• Title, Summary, Keyword: fishes

Search Result 1,735, Processing Time 0.053 seconds

Zoogeography of Taiwanese Fishes

  • Nakabo, Tetsuji
    • Korean Journal of Ichthyology
    • /
    • v.21 no.4
    • /
    • pp.311-321
    • /
    • 2009
  • Three categories (freshwater, amphidromous, and marine fishes) of Taiwanese fishes are analyzed on the basis of zoogeographic elements, viz. China element, Indo-China element, Indo-West Pacific element, Indo-Pacific element, North-Pacific element, Japan-Oregon element, and circumtropical element. Freshwater fishes, which include the China and Indo-China elements, are distributed on part of the boundary area between the Palaearctic and Oriental regions of Wallace (1876). Diadromous fishes include the North-Pacific, Indo-China and Indo-West Pacific elements. Taiwanese salmon, a landlocked (initially diadromous) species that became established in Taiwan between 0.5 my B.P. and the early Pleistocene, is recognized as a distinct taxon included within the Oncorhynchus masou complex, which comprises here three species and two subspecies, viz. Oncorhynchus masou masou (Sancheoneo, Songeo, Sakura-masu or Yamame), O. masou ishikawae (Satsuki-masu or Amago), O. sp. (Biwa-masu), and O. formosanus (Taiwanese salmon), based on molecular, morphological and biological studies. Marine fishes are discussed under the following headings, brackish-water fishes (fishes of brackish waters and seas adjacent to continental coastlines, North Pacific and Indo-West Pacific elements; fishes of brackish waters and seas primarily around islands, Indo-West Pacific element), reef fishes (fishes of inshore reefs along continental coastlines from 0 to ca.100 m depth, Indo-West Pacific element; fishes of inshore reefs primarily around islands from 0 to ca.100 m depth, Indo-West Pacific element; fishes of offshore reefs along continental shelf edges from ca.150 to 300 m depth, circumtropical and Indo-Pacific elements; fishes of offshore reefs primarily around islands from ca.150 to 300 m depth, Indo-Pacific element), demersal fishes (fishes on continental shelves shallower than ca.150 m depth, Indo-West Pacific and Japan-Oregon elements; fishes on edges and upper continental slopes from ca.150 m to 500 m depth, Indo-West Pacific, Indo-Pacific, and circumtropical elements; fishes on lower continental slopes to abyssal plains from ca.500 m to 6,000 m depth, circumtropical element and rarely Indo-Pacific element), pelagic fishes (epipelagic fishes from 0 to ca.150 m depth, Indo-West Pacific, Indo-Pacific or circumtropical elements; meso- and bathypelagic fishes from ca.150 to 3,000 m depth, circumtropical element). The distribution of Taiwanese marine fishes are influenced by the Kuroshio Current, low-salinity and low-temperature waters from mainland China, and sea-bottom topography.

The Fishways at Namdae-cheon and Osib-Cheon, and the Use of Migratory Fishes (양양 남대천과 영덕 오십천의 어동현황과 어류의 이용)

  • Hwang, Chong-Seo;Hur, Hyub
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.721-726
    • /
    • 1999
  • The fishways on Namdae-cheon and Osib-cheon and the use of migratory fishes were investifated from July 1998 through Jung 1999. There are three types of fishways on these rivers. Those are baffled fishways, fish ladder, and fish ladder with gabion. Namdae-cheon has 7 baffled fishways and 19 fish ladder, and Osib-cheon has only fish ladder with gaboin. On Namdae-cheon 1,195 fishes of 24 species were collected. Amog these fishes 241 fishes of 9 species were anadromous fishes occupying 38% in species and 19% in number. On Osib-cheon 1,015 fishes of 24 species were collected. Among these fishes 240 fishes of 5 species were anadromous fishes occupying 21% in species and 24% in number. On Namdae-cheon the species number and auundance decreased gradually upstream. The poor structure of fishways seems to have worked as an obstacle to the upstream migration of fishes on Namdae-cheon. On Osib-cheon all the observed fish species except three -spined stickleback(Gasterosteus aculeatus aculeatus) which stay and spawn around downstream of river could migrate upstream. The good structure of fishways on this river is thought to have helped upstream fish migration.

