• Title, Summary, Keyword: frame-layer rate control

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Advanced Real-Time Rate Control for Low Bit Rate Video Communication

  • Kim, Yoon
    • Journal of the Korea Computer Industry Society
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.513-520
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    • 2006
  • In this paper, we propose a novel real-time frame-layer rate control algorithm using sliding window method for low bit rate video coding. The proposed rate control method performs bit allocation at the frame level to minimize the average distortion over an entire sequence as well as variations in distortion between frames. A new frame-layer rate-distortion model is derived, and a non-iterative optimization method is used for low computational complexity. In order to reduce the quality fluctuation, we use a sliding window scheme which does not require the pre-analysis process. Therefore, the proposed algorithm does not produce time delay from encoding, and is suitable for real-time low-complexity video encoder. Experimental results indicate that the proposed control method provides better visual and PSNR performance than the existing TMN8 rate control method.

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Enhanced Frame-Layer Rate Control for High-motion Low-bit rate Video in H.264 (저 비트율 영상에 대한 향상된 H.264 프레임 단위 데이터율 제어 알고리즘)

  • Lee, Chang-Hyun;Lee, Won-Jae;Kim, Jae-Seok
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SD
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    • v.44 no.6
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    • pp.77-82
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    • 2007
  • In the existing frame-layer rate control for H.264, buffer status and content complexity are used improperly, causing quality fluctuations of high-motion video at low bit rates and high frame rates (under 19.2 kbps at 30 fps). We propose an enhanced H.264 frame-layer rate control scheme to obtain steady video quality and stable buffer management. Experimental results showed that the proposed scheme performed better than existing schemes.

Region-based H.263 Video Codec with Effective Rate Control Algorithm for Low VBR Video

  • Song, Hwangjun
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.24 no.9B
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    • pp.1755-1766
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    • 1999
  • A region-based video codec based on the H.263+ standard is examined and its associated novel rate control scheme is proposed in this work. The region-based coding scheme is a hybrid method that consists of the traditional block DCT coding and the object-based coding. Basically, we adopt H.263+ as the platform, and develop a fast macroblock-based segmentation method to implement the region-based video codec. The proposed rate control solution includes rate control in three levels: encoding frame selection, frame-layer rate control and macroblock-layer rate control. The goal is to enhance the visual quality of decoded frames at low bit rates. The efficiency of proposed rate control scheme applied to the region-based video codes is demonstrated via several typical test sequences.

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Distortion Variation Minimization in low-bit-rate Video Communication

  • Park, Sang-Hyun
    • Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.54-58
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    • 2007
  • A real-time frame-layer rate control algorithm with a token bucket traffic shaper is proposed for distortion variation minimization. The proposed rate control method uses a non-iterative optimization method for low computational complexity, and performs bit allocation at the frame level to minimize the average distortion over an entire sequence as well as variations in distortion between frames. The proposed algorithm does not produce time delay from encoding, and is suitable for real-time low-complexity video encoder. Experimental results indicate that the proposed control method provides better visual and PSNR performances than the existing rate control method.

Video Quality Variation Minimizing for Real-Time Low Bit Rate Video (영상품질 변화를 최소화하는 실시간 저전송률 영상코딩)

  • Park, Sang-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.868-874
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    • 2007
  • A real-time frame-layer rate control algorithm with a token bucket traffic shaper is proposed for minimizing video duality variation. The proposed rate control method uses a non-iterative optimization method for low computational complexity, and performs bit allocation at the frame level to minimize variation in distortion between frames. In order to reduce the quality fluctuation, we use a sliding window scheme which does not require the pre-analysis process. Therefore, the proposed algorithm does not produce the delay from encoding, and is suitable for real-time low-complexity video encoder. Experimental results indicate that the proposed control method provides better PSNR performance than the existing rate control method.

Real-Time Rate Control with Token Bucket for Low Bit Rate Video (토큰 버킷을 이용한 낮은 비트율 비디오의 실시간 비트율 제어)

  • Park, Sang-Hyun;Oh, Won-Geun
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.10 no.12
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    • pp.2315-2320
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    • 2006
  • A real-time frame-layer rate control algorithm with a token bucket traffic shaper is proposed for low bit rate video coding. The proposed rate control method uses a non-iterative optimization method for low computational complexity, and performs bit allocation at the frame level to minimize the average distortion over an entire sequence as well as variations in distortion between frames. In order to reduce the quality fluctuation, we use a sliding window scheme which does not require the pre-analysis process. Therefore, the proposed algorithm does not produce time delay from encoding, and is suitable for real-time low-complexity video encoder. Experimental results indicate that the proposed control method provides better visual and PSNR performances than the existing rate control method.

