• Title, Summary, Keyword: fishing industry

Search Result 287, Processing Time 0.042 seconds

A Data Envelopment Analysis Model for Evaluation of Efficiency of Deep-Sea Fishing Industry (원양어업의 효율성 평가를 위한 자료포락 분석 모형)

  • Kim, Jae-Hee;Choi, Kang-Deuk;Kim, Soo-Kwan
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
    • /
    • v.39 no.3
    • /
    • pp.49-65
    • /
    • 2008
  • In Korea, deep-sea fishing industry is faced with pressure of being thrown out of business, because of the upcoming unfavorable business conditions such as the fishing regulation of coastal countries, Korea-US Free Trade Agreement(KORUS FTA), and the other socio-economic changes. Hence, we present an evaluation of future business competitive for the deep-sea fishing industry so that the government can develop a concession plan for the deep-sea fishing industry by utilizing the results of this study. In efficiency analysis of deep-sea fishing industry, the decision maker may have two problems: (1) how to deal with multiple inputs and outputs of deep-sea fishing industry and (2) how to assign the weights on different inputs and outputs, In this paper, we proposed to use Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to estimate efficiency of deep-sea fishing industry with multiple inputs and outputs. In the DEA, The direct impact of KORUS FTA, fishing regulation of coastal countries, fishing charges, and competitive fishing conditions were used as input parameters while the profitability and secured fishing quarters, as outputs. The results of DEA-BCC model indicate that 6 out of 12 DUMs have better efficiency under variable return to scale assumption.

  • PDF

A Study on Scheduling of Scrap Disposal for Deap-sea Fishing Industry Using a Mixed Integer Programming Model (혼합정수계획 모형을 활용한 원양산업의 최적 감척 일정계획 수립에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jae-Hee
    • Korean Management Science Review
    • /
    • v.27 no.2
    • /
    • pp.55-66
    • /
    • 2010
  • In Korea, deap-sea fishing industry plays an important role in a food industry. However, it is in a difficult situation because of the more competitive business environment. Therefore, there is a need to restructure the deap-sea fishing industry by scraping superannuated ships. This paper is designed to present scrap programs for deap-sea fishing industry of Korea. We performed ratio analysis to evaluate financial performance of fishing companies and then applied a mixed integer programming (MIP) model to identify optimal schedule for scraping. The results of the financial ratio analysis indicates that it is legible to provide governmental aid to Atlantic trawl, Northern Pacific trawl, and Indian ocean trawl with minimum required rate of return (MRR) of 3%, and the Atlantic strip fishing industry is qualified to receive the governmental aid with MRR value of 5%. Furthermore, by applying the MIP model to develop scrap planning, we demonstrate how our model can be used to restructure the deap-sea fishing industry of Korea.

A Reconsideration of the Fishing Industry of Korea and Its Basic Problems (수산업 역할의 재인식과 기본과제)

  • 최정윤
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
    • /
    • v.28 no.1
    • /
    • pp.51-70
    • /
    • 1997
  • The fishing industry of Korea is now i a critical transitional stage. That is, broadly speaking, there are two dominant factors that constrain the further development of Korea fishey and effective competition in the international fishing industry. First of all, the global fishing industry has experienced many significant changes due to the execution of U.N, maritime law, the establishment of EEZ(the Exclusive Economic Zones), the increased roles of WTO(the World Trade Organization) as well as Korea being a member of OECD(the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development). Second, the fishing industry of Korea is faced with the following domestic troubles, such as the icreasing fishing expenses, insufficient labor supply, and the collapse of traditional local co-operative organizations of fishing villages, etc. However, the demand for aquatic products of home consumers not only continues to increase but also is shifting to select more valuable species, completely ignoring the above-mentioned serious pressures incurred by the Korean fishery. To solve these problems and keep developing steadily, it is necessary for the fishing industry of Korea to adopt a more active and flexible development pattern in order to reset up the regional economic base in fishing villages nation-wide and make the exploitation of fishing resources balance. The paper gives an reconsideration to the primary alternatives facing the Korean fishery and its prospective roles in a realistic and far-sighted attitude. It may serve as an endeavour in seeking an outlet for the fishing industry of korea to advance forwardly and lastingly.

