• Title, Summary, Keyword: food list

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Differences Between Analyzed and Estimated Sodium Contents of Food Composition Table or Food Exchange List (나트륨 실측치와 식품교환표 및 식품성분표를 이용한 추정치의 비교)

  • Kwon, Yong-Ju;Rhee, Moo-Yong;Kim, Jee-Young;Kwon, Kwang-Il;Kim, So-Jin;Shin, Hee-Jun;Park, Seong-Soo;Lee, Eun-Ju;Park, Hye-Kyung;Park, Yong-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.535-541
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    • 2010
  • Excessive intake of sodium is known as a risk factor for hypertension, and Korean adults consume sodium 3 times higher than Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the difference on sodium content between analyzed and estimated by food composition table and food exchange list. Seven days of low salt diet and seven days of high salt diet were prepared, and sodium contents were estimated by food composition table and food exchange list and measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Sodium contents of diet per day estimated by food exchange list significantly differed from analyzed content, but those estimated by food composition table were not. However, when absolute differences from analyzed content were compared by dishes in the low and high salt diet periods, there were significant differences among estimated sodium content by food composition table and food exchange list and analyzed sodium content. The discrepancy between those results was due to that absolute value was used to compare sodium contents of dishes but not to compare sodium contents of days. In addition, main dish, side dish, and soup were significantly different among estimated sodium content by food composition table and food exchange list and analyzed sodium content. Actual sodium contents of Jap-Chae Deop-Bap and Roasted chicken with oyster sauce differed to a great extent from estimated contents by food exchange list and food composition table. In conclusion, actual sodium contents of Korean dishes were significantly different from those estimated by food composition table and food exchange list, and thus these differences in salt content should be considered on planning of low-salt menu for hypertensive patients.

Development of a Computer-Assisted Microbiological Quality Assurance Program for Hosipital Foodservice Operations (병원 급식시설의 미생물적 품질관리를 위한 전산 프로그램개발에 관한 연구)

  • Kwak, Tong-Kyung;Jang, Hye-Ja;Joo, Se-Young
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.137-145
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    • 1992
  • A computer-assisted microbiological quality assurance program was developed based on HACCP data obtained from a 500 bed general hospital by assessing time and temperature conditions and microbiological qualities of six categories of menu items according to the process of food product flow. The purpose of the study was to develop a computer-assisted microbiological quality assurance program in order to simplify the assessment procedures and to provide a maximum assurance to foodservice personnel and the public. A 16-Bit personnel computer compatible with IBM-PC/AT was used. The data base files and processing programs were created using dBASE III plus packages. The contents of the computerized system are summarized as knows: 1. When the input program for hazard analysis runs, a series of questions are asked to determine hazards and assess their severity and risks. Critical control points and monitoring methods for CCPs are identified and saved in Master file. 2. Output and search programs for hazard analysis are composed of 6 categories of recipe data file list, code identification list, and HACCP identification of the specific menu item. 3. When the user selects a specific category of recipe from 6 categories presented on the screen and runs data file list, a series of menu item list, CCP list, monitoring methods list are generated. When the code search program runs, menu names, ingredients, amounts and a series of codes are generated. 4. When the user types in a menu item and an identification code, critical control points and monitoring methods are generated for each menu item.

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Selection of key foods for the systematic management of a food and nutrient composition database

  • Shim, Jee-Seon;Lee, Jung-Sug;Kim, Ki Nam;Lee, Hyun Sook;Kim, Hye Young;Chang, Moon-Jeong
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.500-506
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    • 2017
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Food composition databases are necessary for assessing dietary intakes. Developing and maintaining a high quality database is difficult because of the high cost of analyzing nutrient profiles and the recent fast-changing food marketplace. Thus, priorities have to be set for developing and updating the database. We aimed to identify key foods in the Korean diet to set priorities for future analysis of foods. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The food consumption data of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 2013-2014 were used. We modified the US Department of Agriculture's key food approach. First, major foods were analyzed, contributing to 75%, 80%, 85%, or 90% of each nutrient intake. Second, the cumulative contributions to nutrient intakes were compared before and after excluding the foods least commonly consumed by individuals. Third, total nutrient score for each food was calculated by summing all percent contributions times 100 for nutrients. To set priorities among the foods in the list, we sorted the score in descending order and then compared total percent contributions of foods, within the 100, 90, 85, 80, and 75 percentiles of the list. Finally, we selected the minimum list of foods contributing to at least 90% of the key nutrient intake as key items for analysis. RESULTS: Among the 1,575 foods consumed by individuals, 456 were selected as key foods. Those foods were chosen as items above the 80 percentile of the total nutrient score, among the foods contributing at least 85% of any nutrient intake. On an average, the selected key foods contributed to more than 90% of key nutrient intake. CONCLUSIONS: In total, 456 foods, contributing at least 90% of the key nutrient intake, were selected as key foods. This approach to select a minimum list of key foods will be helpful for systematically updating and revising food composition databases.