Model-based Macroblock Layer Rate Control for Low Bit Rate Video Coding (저전송률 비디오 압축을 위한 모델 기반 매크로블록 레이어 비트율 제어)

  • Park, Sang-Hyun
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SP
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.50-57
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    • 2009
  • This paper presents a new model-based macroblock layer rate control algorithm for low bit rate video coding which generates output bits corresponding to a target bit budget. The H.264 standard uses various coding modes and optimization methods to improve the compression performance, which makes it difficult to control the generated traffic accurately in low bit rate environments. In the proposed scheme, we first estimate MAD values of macroblocks in a frame and define a target remaining bits using the estimated MAD values before encoding each macroblock. If a difference between the target value and the actual value is greater than a threshold value, the quantization parameter is adjusted to decrease the difference. It is shown by experimental results that the new algorithm can obtain more than 66% decrease of the difference between the target bits and the resulting bits for a frame with the PSNR performance better than that of the existing rate control algorithm.

Adaptive Rate Control Based on Statistical Modeling in Frame-layer for H.264/AVC (H.264/AVC를 위한 통계 모델 기반 프레임 단위의 비트율 제어 기법)

  • Kim, Myoung-Jin;Hong, Min-Cheol
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.35 no.11C
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    • pp.917-928
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    • 2010
  • In this paper, we propose an efficient and adaptive rate control in Frame-layer for H.264/AVC. For given QP, bits according to video characteristics, and current frame is close correlation between the adjacent frames. Using the statistical characteristic, we obtain change of occurrence bit about QP to apply the bit amount by QP from the video characteristic and applied in the estimated bit amount of the each unit of current frame. In addition, we use weight with QP and occurrence bit amount that is statistical information of encoded previous frames. Simulation results show that the proposed rate control scheme could not only achieves time saving of more than 99% over existing rate control algorithm, but also increase the average PSNR of reconstructed video for around 0.02~0.43 dB in all the sequences.

A Macroblock-Layer Rate Control with Adaptive Quantization Parameter Decision and Header Bits Length Estimation (적응적 양자화 파라미터 결정과 헤더 비트량 예측을 통한 매크로블록 단위 비트율 제어)

  • Kim, Se-Ho;Suh, Jae-Won
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.34 no.2C
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    • pp.200-208
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    • 2009
  • A macroblock layer rate control for H.264/AVC has the problem that allocated target bits for current frame occasionally are exhausted too fast due to inadequate quantization parameter assignment. In this case, the maximum permissible quantization parameter is used to encode for remaining macroblocks and it leads to degradation of the visual quality. In addition, the header bits length estimation algorithm used for quantization parameter assignment takes the average header bits length for the encoded macroblocks of the previous frame and the current frame. Therefore, it generates a big mismatch between the actually generated header bits length and the estimated header bits length. In this paper, we propose adaptive quantization parameter decision method to prevent early exhausting target bits during encoding the current frame by considering the number of macroblocks that have negative targets bits in previous frame and the improved header bits length estimation scheme for accurate quantization parameter decision.

Border Guard/Reconnaissance Communication Terminal for Providing Variable Frame Structure and Method for Altering the Frame Structure (가변 프레임 구조를 지원하는 국경 감시/정찰용 통신 단말 및 프레임 구조 가변 방법)

  • Kim, Janghun;Han, Chulhee;Seo, Bongyong
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.50-56
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    • 2016
  • This paper is about the implementation of the OFDM-based border guard/reconnaissance communication terminal systems. We have implemented Real-time Dynamic DL/UL symbol rate control function using the DL-MAP message, and proposed error detection method caused by malfunctioning and timing optimization method. The proposed scheme detects the variable rate symbol decoding timing without increasing additional physical layer logic, and also provides a wide variety of DL/UL data transfer rate. Furthermore, the proposed scheme applies to the current border guard/reconnaissance equipment and confirms a operation performance through field tests and demonstration at home and abroad.