• Title, Summary, Keyword: floor area calculation

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A Study on Application Methods of the Transfer of Development Rights - Focused on Residential Areas of Gwangju - (개발권양도제 적용방안에 관한 연구 - 광주광역시 주거지를 중심으로 -)

  • Jeong, Woo-Gon
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.61-73
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    • 2012
  • This study applied the value of floor-area-ratio standard calculation method to case areas and analyzed them to overcome the limits of previous studies in calculation methods for area standards and land price (value) standard development rights. The results are presented as follows: First, criteria to select sending areas and receiving areas are needed. Second, calculation methods based on the value of floor-area-ratio standard can be widely used as standardized criteria in various areas. Third, for the connection of sending areas with receiving areas, the connections of 1:1, n:1, 1:n, and n:n are available and the location of possible dealing areas should be considered. Also, the choice of connecting unions that meet the purpose of TDR presented by local governments is available. Fourth, for Gwangju, as receiving areas downtown provide higher profits than previous renewal projects, the application of TDR is available. Application methods to overcome problems are presented as follows: First, criteria to select sending and receiving areas should be prepared and implemented in an order of priority. Second, in calculating development rights, methods based on the value of floor-area-ratio standard should be used. Third, the standards and principles of sending and receiving areas should be designated and possible dealing areas should not be limited.

A Case Study on the Space Planning of Dental Clinic (일반 치과의원의 공간계획에 관한 사례 연구)

  • Lee, Jae-Young;Lee, Young-Han
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.125-131
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    • 2013
  • This is a study on space planning of dental clinic by case analysis of 30 dental clinics that were cons tructed or designed in metropolitan area in recent years, It is analyzed as the following, required basic or additional rooms according to size divisions of gross floor area, relationship of treatment chair number and floor area, ratio of gross floor area and waiting zone, medical treatment zone, supporting zone, management zone, and zoning planning, space types of medical treatment zone, etc. This study can be used as basic data for planning of dental clinic and related future researches.

Study on the Spatial Standard for Reading Rooms in University Libraries (대학도서관 열람실 공간기준에 관한 연구)

  • Lim, Ho-Kyun
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.140-147
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    • 2016
  • This research aims to establish the size standard of university library's user space, and present the standard and method to calculate total area required in the planning of new building construction and remodeling. Nine university libraries newly constructed or remodeled since 2000 were selected among the libraries of large scale universities with more than 10,000 enrolled students as the target libraries in this research. The target libraries were classified into A group (five cases partially remodeled) and B group (four cases newly constructed or fully remodeled) on the basis of the change of times. A university library can be divided into three spaces (user space, administration space and public space). This research classified the reading room in the user space into bookshelf zone, reading zone, information/office zone and hall/other zone, and analyzed area ratio according to each zone. B group's bookshelf zone decreased 12% more than A group, and B group's reading zone increased 10% more than A group. However, there was no big change in the area ratio of information/office zone and hall/other zone. This can be interpreted that university library changes from book and archive preservation-oriented space to user-oriented space. This research presented a proper reading room area calculation method, based on the capacity of books, by reflecting such a change. Each zone's standard was set up through classification of domestic and international standards, based on which, the calculation method of university library's total floor area required was presented. The reason why there was difference in university library's total floor area required according to domestic standard and international standard was that the number of enrolled students per seat in the reading room was different. The area calculation methods presented in this research can be utilized as useful data upon planning university library construction or remodeling.

A study on the Calculation of Noise Correction Coefficient on each floor for the estimation on the roadside traffic noise around the Apartment Building (도로변 공동주택의 층별 소음보정계수 산정에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Young Min;Lee, Ji Wang;Ko, Jung Yong
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.25-36
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    • 2005
  • Actually, prediction formula of road traffic noise for EIA(Environmental Impact Assessment) has been used that proposed by National Institute of Environmental Research in 1999. The prediction formula, however, was calculated predicted noise level according to noise level producing on first floor, then needs to correct noise level at each floor in the case of apartment building. The investigation was carried out to calculate the correction coefficient for commonly using in EIA of large scaled apartment development areas. The noised level at each floor were measured from August 2001 to March 2002 at 31 investigation points of large scaled apartment development area in national wide. Measured data were divided and treated with 4 types as 3th floor, 5th floor, 7th floor and 10th floor and then the correction coefficients of each floor were calculated using by correlation formula according to each floor.

