• Title, Summary, Keyword: food safety

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On the Foodservice Customer Recognition of Food Safety (외식 업체 고객의 식품 안전성 인식에 관한 실증적 연구 - 패밀리 레스토랑을 대상으로 -)

  • Jeon, Yoo-Myeong
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.243-255
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    • 2007
  • This study carried out a survey which is related to food safety in food business in order to find out interest in food safety and to get awareness of food safety in food business. The research was done through surveys for the people in the Seoul Metropolitan area. 232 out of 250 answers were used in analyzing frequency, factor, $x^2$-test, and t-test through SPSS Win 12.0. There are three main factors of food safety in food business. The first is food borne illness(65.9%), the second is trans-fat(63.4%), and the third is remained agrichemicals(58.5%). Basically, women consider food safety more seriously than men do, and married women than unmarried women. Women were unsatisfied with the government's regulations than men were, married women than unmarried women. Women more consider awareness of food safety than men do, married women than unmarried women. Overall, unmarried women worried about their eating stuff seriously than any other group does. People consider food safety first, more and more these days, therefore, we need special management programs and regulations to focus on food safety and to support many studies about food safety.

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Molecular Epidemiology of Norovirus in Asymptomatic Food Handlers in South Korea

  • Lee, Jeong Su;Jeong, Min Hee;Ju, Si Yeon;Kang, Kyung Ah;Joo, In Sun
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.455-459
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    • 2017
  • Norovirus (NoV) is the most common cause of acute gastroenteritis in all age groups worldwide. In this study, prevalence of asymptomatic norovirus infection was investigated in food handler being employed at food catering facilities in South Korea. A total of 2,729 fecal specimens from asymptomatic food handlers were analyzed, and 1.06% of food handlers (29/2,729) had asymptomatic NoV infection. Of these, 17.2% (5/29) were positive for NoV GI and 82.7% (24/29) were positive for NoV GII. Especially, sequencing and phylogenetic analysis showed that GII-4 was the most prevalent genotype and a large number of asymptomatic food handlers were infested with norovirus GII-4 strains. The results of this study show that asymptomatic food handlers may be potential transmission sources for NoV infection. These results emphasize the need for training of food catering employees about norovirus prevention. Asymptomatic norovirus infection should receive more attention.

Dependence Potential of the Synthetic Cannabinoids JWH-073, JWH-081, and JWH-210: In Vivo and In Vitro Approaches

  • Cha, Hye Jin;Lee, Kwang-Wook;Song, Min-Ji;Hyeon, Yang-Jin;Hwang, Ji-Young;Jang, Choon-Gon;Ahn, Joon-Ik;Jeon, Seol-Hee;Kim, Hyun-Uk;Kim, Young-Hoon;Seong, Won-Keun;Kang, Hoil;Yoo, Han Sang;Jeong, Ho-Sang
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.363-369
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    • 2014
  • Synthetic cannabinoids (CBs) such as the JWH series have caused social problems concerning their abuse liability. Because the JWH series produces euphoric and hallucinogenic effects, they have been distributed illegally under street names such as "Spice" and "Smoke". Many countries including Korea have started to schedule some of the JWH series compounds as controlled substances, but there are a number of JWH series chemicals that remain uncontrolled by law. In this study, three synthetic CBs with different binding affinities to the $CB_1$ receptor (JWH-073, 081, and 210) and ${\Delta}^9$-tetrahydrocannabinol (${\Delta}^9$-THC) were evaluated for their potential for psychological dependence. The conditioned place preference test (unbiased method) and self-administration test (fixed ratio of 1) using rodents were conducted. $K_i$ values of the three synthetic cannabinoids were calculated as supplementary data using a receptor binding assay and overexpressed $CB_1$ protein membranes to compare dependence potential with $CB_1$ receptor binding affinity. All mice administered JWH-073, 081, or 210 showed significantly increased time spent at unpreferred space in a dose-dependence manner in the conditioned place preference test. In contrast, all tested substances except ${\Delta}^9$-THC showed aversion phenomenon at high doses in the conditioned place preference test. The order of affinity to the $CB_1$ receptor in the receptor binding assay was JWH-210 > JWH-081 >> JWH-073, which was in agreement with the results from the conditioned place preference test. However, no change in self-administration was observed. These findings suggest the possibility to predict dependence potential of synthetic CBs through a receptor binding assay at the screening level.

