• Title, Summary, Keyword: flavor enhancer

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Studies on Flavor Enhancer Products Used in Korean Households in the Inchon Area

  • Chang, Kyung-Ja;Won Cha
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.47-54
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    • 2001
  • This survey was carried out using a self-administered questionnaire in order to investigate the flavor enhancer products questionnaires were used out of 505 collected (collection rate : 84.2%). Most housewives used flavor enhancer products. Housewives with higher educations and employed housewives used significantly less flavor enhancer. The main reason for nonuse of flavor enhancer products was their perceived negative health effects. Housewives mainly used flavor enhancer products in stews and whole dishes. Most housewives used flavor enhancer products 1-2 times per day and housewives with higher educations and employed housewives used flavor enhancer products less frequently. As for the quantity of flavor enhancer products used, most housewives reported small to moderate amounts. Housewives with higher educations used significantly smaller amounts of flavor enhancer products. There was a significant difference in the kinds of flavor enhancer products used by housewives, depending on education level, household income, food expenditures and residence type. Most housewives purchased flavor enhancer products at wholesale marts. There was a significant difference in the places where flavor enhancer products were purchased among those of different education and household income levels. Therefore, these results may be useful in the development of safer and more variously flavored flavor enhancer products.

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Housewives′ Perception of Flavor Enhancer Products in Inchon (인천시 주부의 풍미 증진제에 대한 인식실태)

  • Chang, Kyung-Ja;Cha, Won
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.683-696
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the perception and use of flavor enhancer products. This study was carried out through questionnaire and the subjects were 503 housewives in Inchon. The results are summarized as follows. As for age, 51.9% of the subjects were 40 years or older. Also, 60.0% of the subjects had received a high school education. As for occupation, full-time housewives accounted for 63.7%. Monthly household income of most subjects were 1 million won or more, and monthly food expenses of most subjects were 300 thousand won or more. Also 71.0% of subjects lived in apartments. As for taste of flavor enhancer products, 58.3% of subjects perceived that it was mediocre, 31.3% said good, 6.2% said bad, and 1.8% said very bad. Most subjects perceived that the convenience of flavor enhancer products was good and there was a significant difference among the groups divided by education level. As for economy of flavor enhancer products, there were significant differences among groups divided by household income and food expenses. Most subjects perceived that the safety of flavor enhancer products was not good. Most subjects considered the date of manufacture, manufacturers, food additives, packaging and price when they purchased flavor enhancer products. Also, 70.0% of subjects were going to reduce the amount of flavor enhancer products they use in the future. Most subjects needed flavor enhancer products good for health. Therefore, it may be necessary to develop and to produce safe, nutritious, tasty, cheap and various flavor enhancer products.

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Effect of NaCl/Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) Mixture on the Sensorial Properties and Quality Characteristics of Model Meat Products

  • Chun, Ji-Yeon;Kim, Byong-Soo;Lee, Jung-Gyu;Cho, Hyung-Yong;Min, Sang-Gi;Choi, Mi-Jung
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.576-581
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    • 2014
  • Sodium chloride is an important ingredient added to most of foods which contributes to flavor enhancement and food preservation but excess intake of sodium chloride may also cause various diseases such as heart diseases, osteoporosis and so on. Therefore, this study was carried out to investigate the effect of monosodium glutamate (MSG) as a salty flavor enhancer on the quality and sensorial properties of the NaCl/MSG complex and actual food system. For characterizing the spray-dried NaCl/MSG complex, surface dimension, morphology, rheology, and saltiness intensity were estimated by increasing MSG (0-2.0%) levels at a fixed NaCl concentration (2.0%). MSG levels had no effect of the characteristics of the NaCl/MSG complex, although the addition of MSG increased the surface dimension of the NaCl/MSG complex significantly (p<0.05). Furthermore, the effect of MSG on enhancing the salty flavor was not observed in the solution of the NaCl/MSG complex. In the case of an actual food system, model meat products (pork patties) were prepared by replacing NaCl with MSG. MSG enhanced the salty flavor, thereby increasing overall acceptability of pork patties. Replacement of NaCl with MSG (<1.0%) did not result in negative sensorial properties of pork patties, although quality deterioration such as high cooking loss was found. Nevertheless, MSG had a potential application in meat product formulation as a salty flavor enhancer or a partial NaCl replacer when meat products were supplemented with binding agents.

Effects of NaCl and Temperature on the Sensory Characteristics of Natural Flavor Enhancers (NaCl 첨가 및 평가 온도에 따른 천연조미소재의 감각적 특성)

  • Chung, Seo-Jin;Chung, JinA;Kim, BooWon;Kang, Deik
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.47 no.5
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    • pp.615-622
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    • 2015
  • The objectives of this study were to evaluate the sensory properties of various natural flavor enhancers (NFEs) and to understand the effects of NaCl and temperature on the sensory characteristics of these NFEs. Descriptive analysis was conducted to evaluate six types of NFEs: yeast extract-based NFE, three; fish sauce-based NFE, one; soy sauce-based NFE, one; and hydrolyzed peptide NFE-based, one. The effects of NaCl (no addition vs. addition) and temperature ($20^{\circ}C$ vs. $55^{\circ}C$) were also evaluated. The results showed that the overall flavor intensity and sensory properties of the NFEs differed greatly depending on the NFE source. Two of the yeast extract-based NFEs elicited higher umami intensity than the other NFEs. Addition of NaCl increased some of the savory-related flavors and the perceived viscosity of the sample. Aroma intensities, in general, were enhanced at the higher temperature, whereas flavor, aftertaste, and mouthfeel attributes were perceived to be stronger at the lower temperature.

