• Title, Summary, Keyword: free radical scavenging

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Free radical scavenging activity and kinetic behavior of the Galgeuntang water extract

  • Shin, Jeong-Mi;Kim, Young-Ok;Baek, Seung-Hwa
    • Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.32-38
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    • 2008
  • Galgeuntang water extract exhibited a strong free radical scavenging activity and reducing power determination. However, a gradual increase in the free radical scavenging activity and reducing power determination was obtained with increasing concentrations. The highest radical scavenging activity was shown by the water extract from Galgeuntang (116.93 ${\mu}g$/mL) and the water extract from Cinnamonum cassia Presl. (95.01 ${\mu}g$/mL). These results of phenolic and flavonoid contents of the extracts indicated that the strong radical scavenging activity of the Cinnamonum cassia Presl. extract might be in part due to the phenolic compounds. The correlation coefficient between TPC and DPPH ($r^2$ = 0.9312), TFC and DPPH ($r^2$ = 0.9677), showed positive correlation among total phenolic/flavonoid contents and antioxidant activity. These results suggest that Galgeuntang has a potential antioxidant activity.

Polysaccharide Extraction and Comparison of Free Radical Scavenging Activities from Tremella fuciformis and Auricularia auricula Fruit Body (흰목이와 흑목이 버섯의 다당추출 및 유리라디칼 소거활성 비교)

  • Kim, Hyeon-Min;Hur, Won;Lee, Shin-Young
    • Food Engineering Progress
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.6-14
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    • 2011
  • The polysaccharides from fruit body of Auricularia auricula and Tremella fuciformis were extracted using hot water, and partially purified through ethanol precipitation and dialysis. Free radical scavenging activities of the crude and purified polysaccharides were examined and compared each other. Free radical scavenging activities of the partially purified polysaccharides were higher than those of crude polysaccharides. DPPH free radical, ABTS radical and SOD-like activities of partially purified polysaccharide at 1 mg/mL of concentration from A. auricula were 61.7, 9.6 and 38.9%, respectively, while those of T. fuciformis were 9.6, 5.7 and 15.3%, respectively. Results of site and non-site specific hydroxyl radical scavenging activities indicated that the partially purified polysaccharide fractions from A. auricula and T. fuciformis exhibited the hydroxyl radical scavenging effect by hydrogen donating ability and iron ion chelating ability. Also, reducing powers of A. auricula and T. fuciformis were 77.1 and 14.7% of BHT (0.1%) as standard, respectively. It was suggested that antioxidant activities of A. auricula were about 1.4~6.4 times higher than those of T. fuciformis due to different levels of polyphenol content.

Free Radical Scavenging and Lipid Peroxidation Inhibition Potential of Hygrophila auriculata

  • Vijayakumar, Madhavan;Govindarajan, Raghavan;Shirwaikar, Arun;Kumar, Vivek;Rawat, Ajay Kumar Singh;Mehrotra, Shanta;Pushpangadan, Palpu
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.22-26
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    • 2005
  • Hygrophila auriculata (K. Schum.) Heine is a wild herb commonly found in moist places on the banks of tanks, ditches and paddy fields throughout India and is one of the main sources of Ayurvedic 'Rasayana' drug. The free radical scavenging potential of 50% aqueous alcoholic extract of H. auriculata (HAEt) was studied for DPPH scavenging activity, nitric oxide, hydroxyl radical and ferryl bipyridyl complex scavenging activity along with lipid peroxidation and total antioxidant capacity inhibition using Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in rat liver homogenate. Integral antioxidative capacity was determined by photochemiluminescence assay. HAEt showed good radical scavenging activity at various concentrations $(200-1000\;{\mu}g/ml)$ against 1,1 diphenyl, 2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) (32.32-77.02%) with moderate scavenging activity against Nitric oxide (12.46-52.84%), hydroxyl radical (11.69-55.26%), ferryl bipyridyl complex (17.66-58.67%) and lipid peroxidation (0.829-0.416nmoles/mg protein). The above results indicate HAEt to be very effective antioxidant. It was suggested that the varied therapeutic activities claimed for the plant in the Indian indigenous systems of medicine may be in the part due to the free radical scavenging and/ or potent antioxidant activity.

