• Title, Summary, Keyword: frozen foods

Search Result 140, Processing Time 0.045 seconds

Assessments of utilization and Management Practices of Frozen Convenience Foods in Elementary School Foodservice Operations in Inchon (인천지역 초등학교 급식의 냉동가공식품 이용률 및 관리실태)

  • Park, Gyeong-Suk;Choe, Eun-Hui;Ryu, Gyeong
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
    • /
    • v.10 no.2
    • /
    • pp.246-257
    • /
    • 2004
  • To provide basic information for the proper usage of frozen convenience foods in elementary school foodservice operations, 51 dietitian employeed in school foodservices in Inchon were surveyed. Among the frozen convenience foods, dumpling-type foods(60.8%) and processed meats(40.4%)were used widely in school foodservice. Generally, the frequency of using frozen food items was fewer than 1 time per month. More than 15% of respondents were using pork cutlet, chicken, chickenball, dumpling stuffed with meat about 2-3 times per month. Sweet and sour pork(Tangsuyuk), kebap(Sanjuk), fish/shrimp cutlet, fried potato items were used only fewer than 1 time per month. Dietitian's age, carrier, employed status influenced the utilization rate. The grand mean of satisfaction score was 3.36 out of 5. The factors affecting satisfaction in using frozen foods were sanitation, taste, price, nutrition, food additives in order. The major reasons of utilizaing frozen convenience foods were 'improved labor productivity(4.47)' and 'meet customer preference(4.25)'. The limiting factors in using frozen foods were taste(35.3%), price(23.5%), nutrition(17.6%). The management practices of frozen convenience foods through food processing flow were assessed. Average performance rate was 64.7%. To enlarge the usage of frozen convenience foods in foodservice operations, dietitians should observe sanitary practices.

  • PDF

Consumer Demands for Prepared Frozen or Refrigerated Foods and Industry′s Response to Consumer Demands (조리냉동 및 냉장식품에 대한 도시주부의 이용실태 및 인식정도와 식품제조업체의 의식구조 조사에 관한 연구)

  • 곽동경;이경애;류은순
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.9 no.3
    • /
    • pp.230-238
    • /
    • 1993
  • The objectives of this study were to provide the basic data for the consumer education and for the new product development by surveying housewives'demands concerning prepared frozen or refrigerated foods and by surveying industry's practices and opinions concerning new product development. 804 housewives and 14 manufacturing companies of prepared frozen or refrigerated foods were surveyed. Data from housewives were analyzed by using SPSS-X progrm in terms of $x^2$-test, one-way ANOVA, t-test. The results of study are summarized as follows : 1. Frozen dumpling, frozen meat, surimi, ham and sausage were identifed as the most frequently used food items by housewives. The mean storage period for either prepared frozen or refrigerated foods was less than 15 days. 2. Housewives with higher educational background showed the greater concerns in packing and sanitary conditions, convenience in cooking procedures and brand name of the product than their counterparts. 3. Most housewives'purchasing motive for prepared frozen or refrigerated foods was the convenience of the cooking procedures(71.1%). Among the member of family, children(72.8%) specially liked prepared frozen or refrigerated foods. 4. Housewives'demands for prepared frozen or refrigerated foods were 'price reduction'and 'nutrition fortification'. These were in accordance with the companys'opimons. 5. Most wanting new product developments from the housewives perspectives were beverages (37.7%), stir-fried menu items(36.1%), pan-fried menu items(34.0%), stewed menu items(30.3%) and soups(20.4%). In case of stew and soups, the industry did not have a plan to develop those menu items.

  • PDF

Assessment of Utilization and Storage Management Practice of Frozen and Refrigerated Foods in School Foodservice -Focus on Meats, Seafoods and Processed Foods- (학교급식에서의 냉장.냉동 축.수산물 및 가공품 이용현황 및 관리실태 조사)