Analytical Properties for Insoluble Fraction of Yeast Extract by Autolysis (자기소화법에 의한 효모 Extract중 불용성 물질의 분석화학적 특성)

  • 김재웅;김동희
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.280-288
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    • 1995
  • Because yeast is rich in vitamins, nucleotides and essential amino acids, it has been used as a nutrient and dietary supplements. Particularly yeast extract functions as a seasoning, flavor enhancer in meats. In this study, naturally occurring insoluble components during yeast extract process by autolysis were microanalyses by using SEM, XRD, HPLC, GC, FT-lR and DSC. On the basis of useful datas, authors have characterized the analytical points for the purpose of improving products in the preparation of yeast extract.

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Emerging Innovations to Reduce the Salt Content in Cheese; Effects of Salt on Flavor, Texture, and Shelf Life of Cheese; and Current Salt Usage: A Review

  • Bae, Inhyu;Park, Jong-Hyun;Choi, Hee-Young;Jung, Hoo-Kil
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.793-798
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    • 2017
  • Salt is an essential ingredient for cheese production, and it influences various aspects of cheese, including the shelf life, enzyme activity, flavor, casein hydration, and microbial proliferation during ripening. Several consumers avoid cheese with high salt content, mainly due to health problems such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease (CVD), stroke, and heart attacks. Salt has been commonly used for several purposes in cheese production, including for obtaining the required flavor and texture, for its preservative properties, and as a taste enhancer. However, salt usage has been opposed by the public and governmental bodies, who have been advised by health authorities that salt should be reduced or avoided in cheese for healthier life. However, salt replacement or reduction in cheese manufacturing requires formulation of intensive strategies. This review provides information about several strategies and innovations for reduction and replacement of salt in cheese manufacturing without seriously affecting the quality, microbial safety, and sensory properties of cheeses.

Effect of Ginseng Powder and Distillate on Lipid Oxidation, Sensory Properties and Flavor Profiles of Pork Cutlet (인삼분말 및 증류액의 혼합첨가가 돈가스의 지방산화, 관능특성 및 향미성분에 미치는 영향)

  • 조수현;김진형;손현주;박범영;황인호;김학균;유영모;김용곤
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.39-45
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    • 2003
  • Pork cutlets containing ginseng powder 1% + ginseng distillate 1%(P1/D1), ginseng powder 2%(P2), ginseng powder 1.5% + ginseng distillate 1.5%(P1.5/D1.5) and ginseng powder 3%(P3) were manufactured and compared with the control(no ginseng powder and distillates) in meat quality, sensory evaluation and flavor intensity. The L values were significantly lower and a values were significantly higher for pork cutlets containing ginseng additives as compared to the control. The pork cutlets containing ginseng powder and distillates were higher in hardness only at the beginning stage, but no significant differences in springness, cohesiveness and chewiness among the treatments were observed during storage at -20$^{\circ}C$ for 8 weeks. Flavor analysis indicated that spathulenol, panasinsanol, neointermedol and ginsenol were responsible for ginseng flavor. The sensory panels detected most intense ginseng flavor and taste for pork cutlet which contained combination mixtures of ginseng powder 1.5% and distillate 1.5%. In conclusion, sensory panels evaluated that ginseng distillates produced intense ginseng flavor and enhanced ginseng flavor when used as mixtures with ginseng powder. Therefore, ginseng distillates can be used as a natural antioxidant and flavor enhancer in pork products.

Changes in Perceived Intensities of Pungency of Ramen Soup (라면에서 나타나는 매운 감각 인지 강도의 변화)

  • Imm, Bue-Young;Shon, Sang-Soo;Kim, Kyung-Nam
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.623-627
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    • 2003
  • The intensity of pungency of capsicum solutions (30 Scoville Unit and 50 Scoville Unit) was decreased when a pork extract paste was mixed with the capsicum solutions. Three types of flavor enhancers, 0.5% (w/w) monosodium glutamate, 0.5% (w/w) IG (IMP : GMP = 0.5 : 0.5) and 0.5% (w/w) $Aromild^{\circledR}$ (yeast extract) decreased pungency of hot ramen soup including chilli pepper. 10% (w/w) sucrose decreased pungency of 0.66 ppm capsicum, and 0.66 ppm capsicum decreased sweetness of 10% (w/w) sucrose. Pungency of hot ramen soup was also affected by types of noodles which is boiled in the soup. The intensity of pungency of the ramen soup with fried noodles was lower than the soup with dried or fresh noodles.

Characteristic Properties of Enzymatically Hydrolyzed Soy Proteins for the Use in Protein Supplements (단백소재 첨가물로서의 효소분해 대두 단백질의 특성)

  • In, Man-Jin;Kim, Min-Hong;Chae, Hee-Jeong
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.404-408
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    • 1997
  • Enzymatically hydrolyzed vegetable protein (eHVP) was produced from soy protein using proteases, and the physicochemical properties were examined. Soy protein hydrolysate of 6% protein and 50% degree of hydrolysis was useful for the base of savory ingredients. The Maillard-reacted and flavoring compound-added hydrolysate had improved flavor. It was for enzymatically hydrolyzed soy sauces and dehydrated seasonings. ISP hydrolysate of low molecular weight $(MW{\sim}250)$ and high protein content (85%) was suitable for special uses such as infant diets, sports nutrition, and medical diets. The eHVP gave no limitation of dosage in the formulation as a flavor enhancer. The byproduct of protein hydrolysis was found to have high content of fiber (21%) and to have potential for the use as dietary fiber or bulking agents.

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