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Factors Affecting HACCP Practices in the Food Sectors: A Review of Literature $1994{\sim}2007$

  • Pun, Kit Fai;Bhairo-Beekhoo, Patricia
    • The Asian Journal on Quality
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.134-152
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    • 2008
  • Almost every country around the world has been focusing on food safety in intense and multifaceted ways. The use of Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) is widely accepted as a food safety management system. This paper investigates the success factors of HACCP practices with reference to the domains of food production, processing and delivery. A literature review of food safety and management articles was conducted. Using the keywords search, the online Emerald Database was used and a total of 102 journal articles were identified between 1994 and 2007. The study examined a list of 20 success factors. Results show that 'food regulations,' 'role of the industry,' 'government policies and interventions,' 'training on food safety and hygiene,' and 'food contamination and/or poisoning' share the spotlight as being the most critical factors for HACCP practices in organisations. Future research could investigate a holistic paradigm that incorporates the success factors and aligns HACCP measures for attaining safety performance goals.

Development of a Food Exchange Table and Food Pattern for Nutritionally Balanced Menu Planning (영양균형식단 작성을 위한 식품교환표와 식사구성안 개발)

  • Ahn, Yun;Yeo, Ikhyun;Lee, Sangyun;Nam, Kisun
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.411-423
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to develop new meal planning tools for a nutritionally balanced diet. Methods: Based on the food exchange list for diabetes, we adjusted the food group classification system to reflect the suggested nutritional factors for chronic disease prevention and health promotion. We developed a nutritionally balanced dietary profile for adults and compared it with the dietary reference intakes for Koreans (KDRIs) and the food pattern recommended by the Korean Diabetes Association. Results: The newly developed menu planning tools are the LOHAS food exchange table and the LOHAS food pattern. Our recommended daily 1,800 kcal dietary composition for adults is as follows: The carbohydrate food group consists of 4 'whole grains', 3 'refined grains', 2 'sugars', 9 'vegetables', 3 'starchy vegetables', 2 'fruits' and 1 'high sugar fruits'. The protein food group includes 3 'plant protein foods', 3 'animal protein foods (low-fat)', and 1 'animal protein foods (high-fat)'. The fat food group consists of 2 'oils and nuts' and 1 'solid fats'. The total number of calories is estimated at 1,840 kcal and the energy ratio is 62% carbohydrate, 18% protein, 20% fat, 6.8% saturated fat and 13.2% sugars. Using the LOHAS food exchange table, it is possible to estimate values of saturated fat, unsaturated fat, dietary fiber, and sugars besides carbohydrate, protein and fat. It is also possible to compose a dietary design considering carbohydrate, sugars, saturated fat and dietary fiber. The LOHAS food pattern provides benefits for the management of both institutional food services and individual meals, as it can help reduce the levels of saturated fat and sugar intake and help develop healthy meals rich in unsaturated fats and dietary fiber. Conclusions: The LOHAS food exchange table and LOHAS food pattern are expected to be practical tools for designing and evaluating nutritionally balanced diets.

Development of the Korean Food Exchange List for the Sodium Restricted Diets (Sodium제한식이를 위한 한국인 식품교환표의 개발연구)

  • Oak, Hei-Un
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.162-184
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    • 1983
  • The sodium amuounts of 35 food items and of the city supplied tap water in Seoul area were analyzed ay the Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry. The Korean food exchange lists for the sodium resricted diets were developed from the available data and the ones newly obtained in this research. The food exchange lists provided in this research is compiled from (1) Milk group (2) Vegetable groups : A with the carbhydrate content of 0-4.9% and -B with that of 5.0-14.9% (3) Fruit group (4 ) Grains and starch food group (5) Meat groups : -Low fat meat and protein foods with the fat content of 0-3.0gm ; -Medium fat meat and protein foods with that of 5.0gm and : -High fat meat and protein foods with that of 8.0gm and (6) Fat group. Lists of sweets, alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverages and seasonings and condiments were also provided with the amount of sodium they contain in portions commonly used. The research described in this report was supported by the Grant from the Department of Education.

