• Title, Summary, Keyword: frame-size adaptive

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Frame-Size Adaptive MAC Protocol in High-Rate Wireless Personal Area Networks

  • Choi, Eun-Chang;Huh, Jae-Doo;Kim, Kwang-Sik;Cho, Moo-Ho
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.660-663
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    • 2006
  • In this letter, we propose a frame-size adaptive MAC protocol for high rate wireless personal area networks (WPANs). In the proposed scheme, during communication, frame error rate is periodically reported to a transmitting device and the frame size is changed according to the measured results. Thus, the channel can be more effectively utilized by adapting to variable radio conditions. Analytical results show that this scheme achieves a much higher throughput than a non-frame-size adaptive media access control protocol in high-rate WPANs.

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Adaptive Q-Algorithm for Multiple Tag Identification in EPCglobal Gen-2 RFID System

  • Lim, In-Taek
    • Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.307-311
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    • 2010
  • EPCglobal Class-1 Gen-2 protocol has been proposed for UHF-band RFID systems. In Gen-2 standard, Q-algorithm was proposed to select a frame size for the next query round without estimating the number of tags. Therefore, the Q-algorithm has advantage that the reader's algorithm is simpler than other algorithms. However, it is impossible to allocate the optimized frame size. Also, the original Q-algorithm did not define an optimized parameter C for adjusting the frame size. In this paper, we propose an adaptive Q-algorithm with the different parameter $C_c$ and $C_i$ in accordance with the status of reply slot. Simulation results show that the proposed adaptive Q-algorithm outperforms the original Gen-2 Q-algorithm.

Adaptive Frame Rate Up-Conversion Algorithms using Block Complexity Information

  • Lee, Kangjun
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.21 no.8
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    • pp.813-820
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    • 2018
  • This paper proposes new frame rate up-conversion algorithms. Adaptive motion estimation based on block complexity information are used to obtain more accurate motion vectors. Because the information on block complexity is extracted from the motion estimation prediction size from the original frame, additional computational complexity is not imparted. In experimental results, the proposed algorithms provide robust frame interpolation performance for whole test sequences. Also, the computational complexity of the proposed algorithm is reduced to a benchmark algorithm.

An Adaptive Algorithm for the Quantization Step Size Control of MPEG-2

  • Cho, Nam-Ik
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and information Science
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    • v.2 no.6
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    • pp.138-145
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    • 1997
  • This paper proposes an adaptive algorithm for the quantization step size control of MPEG-2, using the information obtained from the previously encoded picture. Before quantizing the DCT coefficients, the properties of reconstruction error of each macro block (MB) is predicted from the previous frame. For the prediction of the error of current MB, a block with the size of MB in the previous frame are chosen by use of the motion vector. Since the original and reconstructed images of the previous frame are available in the encoder, we can calculate the reconstruction error of this block. This error is considered as the expected error of the current MB if it is quantized with the same step size and bit rate. Comparing the error of the MB with the average of overall MBs, if it is larger than the average, small step size is given for this MB, and vice versa. As a result, the error distribution of the MB is more concentrated to the average, giving low variance and improved image quality. Especially for the low bit application, the proposed algorithm gives much smaller error variance and higher PSNR compared to TM5 (test model 5).

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An Optimal Determination of Subband-Frame Size and Mode Switching Level for Adaptive OFDM-TDD System (시분할 듀플렉싱 기반의 적응 직교 주파수 분할 다중 접속 시스템에서 부대역-프레임 크기와 모드 변환점의 최적 결정 기법)

  • Shin Kil-Ho;Lee Chang-Suk;Kim Jung-Gon;Kim Hyung-Myung
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.30 no.6C
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    • pp.512-522
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    • 2005
  • In this paper, an optimal determination method of the subband-frame size and mode-switching level is proposed for adaptive OFDM-TDD systems in frequency-selective time-varying channels. The optimization problem considering frequency selectivity. user's mobility, and the signaling overhead caused by the mode change information is formulated in the maximum spectral efficiency sense satisfying the target BER. Assuming that subband-frame size is given, the mode-switching level is first optimized so that the spectral efficiency can be maximized satisfying the target BER. The subband-frame size among candidates is then determined, which maximizes the spectral efficiency. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme outperforms conventional schemes, in terms of the spectral efficiency and the BER.

