• Title, Summary, Keyword: flow admission control

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A New Joint Packet Scheduling/Admission Control Framework for Multi-Service Wireless Networks

  • Long Fei;Feng Gang;Tang Junhua
    • Journal of Communications and Networks
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.408-416
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    • 2005
  • Quality of service (QoS) provision is an important and indispensable function for multi-service wireless networks. In this paper, we present a new scheduling/admission control frame­work, including an efficient rate-guaranteed opportunistic scheduling (ROS) scheme and a coordinated admission control (ROS­CAC) policy to support statistic QoS guarantee in multi-service wireless networks. Based on our proposed mathematical model, we derive the probability distribution function (PDF) of queue length under ROS and deduce the packet loss rate (PLR) for individual flows. The new admission control policy makes admission decision for a new incoming flow to ensure that the PLR requirements of all flows (including the new flow) are satisfied. The numerical results based on ns-2 simulations demonstrate the effectiveness of the new joint packet scheduling/admission control framework.

Resilient Reduced-State Resource Reservation

  • Csaszar Andras;Takacs Attila;Szabo Robert;Henk Tamas
    • Journal of Communications and Networks
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.509-524
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    • 2005
  • Due to the strict requirements of emerging applications, per-flow admission control is gaining increasing importance. One way to implement per-flow admission control is using an on­path resource reservation protocol, where the admission decision is made hop-by-hop after a new flow request arrives at the network boundary. The next-steps in signaling (NSIS) working group of the Internet engineering task force (IETF) is standardising such an on-path signaling protocol. One of the reservation methods considered by NSIS is reduced-state mode, which, suiting the differentiated service (DiffServ) concept, only allows per-class states in interior nodes of a domain. Although there are clear benefits of not dealing with per-flow states in interior nodes-like scalability and low complexity-, without per-flow states the handling of re-routed flows, e.g., after a failure, is a demanding and highly non-trivial task. To be applied in carrier-grade networks, the protocol needs to be resilient in this situation. In this article, we will explain the consequences of a route failover to resource reservation protocols: Severe congestion and incorrect admission decisions due to outdated reservation states. We will set requirements that handling solutions need to fulfill, and we propose extensions to reduced-state protocols accordingly. We show with a set of simulated scenarios that with the given solutions reduced-state protocols can handle re-routed flows practically as fast and robust as stateful protocols.

Multicore Flow Processor with Wire-Speed Flow Admission Control

  • Doo, Kyeong-Hwan;Yoon, Bin-Yeong;Lee, Bhum-Cheol;Lee, Soon-Seok;Han, Man Soo;Kim, Whan-Woo
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.827-837
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    • 2012
  • We propose a flow admission control (FAC) for setting up a wire-speed connection for new flows based on their negotiated bandwidth. It also terminates a flow that does not have a packet transmitted within a certain period determined by the users. The FAC can be used to provide a reliable transmission of user datagram and transmission control protocol applications. If the period of flows can be set to a short time period, we can monitor active flows that carry a packet over networks during the flow period. Such powerful flow management can also be applied to security systems to detect a denial-of-service attack. We implement a network processor called a flow management network processor (FMNP), which is the second generation of the device that supports FAC. It has forty reduced instruction set computer core processors optimized for packet processing. It is fabricated in 65-nm CMOS technology and has a 40-Gbps process performance. We prove that a flow router equipped with an FMNP is better than legacy systems in terms of throughput and packet loss.

End-to-End Quality of Service Constrained Routing and Admission Control for MPLS Networks

  • Oulai, Desire;Chamberland, Steven;Pierre, Samuel
    • Journal of Communications and Networks
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.297-305
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    • 2009
  • Multiprotocol label switching (MPLS) networks require dynamic flow admission control to guarantee end-to-end quality of service (QoS) for each Internet protocol (IP) traffic flow. In this paper, we propose to tackle the joint routing and admission control problem for the IP traffic flows in MPLS networks without rerouting already admitted flows. We propose two mathematical programming models for this problem. The first model includes end-to-end delay constraints and the second one, end-to-end packet loss constraints. These end-to-end QoS constraints are imposed not only for the new traffic flow, but also for all already admitted flows in the network. The objective function of both models is to minimize the end-to-end delay for the new flow. Numerical results show that considering end-to-end delay (or packet loss) constraints for all flows has a small impact on the flow blocking rate. Moreover, we reduces significantly the mean end-to-end delay (or the mean packet loss rate) and the proposed approach is able to make its decision within 250 msec.

An Efficient Admission Control and Resource Allocation Methods in DiffServ Networks (인터넷 차별화 서비스 네트워크에서의 효율적인 호 수락 제어 및 자원 이용 방안에 관한 연구)

  • 조병일;유상조
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.698-712
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    • 2004
  • DiffServ network architecture does not define a call admission control procedure explicitly. In this paper, a new DiffServ QoS control mechanism is suggested which, after the call admission control, can execute packet process according to the class while, at the same time, executing on the flow based call admission control in the DiffServ network. Routers on the path from the source to the destination estimate the aggregated class traffic of the existing flows and the new incoming flow and then, perform a call admission control in accordance with the type of classes efficiently based on the required bandwidth per each class that can meet the user's QoS requirements. In order to facilitate the packet process according to the class after the flow based call admission control, a mechanism is suggested that can adjust the network resources to classes dynamically. The performance analysis on this mechanism is carried out through a simulation.