A Study on the Space Area Guideline of Clinical Laboratory in Korea - Focused on Laboratory Case Studies (국내 종합병원 진단검사의학과의 면적산정 방법에 대한 연구 - 검사실 사례조사를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Youngaee;Song, Sanghoon
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.39-47
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: Clinical laboratory of hospital has been demanded to extension or relocation regarding with the test number increase and analyzer development. Space area criteria per test numbers, lab functions, hospital bed and lab staffs are needed for draft space programing. So, the purpose of this study is to provide the space area guideline of clinical laboratory for space calculation in planning and design the spatial environment. Methods: Literature review has been used in checking the standards and guidelines. And questionnaire surveys to laboratory supervisors in hospitals have been conducted for the data collection. 60 answers have been analysed statistically by MS Excel program. Results: The result of this study can be summarized into three way calculations. The first one shows that the basic standard workspace and distance is applied in lab design. The second one shows that average space area criteria resulted from case studies is applied by 19㎡ per one staff, 0.9~1.0㎡ per one bed, and lastly linear length calculation of workbenches and analyzers on the bench top and floor mount, is multiplying it by the sum of the counter depth plus aisle width. Implications: In updating the space area calculation guidelines, it is necessary to cooperate with medical staffs and designers.

A Study on the Location and Area Composition of the Operation Department in Regional Public Hospitals - Focused on Net Floor Area (지방의료원 수술부 배치 및 규모에 관한 연구 - 순면적을 중심으로)

  • Yun, Woo Yong;Chai, Choul Gyun
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.93-104
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: To establish the building guidelines and to analyze the function of Regional Public Hospitals, the survey was conducted primarily on the current status focusing on the location and relationship of the department, area composition ratio, area per bed, and area per operating room. Methods: The research methods of this paper are as follows. 1) A literature survey on the function of the operating and related departments, 2) A drawing analysis for spatial composition and net area calculation. Results: The area of the Operation Department in the Regional Public Hospitals with 200 to 300 beds are as follows. Area ratio: 3.35%, area per Bed: 2.53㎡/bed, the number of beds per operating room: 64.37bed, area per operating room: 146.46㎡/n, area per operating room by plan type: integration corridor 133.84㎡/n, separation corridor 184.82㎡/n. Implications: This paper analyzed data on the current state of Operation Departments for setting up the function and role for the Regional Public Hospital. In the future, it is also required to provide size that takes into account user behavior and the user's psychological aspect in order to suggest appropriate area.

NEW WEIGHTING COEFFICIENTS FOR CALCULATING MEAN SKIN TEMPERATURE IN RELATION TO THE POSTURE WITH CONSIDERATION TO HEAT CONDUCTION (열전도를 고려한 각 자세에 따른 평균 피부온의 산출)

  • Lee, Ju-Youn;MIYAMOTO, Seiichi;ISODA, Norio
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.63-74
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    • 2000
  • This paper is to clarify a thermal physiological index that can account for the effects of local thermal environment. For this purpose two young female subjects exposing themselves to the above while sitting on a chair, sitting on the floor and lying on the floor were measured. These three representative postures accompanied the different contact surface areas, thereby the heat conduction rate between the floor and subject was quantitatively measured for each posture. It made the present study deal with the effect of heat conduction concerning the modified mean skin temperature and finally propose new weighting coefficients for the mean skin temperature calculation based on the Hardy & DuBois' formulas. In order to verify the proposed model, the experiment was carried out using a floor heating system. The comparison between the experimental result and prediction revealed that the proposed model should be about 10% more accurate than the conventional one in the case of lying on the floor which the heat conduction effect becomes important.

