• Title, Summary, Keyword: food safety

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Genetic Analysis of Medicinal Plants in Adenophorae Radix Using DNA Barcode (DNA바코드를 활용한 사삼(沙蔘)의 종 감별)

  • Kim, Minkyeoung;Lee, Wookyu;Kim, Jaelim;Lee, Kiho;Choi, Yoorae;Kim, Jonghwan;Kang, Ilhyun;Kang, Juhye
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.97-97
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    • 2019
  • 사삼(沙蔘, Adenophorae Radix)은 "대한민국약전외한약(생약)규격집(KHP)"에 잔대 Adenophora triphylla var. japonica Hara 또는 사삼(당잔대, A. stricta Miq.)의 뿌리로 수재되어 있으나, 형태학적으로 유사한 제니(모시대, A. remotiflorus Miquel), 층층잔대(윤엽사삼, A. tetraphylla (Thunb.) Fisch), 더덕 Codonopsis lanceolata (Sieb. et Zucc.)과 오 혼용 우려가 있어 이들을 구별하기 위한 종 감별법이 필요하다. 본 연구에서는 '사삼'과 오 혼용 우려가 있는 종들을 구별할 수 있는 유전자 마커 개발을 위하여 DNA 바코드로 활용되고 있는 유전자 부위를 분석하여 ITS (25%), atpB-rbcL (15%), atpF-atpH (14%), rpl16 (13%), trnL-F (10%), matK (9%), rpoC1 (7%)에서 변이율(percent of variable sites)을 확인하였다. 또한, 분석한 유전자 부위 중 종간 차이를 확인하기 용이한 matK 구간을 활용해 기원종인 잔대, 당잔대와 형태적으로 유사하여 오 혼용될 우려가 있는 층층잔대, 모시대 및 더덕을 감별 할 수 있는 유전자 마커를 개발하였다. 본 연구를 통해 얻어진 염기서열과 분자 마커는 '사삼'의 품질관리에 유용하게 활용 가능할 것으로 사료된다.

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Dependence Potential of Tramadol: Behavioral Pharmacology in Rodents

  • Cha, Hye Jin;Song, Min Ji;Lee, Kwang-Wook;Kim, Eun Jung;Kim, Young-Hoon;Lee, Yunje;Seong, Won-Keun;Hong, Sa-Ik;Jang, Choon-Gon;Yoo, Han Sang;Jeong, Ho-Sang
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.558-562
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    • 2014
  • Tramadol is an opioid analgesic agent that has been the subject of a series of case reports suggesting potential for misuse or abuse. However, it is not a controlled substance and is not generally considered addictive in Korea. In this study, we examined the dependence potential and abuse liability of tramadol as well as its effect on the dopaminergic and serotonergic systems in rodents. In animal behavioral tests, tramadol did not show any positive effects on the experimental animals in climbing, jumping, and head twitch tests. However, in the conditioned place preference and self-administration tests, the experimental animals showed significant positive responses. Taken together, tramadol affected the neurological systems related to abuse liability and has the potential to lead psychological dependence.

Cardiovascular Safety Pharmacology of Sibutramine

  • Yun, Jaesuk;Chung, Eunyong;Choi, Ki Hwan;Cho, Dae Hyun;Song, Yun Jeong;Han, Kyoung Moon;Cha, Hey Jin;Shin, Ji Soon;Seong, Won-Keun;Kim, Young-Hoon;Kim, Hyung Soo
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.386-389
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    • 2015
  • Sibutramine is an anorectic that has been banned since 2010 due to cardiovascular safety issues. However, counterfeit drugs or slimming products that include sibutramine are still available in the market. It has been reported that illegal sibutramine-contained pharmaceutical products induce cardiovascular crisis. However, the mechanism underlying sibutramine-induced cardiovascular adverse effect has not been fully evaluated yet. In this study, we performed cardiovascular safety pharmacology studies of sibutramine systemically using by hERG channel inhibition, action potential duration, and telemetry assays. Sibutramine inhibited hERG channel current of HEK293 cells with an $IC_{50}$ of $3.92{\mu}M$ in patch clamp assay and increased the heart rate and blood pressure ($76{\Delta}bpm$ in heart rate and $51{\Delta}mmHg$ in blood pressure) in beagle dogs at a dose of 30 mg/kg (per oral), while it shortened action potential duration (at $10{\mu}M$ and $30{\mu}M$, resulted in 15% and 29% decreases in $APD_{50}$, and 9% and 17% decreases in $APD_{90}$, respectively) in the Purkinje fibers of rabbits and had no effects on the QTc interval in beagle dogs. These results suggest that sibutramine has a considerable adverse effect on the cardiovascular system and may contribute to accurate drug safety regulation.