  • PDF

Survey on Encysted Cereariae of Trematodes from Fresh-water Fishes in Mangyeong Riverside Area (만경강 유역 수계의 담수어에 기생하는 흡충류 피낭유충 조사)

  • 이재구;이호일백병걸김평길
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
    • /
    • v.21 no.2
    • /
    • pp.187-192
    • /
    • 1983
  • In order to clarify infestation Pattern for the encysted larvae of digenetic trematodes from fresh-water fishes, this survey was carried out from March to September, 1983. A total of 380 fishes of 32 species wore collected with netting at the three reaches, upper, middle and lower in Mangyeong riverside area. After the fishes were dissected into small scraps, they were pressed under cover glass and examined-for the presence of those of digenetic trematodes with a microscope. The resillts obtailled were as follows; Out of a total of 380 knishes inspected, 320 fishes(84%) from 31 species were found positive with, digenetic trematode metacercariae; more than 10 species of the metacercariae Ivere detected in Pseuderasbora parva; .Gnnthepegen mtajimae, Microphysogokio yaluensis, Cultriculus eigenmanni and Gnnthopogon coreanus (more than 8 species) ; Aphyocypris chinensis (8 species) and etc. respectively. Clonorchis sinensis metacercariae were found positive from 93 fishes (25%) from 12 species and detection rates in other species of digenetic trematode metacercariae from various fishes were; Exorchis oviformis, 261 fisles (57%) from 28 species; Cyathocotyle criensalis, 47 fishcs (12%) from 12 species; Metorchis orientalis, 21 fishes (6%) from 12 species; Metagonimus yokogawai, 164 fishes (43%) from 26 species; Pseudesorchis major, 71 fishes (19%) from 18 species; Metacercaria haiegawai, 77 fishes (20%) from 25 species; Centrocestus armatus, 24 fishes (6%) from 7 species; Echinochasmus japonicus, 2 fishes (0.5%) from 2 species, and unidentified species, 34 fishes (9%) from 15 species respectively. The sums of average number of the encysted larvae of all species found in fish body/gram showed 83 in P.parva, Cobitis taenia (74.2), A. chinensis (28.5), Pseudoperilampus uyekii (26.6), G. majimae (19.6) and etc. respectively and the average peak number of each metacercaria in fish body/gram showed 21.7 C. sinensis, 245. ovifcrmis, 15, 3 M, crientalis and 6.1 5. japonicus in P. parva. 42.7 C. orientalis and 25.1 M. yohogawai in C. taenia; 8.3 C. armatus and 8.3 M. hasegawai in P. uyekii. 6.3 P. major in Carassius carassius, and 2.9 unidentified species in G, niajimae respectively.

  • PDF

Fish migration through fish ways on Namdae-Cheon in Yangyang and Osib-cheon in Yungdeok (양양 남재천과 영덕 오십천의 어도 및 어류의 소상)

  • 황종서
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
    • /
    • v.42 no.5
    • /
    • pp.70-77
    • /
    • 2000
  • The fishways at Namdae-cheon and Osib-cheon were investigated from July 1998 through October 1999. There are three types of fishways on these rivers. those are baffied fishway, fish ladder, and fish ladder with gabion. Namdae-cheon has 7 baffled fishways and 19 fish ladders, and Osib-cheon has 7 gabion fishways. On namdae-cheon, 1,775 fishes of 24 species were collected. Among these fishes, 452 fishes of 11 species were anadromous fishes occupying 46% in species and 25% in number. On Osib-cheon, 1,953 fishes of 24 species were collected. Among these fishes, 483 fishes of 5 species were anadromous fishes occupying 21% in species and 25% in number. On Namdae-cheon the species number and abundance decreased gradually upstream. The poor structure of fishways seems to have worked as an obstacle to the upstream migration of fishes in the Namdae-cheon . On Osib-cheon all the observed fish species except three-spined stickleback(Gasterosteus aculeatus aculeatus) which stay and spawn around downstream of fiver could migrate upstream. The good structure of fishways on this river is thought to have helped upstream fish migration.

