• Title, Summary, Keyword: frozen dough

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Effects of Thawing-Fermentation Condition of Frozen Dough on frozen Bread Quality (냉동생지의 해동.발효조건이 냉동 빵의 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • 김교창;장성규;도대홍
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.287-294
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    • 1997
  • When bread making, the condition of thawing-fermentation for frozen dough were tested in variable temperature, and measured thawing-fermentation time and volume of frozen dough. L-Ascorbic acid (L-Aa) was added in frozen dough for the comparison test of develop volume in bread staling degree of baking bread were measured additive frozen dough which was stoppages in freezing, staling degrees were tested hardness with Rheometer. The test for comparison of thawing-fermentation time in variable temperature was shown the condition of dough conditioner at 3$0^{\circ}C$ was most effective for bread making, Because That condition was required very short time(74 min) But, in this comparison of volume in final products was shown the products in the condition of thawing-fermentation at 3$0^{\circ}C$ was smaller than the products at 5$^{\circ}C$(418 ml). The baking volume of L-Aa additive frozen dough which has under gone thawing-fermentation at 3$0^{\circ}C$, were shown baking volume of 420 ml in 2 weeks storage terms to 100 mg/kg L-Aa additive dough and shown baking volume of 454 ml in 4 weeks storage terms to dough of 200 mg/kg additive weight. Staling degrees of L-Aa additive frozen bread were measured with Rheometer. The hardness of 100 mg/kg L-Aa additive frozen bread was sown low level hardness in 1~2 weeks freezing term, 150 mg/kg L-Aa additive frozen bread was shown low level hardness in 3 weeks freezing term. In 4 weeks freezing term, 200 mg/kg L-Aa additive frozen bread was shown low level hardness compared with non-additive L-Aa frozen bread. In comparison of frozen bread quality, non-additive L-Aa products was better than additive L-Aa products in equality of baking shape and external apparence. But in total quality in external and internal apparence, additive L-Aa products was better than non-additive L-Aa products.

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Study on the Freezing Conditions for the Frozen-Dough Preparation of Bread (냉동생지 제조를 위한 냉동조건 탐색)

  • Hahn Young-Sook
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.443-448
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    • 2004
  • In order to investigate the optimal factors for frozen dough production, the freezing and thawing condition such as temperature and time, storage period and the effect of ingredient addition were determined. A pre-fermentation of dough at 30℃ for 120 minutes was appeared to be the best for the production of frozen dough. The dough was frozen at -18℃ and then stored for 7 days. The quality of frozen dough was found to be optimal when thawed at 30℃ for 80 minutes. As ingredient of frozen dough, an addition of 3% of yeast and 4% of butter was good as well as the addition of skim milk and sugar in terms of fermentation capacity after thawing.

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Effect of Enzymatically Hydrolyzed Vital Wheat Gluten on Dough Mixing and the Baking Properties of Wheat Flour Frozen Dough

  • Song, Kyung-Ah;Koh, Bong-Kyung
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.173-176
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    • 2006
  • The effect of enzymatically hydrolyzed vital wheat gluten (EHG) on dough mixing and the baking quality of wheat flour frozen dough was examined. Three different proteases, pepsin, trypsin, and chymotrypsin, were tested individually, sequentially paired, or in combination of all three enzymes. Addition of 1% EHG produced no observable effect on the mixing properties of wheat flour dough. However, addition of 2.5% pepsin-hydrolyzed gluten decreased the mixing tolerance of the wheat flour, and 1% trypsin-hydrolyzed gluten increased the loaf volume of both frozen and non-frozen dough. This finding suggests that trypsin-hydrolyzed vital wheat gluten may serve as a baking additive in replacement for $KBrO_3$ to improve frozen dough quality.