Need for Development of a List of Meals for Diabetic Patients and Development of Barley-Based Diabetic Meals (당뇨병환자의 메뉴개발 요구도 및 보리이용 당뇨식단 개발)

  • Ryu, Ji Hye;Rho, Jeong Ok
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.51 no.5
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    • pp.551-561
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    • 2013
  • The aim of this study was to develop and apply a list of meals and standard recipes using barley for diabetic patients. The degree of interest and requirements of diabetic patients were investigated for the development of meals. The ingredients of the meals were selected through the diabetic literature and previous research. While developing a list of meals, dietetic therapies for diabetic patients were considered. After developing 15 kinds of meals and modifying them through sensory evaluation, a standard recipe was completed. In the standard recipe, the menu name, the ingredients, quantity, and recipe were stated and the nutritional components were indicated. Photographs of the meals were included. The calorie prescription for the diabetic patients was aimed at elderly women, that is, those 65 years old or above, based on research showing this to be the average age of diabetics. The prescribed calories were 1,500 kcal based on the food exchange list. Weekly lists of meals including the developed dishes were made for diabetic patients. The list were modified after consultation with a clinical nutritionist. When completed, one meal item was selected for each day and cooked. A photograph was taken and presented diabetic patients. This article presents the standardized recipes of the developed list of meals and applies them to modifying the diabetic diet, with an aim to be of service to diabetic patients attempting to meet their dietetic therapy goals. We also provide basic data on institutional food services for diabetic patients and nutrition education.

Development of a Semi-quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire Based on Dietary Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

  • Younjhin Ahn;Lee, Ji-Eun;Paik, Hee-Young;Lee, Hong-Kyu;Inho Jo;Kim, Kuchan m
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.173-184
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    • 2003
  • Objective : This study was carried out to develop a semi-quantitative food frequency Questionnaire (SQFFQ) for estimating average dietary intake to determine the risk factor for lifestyle-related diseases in a conjoint cohort study. Design : We developed an SQFFQ for genomic epidemiological studies based on the data in the'98 Korea Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. A subset of data on informative food items was collected using the 24-hr recall method with 2,714 adults aged 40 or older living in middle-sized cities or in rural areas in Korea. The cumulative percent contribution and cumulative multiple regression coefficients of 17 nutrients (energy, fat, carbohydrate, protein, fiber, iron, potassium, sodium, calcium, phosphorus, vitamin A, retinol, $\beta$-carotene, vitamin $B_1$, vitamin $B_2$, niacin and vitamin C) of each food were computed. Results : Two hundred and forty-nine foods, which were selected based on their 0.9 cumulative percent contribution, and 254 foods, which were selected based on their 0.9 cumulative multiple regression coefficients, respectively, were grouped into 97 food groups according to their nutrient contents. Several popular Korean foods, which were missing from the list due to the seasonality of the survey, were included. The portion sizes were derived from the same data set. The SQFFQ covered 84.8 percent of the intake of 17 nutrients in the one day diet record data of our 326 cohort study subjects. Conclusions . The final list included 103 food items. The foods list in the SQFFQ described herein accounted for 84.8 percent of the average intake of 17 nutrients. Therefore, the list could be used for the assessment of the baseline dietary intakes of the conjoint cohort studies.

The Study on Frequently Consumed Food Items from 1993 Korean National Nutrition Survey(II) -Amounts and Frequency of Dishes Intakes- (국민영양조사를 이용한 우리나라 다소비 식품의 섭취량에 관한 연구(II) -음식의 섭취량 조사 분석-)

  • Kye, Seung-Hee;Lee, Haeng-Shin;Park, Mee-Ah;Moon, Hyun-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.581-592
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of the present study is to collect information in terms of the frequency and amounts in frequently consumed dishes. We conducted the secondary analysis from '93 Korean National Survey. Mainly informations about 2-day food records were used to investigate dish intakes and to compare different food patterns by area. Amounts of total daily intakes of dishes per capita are 1,741.46g in nationwide, 1,722.03g in large city, 1,712.46g in small city, 1,808.73g in rural. The dish consumed in largest quantities per capita per day is the rice which amounts is 481.67g, 27.66% of total intake. Fruits and cabbage were consumed in large quantities too. Kimchi made of cabbage have the highest number of frequencies. Number of frequencies in rice, fruits, and milk showed high, too. Dish groups are classified by the cooking method. Some dishes in several dish groups have small number of frequencies and small amount of quantities. Some dishes in the top list are not included in the 30 dishes list. There should be some studies about validity and reliability of the dish list, using individual dietary assessment methods.