  • PDF

A Study on Structural Improvement and Comprehensive Development of Chuja-do Fishing Village (추자도 어촌종합개발의 기본방향과 구조개선에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn, Young-Wha;Rho, Hong-Kil;Kim, Mun-Kwan
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
    • /
    • v.9 no.1
    • /
    • pp.57-70
    • /
    • 1997
  • The Government is managing "The Comprehensive Development Plan of Fishing Villages" which is a national program to ensure the effective use of the coast and reasonable management of fisheries resources. The Chuja-do was selected as an area for "The Comprehensive Development of Fishing Villages" because it has the characteristics of local independence and an advanced fishery using boats. The study covered the environment of the local fishing grounds, all aspects of the coast fishing and residents' thinking. The results of the study led to the following proposals : development of the coastal fishing grounds farmining industry, establishing the fishing grounds industry by dropping arcificial fish reefs, developing the tourist industry, improving the quality of fishery using boats, and establishing high quality fishing specialties.

  • PDF

A Study on Conditions of Small Fishing Village & Fishing Port and Development Way (논문 - 중소 어항 및 배후지역 실태와 유형별 정비방안)

  • Yun, Sang-Hun;Kim, Jin-Hwan;Jun, Teak-Ki
    • KCID journal
    • /
    • v.18 no.2
    • /
    • pp.122-141
    • /
    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the conditions of small fishing village & fishing port and to suggest the development direction of them. For this, we tried to field survey and research of development demands for 100 sample places. The results of this study were as follows; First, Small fishing villages & fishing ports have different characteristics and their primary industry was a fisheries. And they have a poor condition for basic facilities and industrial facilities, more smaller fishing port. Second, The living satisfaction of residents was decreased gradually because of a decrease in amount of catching fish, a population aging and etc. Residents and public officers was to demand an expansion of basic facilities, an investment of national expenditure and a simplification of administrative procedure. Third, We could establish the development directions by geographical location and funcion of them. And They must development consider their characteristics.

  • PDF

Operating performance of squid jigging vessel using the LED and metal halide fishing lamp combination (LED와 메탈핼라이드 집어등을 겸용한 오징어채낚기 어선의 조업 성능)

  • An, Heui-Chun;Bae, Jae-Hyun;Bae, Bong-Seong;Park, Jong-Myung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
    • /
    • v.49 no.4
    • /
    • pp.395-403
    • /
    • 2013
  • Fishing efficiency of the squid jigging vessel using the LED and metal halide fishing lamp combination was analyzed to reduce the cost for fishing operation utilizing the fishing light system for high degree of efficiency in the squid jigging fishery (one of the representative coastal and offshore fisheries in Korea). This study aims to improve the nature of existing LED lamps and to develop fan-shaped LED lights having 180W of power and ${\pm}45^{\circ}$ angle of light intensity distribution. The marine experiment for making a comparison of their fishing efficiency was tested by a 9.77 tons fishing vessel from Oct. through Dec. 2012. As a result, experimental fishing vessel showed slightly higher fishing efficiency than the average of metal halide lamp-equipped vessel and 20% energy savings. This means that the combination of LED and metal halide lamps would provide an efficient way to lower energy consumption while maintaining fishing efficiency.

Charging Korean Off-Shore Fisheries for Sustainable Fishing (지속적 어업을 위한 적정 자원이용료 부과에 관한 연구)

  • 박성쾌;김기수;김은채
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
    • /
    • v.33 no.2
    • /
    • pp.49-74
    • /
    • 2002
  • This study examines, from an economic perspective, the reasons for introducing a resource taxe system into the Korean off-shore fisheries and the type of charges that can be introduced. Following a review of the charging systems in other advanced fisheries, we consider the types of charging scheme and some implications for the Korean off-shore fishing industry. Charges could be used for recovering part of fisheries management cost from the industry(i.e. administration, enforcement, research, etc). This can be justified on the grounds that the fishing industry is the main beneficiary of management and that it should therefore bear at least part of the cost involved. It is arguable that publicly-funded management is in effect a subsidy to the industry. Using charges to raise revenue in excess of the cost of management would represent the extraction of a public rent from the fishery resource, but the short-run financial consqquences for the industry would be significant. Results from a qualtitative analysis suggest that while any new charge will have a significant financial impact on the industry in the short run, a landings tax would have a lesser impact on fleet structure in the long run. The study also considers the possibility of a capital gains tax on license sales in order to recover some rent from the industry. Despite any short run-financial consequences, making the fishing industry pay for at least some of the cost of management could benefit the industry as a whole if there were more cooperation between industry and managers as a result. It is acknowledged, however, that there could be disputes over the relative management costs of different sectors of the industry. Even though this study makes few specific recommendations about charging the Korean off-shore fishing industry, it does advise that the issue be reviewed on the basis of the entire Korea fisheries. Finally, the study notes that insufficient data are available on the economic performance of the Korean off-shore fishing vessels and it recommands that a comprehensive system for the collection of costs and earnings data be put in place. It also suggests that MOMAF pay much attention to the permit right market and its transactions.