  • PDF

Detection of Metagonimus sp. (Family Heterophyidae) Metacercariae from Freshwater Fishes in the Vicinity of Tong River, Kangwon Province, Korea (동강유역 담수어에 기생하는 흡충(Metagonimus sp.)의 피낭유출 감염 조사)

  • 전계식;김태선
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
    • /
    • v.17 no.2
    • /
    • pp.169-173
    • /
    • 1999
  • The present study was undertaken to survey the infection status of Metagonimus sp. metacercariae in freshwater fishes from Tong river located in Kangwon Province, a total of 178 freshwater fishes of 11 species were collected by a fish net and traps from the end of September to early October 1998. They were brought to the laboratory and examined under a stereomicroscope after artificial digestion with pepsin-HCI solution for one hour. Ten out of eleven species of freshwater fishes examined were found to contain metacercariae of Metagonimus sp. The most frequently infected fish was Liobagrus andersoni Regan 91.7% (11 of 12 fishes), followed by Gobiobotia breviburba Mori 75.0% (6 of 8 fishes), Zacco temmincki 66.2% (49 of 74 fishes), Cobitis koreensis Kim 50.0% (1 of 2 fishes), Microphysogobio longidorsails Mori 42.9% (9 of 21 fishes), Cobitis rotundicudata Wakiya et Mori 33.3% (2 of 6 fishes), Hemibarbus longirostris 33.3% (1 of 3 fishes), Pungtungia tenuicorpus 30.0% (3 of 10 fishes), Coreoleuciscus splenddus Mori 28.6% (4 of 14 fishes), Coreoperca herri Herzeanstein 11.1% (1 of 9 fishes) respectively Metagonimus metacercariae was not found from Moroco kumgangensis Uchida of freshwater fish. The total number of Metagonimus sp. metacercariae was 81, 17, 216, 1, 14, 2, 1, 4, 10, 1, respectively. Infection rates of Metagonimus sp. in the five districts was shown as follows : Chongson-up Kyulam-ri 50.0% (12 of 24 fishes), Chongson-up Kasu-ri 34.0% (17 of 50 fishes), Shindong-up Unchi-ri 56.0% (14 of 25 fishes), Shingdong-up Kosong-ri 57.1% (20 of 35 fishes), Shingdong-up Duckchon-ri 54.5% (24 of 44 fishes) respectively. Infection rate of freshwater fish was 48.9% (87 of 178 fishes) and from the results obtained in this survey, it was confirmed that freshwater fishes from Tong river was infected with metacercariae of Metagonimus sp.

  • PDF

Biological Characteristics of Skates(Elasmobranchii: Rajidae)

  • Nakabo, Tetsuji
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Fisheries Technology Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.463-464
    • /
    • 2000
  • Skates are one of the most favorite food fishes for Korean people. It is, I think, important to know the biological characteristics of skates for protecting the fishes from the extinction caused by overfishing. Femily Rajidae encompasses about 200 species which is one fourth of elasmobranch fishes, and 11 species known from the Korean waters. But, very few biological characteristics of skates have been known Some of them are shown here and discussed comparing with those of other elasmobranch fishes (sharks and rays) and teleost fishes. (omitted)

  • PDF

Detection of Edwardsiella tarda, the Pathogenic Bacteria in Freshwater Fishes by Means of the Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Technique (간접형광항체법을 이용한 담수양식어의 병원균 Edwardsiella tarda의 검출)

  • 류해진;조우영;이청산;허강준
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
    • /
    • v.16 no.2
    • /
    • pp.111-119
    • /
    • 1993
  • In this study, we carried out the rapid diagnostic system based on indirect fluorescent anti-body technique (IFAT) for detection of bacterial diseases in cultured freshwater fishes. 1. When the fishes were tested with graded dilution of Edwardsiella tarda FPC 470 bacteria detection from ten fishes Injected with $4.1{\times}10^3$colony forming unit(CFU) /ml, all of them were detected by IFAT but only two fishes were recognizable by the culture method in the tested fishes injected with $4.1{\times}10^3$CFU /ml. 2. The bacteria E. tarda could be detected by IFAT method from 1 to 48hrs after Injection in the tissues tested such as kidney, liver and spleen of the fishes, whereas detection by culture method could be recognized from 1 to 48hrs after injection In the kidney and spleen but it was not possible from preinjection to 1 hr in the liver. 3. Thus, IFAT proved to be more useful technique than plate culture method in the diagnosis of Edwardsiellosis in the freshwater fishes.

