• Title, Summary, Keyword: freezing

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Effects of Freezing Temperature on Quality of Vacuum Packaging Freezed Beef (동결온도가 진공포장 동결육의 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • 정인철;김도완;문귀임;강세주;김기영;문윤희
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.409-415
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    • 1998
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of freezing temperature on quality of vacuum packaging freezed beef. In case of thaw drip loss, the freezing of -3$^{\circ}C$ and -20$^{\circ}C$ were 5.23% and 5.17% to 60 days respectively, were increased significantly during freezing. The cooking loss of water bath and pan were increased significantly during freezing than the beginning of freezing, but were no different between -3$^{\circ}C$ and -20$^{\circ}C$. The salt soluble protein extractability was decreased during freezing, the -20$^{\circ}C$ freezing was higher than -3$^{\circ}C$freezing. The water soluble protein extractability was increased during freezing higher than during freezing. The myoglobin denatured percentage of the -3$^{\circ}C$ freezing was higher than -20$^{\circ}C$ freezing, the 15 days storage of -3$^{\circ}C$ freezing was highest to 96%. The shear force value was not change during freezing, the myofibrillar fragmentation index during freezing was higher than the beginning of freezing, but was not change during freezing. The pH was decreased to freezing 45 days, after that increased.

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Effects of Freezing Temperature on Quality of Thawed Beef (동결온도가 해동 쇠고기의 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • 남주현;송형익;김미숙;문윤희;정인철
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.482-487
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    • 1998
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of freezing temperature on quality of thawed beef loin. In case of thaw drip loss, the freezing of -3$^{\circ}C$ and -2$0^{\circ}C$ were higest by 3.4% to 30 days and by 1.8% to 60 days, respectively. And the thaw drip loss of -3$^{\circ}C$ freezing was more than -2$0^{\circ}C$ freezing. The cooking loss of water bath and pan boiling were increased significantly during freezing than the beginning of freezing, but were not different -3$^{\circ}C$ and -2$0^{\circ}C$. The salt soluble protein extractability was decreased during freezing, the -2$0^{\circ}C$ freezing was higher than -3$^{\circ}C$ freezing. The water soluble protein extractability of -3$^{\circ}C$ freezing was not significant different during freezing storage, that freezed at -2$0^{\circ}C$ was increased during freezing. The "L" value of the beginning of freezing was higher than during freezing, the "a" value was not different during freezing, and the "b" value during freezing was higher than the beginning of freezing. The myoglobin denatured percentage of the -3$^{\circ}C$ and -2$0^{\circ}C$ freezing were highest by 94.4% to 45 days and by 94.0% to 15 days, respectively. The shear force value during freezing was higher than the beginning of freezing, the myofibrillar fragmentation index was not significant different during freezing. The pH was increased to freezing 30 days, after that was decreased.ays, after that was decreased.

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Frost Heaving in Artificial Ground Freezing

  • 생뢰효박
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.13-46
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    • 1994
  • Artificial ground freezing methods have been applied to geotechnical construction projects for stabilizing earth materials and controlling water seepage into the ground. However, this can result in frost heaving and causes the same engineering problems as encountered with the natural freezing of soil. In natural freezing, the ground freezes from the surface downward. When artificial ground freezing is applied at a deep location, however, freezing is limited locally. The soil condition differs between them as follows: Natural freezing - unsaturated and without overburden pressure. Artificial freezing -- saturated and under overburden pressure. The authors investigated the practical application of artificial ground freezing and examined the frost behaviour of a saturated soil under overburden pressure. This paper presents the results obtained from experiments concerning frost heaving and discusses frost heaving at the freezing site.

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Effects of Freezing Conditions on the Concentration-Efficiency in the Progressive Freeze-Concentration (Progressive Freezing에 의한 동결 농축법에 있어서의 농축효과에 미치는 동결조건의 영향)

  • 배승권
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.984-989
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    • 1995
  • The concentration-efficiencyh of blue dextran solution in the progressive freeze-concentration was related to the freezing conditions such as the freezing speed and the stirring speed in the solution phase. From the theoreticla balance equation of heat and mass transfer at freezing front, the relationship between the freezing conditions and the ice structure at freezing front was drived. A high freeze-concentration efficiency was obtained under the operating conditions represented by a low speed of freezing and a high speed of stirring. The operating conditions were related to a smooth solid-liquid interface and these results were well explained by the theoretical equation. Effect of the solute component size on the concentration efficiency in the progressive freezeconcentration was also tested. The concentration efficiency of latex particles showed a lower value than that of blue dextran, however, its difference was insignificant.