  • PDF

A Study on Improvement Working Conditions of Pelagic Sailors (원양어업의 안정적인 선원수급을 위한 근로조건 개선 연구)

  • JUNG, Sang-Yoon;JANG, Jong-Won
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
    • /
    • v.28 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1651-1661
    • /
    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to draw up a plan for improving working conditions of distant water fishing vessel crew in order to revitalize the declining distant water fishing industry. Land-based employment has increased as the result of industrialization, which in turn created shortage in marine crew supply for distant water fishing vessels. Pressure on increasing wages for sea farers is put on the industry for this reason, making the labour market in the distant water fishing industry tougher and tighter. Multiple issues have yet to be addressed for distant water fishing vessel crew. They suffer from excessive work compared to other industries. Crew management is another issue, as sea farers face poor labour conditions, working on board vessels in a collective way where no autonomous actions are allowed. Other issues include unqualified crew supply, increasing ratio of labour costs for crew to sales, and intensified implications of labour unions, which are as well making crew supply difficult as a whole. To this end, more well-qualified workers should take part in production operations in the distant water fishery. Both wage increase and working condition improvement should be achieved in order to strengthen motivation towards qualified sea farers. Sustainable crew supply can be achieved when working environments, gender-based working conditions, welfare are prioritized and improved as a whole.

The Promotion of Experiential Marine Sports by Developing aPlan for Fishing Village and Port (어촌·어항을 활용한 해양스포츠 체험관광 활성화 방안)

  • JI, Sam-Up;KIM, Yong-Jae;LEE, Jae-Hung
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.86-105
    • /
    • 2005
  • The plan of developing a fishing village and port will be indirectly funded by the government. In the short term, there will be five different multi-functional fishing village models which are based on the first industry to attach to the third industry of marine sports experience tourism. In the long run, they have to be reached gradually. The popular scenic spot of the marine sports experience tourism is made by human resources and fundamental installations considering that it must be done in unpolluted water. It is necessary to separate the fish harbor into two sides. One side is an existing fishing industry. The other side is made up of several pontoons for the marine sports equipment of the marine mooring. It is necessary to build facilities, such as the mooring facility, the storage facility, the repair-check facility, supply-cleaning facility, information booth, accommodations, education facility, and a marine culture exchange facility.

Analysis of basic productivity of fishing vessels registered on Aewol port in the Jeju island (제주도 애월항 선적 조업어선의 기초생산성 분석)

  • Lee, Chang-Heon;Ahn, Jang-Young;Choi, Chan-Moon;Kim, Byeong-Yeob
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
    • /
    • v.50 no.4
    • /
    • pp.495-501
    • /
    • 2014
  • In order to propose basic references for the policy making of fishing vessel fishery by Jeju Special Self-Governing Province, we have obtained the basic productivity through analyzing operating days and catches of 16 sample fishing vessels registered in Aewol port, the north of Jeju island in the year of 2011. In addition, to compare with the basic productivity of southern sea area in the Jeju island, that of 7 sample fishing vessels registered in Kangjung port was used. Around Aewol port, average operating days during the main catch period from July to October were over 15 days a month. A average daily catch of fishing vessels was minimum 21.0 kg in May and reached to maximum 54.5 kg in December, showing U-shaped catch pattern through the year. The trend formula of the average daily productivity (y) depending on a tonnage (x) of fishing vessels around Aewol port was described by the equation, y = 18.867 ln(x) + 11.001, and that around Kangjung port in the year of 2009 was understood to be y = 23.271 ln(x) + 25.715. As a result, it seemed that the productivity of fishing vessels around Kangjung port, operating in the southern sea area of Jeju Island, was much greater than that of fishing vessels around Aewol port in the northern sea area of Jeju Island. Especially, that of fishing vessels less than 10 tons was 35-40% more.