  • PDF

The Comparative Analysis of the Reasons for Decreases in Marin Fishery Resources Based on AHP & duster Analysis (AHP - 군집분석을 이용한 주요어종의 자원감소 원인 비교분석에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Cheol-Hyung;Lee, Sang-Go
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
    • /
    • v.40 no.3
    • /
    • pp.127-146
    • /
    • 2009
  • This study is to estimate the factor weights of the reasons for decreases in marine fishery resources using the Analytical Hierarchy Process. Furthermore, it classifies 20 fishes under a fishery resource recovery plan into various groups of fishes according to these factor weights using the non-hierarchial cluster analysis. The factors of decreases in marine fishery resources are identified as bio-ecological, technology-system, economic-business, and fishing village-society factors. Two of the most important factors of decreases in resource are turned out to be the economic-business and bio-ecological factors, estimated as 31% and 30% respectively. The technology-system and fishing village-society factors are estimated as 21% and 18% respectively. The study utilizes non-hierarchical cluster analysis in order to classify 20 fishes into 2, 3, and 4 groups. K-means cluster analysis is applied for grouping in conjunction with ANOVA to identify statistical differences in factors. Once again, the economic-business and bio-economic factors play main role in grouping 2-groups of fishes case. The third group of fishes in addition to the previous 2 groups of fishes appears as those 4 factors of decrease evenly play about the same role at a 3-groups of fishes case. Finally, the economic-business and bio-economic factors are turned out to be evenly important in the 4th group once there are 4-groups of fishes.

  • PDF

Study on the Heavy Metal Contents in Fishes and Shellfishes of Gyeongsangnam-Do Coastal Area-Part 1 (경상남도 연안지역 어패류 중의 중금속 함량에 관한 연구-제1보)

  • Ha, Gang-Ja;Song, Ju-Yeong
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
    • /
    • v.19 no.3
    • /
    • pp.132-139
    • /
    • 2004
  • As measure against the environmental pollution, maximum efforts to improve of the environmental pollution have also been made; removal of the contaminated sediments of the bay and the coastal area, monitoring of several heavy metal levels in fishes, shell fishes, sea water and sediment, and so on. The objective of this research is to investigate how much metals are included in the sea water, sediment, fishes and shell fishes in kyeongnam coastal area. Specifically, we are investigating the relationships between the metal included in fishes and sea water, and shell fishes and sediment, and heavy metals and heavy metals respectively. Heavy metal over the studied component and area, the average concentrations of Pb, Cd, Cr and Hg in sea water were 0.0029 mg/L, 0.005 mg/L, 0.0016 mg/L and ND, those of sediment were 11.9583 mg/kg, 0.2136 mg/kg, 1.9158 mg/kg and Hg 0.0108 mg/kg, those of fishes were 0.4358 mg/kg. 0.0726 mg/kg, 1.1188 mg/kg and Hg 0.0622 mg/kg, and those of shellfishes were Pb 0.6738 mg/kg, Cd 0.2223 mg/kg, Cr 0.5516 mg/kg and Hg 0.0117 mg/kg respectively. In the relationship test, Cd was significant in the relationship between fishes and sea water, and Hg was significant in the relationship between sediment and shellfishes.

The Content of N-nitrosamine in Mollusk Crustacea and Shellfish (연체류, 갑각류 및 패류 중 N-Nitrosamine 함량)

  • Oh, Myung-Cheol;Oh, Chang-Kyung;Yang, Tai-Suk;Kim, Bong-Oh;Kim, Soo-Hyun;Oh, Hyuk-Soo
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
    • /
    • v.11 no.4
    • /
    • pp.1-13
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study analyzed the levels of N-nitrosamine(NA) and its precursors such as nitrite, nitrate, dimethylamine and trimethylamine in 10 samples of mollusk fish, 4 samples of crustacea fish and 11 samples of shellfish from fish distributed in a local markets. Mollusk fishes had nitrite concentrations ranging from non-detectable(ND) to 9.4 mg/kg, crustacea fishes ND to 8.8 mg/kg, and shellfishes ND to 4.3 mg/kg. Nitrates in mollusk fishes ranged from ND to 19.3 mg/kg, crustacea fishes 4.1 to 79.9 mg/kg, and shellfishes 1.5 to 61.9 mg/kg. DMK concentrations were 11.2 to 551.4 mg/100g in mollusk fishes, 44.4 to 79.9 mg/100g in crustacea fishes, and 1.3 to 5.9 mg/100g in shellfishes. TMA concentrations in mollusk fishes, crustacea fishes, and shellfishes were 10.3${\sim}$292.4 mg/100g, 35.5${\sim}$90.3 mg/100g, and 2.3${\sim}$17.1 mg/100g respectively. Only N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) was detected for NA in fish distributed in local markets. NDMA contentrations ranged from ND to 41.4 ${\mu}g/kg$ in mollusk fishes, 3.0 to 47.3 ${\mu}g/kg$ in crustacea fishes, and 1.7 to 12.1 ${\mu}g/kg$ in shellfishes.

  • PDF