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Investigation on the Method of Evaluating the Resistance to Freezing and Thawing of Concrete Subjected Initial Frost Damage (초기동해를 받은 콘크리트의 내동해성 평가법에 대한 검토)

  • 고경택;장일영
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.117-127
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    • 1999
  • In concrete incorporating high volume ground granulated blast-furnace slag that has frozen at early age, to evaluated the results of resistance to freezing and thawing is very difficult because the hydration of the concrete increases over the duration of rapid freezing and thawing test. Hence, the dynamic modulus of elasticity of specimens after freezing and thawing will be favorable results unless the hydration effect is taken into consideration. In this study, a method of evaluating to the resistance to freezing and thawing of concrete subjected freezing at early age, in which the effect of hydration is modified for its increase during rapid freezing and thawing test, is investigated.

A Comparison between Pellet and Straw Methods in Canine Semen Freezing (개 정액의 정제화동결법과 Straw 동결법에 관한 비교실험)

  • Lee Jung-Won;Kim Heui-Eun;Kim Nam-Soo;Choi In-Hyuk
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.183-190
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    • 1991
  • Pellet and straw methods in canine semen freezing are compared with respect to motility, viability and acrosome demage of sperm during each of the two major processing steps, to prior-freezing and to frozen-thawing. Senen was extended with a tris-buffered egg yolk contained 4% glycero1 Pellet freezing in the hole of dry ice and straw freezing on the surface of liquid nitrogen were carried out, respectively. The frozen semen 10 days after storage in liquid nitrogen container. wao thawed. In the comparison of two freezing methods, the straw freezing method with 42.7% in motility. 49.2% in viability and 0.186 acrosome score after thawing seems to be superior to the pellet freezing method with 31.2%, 34.5% and 0.314%, respectively. Sperm motility of processing step to frozen-thawing against decrease rate 12.67% to Prior freezing appeared of 33.84% and 49.37% in straw and pellet freezing and increase of 0.02 in acrsomal score to prior freezing appeared of 0.08 and 0.21 in straw and pellet freezing method to frozen-thawing

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Effect of Partial Freezing as a Means of Keeping Freshness II. Changes in Freshness and Gel Forming Ability of Conger Eel and Yellowtail during Storage by Partial Freezing (Partial Freezing에 의한 어육의 선도유지 효과에 대하여 2. Partial Freezing에 의한 붕장어 및 방어의 선도 및 어묵형성능의 변화)

  • LEE Yong-Woo;PARK Yeung-Ho;AHN Cheol-Woo
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.27-35
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    • 1986
  • In succession to the previous paper, the present study was directed to investigate the effect of keeping freshness of conger eel (Astroconger myriaster) and yellowtail (Seriola quinqueradiata) by partial freezing, and the changes in the physical properties of fish meat paste product prepared with the muscle of conger eel during storage were also examined. The results obtained are summarized as follows: The period of keeping freshness (days in which k value reaches $20\%$) of conger eel and yellowtail by partial freezing was 10 days and 6 days, respectively. VBN content in the conger eel muscle showed 39.5 mg/100g by icing for 15 days, and did not show a great change by partial freezing and freezing, while that of yellowtail muscle reached at 32 mg/100g by icing, 20 mg/100g by partial freezing and 18 mg/100g by freezing for 15 days. The lipids extracted from the muscles of both fishes by icing were remarkably oxidized than those by partial freezing. The myofibrillar protein in the conger eel muscle during storage for 9 days decreased $3\%,\;10%\;and\;11\%$ by icing, partial freezing and freezing, respectively, and that of yellowtail muscle did $16\%,\;10%\;and\;4\%$ by icing, partial freezing and freezing, respectively. On the other hand, the alkali-soluble protein in both fishes increased with storage time. Gel strength of fish meat paste product prepared with the muscle of conger eel decreased to $35\%$ by icing, $74\%$ by partial freezing and $76\%$ by freezing for 10 days compared to control, and the expressible water increased 1.6 times, 1.2 times and 1.1 times by icing, partial freezing and freezing, respectively, as much as that of control product.