  • Jeong, Hui-Seon;Yun, Ji-Yeong;Bae, Hyeon-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
    • /
    • v.13 no.4
    • /
    • pp.345-356
    • /
    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate utilization and storage management practice of the frozen and refrigerated foods in school foodservice. 222 dietitians employed in school foodservice were surveyed. In school foodservice, the refrigerated stock farm products and seafoods (78.3%) were more used rather than frozen products (47.5%). According to school foodservice characteristics, the refrigerated meats including dairy products were more frequently used in elementary and middle schools than high school foodservice. On the other hand, the foodservice in high school used more frozen seafoods and processed foods than elementary school did. The data also showed a tendency for the contracted foodservice using more frozen meats and seafoods rather than refrigerated products when comparing with the self-operated foodservice. In terms of receiving conditions, storage methods and storage time, the result indicated that frozen or refrigerated products were often delivered at inappropriate temperature. Especially some products which were needed to be shipped and stored at refrigerated temperature such as mollusks, were delivered and kept at room temperature. The most frequently used thawing method were running water (56.9%), however, the frozen products were often sitted at room temperature for the purpose of thawing. According to the results, several inappropriate handling processes for frozen and refrigerated products were found in school foodservice. In order to improve handling process for frozen and refrigerated products, recognition of food handlers' weakness about storage and distribution, development of radical standards for receiving conditions, storage and thawing methods should be debated.

  • PDF

Prevalence of Listerial spp. over Commerical Frozen and Refrigerated Foods at the Supermarket Level

  • Cha, In-Ho
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.3 no.2
    • /
    • pp.157-162
    • /
    • 1998
  • As a part of investigation for listeriosis, we attmepted iolationof Listeria spp. from commerical frozen and refrigerated foods at the supermarket level. Seven strains of Listeria spp. were isolate from 6 samples (7.15) among 84 samples of frozen foods, and ten strains of Listeria spp. were also isolated from 8 samples (7.6%)_ among 105 samples of refrigerated foods at the supermarkets in Pusan area. From a total of 189 commerical foods, the number of isolated Listeria spp. and ratio were 6 strains(3.25) of L. grayi, one strain (0.5%) of L. welshimeri, 6 strains (3.2%) of L. innocua and 4 strains (2.15) of L monocytogenes. Listeria spp. isolates except L. monocytogenes did not show $\beta$-hemolysis on blood agar and positive reaction in CAMP test with Staphyloccccus aureus. In the antibiotic susceptibility,most isolates of Listeria spp. were susceptible to 12 antibiotics such as ampicillin , cephalotin, penicillin, amikacin, gentamicin, erythromycin, kanamycin, vancomycin, tobramycin, carbenicillin , tetracycline and trimethoprim /sulfamethoxiazole. Four strains of L. monocytogenes were susceptible to ntibiotics used in this study except nitrofurantio. The serotype of 3 strains and one strain of L. monocytogenes were classified into Listeria O serotype 1 and 4, respectively.

  • PDF

Isolation and Characteristics of Listeria monocytogenes from Frozen Foods in Korea (국내에서 판매되는 냉동식품으로부터 Listeria monocytogenes의 분리 및 특성조사)

  • Chang, Yun-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.31 no.5
    • /
    • pp.1324-1329
    • /
    • 1999
  • This study was carried out to investigate the distribution and characteristics of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from frozen Mandoo and pizza in 1998. A total 72 samples were examined and USDA, FDA and modified cold enrichment methods were used for the detection of Listeria spp. Overall prevalence of L. monocytogenes in frozen foods was 9.7% and L. monocytogenes was isolated from 11.1% of frozen Mandoo and 5.6% of frozen pizza. The highest detection rate of Listeria spp. in frozen Mandoo was found at USDA method and the serotype of L. monocytogenes isolates was 4. Isolated L. monocytogenes was confirmed by PCR method with Hly 1 and 2 as primers. It would be necessary to develop more rapid and specific method to isolate and confirm L. monocytogenes from foods because USDA and PCR methods used in this study took 3-4 days. D value of L. monocytogenes isolate in tryptic soy broth was 49.2 sec at $60^{\circ}C$ and 8.8 sec $at\;65^{\circ}C$, and D value of L. monocytogenes in foods with high distribution rate of Listeria spp. would be necessary to evaluate for the safe use of frozen foods.