Foodservice Management and Food Safety Knowledge and Practices of Employees in Elderly Welfare Facilities (50인 미만 노인복지시설의 급식 현황 및 급식업무 종사자들의 위생지식 및 실천도 평가)

  • Seo, Sunhee;Yun, Nara
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.287-301
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    • 2011
  • This study examined the current status of foodservice management in elderly welfare facilities and evaluated food service workers' food safety practices and knowledge. For this, the directors of 20 elderly welfare facilities (each with fewer than 50 residents) located in Seoul were interviewed and a survey of 40 foodservice workers was conducted to determine their food safety knowledge and practices. The facilities accommodated an average of 28 residents. All the facilities were self-operated and approximately 62% were dependent on payments by residents. Only 15% had a dietitian in charge of menu planning, food purchasing, and food safety management. Approximately 50% had their facility managers take responsibilities for menu planning and food safety management. Most of the facilities provided food safety training within their own facility and sanitized their utensils, cutting boards, and dishcloths on a daily basis. A limited number of foodservice workers, insufficient training programs, and budget constraints were some of the major barriers to food safety management. Their average score on food safety practices was 1.62, and that on food safety knowledge was 17.6 out of 19 points. These results indicate that the foodservice workers had good food safety knowledge and appropriate food safety practices. There was a significant correlation only between food safety practices related to receiving and storing food products and knowledge of personal hygiene.

Development of a Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction Method for Simultaneous Detection of Genetically Modified Soy and Maize

  • Park, Kyoung-Sik;Kim, Mi-Gyeong;Leem, Dong-Gil;Yoon, Tae-Hyung;No, Ki-Mi;Hong, Jin;Kwon, Eun-Mi;Moon, Ae-Rie;Jeong, Ja-Young
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.278-280
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    • 2010
  • This study was aimed to develop a novel qualitative multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for simultaneous detection of genetically modified (GM) soy and maize within a single reaction. The specific primers designed to detect four respective GM events (A2704-12, MON88017, Bt11, and MON863) were included in the tetraplex PCR system. Each of PCR products for four GM events could be distinguished by agarose gel based on their different lengths. The specificity and reproducibility of this multiplex PCR were evaluated. This multiplex PCR consistently amplified only a fragment corresponding to a specific inserted gene in each of the four GM events and also amplified all four of the PCR products in the simulated GM mixture. These results indicate that this multiplex PCR method could be an effective qualitative detection method for screening GM soy and maize in a single reaction.

Development of DNA Molecular Markers for the Discrimination of Adenophorae Remotiflori Radix Based on the DNA Analysis (DNA 분석을 이용한 제니(薺苨) 유전자 마커 개발)

  • Kim, Minkyeoung;Lee, Wookyu;Kim, Jaelim;Lee, Kiho;Choi, Yoorae;Kim, Jonghwan;Kang, Ilhyun;Kang, Juhye
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.98-98
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    • 2019
  • 제니(薺苨, Adenophorae Remotiflori Radix)는 "대한민국약전외한약(생약)규격집(KHP)"에 모시대(Adenophora remotiflorus Miquel)의 뿌리로 수재되어있으나, 형태학적으로 유사한 잔대(A. triphylla), 당잔대(A. stricta) 및 더덕(Codonopsis lanceolata)과 오 혼용 우려가 있어 이들을 구별하기 위한 정확하고 객관적인 종 감별법이 필요하다. 본 연구에서는 '제니'의 기원인 모시대와 오 혼용 우려가 있는 종들을 구별 할 수 있는 유전자 마커를 개발하기 위하여 Genbank에 등록된 ycf2 구간을 활요하여 모시대와 잔대, 당잔대를 구분 할 수 있는 INDEL (insertion/deletion) 마커를 개발하였다. 또한, 보다 정확한 종감별을 위해 DNA 바코드로 활용되고 있는 유전자 부위의 염기서열을 분석하여 ITS (25%), atpB-rbcL (15%), atpF-atpH (14%), rpl16 (13%), trnL-F (10%), matK (9%), rpoC1 (7%)에서 변이율(percent of variable sites)을 확인하였다. 향후, 본 연구에서 개발된 INDEL 마커와 더불어 추가적으로 개발을 진행 중인 분자 마커는 한약재 '제니'의 품질관리에 활용 가능할 것으로 사료된다.

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