Study on the effect of refrigeration storage periods on the quality of frozen croissant dough (크라상생지의 냉동보존기간이 품질에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jong-Uk
    • Journal of Applied Tourism Food and Beverage Management and Research
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.57-72
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    • 2004
  • This study is carried out to investigate the effect of any periods in the freezer and the product of value, moisture content, baking loss, specific volume loaf in manufncturing process thereof. The moisture content of the croissant slightly decreased as the periods passed in the freezer. And as passed periods frozen croissant dough dried naturally by the freezer fan. 1. As frozen periods passed croissant dough decreased moisture content and loaf volume. The volume is relation to the molsture content and croissant dough' gluten. Yeast is active but croissant dough is dried so pastry margarine's moisture vaporized little by little. 2. 1 day frozen bench time provided maximum specific loaf volume while croissant shape was unsettled, moisture content was highest. At the same dough croissant hardness had very sofi crust. 3. 1week and 2weets frozen dough had specific loaf volume and hardness with proper crust color. As the proper bench time provided best shape of croissant, color. 4. 4weeks and 8weeks frozen dough had over-al] value of croissant accelerating older product. As the same result, over Sweets frozen periods product were not available for sale and serving to customers. 5. By the sensory evaluation tests, over-all croissant as 1 week, 2weeks were significantly higher quality those than 6. 1day, 4weeks and 8weeks. Textural properties of croissant over 4weeks frozen periods so hard for every panel. According to the study, not croissant dough but also any other frozen dough(ex.Danish, brioche etc.)have to need proper bench time and 1week or 2weeks circulation making method have to given encouragement to practical pastry industry. Add to this study using only for frozen dough yeast instead of using fresh and instant

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The Effect of Addition of Potato Starch on the Frozen Dough (감자 전분의 첨가가 냉동 반죽에 미치는 영향)

  • 이명구;이종민;장준형;박정길
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.403-410
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to understand the effect of addition of potato search on the frozen dough. The characteristics of frozen dough were measured by the farinogram, the extensogram and the amylogram. The results of these measurements show that the dough added with starch has higher stability than the control. The physical and chemical change of the dough were measured in accordance with the period of the frozen storage. The dough added with starch showed smaller physical and chemical change than control, which means that the starch prevents the frozen dough from the deterioration during the frozen storage. It is supposed from this result that the starch protects the activity of yeast and the structure of gluten matrices from frozen damage. It is understood from this study that addition of potato starch into frozen dough improve the stability of the frozen dough.

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Extension Properties of Frozen Hard Wheat Flour Doughs Mixed with Ascorbic Acid and Gluten Hydrolysate

  • Koh, Bong-Kyung
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.590-593
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    • 2007
  • The textural properties of doughs mixed with L-ascorbic acid (AA), trypsin hydrolyzed gluten peptide (THGP), and a mixture of AA-THGP were investigated using texture analyzer under the fermentation of the full formula and the freezing process. The full formula dough (FFD) required a shorter mixing time than the flour and water formula dough (FWD). The maximum resistance (Rmax) values of both the unfrozen and frozen doughs were lower for the FFD. The effects of AA and THGP additions were not significant (p<0.01) in FFD, however, they were significant in FWD. The freezing effect was significant (p<0.0001) for FFD, indicating that yeast fermented dough was much more sensitive to damage from freezing, which subsequently affected dough strength. Additions of AA (p=0.0026) and THGP (p=0.0097) had a significant effect on the extensibility (E-value) of unfrozen FWD, where THGP increased and AA decreased the E-value. However, freezing did not significantly effect the extensibilities of FWD (p=0.64) or FFD (p=0.21). The area of FFD was lower than the area of FWD for both the unfrozen and frozen doughs. However, the frozen dough mixed with THGP alone had the largest area overall. The addition of additives did not result in significantly different (p<0.01) areas under the curve, except in the frozen FFD. Freezing caused a statistically significant difference in the area of FWD (p=0.0045).

Influence of Emulsifiers and ${\alpha}-Amylases$ on the Quality of Frozen Dough (냉동반죽의 제빵 품질특성에 미치는 유화제와 ${\alpha}-amylases$의 영향)

  • Park, Bum-Joon;Shin, Eon-Hwan;Kim, So-Mi;Park, Cheon-Seok
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.59-67
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    • 2006
  • Effects of ${\alpha}-amylases$ and emulsifiers on characteristics of frozen bread dough were examined during 12 weeks of storage. Fungal or bacterial ${\alpha}-amylase$ and various emulsifiers, including monoglyceride (MG), sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate (SSL), and diacetyltartaric acid ester of mono- and diglycerides (DATEM), were added to frozen dough individually and as mixtures Height of frozen dough at maximum development time, total volume of $CO_2$ gas, and retention volume increased with increasing content of emulsifiers. indicating addition of enzymes and emulsifiers had significant effect on flexibility of starch-gluten complex in dough. Frozen dough made with bacterial ${\alpha}-amylase$ showed slightly higher pH during storage than that of frozen dough with fungal ${\alpha}-amylase$. Bread made from frozen dough prepared with both enzymes and emulsifiers showed lower specific loaf volume than that of control during storage, whereas highest specific loaf volume was obtained with addition of fungal ${\alpha}-amylase$ with SSL+MG and bacterial ${\alpha}-amylase$ with MG.