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Quality Characteristics of Korean Rice Cake by Freezing Methods (냉동 방법에 따른 떡의 품질특성 변화)

  • Lee, Hye-Jin;Ku, Su-Kyung;Choi, Hee-Don;Park, Jong-Dae;Sung, Jung-Min;Kim, Young-Boong;Choi, Hyun-Wook;Choi, Yun-Sang
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.148-154
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: Frozen Korean traditional rice cakes (Sulgitteok and Garaetteok) were evaluated different conditions ($-20^{\circ}C$ and $-10^{\circ}C$) freezing (magnetic resonance quick freezing and air blast freezing) to study differences in quality characteristics. Methods: Experiments analyze Korean rice cakes for water content, water activity, color, textural properties, and sensory characteristics. Results: Moisture content showed high value at $-20^{\circ}C$ freezing regardless of freezing method. Water activity was higher at $-20^{\circ}C$ than $-10^{\circ}C$, and water activity higher magnetic resonance quick freezing than air blast freezing. The lightness values were higher $-20^{\circ}C$ freezing temperature compare to $-10^{\circ}C$ freezing temperature. Hardness and chewiness were the lowest $-20^{\circ}C$ magnetic resonance quick freezing. sensory evaluation both Sulgitteok and Garaetteok showed better overall acceptability at $-20^{\circ}C$ magnetic resonance quick freezing. Conclusion: Therefore, the $-20^{\circ}C$ magnetic resonance quick freezing method resulted in favorable textural properties and sensory characteristics.

COMPARISON OF VIABILITY OF ORAL EPITHELIAL CELLS STORED BY DIFFERENT FREEZING METHODS (구강상피세포의 냉동보관 방법에 따른 세포생존률 비교)

  • Baek, Do-Young;Lee, Seung-Jong;Jung, Han-Sung;Kim, Eui-Seong
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.491-499
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    • 2009
  • This study examined the influence of the storage methods on the viability of oral epithelial cells using conventional cell freezing storage, slow freezing preservation, rapid freezing preservation, and slow freezing preservation with a pressure of 2 Mpa or 3 Mpa. The cell viability was evaluated by cell counting, WST-1 and the clonogenic capacity after 6 days of freezing storage. After 6 days, the frozen cells were thawed rapidly, and the cell counting. WST-1, and clonogenic capacity values were measured and compared. 1. The results from cell counting demonstrated that conventional cryopreservation, slow freezing under a 2 Mpa pressure and slow freezing under a 3 Mpa pressure showed significantly higher values than slow freezing preservation and rapid freezing preservation (p < 0.05). 2. The results from the optical density by WST-1 demonstrated that slow freezing under a 2 Mpa pressure showed significantly higher values than slow freezing preservation and rapid freezing preservation (p<0.05). 3. The clonogenic capacity demonstrated that slow freezing under a 2 Mpa pressure showed significantly higher values than slow freezing preservation and rapid freezing preservation (p < 0.05).

Vitrification and Ultrarapid Freezing of Day 2 Mouse Embryos (제 2일째 생쥐 배아의 초자화동결과 초급속동결)

  • Yang, Jung-Sook;Sohn, Cherl;Bae, In-Ha
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.283-289
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    • 2000
  • Objective: The study was performed to compare the survival rate and the development of day 2 mouse embryos which had freezing procedures done. Methods: We used three different vitrification solutions (EFS, VS14, DPS) and a ultrarapid freezing solution (UFS) for cryopreservation of day 2 mouse embryo. Results: We tested toxicity by exposing embryos to vitirification solutions and a ultrarapid freezing solution. The survival rates are 100%, 97.8%, 95.6% and 100% (EFS, VS14, DPS and UFS). After cultured for 96 hours, hatching rates of each group are 93.5% (no freezing), 95.6% (EFS), 86.4% (VS14), 93.0% (DPS), and 93.0% (UFS). There is no significant differences among groups. The survival rates after thawing cryopreserved embryos are 80.2%, 91.7%, 69.5%, 0% and 91.8% (slow freezing, EFS, VS14, DPS and UFS). Also cultured for 96 hours, the hatching rates are 93.5% (no freezing), 84.1% (slow freezing), 93.9% (EFS), 48.5% (VS14) and 70.1% (UFS). Conclusion: The survival rates of vitrification in EFS solution and ultrarapid freezing are higher than slow freezing (p<0.05). The hatching rate of vitrification in EFS solution cultured for 96 hours is highest, so vitrification of day 2 mouse embryos in EFS solution considered as more effective for cryopreservation.

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