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A Study on the Calculation of the Area for Behavior as an Element in Planning the Floor Space of the Elderly Housing (노인주택 면적계획을 위한 요소로서 행위면적 산출 연구)

  • Lee, Youn-Jae;Lee, Hyun-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.59-70
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of the study is to suggest the amount of space for each behavior according to the classification of behavior in the housing to plan the optimal floor space of the elderly housing. The method for calculating space for behavior begins with classifying behaviors, identifying them and then taking pictures of the model of elderly people who reproduce each behavior. Based on the pictures, body parts which are necessary for each behavior are assembled and the formula for behavioral space is created. The space for behavior is produced considering the body dimensions of Korean elderly in their sixty's as well as the furniture size and the psychological distance between people. 3D modeling is used to verify the result. Human behaviors can be classified into individual-related, housework-related, family-related, reception-related and other behaviors. These five behaviors are subdivided into more specific behaviors. The area for each specific behavior is calculated with the anthropometric data of the elderly, preferred furniture dimension and psychological area. As a result the required area for specific behaviors is as follows: the behavior of sleeping in a bed needs $4.3m^2$; the behavior of changing clothes on a chair, $1.7m^2$; the behavior of watching TV on the floor $1.3m^2$, the behavior of working and reading using a desk, $2.1m^2$, the behavior of exercise, $2.5m^2$; the behavior of showering on a chair, $1.3m^2$ and showering using a wheelchair, $1.9m^2$; the behavior of toileting using a wheelchair, $2.3m^2$; the behavior of washing up using a wheelchair, $1.9m^2$; the behavior of eating using a table for four persons, $4.4m^2$; the behavior of cooking and washing dishes, $0.9m^2$ per counter-top; the behavior of washing clothes using a washing machine, $0.9m^2$; the behavior of ironing on the floor $1.4m^2$; the behavior of reception(three persons) on the floor considering personal space, $4.0m^2$; the behavior of taking on and off shoes on a chair, $1.3m^2$. The result of the study is utilized as quantitative data to calculate optimal floor space for elderly housing. In addition, qualitative data such as characteristics of housing preference, spacial usage and storage capacity are necessary to produce the floor space which can provide convenient and safe living environment.

A Study on the Mean Skin Temperature of the Man Who Stay in the Room (재실자의 평균피부온(平均皮膚溫)에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Young-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.307-317
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to form a calculation formula of the mean skin temperature on the human body in a heated room by the use of floor heating system. Korean traditional floor heating system is a long way from being defunct. The floor heating systems based on hot water have been coming into wide use mainly in the apartment house. However, it is considered that the design process and evaluation method for the floor heating systems in the standpoint of human being are not established so far. In the floor heating systems, air temperature as well as floor temperature should be considered as physical factors which affect the sensation of human body. Furthermore, extremely few studies have been performed on the sitting with legs crossed posture sedentary which is the typical dwelling life style of residents from the ancient times in Korea, while a large number of studies on the influence of the floor heating systems on the human body in standing and sitting on a chair sedentary have been carried out. Especially, it is essential to elucidate how mean skin temperature on the human body is affected by thermal conduction in the contact area between the sitting with legs crossed posture sedentary human body and floor including thermal radiation due to the combination of air temperature and floor temperature, but the studies dealt with such issues have hardly been performed. Based on the above statements, the influence of the environment condition due to the combination of air temperature and floor temperature is discussed in the present investigation through theoretical of mean skin temperature on the human body in the floor heating systems.

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A Study on Prediction of Power Consumption Rate of Middle School Building in Changwon City by Regression Analysis (회귀분석을 통한 창원시 중학교 전력소비량 예측에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Hyeong-Kyu;Park, Hyo-Seok;Choi, Jeong-Min;Cho, Sung-Woo
    • The Journal of Sustainable Design and Educational Environment Research
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.61-70
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    • 2013
  • As the existing school building power consumption is expressed by total power consumption, in the view of energy saving is disadvantage. The the power consumption of school building is divided as cooling, heating, lighting and others. The cooling power consumption, heating power consumption, lighting power consumption can be calculated using real total power consumption that gained from Korea Electric Power Corporation(KEPCO). The power consumption for cooling and heating can be calculated using heat transmittance, wall area and floor area, and for lighting is calculated by artificial lighting calculation. but this calculation methods is difficult for laymen. This study was carried out in order to establish the regression equation for cooling power consumption, heating power consumption, lighting power consumption and other power consumption in school building. In order to verify the validity of the regression equation, it is compared regression equation results and calculation results based on real power consumption. As the results, difference between regression result and calculation results for cooling and heating power consumption showed 0.6% and 3.6%.