• Title, Summary, Keyword: fixed orthodontic appliances

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A Longitudinal Study on Salivary Microorgnisms and Immunoglobulin A after Delivery of Fixed Orthodontic Appliances (고정식 교정 장치물 장착후 타액내 미생물과 면역 글로블린 A의 변화)

  • 이현경;이광호;이승우
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.109-117
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    • 1998
  • Fixed orthodontic appliances for the treatment of malocclusion has iatrogenic side effect such as demineralization of enamel, gingivitix and gingival hyperplasia. The purpose of this study is to longitudinally investigate the salivary microorganisms and immunoglobulin A after delivery of fixed orthodontic appliances for 10 months. Eight orthodontic patients were included in this study and the author has investigated the numbers of general bacteria, Streptococcus mutans Staphylococcus aureus and concentration of immunoglobulin A from unstimulated whole saliva. The author examined these parameters at prebracketing, 1 month after, 4 months after, 7 months after and 10 months after delivery of fixed orthodontic appliances. The obtained results were as follows : There were significant increases in the number of salivary general bacteria, Streptococcus mutans and Staphylococcus aureus after delivery of fixed orthodontic appliances The numbers of general bacteria were significantly increased at 1 month after (p<005), 4 months after (p<0.05), 7 months after (p<0.01), compared with prebracketing. However it showed no difference at 10 month after compared with 7 months after bracketing. The Numbers of Staphylococcus aureus were significantly increased at 1 month after (p<0.05), 4 months after(p<0.01), 7 month(p<0.01), compared with prebracketing. However it showed decreasing pattern at 10 months after compared with 7 months after bracketing. There was no significant difference in the concentration of immunoglobulin A after delivery of fixed orthodontic appliances.

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Clinical limitations and its solutions of the clear overlay appliance treatment (투명교정장치의 임상적 한계와 그 해결)

  • Bae, Gi-Sun
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.54 no.7
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    • pp.563-574
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    • 2016
  • A clear overlay appliance is a type of a removable appliance made from transparent thermoplastic plastic film that covers the entire dentition to move the teeth. It is one of the most favored orthodontic methods opted for by adult patients; this treatment is esthetic, does not cause discomfort and allows oral hygiene to be easily managed when compared to other conventional fixed treatment methods. However, the use of clear overlay appliances, such as invisalign or clear aligner, is associated with various clinical challenges. In particular, the appliances require longer treatment periods compared to fixed treatment, and due to the structural characteristics of the appliances, it is difficult to make proper posterior occlusion and certain type of tooth movement, including extrusion, rotation and tip. Thus, the clear overlay appliances are regarded as supplementary appliances by most orthodontists and have been used for simple orthodontic treatments, such as partial anterior alignments or orthodontic relapse cases. Owing to the remarkable advancement in the field of 3D digital technology over a period of 15 years, the accuracy and convenience of modern clear overlay appliances have continuously improved. Moreover, orthodontic outcomes have also been greatly improved by the introduction of new materials and successful application of various biomechanical methods from conventional orthodontic treatments in the design of clear overlay appliances. This study investigates the clinical limitations that should be considered during the application of clear overlay appliances and also examines the efforts and methods used to overcome these challenges.

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Long-term effects of chlorhexidine varnish treatment on microbial changes of dental plaque in orthodontic patients with fixed appliances (Chlorhexidine varnish 처치 후 고정식 교정장치 장착 환자의 치태내 균주 변화 양상에 대한 장기간 관찰 연구)

  • Chang, Young-Il;Yang, Won-Sik;Nahm, Dong-Seok;Kim, Tae-Woo;Baek, Seung-Hak
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.335-342
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    • 2000
  • The authors observed the long term effects of chlorhexidine varnish treatment on microbial change of dental plaque in orthodontic patients with fixed appliances. The initial sample was 100 patients who were arranged to be treated with fixed orthodontic appliances. The final sample consisted of 21 patients who could be traced for 32 weeks after application of fixed orthodontic appliances. They were classified into the experimental group (12 patients) and the control group (9 patients). The experimental group was treated with chlorhexidine varnish once a week for 4 weeks before application of fixed orthodontic appliance. The control group was not treated with chlorhexidine varnish before application of fixed orthodontic appliance. The experimental group was treated once more after 20 weeks. The microbial changes of dental plaque were analysed by indirect immunofluorescence technique at pre-treatment, post-treatment 4, 8, 20, and 32 weeks. The results were as follows. 1. In the experimental group, streptococus mutans was significantly suppressed during experimental period. (p<0.01) But, in the control group, streptococcus mutans was significantly increased after placement of fixed orthodontic appliances during experiment period. (p<0.05) 2. Streptococcus sanguis, Streptococcus mitis, Actinomyces viscosus, md Actinomyces naeslundii did not show significant change between the experimental and the control group during experiment period. So, if we treat the orthodontic patients with chlorhexidine varnish before application of fixed appliances, we may suppress the major cariogenic bacteria, Streptococcus mutans, selectively for long period.