Free Radical Scavenging Activity and Kinetic Behaviorof Essential Oil from Artemisia vulgaris

  • Bhatt, Lok Ranjan;Kang, Jeong-Il;Baek, Seung-Hwa
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.514-517
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    • 2007
  • The radical scavenging activity of Artemisia vulgaris essential oil was evaluated by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl(DPPH) assay in this study. Essential oil exhibited a significant free radical scavenging activity, with the highest activity at 15 ${\mu}$L/mL concentration. The reaction rate was slow and concentration-dependent

Microwave Assisted Extraction, Optimization using Central Composite Design, Quantitative Estimation of Arjunic Acid and Arjunolic Acid using HPTLC and Evaluation of Radical Scavenging Potential of Stem Bark of Terminalia arjuna

  • Khatkar, Sarita;Nanda, Arun;Ansari, S.H.
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 2017
  • The optimization and microwave assisted extraction of stem bark of Terminalia arjuna, quantitative estimation of the marker compounds arjunic acid and arjunolic acid using HPTLC and the evaluation of free radical scavenging activity has been performed in this study. The central composite design was used for optimization and the values of parameters for optimized batch of microwave assisted extraction were 1000 W (Power), 3 minutes (Time) and 1/120 (Solid/solvent ratio). The solvent system to carry out the HPTLC was toluene: acetic acid: ethyl acetate (5: 5: 0.5) and quantitative estimation was done using standard equations obtained from the marker compounds. The in-vitro free radical scavenging activity was performed spectrophotometrically using ascorbic acid as standard. The value of estimated percentage yield of arjunic acid and arjunolic acid was 1.42% and 1.52% which upon experimentation was obtained as 1.38% and 1.51% respectively. The DPPH assay of the different batches of microwave assisted extraction and marker compounds taken suggested that the marker compounds arjunic acid and the arjunolic acid were responsible for the free radical scavenging activity as the batch having the maximum percentage yield of the marker compounds showed best free radical scavenging effect as compared to standard ascorbic acid. The $IC_{50}$ value of the optimized batch was found to be 24.72 while that of the standard ascorbic acid was 29.83. Hence, the yield of arjunic acid and arjunolic acid has direct correlation with the free radical scavenging activity of stem bark extract of Terminalia arjuna and have potential to serve as active lead compounds for free radical scavenging activity.

In vitro free radical scavenging potential of acetone extract and sub-fractions of Albizia amara (Roxb.) Boiv. stem bark

  • Sowndhararajan, Kandhasamy;Kang, Sun-Chul
    • Current Research on Agriculture and Life Sciences
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.110-114
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    • 2012
  • In the present study, acetone extract and sub-fractions of Albizia amara stem bark were evaluated for their free radical potential. The results showed that the crude extract and all the fractions exhibited antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities under different in vitro assays. Among the different fractions, the ethyl acetate fraction exhibited higher DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities than the standard quercetin. A. amara stem bark might be valuable source of natural antioxidants that could be used for medicinal and food applications.

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Comparative Study of Antioxidant Activity of Apple and Pear Peel

  • Kim, Kyung Soon;Roh, Kwang Soo
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.347-354
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    • 2013
  • Apple and pear are popular fruits consumed in Korea and are common fruit in daily diet. In order to compare the antioxidant activity of the apple and pear peels, total polyphenol contents, total flavonoid contents, $ABTS^+$ free radical scavenging activity, and DPPH free radical scavenging activity were measured from hot water, ethanol, and methanol extracts of the two fruit peels. The total polyphenol and flavonoid contents were highest in 95% methanol extracts of the apple peelsand 70% ethanol extract of the pear peels, respectively. Total polyphenol contents of the pear peels were higher than that of apple peels, and total flavonoid contents of the apple peels were higher than that of pear peels. The apple and pear peels had the highest $ABTS^{+{\cdot}}$ and DPPH free radical scavenging activity in 95% methanol extracts and 70% ethanol extracts, respectively. $ABTS^{+{\cdot}}$ and DPPH free radical scavenging activity of pear peels was higher than that of apple peels, and the DPPH free radical scavenging activity of apple and pear peels were detected in hot water, 95% methanol, and 70% ethanol extracts, respectively. Ascorbic acid, a synthetic antioxidant used as positive control, had significantly higher scavenging activity than the apple and pear peels. In conclusion, the apple and pear peelshave great potential as natural antioxidants. Therefore, above results should be considered to provide the possibility for the development of high functional antioxidants.