  • PDF

Current State for Temperature Management of Cold and Frozen Food Transportation Vehicles in Jeonbuk Province (전북권내 냉장·냉동식품 유통차량 온도관리 현황)

  • Park, Myoung-Su;Bahk, Gyung-Jin
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
    • /
    • v.32 no.2
    • /
    • pp.107-113
    • /
    • 2017
  • To understand of the present state for temperature management of cold and frozen food transportation vehicles, we surveyed and measured the temperatures of eight transportation vehicles (including 3 small & medium and 5 large businesses) in Jeonbuk province, Korea. In the transportation vehicles of small & medium businesses, the mean temperature of cold and frozen foods was $8.35{\pm}5.72^{\circ}C$ and $-3.45{\pm}16.88^{\circ}C$; in large businesses, $3.92{\pm}1.44^{\circ}C$ and $-15.38{\pm}2.98^{\circ}C$, respectively. In the difference of temperature by the locations within transportation vehicles, the difference in each cold and frozen was $2.40{\pm}1.45^{\circ}C$ and $2.37{\pm}2.52^{\circ}C$, as a mean. But there was not statistically significant difference in locations between cold and frozen (p > 0.05). In the difference of surface temperatures on various foods before and after door opening during the loading, the temperatures of cold and frozen foods increased by $0.55^{\circ}C$ and $1.18^{\circ}C$, as means, respectively. The temperature of foods over time and placement of cold and frozen foods in transportation vehicles were not consistently maintained at optimal values in distribution. Therefore, the development of time-temperature history (TTH) system technology at the distribution level for cold and frozen foods is required.

A Study on Consumer's Recognition of Frozen Processed Foods and Contamination Levels of Frozen Seafoods (냉동가공 식품에 대한 소비자 인식도 및 수산 냉동식품의 오염 상태 조사 연구)

  • Kang, Su-Jeong;Kim, Ok-Seon;Son, Shih-Hui;Yoo, Hae-Min;Lee, Jee-Won;Jung, Su-Young;Cho, Ah-Young;Yoon, Ki-Sun
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.18 no.6
    • /
    • pp.873-883
    • /
    • 2008
  • In this study, we assessed consumers' recognition of frozen foods via a survey study, and monitored the contamination levels of total aerobic bacteria and Escherichia coli in imported and domestic frozen seafoods obtained from five whole sale markets in Seoul. A questionnaire used to assess the perception of frozen food safety and the attitude towards frozen food usage was developed and distributed to 350 adults. A total of 324 questionnaires were subjected to frequency analysis and a chi-square test, using SPSS for Windows. The results of our survey study demonstrated that 44.6% of the respondent consumed frozen processed foods two to three times per month, with dumplings being the most frequently purchased. 70.5% of the respondents selected "convenient cooking" as the principal reason for their frozen food purchases. 58% of the respondents believed that frozen processed food is not safe to eat as the result of food additives and changes in quality during the shelf life period. Consumers most profoundly preferred frozen seafood originating from America, and preferred that from China least profoundly (81.2%). Microbiological analyses demonstrated that the aerobic plate counts of frozen seafood, regardless of origin, fulfill the standard requirements except for one frozen clam (6.6 Log CFU/g), which was a heated-frozen domestic product. In addition, E. coli was isolated from frozen cooked mussels, frozen raw clams and squids, thus indicating that more strict hygienic regulation for frozen seafoods will be necessary to protect the consumer in both domestic and foreign markets.

  • PDF

The Comparison and Distribution of Temperatures Established in Display Stands and Food Surfaces for Cold and Frozen Foods in large Discount Stores in Korea (대형할인매장에서의 냉장.냉동식품 판매대의 설정온도와 판매식품 표면온도 비교 및 온도분포 분석)