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TREATMENT OF MALOCCLUSION USING REMOVABLE ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCE AND MEAW IN GROWING CHILDREN (성장기 아동에서 가철식 교정장치와 MEAW를 이용한 부정교합의 치험례)

  • Yang, Kyu-Ho;Choi, Eun-Jong
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.637-649
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    • 1997
  • Early orthodontic treatment in growing children requires the removable orthodontic appliances. The removable orthodontic appliance can be used in the primary dentition and mixed dentition. The purposes of use of removable orthodontic appliance in prmary dentition or mixed dentition are the interception of skeletal or dental malocclusion, guiding the normal dentition, and retention after comprehensive orthodontic treatment. Therefore, it is needed to use the removable orthodontic appliance in children with malocclusion. This report presents cases of growing children with skeletal class II and III malocclusion treated with removable orthodontic appliance during mixed dentition and Multiloop Edgewise Arch Wire(MEAW) during permanent dentition. The results obtained through these cases were summarized as follows : 1. Removable orthodontic appliances guide normal dentition and skeletal growth in growing children. 2. Removable orthodontic appliances play an important role in intercepting malocclusion in mixed dentition before use of fixed orthodontic appliance. 3. MEAW can be applied to finishing stage of all cases and is effective in correction of occlusal plane, achievement of interdigitation, and control of dental inclination. 4. It is needed that removable appliances are used during mixed dentition through correct diagnosis and fixed appliance are used in permanent dentition.

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Prevalence of Putative Periodontopathogens in Subgingival Dental Plaques from Gingivitis Lesions in Korean Orthodontic Patients

  • Lee Seung Mi;Yoo So Young;Kim Hwa-Sook;Kim Kwang-Won;Yoon Young-Joo;Lim Sung-Hoon;Shin Hee-Young;Kook Joong-Ki
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.260-265
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    • 2005
  • The objective of this study was to detect and compare the presence of periodontopathogens in the subgingival plaques of gingivitis lesions in adults who wore fixed orthodontic appliances, as opposed to adults who did not wear any orthodontic appliances. Thirty-six individuals participated in this study. Ninteen of these subjects did not wear any orthodontic appliances, and these subjects comprised the control group. The other 17 individuals had been wearing fixed orthodontic appliances for at least 3 months each. After a periodontal examination, we collected subgingival plaque samples from the gingivitis lesions of each patient. Using PCR based on 168 rDNA, we detected the presence of 6 putative periodontopathogenic species, Treponema denticola, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia (formerly Bacteroides forsythus), Prevotella nigrescens, Prevotella intermedia, and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. With regard to the presence of individual periodontopathogens, we found that T. forsythia, T. denticola, and P. nigrescens were significantly more common in the samples obtained from the orthodontic patients than in the samples obtained from the non-orthodontic patient controls. Our results indicate that the local changes associated with the wearing of fixed orthodontic appliances may affect the prevalence of periodontopathogens in subgingival dental plaques.

A CLINICAL STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCES ON THE GINGIVAL TISSUE (교정장치가 치간조직에 미치는 영향에 관한 임상적 연구)

  • Jang, Ki-Young
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.291-301
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    • 1985
  • Fifty subjects who were to be treated with fixed orhodontic appliances by light wire edgewise technique were selected. Bands with different marginal depth were made in first molar and direct bonding brackets were bonded in second premolar. For determining the effects of fixed orthodontic appliance on the gingival tissue, the changes of clinical crown length, periodontal pocket depth, gingival sulcus fluid were checked. The results were as follows: 1. Gingival condition was deteriorated after wearing the fixed orthodontic appliance, and the deteriorative rate was decreased gradually. 2. The greatest gingival change was occurred in the maxillary first molar among the experimental teeth. 3. The gingival change of maxillary teeth was greater than that of mandibular teeth. $(p\leq0.01)$ 4. The greater gingival change was occurred around subgingivally located band than around supragingivally located band. 5. Comparing the gingival changes of banded teeth with them of bonded teeth, the gingival tissue was more effected by oral hygiene than by type of appliances. 6. In the quantitive changes of gingival crevicular fluid, there was no exact relationship with gingival inflammation.