An Efficient frame size Decision and Resource Allocation Method for Multiuser OFDM/TDD System in Multicell Environment (멀티셀 기반의 다중 사용자 OFDM-TDD 시스템에서 효과적인 프레임 크기 결정과 자원 할당 기법)

  • Keum Seung-Won;Kim Jung-Gon;Shin Kil-Ho;Kim Hyung-Myung
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.31 no.8A
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    • pp.760-768
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    • 2006
  • In this paper, an novel resource allocation scheme is proposed for adaptive multiuser OFDM-TDD systems in multiuser, multicell and frequency-selective time-varying channels. The optimal frame size and mode switching level of each user is determined by maximizing the spectrum efficiency. In multi-cell environment, the allocation scheme must consider the cochannel interference of other cells. The measured SINR is changed in one frame size because the interference is changed. The frame size is determined to consider both the optimal frame size and cochannel user's frame size of other cells. we propose the efficient resource allocation scheme which is satisfied the target BER.

Whole Frame Error Concealment with an Adaptive PU-based Motion Vector Extrapolation for HEVC

  • Kim, Seounghwi;Lee, Dongkyu;Oh, Seoung-Jun
    • IEIE Transactions on Smart Processing and Computing
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.16-21
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    • 2015
  • Most video services are transmitted in wireless networks. In a network environment, a packet of video is likely to be lost during transmission. For this reason, numerous error concealment (EC) algorithms have been proposed to combat channel errors. On the other hand, most existing algorithms cannot conceal the whole missing frame effectively. To resolve this problem, this paper proposes a new Adaptive Prediction Unit-based Motion Vector Extrapolation (APMVE) algorithm to restore the entire missing frame encoded by High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC). In each missing HEVC frame, it uses the prediction unit (PU) information of the previous frame to adaptively decide the size of a basic unit for error concealment and to provide a more accurate estimation for the motion vector in that basic unit than can be achieved by any other conventional method. The simulation results showed that it is highly effective and significantly outperforms other existing frame recovery methods in terms of both objective and subjective quality.

Performance Analysis of Adaptive Frame Size Control Scheme in Wireless Networks (무선 통신망에서의 적응 프레임 길이 제어 방식의 성능 분석)

  • Kim, Eung-In
    • 전자공학회논문지 IE
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.54-59
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    • 2010
  • This paper suggests a new data link protocol with an adaptive frame length control scheme for wireless data networks which is subject to errors that occur with time variance. We analyze the proposed scheme under a two-state markov block interference(BI) model. Numerical results show that the proposed scheme can achieve high throughput performance for both dense and diffuse burst noise channels.

Frame Rate up-conversion Algorithm using Adaptive Overlapped Block Motion Compensation (적응적 중첩 블록 움직임 보상을 이용한 프레임 율 향상 알고리즘)

  • Lee, Kangjun
    • Journal of Broadcast Engineering
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.785-790
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    • 2019
  • In this paper, a new bilateral frame rate up-conversion algorithm using adaptive overlapped block motion compensation is proposed. In this algorithm, the adaptive overlapped block motion compensation is based on the motion complexity of the reference region. As the motion complexity is determined by the size of the previously coded motion estimation prediction, the overlapped block motion compensation method is selected without any additional computational complexity. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm provides better image quality than conventional methods both objectively and subjectively.

An Adaptive Occluded Region Detection and Interpolation for Robust Frame Rate Up-Conversion

  • Kim, Jin-Soo;Kim, Jae-Gon
    • Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.201-206
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    • 2011
  • FRUC (Frame Rate Up-Conversion) technique needs an effective frame interpolation algorithm using motion information between adjacent neighboring frames. In order to have good visual qualities in the interpolated frames, it is necessary to develop an effective detection and interpolation algorithms for occluded regions. For this aim, this paper proposes an effective occluded region detection algorithm through the adaptive forward and backward motion searches and also by introducing the minimum value of normalized cross-correlation coefficient (NCCC). That is, the proposed scheme looks for the location with the minimum sum of absolute differences (SAD) and this value is compared to that of the location with the maximum value of NCCC based on the statistics of those relations. And, these results are compared with the size of motion vector and then the proposed algorithm decides whether the given block is the occluded region or not. Furthermore, once the occluded regions are classified, then this paper proposes an adaptive interpolation algorithm for occluded regions, which still exist in the merged frame, by using the neighboring pixel information and the available data in the occluded block. Computer simulations show that the proposed algorithm can effectively classify the occluded region, compared to the conventional SAD-based method and the performance of the proposed interpolation algorithm has better PSNR than the conventional algorithms.