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Foodservice employees′ Sanitation and Hygiene Practice in School Foodservice (중ㆍ고등학교 급식종사자들의 위생관련 업무 수행도 분석)

  • 홍완수;윤지영
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.403-412
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to develop methods for foodservice employees to perform by measuring their levels of sanitation and hygiene practices. The employees' sanitation and hygiene competency list for school foodservice was developed on the basis of the job standardization. The competency list was divided into three parts; (1) before starting the work, (2) during the work and (3) after the work. The levels of the employees' sanitation and hygiene practices were evaluated by dietitians and by the employees themselves. Most schools had conventional foodservice systems (83.4%), which were operated by contract management (94.8%). It was found that the highest practice level related to sanitation and hygiene before starting work, with the lowest levels observed after work. The item related to the cleaning and sanitizing of dishes had the lowest practice level score. Employees perceived their sanitation and hygiene practice after work to be worse than before starting and during work. The items of ″Clean and sanitize all large stationary equipment after every use, and record equipment monitoring chart″ and ″Do not clean dishes and utensils in production area″ had the lowest scores by employees. The scores of the employees were similar to the perception of the dietitians.

Perceptions and practices of commensality and solo-eating among Korean and Japanese university students: A cross-cultural analysis

  • Cho, Wookyoun;Takeda, Wakako;Oh, Yujin;Aiba, Naomi;Lee, Youngmee
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.523-529
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    • 2015
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Commensality, eating together with others, is a major representation of human sociality. In recent time, environments around commensality have changed significantly due to rapid social changes, and the decline of commensality is perceived as a serious concern in many modern societies. This study employs a cross-cultural analysis of university students in two East Asian countries, and examines cross-cultural variations of perceptions and actual practices of commensality and solo-eating. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The analysis was drawn from a free-list survey and a self-administrative questionnaires of university students in urban Korea and Japan. The free-listing survey was conducted with a small cohort to explore common images and meanings of commensality and solo-eating. The self-administrative questionnaire was developed based on the result of the free-list survey, and conducted with a larger cohort to examine reasons and problems of practices and associated behaviors and food intake. RESULTS: We found that Korean subjects tended to show stronger associations between solo-eating and negative emotions while the Japanese subjects expressed mixed emotions towards the practice of solo-eating. In the questionnaire, more Korean students reported they prefer commensality and tend to eat more quantities when they eat commensally. In contrast, more Japanese reported that they do not have preference on commensality and there is no notable difference in food quantities when they eat commensally and alone. Compared to the general Korean cohort finding, more proportion of overweight and obese groups of Korean subjects reported that they tend to eat more when they are alone than normal and underweight groups. This difference was not found in the overweight Japanese subjects. CONCLUSION: Our study revealed cross-cultural variations of perceptions and practices of commensality and solo-eating in a non-western setting.

The Study on Frequently Consumed Food Items from 1993 Korean National Nutrition Survey(I) -Amounts and Frequency of Foods- (국민영양조사를 이용한 우리나라 다소비 식품의 섭취량에 관한 연구(I) -식품의 섭취량 조사 분석-)

  • Kye, Seung-Hee;Lee, Haeng-Shin;Park, Mee-Ah;Moon, Hyun-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.569-579
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of the present study is to collect information in terms of the frequency and amounts in frequently consumed foods. We conducted the secondary analysis from '93 Korean National Nutrition Survey. Mainly informations about 2-day food records were used to investigate food intakes and to compare different food patterns by area. Amounts and frequencies of food intakes are on the list by the order of contributing amounts and frequencies. Amounts of total daily intake of food per capita are 1,054g in nationwide, 1,076g in large city, 1,049g in small city, 1,017g in rural. The major foods consumed in large quantities were rice, kimchi, milk, in nationwide, large city, and small city and rice, kimchi, Korean radish in rural. The intake frequency of kimchi, rice, and basic seasonings as garlic, green onion, salts, soy sauce et al, were higher than other foods in all area. However, there are need for further researches to investigate individual dietary intake and seasonal variation of intakes. Also, food consumption patterns for different groups considering age, sex, area should be studied.

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A Correlation Study of Surveillance Data and ATP Bioluminescence Assay for Verification of Hygienic Status in Major Hotels in Seoul (서울 시내 주요 호텔의 위생실태 조사와 ATP 결과의 상관 분석 연구)

  • Kim, Bo-Yeon;Song, Ha-Young;Park, In-Sook;Kim, Yong-Su;Lee, Yu-Si;Ha, Sang-Do
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.277-284
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    • 2009
  • Currently food-borne disease is being increased at outdoor food services including hotels and restaurants. Speedy and convenient practical monitoring techniques to determine hygienic conditions are needed. This study was designed to verify correlation of direct ATP (Adenosine Tri-Phosphate) examination method using ATP bioluminescence and surveillance with check-list by inspector. Hygienic status of personal hygiene (hands), kitchen utensils (knives, chopping boards, kitchen towels, cap openers, food storage containers, and blade of slice machines), facilities and equipments (refrigerator handles, worktables, and sinks) in five major hotels in Seoul were examined. The result of personal hygiene of hotels was relatively better than other inspection items (46.6 points in personal hygiene, 40.2 points in kitchen utensils, 40.3 points in facilities & equipments). In ATP inspection, kitchen utensils and facilities & equipments were relatively clean comparing with personal hands data ($40.8{\pm}6.77\;RLU/cm^2$). After correlation analysis of surveillance in hygienic status points and ATP value, all results showed negative and high correlation. The surveillance data and ATP results investigating personal hygiene, kitchen utensils and facilities & equipments were highly correlated. The ATP examination method which shows real-time identification could be considered as an appropriate method to alternate current check-list dependent safety management in food services including hotels.