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Comparison of the effectiveness of essential oil mouthrinse and interdental brush in patients with fixed orthodontic appliances (Original Article 1 - 교정 장치를 접착한 환자에서 essential oil mouthrinse와 치간 칫솔의 효과 비교)

  • Hong, Sook-Chan;Kang, Sung-Taek;Shin, Joo-Hee;Lim, Yong-Kyu;Lee, Dong-Yul
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.48 no.5
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    • pp.371-378
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    • 2010
  • The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of essential oil mouthrinse and interdental brush for oral hygiene in orthodontic patient. 90 patients, with fixed orthodontic appliances, were divided into 3 groups(Group 1: patients who had only used toothbrush, group 2: toothbrush + essential oil mouthrinse, group 3: toothbrush + interdental brush). Then, plaque index(PI) and gingival index(GI) were evaluated at before(T0), 3 weeks after(Tl) and 6 weeks after(T2) the experiment. The present study revealed the following conclusions: (1) There was statistically significant decrease in PI and GI of groups 2 and 3 comparing to those of group 1 during 6 weeks.(p<0.05) (2) There was no significant difference in the level of decrease in PI and GI between group 2 and group 3.(p<0.05) The present study thus implied that use of mechanical or chemical aid such as interdental brush and mouth rinse in addition to toothbrushing may help maintaining oral hygiene in patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment for prolonged duration.

Pain perception among patients treated with passive self-ligating fixed appliances and Invisalign® aligners during the first week of orthodontic treatment

  • Almasoud, Naif N.
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.48 no.5
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    • pp.326-332
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    • 2018
  • Objective: This study was performed to compare the perception of pain between patients treated with passive self-ligating fixed appliances and those treated with Invisalign aligners. Methods: This prospective study conducted in Saudi Arabia used an estimated sample of 64 patients from a private dental clinic. After obtaining written informed consent, the patients were divided into two groups; one group (n = 32) was treated using passive self-ligating fixed appliances and the other group (n = 32) using $Invisalign^{(R)}$ aligners. Immediately after fitting the appliances, the patients' perception of pain was evaluated through a close-ended and coded self-administrated questionnaire by using a visual analog scale (VAS). Their responses were recorded at 4 hours, 24 hours, day 3, and day 7. Mann-Whitney U-test, Kruskal-Wallis test, and Pearson's chi-square test were performed for statistical analysis. Results: A lower percentage of patients treated with Invisalign aligners reported pain than did patients treated with passive self-ligating fixed appliances, and these differences were statistically significant (p = 0.001). Similarly, the mean VAS score for the Invisalign group was significantly lower than that for the passive self-ligating fixed appliance group at different intervals during the first week of treatment. The intensity of pain with both appliances peaked at 24 hours (mean VAS score, 3.87) and was lowest (mean VAS score, 1.62) on day 7. Conclusions: During the first week of orthodontic treatment, patients treated with Invisalign aligners reported lower pain than did those treated with passive self-ligating fixed appliances.

Antimicrobial effect of different brushing frequencies with fluoride toothpaste on Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus species in children with fixed orthodontic appliances

  • Peros, Kristina;Mestrovic, Senka;Anic-Milosevic, Sandra;Rosin-Grget, Kata;Slaj, Mladen
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.263-269
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    • 2012
  • Objective: To evaluate the antimicrobial effect of different frequencies of brushing with fluoride toothpaste on the levels of salivary mutans streptococci and lactobacilli in children undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment. Methods: The study included 22 patients scheduled for fixed orthodontic therapy distributed between 2 groups with different hygiene regimes. All the subjects received identical braces, bands, and brackets bonded with the same material. Stimulated saliva samples were obtained before placement of the appliance and at 6, 12, and 18 weeks during the therapy. Saliva samples were cultured on selective microbial agar for the detection of microorganisms. Results: Salivary mutans streptococci were significantly suppressed throughout the experimental period in the group that brushed 4 times a day as compared to the group that brushed twice a day. Salivary lactobacilli were not significantly affected by the frequency of brushing with 0.32% sodium fluoride (NaF) toothpaste. Conclusions: The use of 0.32% NaF-containing toothpaste more than 3 times a day has effective antimicrobial activity on mutans streptococci but not lactobacilli in the saliva of children with fixed orthodontic appliances.

Fluoride penetration from three orthodontic adhesives: an experimental study

  • Wagner, Leopold;Szepietowska, Magdalena
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.29-34
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    • 2013
  • Objective: To examine the prophylactic potential of 3 orthodontic bonding adhesives: Fuji Ortho SC, Illuminate, and Resilience. Methods: Thirty-six Wistar Wag rats were randomly divided into 4 groups consisting of 9 rats each. One of the groups received no treatment and was used as a control. In the other groups, individual bands coated with one of the 3 adhesives were cemented to the lower incisors. Enamel samples were obtained after 6 and 12 weeks and analyzed using scanning electron microscopy in combination with energy dispersive spectrometry. Results: Six weeks after band cementation, no fluoride was found in the enamel of the lower incisors. After 12 weeks, there was no fluoride in the enamel of teeth coated with the Resilience composite. However, in the case of the Illuminate composite and the resin-modified glass ionomer Fuji Ortho SC cement, the depth of fluoride penetration reached $2{\mu}m$ and $4.8-5.7{\mu}m$, respectively. Conclusions: Fluoride ions from orthodontic adhesives can be incorporated into the surface layer of the enamel. Orthodontists may apply orthodontic adhesives, such as the Fuji Ortho SC, to reduce the occurrence of caries during orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances.