• Title, Summary, Keyword: flavor determination

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Determination of Physico-chemical Properties and Quality Attributes of Hanwoo Beef with Grade and Sex (한우의 등급간, 성별간 품질 특성 및 이화학적 성분 규명)

  • Kim, J.W.;Cheon, Y.H.;Jang, A.R.;Min, J.S.;Lee, S.O.;Lee, M.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.44 no.5
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    • pp.599-606
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    • 2002
  • This study was carried out to determine the physico-chemical components and to examine it the consumers can tell the difference in eating quality of loins of Hanwoo with grade and sex. Loins of 36 carcasses were selected and their intramuscular fat, color, pH, water holding capacity, shear force, the amount of myoglobin and moisture content were measured. The result was that only intramuscular fat was significantly different with grades. In Pearson correlation coefficients among quality factors, moisture content increased significantly with the amount of myoglobin(0.514) and shear force(0.503) and decreased as intramuscular fat(-0.957) and water holding capacity(-0.491) increased. Also, content of intramuscular fat decreased as shear force(-0.565) increased. According to descriptive analysis, aroma and acceptability in the 2nd grade steer showed the highest score. Aroma, juiciness and tenderness may affect acceptability of cooked meat. Also, juiciness, tenderness and acceptability had a negative correlation with moisture content and the intramuscular fat did not affect tenderness directly.

Quality Characteristics of Baked Yakgwa Containing Different Amounts of Perilla frutescens Powder (자소엽 첨가량에 따른 구운 약과의 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Su In;Lee, Jin Seon;Son, Da Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.46 no.9
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    • pp.1106-1113
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    • 2017
  • The objective of this study was to determine the quality characteristics of fried yakgwa and baked yakgwa prepared with different amounts of P. frutescens powder. Moisture contents of fried yakgwa were 7.05%, and moisture content of baked yakgwa with different amounts of P. frutescens powder were 12.42~10.44% and decreased with higher amount of P. frutescens powder. This result can be attributed to loss of water in yakgwa in the course of the fried process. Although the degree of expansion of baked yakgwa was lower than that of fried yakgwa, size and shape of yakgwa were maintained. Yakgwa is appropriate as a cookie type product. Crude lipid contents of fried yakgwa were higher than those of baked yakgwa due to the exchange reaction of water and fat during the fried process. Energy of fried yakgwa was 501 kcal and was higher than that of baked yakgwa with different amounts of P. frutescens powder. This greatly affected the fat content of each sample. Energy of baked yakgwa increased with higher amount of P. frutescens powder due to the characteristics of the ingredients or jasoyeop. For chromaticity determination, L values of fried yakgwa were lower, but a, and b values were higher than those of baked yakgwa, and L, a, and b values decreased when P. frutescens powder increased. Texture measurement showed that hardness, cohesiveness, chewiness, gumminess increased with higher amounts of P. frutescens powder, whereas springiness decreased. The antioxidant activities of fried yakgwa measured based on DPPH scavenging activity were higher than those of baked yakgwa with 0%~0.2% P. frutescens powder and lower than those of baked yakgwa with 0.3%~0.4% P. frutescens powder. In the sensory evaluation, baked yakgwa with 0.1% addition of P. frutescens powder showed the highest preference in terms of overall acceptance, and 0% addition of P. frutescens powder showed the highest preference in terms of color and flavor. These results suggest that P. frutescens powder may be a useful ingredient in baked yakgwa to improve quality and sensory properties.

Development of Odor-Reduced Korean Traditional Cheonggukjang Added with Job's Tears (냄새저감형 율무청국장 제조에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Ju-Hun;Han, Chan-Kyu;Choi, Sook-Hyun;Lee, Bog-Hieu;Lee, Hye-Jeong;Kim, Sung-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.259-266
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    • 2011
  • This study was performed to develop an odor-reduced Korean traditional Cheonggukjang (fermented soybean paste) by adding Job's tears to Cheonggukjang made with soybean (control) only. The study included the determination of best addition percentage of Job's tears versus soybean, sensory evaluation, and aroma patterns and its components as well as proximate composition analyses of Cheonggukjang. Job's tears Cheonggukjang (CAJT) was prepared by inoculating Bacillus subtilis and fermented at $40^{\circ}C$ for 48 hours. Ratios of soybean : Job's tears for Job's tears Cheonggukjang were 1:1, 2:1, 3:1, and 4:1, respectively. In comparison of proximal composition, Job's tears Cheonggukjang was high in moisture and carbohydrates, but low in calorie, fat, protein, ash and amino nitrogen. The pH of CAJT was lower than those of control and conventional Cheonggukjang (CC) sold in the market, and the acidity was the lowest in CC. The color of Job's tears Cheonggukjang appeared the whiter and more yellowish, but less reddish in proportion to contents of Job's tears. The contents of viscous substances were higher in CAJT compared with those of control and CC. The contents of glutamic acid, the major components of viscous substances were lower in CAJT than in control and CC, and the contents of fructose higher in CAJT. The scores of sensory evaluation were the highest in Job's tears Cheonggukjang mixed with soybean : Job's tears=4:1. The aroma pattern of CC analyzed was conspicuously dissimilar to the control and CAJT and also discriminated by electronic nose examination. The pyrazines, volatile compounds peculiar to Cheonggukjang, were found to be lower in CAJT by SPME-GC/MS assay. Additionally, the acetic acid, butanoic acid, and naphthalene causing off-flavor were identified in CC, but not in Job's tears Cheonggukjang. The strength of odor through sensory evaluation was by far the lowest in CAJT among the groups. From the findings, it had shown that Job's tears Cheonggukjang would be produced successfully when the ratio of 4:1 (soybean : Job's tears) is employed. Also, it was proved that appropriate ratio of Job's tears addition makes Cheonggukjang odor-reduced and well accepted by people.

Quality Characteristics of Jocheong Containing Various Level of Letinus edodes Extracts (표고버섯 추출액을 이용한 조청의 품질특성)

  • Park, Jung-Suk;Na, Hwan-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.34 no.7
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    • pp.1082-1090
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    • 2005
  • Jocheong was prepared by adding Lentinus edodes extract to improve its quality and to give some functional properties. Contents of crude protein, ash and crude lipid were similar to those of control, while carbohydrate content was decreased. Total mineral content were $1,916.03\~2,674.24mg/kg$ that was no difference between test samples. From HPLC determination of free sugars, Jocheong was found to contain maltose as the highest sugar, followed by glucose and fructose. In amino acid analysis, seventeen amino acid were identified and quantified. Glutamic acid in Jocheong was major amino acid. The major fatty acids in Jocheong $(0\%,\;control)$ were linoleic acid, palmitic acid, oleic acid, myristic acid and caproic acid. There was no significant differences in fatty acid composition, pH and reducing sugar content among the Jocheong samples. The viscosity and solid contents tended to decrease with the addition of Lentinus edodes extract. Increasing the ratio of mushroom extract in Jocheong tended to decrease the lightness, yellowness and redness in Hunter's color value. Although sensory value decreased with increasing Lentinus edodes extracts, use of mushroom extracts (7: 3; saccharification liquids: Lentinus edodes extracts) is recommended for making Jocheong.

Determination of Shelf-life of Black Mini Tomato Based on Maturity and Storage Temperature (흑색 방울토마토의 숙기 및 저장온도에 따른 상품성 유지기간 구명)

  • Park, Mehea;Seo, Jeongmin;Won, Heeyeon;Seo, Jongbun;Moon, Doogyung;Kim, Wooil;Shim, Sangyoun
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.687-696
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    • 2015
  • Black mini tomato 'Hei-G' fruits were harvested at different stages of maturity (immature-mature green and mature-black red) and stored at different temperatures (8, 12, and $20^{\circ}C$) to investigate the quality and lycopene content during storage. Weight loss increased dramatically at higher temperature for both harvesting stages without significant differences. Firmness of immature fruits decreased below the initial level of mature fruit (8.1N) after 5, 8, and 19 days storage, when they were stored at 20, 12, and $8^{\circ}C$, respectively. Soluble solid contents of mature fruit increased at initial storage, and were higher as compared to immature fruits before deterioration at each storage temperature. Decrease in titratable acid of mature fruits depended on storage time and temperature. However, titratable acid of immature fruits showed little change during storage, and so it did not affect flavor. Hunter a value changed greatly in immature fruit stored at high temperature. Unlike ripe tomatoes, there was no significant difference in black tomato Hunter b values of immature and mature fruit at initial and 12 days storage. However, immature fruits stored at $8^{\circ}C$ did not reach full maturity and color development and ripening. High storage temperature increased lycopene production while low storage temperature blocked lycopene development. Shelf life of the immature fruits, which was evaluated by elapsed days to conventional mature stage, was 12 and 15 days when they were stored at 20 and $12^{\circ}C$, respectively. The optimum storage temperature to maintain the quality and lycopene content of mature fruits was $12^{\circ}C$. Moreover, the shelf life of mature fruits stored at $20^{\circ}C$ could reach up to 5 days.