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Differentiated Services Based Admission Control and Multi Path Routing Algorithm for IPv6

  • Farooq, Muhammad Omer;Aziz, Sadia
    • Journal of Information Processing Systems
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.97-104
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    • 2009
  • In this paper we propose a Differentiated Services Based Admission Control and Routing Algorithm for IPv6 (ACMRA). The basic DiffServ architecture lacks an admission control mechanism, the injection of more QoS sensitive traffic into the network can cause congestion at the core of the network. Our Differentiated Services Based Admission Control and Routing Algorithm for IPv6 combines the admission control phase with the route finding phase, and our routing protocol has been designed in a way to work alongside DiffServ based networks. The Differentiated Services Based Admission Control and Routing Algorithm for IPv6 constructs label switched paths in order to provide rigorous QoS provisioning. We have conducted extensive simulations to validate the effectiveness and efficiency of our proposed admission control and routing algorithm. Simulation Results show that the Differentiated Services Based Admission Control and Routing Algorithm for IPv6 provides an excellent packet delivery ratio, reduces the control packets' overhead, and makes use of the resources present on multiple paths to the destination network, while almost each admitted flow shows compliance with its Service Level Agreement.

Optimal SMDP-Based Connection Admission Control Mechanism in Cognitive Radio Sensor Networks

  • Hosseini, Elahe;Berangi, Reza
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.345-352
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    • 2017
  • Traffic management is a highly beneficial mechanism for satisfying quality-of-service requirements and overcoming the resource scarcity problems in networks. This paper introduces an optimal connection admission control mechanism to decrease the packet loss ratio and end-to-end delay in cognitive radio sensor networks (CRSNs). This mechanism admits data flows based on the value of information sent by the sensor nodes, the network state, and the estimated required resources of the data flows. The number of required channels of each data flow is estimated using a proposed formula that is inspired by a graph coloring approach. The proposed admission control mechanism is formulated as a semi-Markov decision process and a linear programming problem is derived to obtain the optimal admission control policy for obtaining the maximum reward. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed mechanism outperforms a recently proposed admission control mechanism in CRSNs.

Defending HTTP Web Servers against DDoS Attacks through Busy Period-based Attack Flow Detection

  • Nam, Seung Yeob;Djuraev, Sirojiddin
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.8 no.7
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    • pp.2512-2531
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    • 2014
  • We propose a new Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) defense mechanism that protects http web servers from application-level DDoS attacks based on the two methodologies: whitelist-based admission control and busy period-based attack flow detection. The attack flow detection mechanism detects attach flows based on the symptom or stress at the server, since it is getting more difficult to identify bad flows only based on the incoming traffic patterns. The stress is measured by the time interval during which a given client makes the server busy, referred to as a client-induced server busy period (CSBP). We also need to protect the servers from a sudden surge of attack flows even before the malicious flows are identified by the attack flow detection mechanism. Thus, we use whitelist-based admission control mechanism additionally to control the load on the servers. We evaluate the performance of the proposed scheme via simulation and experiment. The simulation results show that our defense system can mitigate DDoS attacks effectively even under a large number of attack flows, on the order of thousands, and the experiment results show that our defense system deployed on a linux machine is sufficiently lightweight to handle packets arriving at a rate close to the link rate.

An Admission Control for End-to-end Performance Guarantee in Next Generation Networks (Next Generation Networks에서의 단대단 성능 보장형 인입제어)

  • Joung, Jin-Oo;Choi, Jeong-Min
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.35 no.8B
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    • pp.1141-1149
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    • 2010
  • Next Generation Networks (NGN) is defined as IP-based networks with multi-services and with multi-access networks. A variety of services and access technologies are co-existed within NGN. Therefore there are numerous transport technologies such as Differentiated Services (DiffServ), Multi-protocol Label Switching (MPLS), and the combined transport technologies. In such an environment, flows are aggregated and de-aggregated multiple times in their end-to-end paths. In this research, a method for calculating end-to-end delay bound for such a flow, provided that the information exchanged among networks regarding flow aggregates, especially the maximum burst size of a flow aggregate entering a network. We suggest an admission control mechanism that can decide whether the requested performance for a flow can be met. We further verify the suggested calculation and admission algorithm with a few realistic scenarios.

Fuzzy Logic based Admission Control for On-grid Energy Saving in Hybrid Energy Powered Cellular Networks

  • Wang, Heng;Tang, Chaowei;Zhao, Zhenzhen;Tang, Hui
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.10 no.10
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    • pp.4724-4747
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    • 2016
  • To efficiently reduce on-grid energy consumption, the admission control algorithm in the hybrid energy powered cellular network (HybE-Net) with base stations (BSs) powered by on-grid energy and solar energy is studied. In HybE-Net, the fluctuation of solar energy harvesting and energy consumption may result in the imbalance of solar energy utilization among BSs, i.e., some BSs may be surplus in solar energy, while others may maintain operation with on-grid energy supply. Obviously, it makes solar energy not completely useable, and on-grid energy cannot be reduced at capacity. Thus, how to control user admission to improve solar energy utilization and to reduce on-grid energy consumption is a great challenge. Motivated by this, we first model the energy flow behavior by using stochastic queue model, and dynamic energy characteristics are analyzed mathematically. Then, fuzzy logic based admission control algorithm is proposed, which comprehensively considers admission judgment parameters, e.g., transmission rate, bandwidth, energy state of BSs. Moreover, the index of solar energy utilization balancing is proposed to improve the balance of energy utilization among different BSs in the proposed algorithm. Finally, simulation results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm performs excellently in improving solar energy utilization and reducing on-grid energy consumption of the HybE-Net.