A Study on the effect of bread quality by thawing temperature of frozen dough (냉동생지의 해동온도가 품질에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jeong-Hoon;Kim, Hyun-Whae
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.91-105
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    • 2001
  • Chou-cream bread and Red bean paste bread were made by sponge & dough method with the sweet dough formula. The bread quality was studied by the measurements of the temperature variation, the fermentation level of frozen dough in the special condition(dough conditioner of 5$^{\circ}C$, 10$^{\circ}C$, 15$^{\circ}C$, 20$^{\circ}C$ and 30$^{\circ}C$), the product volume and thesensory evaluation with frozen dough thawed, fermented and baked. When thawing temperature was low, the core temperature of frozen dough increased slowly and the time for thawing and fermentationwas long. In thawing and fermentation, the core temperature of Red bean paste dough increased faster than that of Chou-cream dough. When the thawing conditions of dough conditioner(retarder) were 20$^{\circ}C$ and 30$^{\circ}C$, the level of total time decrease for thawing and fermentation was 55 and 86 min in Chou-cream dough and 62 and 90 min in Red bean paste dough respectively in comparison to dough conditioner of 5$^{\circ}C$. In volume of baked products, they showed no significant difference for three weeks of storage, but slight difference for four weeks of storage. The result was that Chou-cream bread was larger than Red bean paste bread in the decrease of volume. In sensory evaluation, the bread quality became low according to the time. When stored for four weeks in the freezer, significant differences were found in Chou-cream vread, but slight difference appeared in Red bean paste bread. The research identified that Red bean paste dough was more effective in manufacturing time than that of Chou-cream dough, when thawing temperature was high, and if frozen dough was thawed in the retarder of lower than 20$^{\circ}C$, the bread quality in terms of volume and sensory evaluation had no significant difference in comparison to the none-freezing Red bean paste bread.

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Effects of Milk Proteins and Gums on Quality of Bread Made from Frozen Dough following Freeze-Thaw Cycles

  • Yun, Young;Eun, Jong-Bang
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.805-813
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    • 2006
  • The quality of frozen bread dough made with the milk proteins casein (C), whey (W), and the gums sodium alginate (A) and ${\kappa}$-carrageenan (K), was investigated to develop methods to suppress the deterioration of the frozen dough quality. The control had a lower dough volume than dough with additives during freeze-thaw cycles. In bread stored at $5^{\circ}C$, the moisture content of bread prepared with whey plus sodium alginate (WA) decreased less than that of the control. The control also had a lower specific loaf volume than breads made with added milk proteins and gums. The hardness of the control bread and bread made with casein plus sodium alginate (CA) and whey plus ${\kappa}$-carrageenan (WK) increased during freeze-thaw cycles, although that of the control increased more than the others. There was no significant difference in sensory preference among breads with and without milk proteins and gums. Addition of CA and WA improved the baking quality by reducing the deterioration of frozen dough and retarding the staling of bread.

Effect of Vital Wheat Gluten on the Quality Characteristics of the Dough Frozen after 1st Fermentation (활성글루텐이 1차발효 후 냉동한 생지의 품질특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Doo-Ri;Lee, Jeong-Hoon;Yoon, Yoh-Chang;Lee, Si-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.55-60
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    • 2005
  • Frozen dough made by sponge and dough method using sweet dough formula was quickly frozen at $-40^{\circ}C$ and stored for 8 weeks at $-20^{\circ}C$. Effects of vital wheat gluten on number of yeast cells, bread volume, specific loaf volume, hardness, and sensory properties of bread were investigated. Dough added with 4% vital wheat gluten showed higher yeast cell survival rate during freeze storage and larger specific loaf volume than other doughs. Hardness value increased with increasing amount of vital wheat gluten added, whereas, in frozen dough stored more than 4 weeks, dough added with 2% vital wheat gluten showed lower hardness value than others. Bread made with 4% vital wheat gluten showed highest sensory score.