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A Study on Daily Energy Expenditure of Co-eds in a University (여대생 집단의 에너지 소비량에 관한 연구)

  • 김석영;차복경
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.149-153
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    • 1993
  • Daily energy expenditures (DEE) of 82 co-eds in a University were estimated simultaneously by use of calorie counter and 15-min check list diary for 3 days, including a weekend day. The results are summarized as follows. The mean values of DEE from 15-min check list diary and calorie counter were 1967kcal and 1649kcal, respectively. DEE obtained with 15-min check list diary seems to be consistent with the results made by others concerning DEE of college female in Korea, but DEE by calorie counter was lower than that. However, DEE by calorie counter show high correlations with anthropometric indices of subjects and DEE by 15-min check list diary. Therefore, DEE by 15-min check list diary was taken as standard and regression equation for predicting DEE of subjects were developed: DEE by 15-min check list diary =3.31186 + 1.18837 $\times$ DEE by calorie counter. This technique for measuring DEE permits us to have more accurate estimate of DEE and acceptable to the subjects. When the subjects classified as underweight, normal, overweight according to relative body weight(RBW), DEE and DEE per kg of body weight were significantly different from each other between three groups based on RBW. The frequency of 15-minute periods with a categorical value of 1 was significantly higher in overweight than underweight and normal groups and the frequency of a categorical value 3 was significantly lower in overweight than underweight group. From the results shown above, physical activity level of overweight group was lower than that of normal and underweight groups.

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Implemention of Refrigerator Application using NFC (NFC를 이용한 냉장고 Application 구현)

  • Ham, Ji-Hun;Yun, Min-Gyu;Han, Jung-Woo;Kim, Tae Yong;Jang, Won-Tae
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.570-572
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    • 2015
  • NFC (Near Field Communication) is an area of the RFID technology is a kind of short-range wireless communication. NFC technology is to utilize the data transfer, the access control system is usefully employed in many fields, such as mobile payment. Recently smartphone application development using NFC is activated, recognition of the convenience of the current NFC tag is insignificant state. In this paper, it is the content of the Application that was created in order to provide the knowledge of convenience food to the customer to visit the mart. Users with Mart, using smartphones, at a NFC tag that is attached to the food display stand food information, purchasing tips, keeping method, data such efficacy is provided over the screen of the smartphone. If you purchased the food is placed in the refrigerator "moves to the food list of application to click the button, through the food list screen their food list in the refrigerator, and by providing information such as expiration date, the user There is help me to be able to buy the more convenient food.

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Cognitive Performance and Hyperactivity in Terms of Eating Behavior and Physical Growth among Preschoolers: - 2. The relationships of several factors (nutritional and social factors, cognition and hyperactivity) on preschoolers- (식행동과 신체발달, 인지능력 및 과잉행동간의 관련성에 관한 연구 -제2보: 취학전 아동의 식행동과 각 변인간의 관련성에 대한 보고-)

  • Kim, Kyung-A;Shim, Young-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.269-279
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    • 1995
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships of nutritional and social factors among 100 children aged $5{\sim}6$ years. Forty five children (45%) were selected from families with low socioeconomic status, while 55 children (55%) were from those with high socioeconomic status. Cognitive performance of the children was measured by the Draw a man test and the degrees of hyperactivity were assessed by both children's mothers and their teachers using two different Check List (Behavior check list and Conner's rating scale). There were few associations between cognitive performance and nutritional variables. However, levels of hyperactivity were related positively to diversity of food intake and weight percentage for age, and negatively to animal and processed food preferences. These results indicate a possible role of nutrition on psychological development.

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A Study on the Local Farmers' Perceptions toward the Use of Local Food for School Meals (학교급식의 지역농산물 활용에 대한 농업인 인식에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young;Kim, Yang-Suk;Hyun, Yong-Ho
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.569-590
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the local farmers' perceptions toward the use of local food for school meals from the suppliers' perspectives. Data was collected from 12 school-meal management centers which provide the name list of local farmers. from the provided list, 167 people were selected, who were asked to answer the self-administerd questionnaires by post. 87 responses were returned, having shown the response rate was 50.1%. The data were analyzed by using SPSS 15.0 for descriptive analysis. The findings from this study are as follows: First, the local farmers has a positive attitude toward certified and supply methods for local food whereas price and selling quantity of local food were dissatisfying; Second, local farmers prefer to use public supplying chains such as school-meal support centers rather than private ones. Furthermore, they like to directly contact with a school in terms of supplying local food. To establish self-selling systems, computer programs like ERP should be adopted to effectively manage the production process of local food. On conclusion, implications and limitations were discussed.