Development and Validation of a Simultaneous Analytical Method for the Detection of Mefentrifluconazole and Triticonazole Fungicide in Agricultural Crops (농산물 중 메펜트리플루코나졸 및 트리티코나졸 살균제의 동시 분석법 개발 및 검증)

  • Park, Ji-Su;Lee, Han Sol;Lee, Su Jung;Shin, Hye-Sun;Shim, Jae-Han;Yun, Sang Soon;Jung, Yong-hyun;Oh, Jae-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.130-137
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    • 2020
  • BACKGROUND: Mefentrifluconazole and triticonazole are the triazole fungicides. The maximum residue levels for agricultural products need to be set up. Therefore, development of the official analytical method for determination of mefentrifluconazole and triticonazole residues from agricultural crops was necessary due to safety management, and then a simultaneous analytical method was developed for the determination of mefentrifluconazole and triticonazole in agricultural crops. METHODS AND RESULTS: Samples were extracted using acetonitrile and purified using dispersive solid phase extraction, and then detected with liquid chromatograph-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Matrix-matched calibration curves (0.0025-0.25 ㎍/mL) were linear into a sample extract with r2>0.99. For validation, the recovery test was carried out at three fortification levels (LOQ, 10 LOQ and 50 LOQ) from agricultural samples. The results for mefentrifluconazole and triticonazole ranged between 92.3 to 115.3% and 91.4 to 108.5%, respectively and RSD (relative standard deviation) values were also below 6.0%. Furthermore, inter-laboratory was conducted to validate the method. CONCLUSION: All values were corresponded with the criteria ranges requested by both the CODEX (CAC/GL 40-1993, 2003) and MFDS guidelines (2016). Therefore, the proposed method can be used as an official analytical method for determination of mefentrifluconazole and triticonazole (triazole fungicides) in the Republic of Korea.

Monitoring and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Residues for Circulated Agricultural Commodities in Korea-2013 (국내 유통 농산물의 잔류농약 모니터링 및 위해평가-2013년)

  • Kim, Jae-Young;Lee, Sang-Mok;Lee, Han-Jin;Chang, Moon-Ik;Kang, Nam-Sook;Kim, Nam-Sun;Kim, Heejung;Cho, Yoon-Jae;Jeong, Jiyoon;Kim, Mee Kyung;Rhee, Gyu-Seek
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.57 no.3
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    • pp.235-242
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is the establishment of scientific processes for making food safety policies. Thus, we investigated pesticide residue level of the agricultural commodities from market, and performed risk assessment. Fifteen agricultural items are chosen based on the frequency of Korean consumption. The samples were collected from 9 cities where populations are more than one million. Total 283 active ingredients were monitoring ( total sample number =232). Single-analysis of target pesticides was for three kinds of possible growth regulators and the multicomponent analysis was for 280 kinds of pesticides, a total of 283 species were selected to perform the pesticide residues. Before monitoring the analytes, the improvements of the analytical methods were done by method validations under the CODEX analytical method development guidelines and can produce metrics that represent the international standards applied in accordance with the guidelines. In addition to residual pesticides detected during monitoring we compare the ADI to EDI values using detected result and dietary consumption data which is extracted from annual market basket survey. The 163 samples were non-detected in the total 232 samples so it means that every agricultural commodity will residual pesticides-free in 70.3%. The detected residual pesticides showed for a total of 69 cases (29.7%). Two of samples violate Korean MRL (0.9%). The ratio of EDI compared to ADI resulted in only from 0.00087 to 0.902%. In result, we can assume that all detected residual pesticides are very safe level and current policies of Korean pesticides control may be working.

Rapid Detection Methods for Agro-Food Safety

  • Kim, Gi-Young
    • 한국환경농학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.157-168
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    • 2009
  • Frequent outbreaks of foodborne illness have been increasing the awareness of agro-food safety. Conventional methods for pathogen detection and identification are labor.intensive and take days to complete. The increasing use of rapid food safety testing is receiving more and more attention. The major reason for this trend is that the food industry requires quick and accurate results. The rapid detection of contaminants in food is critical for ensuring the safety of consumers. Recent advances in technology make detection and identification faster, more sensitive and more specific than traditional method. In this paper, technology trends and recent developments in rapid methods for agro-food safety are discussed.

