diagram formulae for the finite type invariants of degree 2, we give a necessary condition for a virtual long knot K to be transformed to a virtual long knot K' by a finite sequence of $t(a_1,{\cdots},a_m)$-moves for an $m$-tuple ($a_1,{\cdots},a_m$) of nonzero integers with the same sign.

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FINITE TYPE OF THE PEDAL OF REVOLUTION SURFACES IN E3

  • Abdelatif, Mohamed;Alldeen, Hamdy Nour;Saoud, Hassan;Suorya, Saleh
    • Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.53 no.4
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    • pp.909-928
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    • 2016
  • Chen and Ishikawa studied the surfaces of revolution of the polynomial and the rational kind of finite type in Euclidean 3-space $E^3$ [10]. Here, the pedal of revolution surfaces of the polynomial and the rational kind are discussed. Also, as a special case of general revolution surfaces, the sphere and catenoid are studied for the kind of finite type.

FINITE TYPE CURVE IN 3-DIMENSIONAL SASAKIAN MANIFOLD

  • Camci, Cetin;Hacisalihoglu, H. Hilmi
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.1163-1170
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    • 2010
  • We study finite type curve in $R^3$(-3) which lies in a cylinder $N^2$(c). Baikousis and Blair proved that a Legendre curve in $R^3$(-3) of constant curvature lies in cylinder $N^2$(c) and is a 1-type curve, conversely, a 1-type Legendre curve is of constant curvature. In this paper, we will prove that a 1-type curve lying in a cylinder $N^2$(c) has a constant curvature. Furthermore we will prove that a curve in $R^3$(-3) which lies in a cylinder $N^2$(c) is finite type if and only if the curve is 1-type.

Finite Element Modeling for Free Vibration Control of Beam Structures using Piezoelectric Sensors and Actuators (압전감지기와 압전작동기를 이용한 보구조물의 자유진동제어에 대한 유한요소 모형화)

  • 송명관;한인선;김선훈;최창근
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.269-278
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    • 2003
  • In this study, the method of the finite element modeling for free vibration control of beam-type smart structures with bonded plate-type piezoelectric sensors and actuators is proposed. Constitutive equations for the direct piezoelectric effect and converse piezoelectric effect of piezoelectric materials are considered. By using the variational principle, the equations of motion for the smart beam finite element are derived, The proposed 2-node beam finite element is an isoparametric element based on Timoshenko beam theory. Therefore, by analyzing beam-type smart structures with smart beam finite elements, it is possible to simulate the control of the structural behavior by applying voltages to piezoelectric actuators and monitoring of the structural behavior by sensing voltages of piezoelectric sensors. By using the smart beam finite element and constant-gain feed back control scheme, the formulation of the free vibration control for the beam structures with bonded plate-type piezoelectric sensors and actuators is proposed.

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ON THE RETRACTS AND RECODINGS OF CONTINUING CODES

  • YOO, JISANG
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.1375-1382
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    • 2015
  • We investigate what happens when we try to work with continuing block codes (i.e., left or right continuing factor maps) between shift spaces that may not be shifts of finite type. For example, we demonstrate that continuing block codes on strictly sofic shifts do not behave as well as those on shifts of finite type; a continuing block code on a sofic shift need not have a uniformly bounded retract, unlike one on a shift of finite type. A right eresolving code on a sofic shift can display any behavior arbitrary block codes can have. We also show that a right continuing factor of a shift of finite type is always a shift of finite type.