  • Choi, Moon-Sil;Choi, Jeong-Ae;Kim, Mee-Hye;Bahk, Gyung-Jin
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
    • /
    • v.26 no.4
    • /
    • pp.308-314
    • /
    • 2011
  • This study surveyed and compared the temperatures established in display stands and food surfaces for cold and frozen foods in large discount stores in Korea. The temperatures established in display stands for cold food ranged with $3.5{\pm}1.8^{\circ}C$ as mean, minimum and maximum were $0^{\circ}C$ and $7^{\circ}C$. However, the surface temperatures of cold food on sale ranged with $10.7{\pm}2.9^{\circ}C$ as a mean, minimum $4.6^{\circ}C$ and maximum $18.4^{\circ}C$. Totally, the surface temperature of cold food on sale was $7.2^{\circ}C$, as a mean, higher than established in display stands for cold food in large discount stores in Korea. 53% of the surveyed cold foods were more than $10^{\circ}C$ in surface temperature and only 47% was less than $10^{\circ}C$. The differences between temperatures were lowest in fruits, salads and vegetables, but highest in milk products. On the other hand, the temperatures established in display stands for frozen food showed a range with $-20.7{\pm}1^{\circ}C$ as a mean. However, the surface temperatures of frozen food on sale showed a range with $-15.4{\pm}5^{\circ}C$ as a mean, minimum $-28^{\circ}C$ and maximum $-4.6^{\circ}C$ (included defrosting). The surface temperatures of frozen food, frozen meats, frozen processed foods and ice creams were $-13.8^{\circ}C$, $-15.9^{\circ}C$, and $-16.8^{\circ}C$, respectively. Only 32.3% of surveyed frozen foods showed less than $-18^{\circ}C$ in surface temperature. In conclusion, the temperatures established on cold and frozen food display stands were less than those of cold and frozen food surfaces on sale. There was also much variation in food surface temperatures during cold and frozen food storage and sales. Therefore, a temperature management system technology use at the distribution level for cold and frozen foods will be developed.

Comparison of the Perception of Frozen Processed Food, Food Labeling and Nutrition Labeling between Employees and Non-employees in the Frozen Food Industry (냉동 가공 식품, 식품 표시 및 영양 표시에 대한 냉동 식품 산업 종사자와 비종사자의 인식 차이 조사 연구)

  • Lee, Min-Jin;Yoon, Ki-Sun
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.19 no.4
    • /
    • pp.533-543
    • /
    • 2009
  • The objective of this study was to compare the differences of opinion, purchasing behavior, and recognition of food labeling and nutrition labeling of frozen processed food between employees and non-employees in the frozen food industry. The results of this survey study showed that the group working in the frozen food industry had a positive opinion of frozen processed food compared to the non-employee group who was not working in the food industry. The main reason for the positive opinion of frozen processed food was because it was convenient and easy to prepare while the main concern with consuming frozen processed food was that it was bad for one's health. The most popular menu was western style. Sixty one percent of employees in the frozen food industry preferred the microwave-cooking method, while only 37.9% of non-employees preferred the microwave-cooking method followed by cooking in boiling water (27.6%). There was a significant (p<0.001) difference in the preference of cooking method between these two groups. Most of the respondents considered 'taste' as the most important factor and 32.9% of the respondents selected 'sanitation/health' as the most serious concern for the consumption of frozen processed food. Both groups checked the food & nutrition label to verify the expiration date and the presence of food additives. The non-employee group recognized the need for nutritional information on total calorie, carbohydrate, protein, fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, minerals, vitamins, sodium, and fiber on the nutrition label of frozen processed food.

  • PDF

A Factor Analysis on the Value System of Convenience Foods by Korean College Students (한국 대학생의 편의식품에 대한 가치 구조 평가에 대한 요인 분석)

  • 문수재;윤혜준;김정현;이양자
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.327-337
    • /
    • 1999
  • This study was conducted on a sampling of 700 mixed college students from seven different schools nationwide by written questionnaire to evaluate the value system of convenience foods among Korean college students. Korean students put value on the following categories of convenience foods in order; convenience, taste, price, appearance, appliance to daily life, variety, locality, nutritional value, originality, improvement required, cleanliness and tradition. Significant differences between the sexes occurred in categories as cleanliness and convenience, since females considered convenience foods as convenient but not so clean (safe to eat). This study also conducted factor analysis on 24 individual convenient foods. Noodles laid emphasis on nutritional value; where refrigerated foods, ready to eat (RE) side dishes, on-the-spot kimbab, and sandwiches focused on cleanliness. Noodles. cereal, and instant soup focused on price. Frozen pizza, noodles, retort, RE meat, ham, fish cakes were dependent on locality and traditionality. Noodles, instant food, and packed kimchi scored highly on convenience. Frozen fried rice, retort, instant porridge, instant rice, RE meat, cereal, instant soup, and RE side dishes on consumption on a regular basis. Cereal, refrigerated foods, and RE side dishes laid emphasis on taste. Noodles, instant rice, cereal, ham, and RE side dishes focused on variety. Retort, RE meat, ramen, cereal, ham, and on the spot sandwiches looked to originality, while canned foods was recognized as ‘needing improvement’.

  • PDF