Free Radical Scavenging Activity and Inhibition of Linoleic Acid Peroxidation of Commercial Tocotrienol Fraction

  • Kim, Joo-Shin;Chung, Hau-Yin
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.177-180
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    • 2007
  • Tocotrienols (T3) are minor plant constituents found abundantly in rice bran, which provide a significant source of vitamin E in animal feeds. T3 was reported to have an intrinsic hypocholesterolemic effect by inhibiting HMG-Co A reductase. It has similar antioxidative properties as tocopherols in food and biological system due to their similar chemical structures. However, the antioxidant activity and mechanism of T3 to scavenge free radicals and to inhibit the peroxidation of linoleic acid are less understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the scavenging effect of T3 on free radicals and its inhibition of peroxide formation. Free radical scavenging activity was monitored by the DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) method whereas inhibition of linoleic acid peroxidation was evaluated using the thiocyanate method. Thiobarbituric acid (TBA) test was used to determine malonaldehyde formation from linoleic acid peroxidation. Free radical scavenging activity increased with increasing concentration levels of T3. T3 exhibited 38.2, 78.6, 92.7 and 96.2% radical scavenging activity at concentrations of 2, 8, 32 and 128 ppm, respectively. At 128 ppm, it was highly effective in inhibiting linoleic acid peroxidation. The activity of T3 evaluated by the thiocyanate method showed low absorbance values indicating a high level of antioxidant activity. All treatments showed similar trends in antioxidant activity when evaluated by both the thiocyanate method and TBA test.

Anti-oxidative Activities Gamma Irradiated Shell of Persicae semen (감마선을 조사한 桃仁皮(도인피)의 항산화활성)

  • Cho, Woo-A
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.95-99
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : This study were carried out to investigate the anti-oxidative activities of $\gamma$-SPE(gamma irradiated shell of Persicae semen extract with ethanol). Methods : Anti-oxidative was measured by DPPH free radical scavenging activities, nitric oxide radical scavenging activities, SOD-like activities, xanthine oxidase radical scavenging activities, nitrite scavenging activities and tyrosinase inhibition activities. Results : Effects of free radial scavenging was increased by irradiation. Tyrosinase inhibition activities was decreased by $\gamma$-SPE. Conclusions : Results suggested that $\gamma$-SPE have a potential as a new anti-oxidative material.

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Free Radical Scavenging Activity of Butanol Fraction from the Fruit of Citrus junos

  • Cho, Eun-Ju;Li, Li;Piao, Xiang-Lan;Lee, Sang-Hyun;Kim, Hyun-Young
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.86-89
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    • 2009
  • In this study, we investigated the free radical [1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), hydroxyl radical (${\cdot}OH$) and superoxide anion (${O_2}^-$)] scavenging activity of MeOH extract and 3 fractions of Citrus junos. Of the tested fractions, the BuOH fraction showed the strongest DPPH scavenging activity, showing the $IC_{50}$ values of 63.4 mg/mL. Therefore, we continuously carried out DPPH, ${\cdot}OH$ and ${O_2}^-$ scavenging activity tests of BuOH fraction of Citrus junos. The BuOH fraction of Citrus junos inhibited DPPH radical to 97.5% at a concentration of 1000 mg/mL and the scavenging activities were increased concentration-dependently. In addition, BuOH fraction from Citrus junos also scavenged ${\cdot}OH$ in a concentration dependent manner from 5 to 1000 mg/mL. Furthermore, BuOH fraction showed about 56% ${O_2}^-$-scavengimg activity at 25 mg/mL concentration but, the scavenging activities were not enhanced in a dose dependent manner. The present results suggest that BuOH fraction of Citrus junos would have the protective potential from oxidative stress induced by free radicals.