Specialized Research on Food Culture of Main Family in Chung-Buk through In-Depth Interview (심층면접을 통한 충북지역 종가(宗家) 음식문화 특성 연구)

  • Kim, Mi-Hye;Han, Jung-In;Chung, Hae-Kyung
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.574-593
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    • 2015
  • This research's main objective was to analyze the special qualities of food culture of the Main Family in Chung-Buk through a case study on the diversified types of meals that the Main Family cooked, such as courtesy food, normal food, and seasonal food. The research identifies traditional ingredients of specialties from Chung-Buk through old literature. According to "Sejongsillokjiriji", there are a myriad of ingredients:, including jujube, ginseng, pine mushroom, manna lichen, persimmon, mandarin fish, crab, sweetfish, lacquer, honey, and terrapin, which represent Chung-Buk's unique ingredients. Another reliable source, "Banchandungsok", does not provide a detailed list of traditional foods, but rather a simple list. The majority of food from Chung-Buk, in "Banchandungsok", consist of side dishes like kimchi and salt greens. Eventually, salt greens became diversified. As Chung-Buk is a landlocked province, people often used dried pollack. Kimchi and raw coaker were frequently used as well, and rice cakes encompassed multiple ingredients such as: jujube, mushroom, pine nut, and, dried persimmon. There were distinct differences in the diversity of food and amount of dishes used by the Main Families of Chung-Buk dependent on the ingredients and wealth of each Main Family. Chung-Buk has a landscape full of mountains, so potatoes were abundant and used to make potato Dasik. When cooking process was completed, people placed kelp on to the finished product. Seasonal foods were considered very important, especially on special occasions such as Backjoong, which was a day dedicated to laborers. These foodsprovided a good opportunity for the community to build stronger bonds by sharing rice cake and Yukgaejang with other members of the community. It is apparent that "Jeobbingac" culture, or guest culture, flourished since people in Chung-Buk are traditionally taught to leave spare food for the guest at all times.

Smart Adapted Service in Ubiquitous (유비쿼터스 환경에서 사용자의 일정에 따른 지능 정보 제공 시스템)

  • Ahn, Ho-Seok;Sa, In-Kyu;Baek, Young-Min;Ahn, Youn-Seok;Choi, Jin-Young
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.57 no.3
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    • pp.480-487
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    • 2008
  • In this paper, we propose a Smart Adapted Service which can manage a schedule automatically. Smart Adapted Service gives a notice beforehand regarding information associated with the schedule, by searching the Internet. If the user has written down the name of goods or food which he wants to buy, Smart Adapted Service finds the most suitable store nearby him using the user's favorite list. The user's favorite list is created by Outlook Web Access System by analysing the schedule and habits of the user. User can access Smart Document System remotely through the Internet using Outlook Web Access System. We developed an Auto AP Roaming System for seamless communication and Smart Document System for arranging the information. We evaluated the system and verified that it is convenient to use and working well.

Awareness and Preference for Korean Food Products in Malaysia (말레이시아 소비자의 한국식품 인지도 및 선호도 분석)

  • Jeong, Jinyi;Choi, Young Min
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.207-216
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    • 2018
  • This study examined the potential of export items in Malaysia by investigating the awareness and preference for Korean food products. A high potential product list developed from the literature, included reports about the food export status in Korea and Malaysian food trends. An online survey was carried out with 600 consumers in Malaysia. With 435 valid responses, the average awareness of the Korean food products was 3.13, and the preference was 3.48 on a 5-point scale. The awareness and preference of Korean food products were higher in the 20s-30s group than in the older groups. In particular, the Muslim group had a higher awareness for 'ramyon' than the other groups, and the Buddhist group had a higher preference for 'ginseng beverage' than the other groups. The most well-known and preferred products were ramyon, hot noodles, kimchi, biscuits, fruits & vegetable beverage, and sauce (with Korean traditional sauce)'. Based on these results, the marketing implications of the study findings are discussed.