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Development and Validation of Analytical Method for Nitroxoline in Chicken Using HPLC-PDA (HPLC-PDA를 이용한 닭고기 중 Nitroxoline 분석법 개발)

  • Cho, Yoon-Jae;Chae, Young-Sik;Kim, Jae-Eun;Kim, Jae-Young;Kang, Ilhyun;Lee, Sang-Mok;Do, Jung-Ah;Oh, Jae-Ho;Chang, Moon-Ik;Hong, Jin-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.70-77
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    • 2013
  • BACKGROUND: Nitroxoline is an antibiotic agent. It is used for the treatment of the second bacterial infection by the colibacillosis, salmonellosis and viral disease of the poultry. When the nitroxoline is indiscreetly used, the problem about the abuse of the antibiotics can occur. Therefore, this study presented the residue analytical method of nitroxoline in food for the safety management of animal farming products. METHODS AND RESULTS: A simple, sensitive and specific method for nitroxoline in chicken muscle by high performance liquid chromatograph with PDA was developed. Sample extraction with acetonitrile, purification with SPE cartridge (MCX) were applied, then quantitation by HPLC with C18 column under the gradient condition with 0.1 % tetrabutylammonium hydroxide-phosphoric acid and methanol was performed. Standard calibration curve presented linearity with the correlation coefficient ($r^2$) > 0.999, analysed from 0.02 to 0.5 mg/L concentration. Limit of quantitation in chicken muscle showed 0.02 mg/kg, and average recoveries ranged from 72.9 to 88.1 % in chicken muscle. The repeatability of measurements expressed as coefficient of variation (CV %) was less than 12 % in 0.02 and 0.04 mg/kg. CONCLUSION(S): Newly developed method for nitroxoline in chicken muscle was applicable to food inspection with the acceptable level of sensitivity, repeatability and reproducibility.

Food Safety Culture Assessment of Home Meal Replacement Manufacturer (가정간편식 식품 제조업체의 식품안전문화 평가)

  • Cho, Seung Yong;Seok, Dasom
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.380-387
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    • 2019
  • Of great importance in food safety culture are the values of an organization regarding food safety that combine the human and material requirements needed to produce safe and hygienic foods. In recent years, efforts have been made to improve the level of implementation of food safety management systems by improving certain cultural elements of food safety. This study investigated the current state of food safety culture in the HMR manufacturing sector. An anonymous survey of 46 HMR manufacturers of various sizes was conducted to evaluate the implementation status of HACCP prerequisite program and food safety culture. The perceived importance of food safety culture factors and their performance were also surveyed. Employees of HMR manufacturers who participated in this survey recognized that the participation of employees and leadership was the most important factor in ensuring food safety. Smaller enterprises are less aware of the importance of such organizational culture. The survey shows that food safety culture indicators in large companies are generally higher than those of small and medium enterprises. Especially, the manager's level of commitment to food safety, resources input, and education and training was significantly higher than that found at small companies (p=0.005). Among the food safety culture evaluation factors, it was found that education and training had significant influence on HACCP prerequisite program performance. Continued employee education and training on food safety and hygiene are important for HMR manufacturers to achieve HACCP certification standards.

Development of Simultaneous Analytical Method for Streptomycin and Dihydrostreptomycin Detection in Agricultural Products Using LC-MS/MS (LC-MS/MS를 이용한 농산물 중 Streptomycin 및 Dihydrostreptomycin 동시시험법 개발)

  • Lee, Han Sol;Do, Jung-Ah;Park, Ji-Su;Park, Shin-Min;Cho, Sung Min;Shin, Hye-Sun;Jang, Dong Eun;Choi, Young-Nae;Jung, Yong-hyun;Lee, Kangbong
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.13-21
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    • 2019
  • A method was developed for the simultaneous detection of an antibiotic fungicide, streptomycin, and its metabolite (dihydrostreptomycin) in agricultural products using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The samples were extracted using methanol adjusted to pH 3 using formic acid, and purified with a HLB (Hydrophilic lipophilic balance) cartridge. The matrix-matched calibration curves were constructed using seven concentration levels, from 0.001 to 0.1 mg/kg, and linearity of five agricultural products (hulled rice, potato, soybean, mandarin, green pepper), with coefficients of determination $(R^2){\geq}0.9906$, for streptomycin and dihydrostreptomycin. The mean recoveries at three fortification levels (LOQ, $LOQ{\times}10$, $LOQ{\times}50$, n = 5) were from 72.0~116.5% and from 72.1~116.0%, and relative standard deviations were less than 12.3% and 12.5%, respectively. The limits of quantification (LOQ) were 0.01 mg/kg, which are satisfactory for quantification levels corresponding with the Positive List System. All optimized results satisfied the criteria ranges requested in the Codex guidelines and the Food Safety Evaluation Department guidelines. The present study could serve as a reference for the establishment of maximum residue limits and be used as basic data for detection of streptomycin and dihydrostreptomycin in food.