• 제목, 요약, 키워드: frozen foods

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인천지역 초등학교 급식의 냉동가공식품 이용률 및 관리실태 (Assessments of utilization and Management Practices of Frozen Convenience Foods in Elementary School Foodservice Operations in Inchon)

  • 박경숙;최은희;류경
    • 대한영양사협회학술지
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.246-257
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    • 2004
  • To provide basic information for the proper usage of frozen convenience foods in elementary school foodservice operations, 51 dietitian employeed in school foodservices in Inchon were surveyed. Among the frozen convenience foods, dumpling-type foods(60.8%) and processed meats(40.4%)were used widely in school foodservice. Generally, the frequency of using frozen food items was fewer than 1 time per month. More than 15% of respondents were using pork cutlet, chicken, chickenball, dumpling stuffed with meat about 2-3 times per month. Sweet and sour pork(Tangsuyuk), kebap(Sanjuk), fish/shrimp cutlet, fried potato items were used only fewer than 1 time per month. Dietitian's age, carrier, employed status influenced the utilization rate. The grand mean of satisfaction score was 3.36 out of 5. The factors affecting satisfaction in using frozen foods were sanitation, taste, price, nutrition, food additives in order. The major reasons of utilizaing frozen convenience foods were 'improved labor productivity(4.47)' and 'meet customer preference(4.25)'. The limiting factors in using frozen foods were taste(35.3%), price(23.5%), nutrition(17.6%). The management practices of frozen convenience foods through food processing flow were assessed. Average performance rate was 64.7%. To enlarge the usage of frozen convenience foods in foodservice operations, dietitians should observe sanitary practices.

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조리냉동 및 냉장식품에 대한 도시주부의 이용실태 및 인식정도와 식품제조업체의 의식구조 조사에 관한 연구 (Consumer Demands for Prepared Frozen or Refrigerated Foods and Industry′s Response to Consumer Demands)

  • 곽동경;이경애;류은순
    • 한국식품조리과학회지
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.230-238
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    • 1993
  • The objectives of this study were to provide the basic data for the consumer education and for the new product development by surveying housewives'demands concerning prepared frozen or refrigerated foods and by surveying industry's practices and opinions concerning new product development. 804 housewives and 14 manufacturing companies of prepared frozen or refrigerated foods were surveyed. Data from housewives were analyzed by using SPSS-X progrm in terms of $x^2$-test, one-way ANOVA, t-test. The results of study are summarized as follows : 1. Frozen dumpling, frozen meat, surimi, ham and sausage were identifed as the most frequently used food items by housewives. The mean storage period for either prepared frozen or refrigerated foods was less than 15 days. 2. Housewives with higher educational background showed the greater concerns in packing and sanitary conditions, convenience in cooking procedures and brand name of the product than their counterparts. 3. Most housewives'purchasing motive for prepared frozen or refrigerated foods was the convenience of the cooking procedures(71.1%). Among the member of family, children(72.8%) specially liked prepared frozen or refrigerated foods. 4. Housewives'demands for prepared frozen or refrigerated foods were 'price reduction'and 'nutrition fortification'. These were in accordance with the companys'opimons. 5. Most wanting new product developments from the housewives perspectives were beverages (37.7%), stir-fried menu items(36.1%), pan-fried menu items(34.0%), stewed menu items(30.3%) and soups(20.4%). In case of stew and soups, the industry did not have a plan to develop those menu items.

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학교급식에서의 냉장.냉동 축.수산물 및 가공품 이용현황 및 관리실태 조사 (Assessment of Utilization and Storage Management Practice of Frozen and Refrigerated Foods in School Foodservice -Focus on Meats, Seafoods and Processed Foods-)

  • 정희선;윤지영;배현주
    • 대한영양사협회학술지
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.345-356
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate utilization and storage management practice of the frozen and refrigerated foods in school foodservice. 222 dietitians employed in school foodservice were surveyed. In school foodservice, the refrigerated stock farm products and seafoods (78.3%) were more used rather than frozen products (47.5%). According to school foodservice characteristics, the refrigerated meats including dairy products were more frequently used in elementary and middle schools than high school foodservice. On the other hand, the foodservice in high school used more frozen seafoods and processed foods than elementary school did. The data also showed a tendency for the contracted foodservice using more frozen meats and seafoods rather than refrigerated products when comparing with the self-operated foodservice. In terms of receiving conditions, storage methods and storage time, the result indicated that frozen or refrigerated products were often delivered at inappropriate temperature. Especially some products which were needed to be shipped and stored at refrigerated temperature such as mollusks, were delivered and kept at room temperature. The most frequently used thawing method were running water (56.9%), however, the frozen products were often sitted at room temperature for the purpose of thawing. According to the results, several inappropriate handling processes for frozen and refrigerated products were found in school foodservice. In order to improve handling process for frozen and refrigerated products, recognition of food handlers' weakness about storage and distribution, development of radical standards for receiving conditions, storage and thawing methods should be debated.

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Prevalence of Listerial spp. over Commerical Frozen and Refrigerated Foods at the Supermarket Level

  • Cha, In-Ho
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.157-162
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    • 1998
  • As a part of investigation for listeriosis, we attmepted iolationof Listeria spp. from commerical frozen and refrigerated foods at the supermarket level. Seven strains of Listeria spp. were isolate from 6 samples (7.15) among 84 samples of frozen foods, and ten strains of Listeria spp. were also isolated from 8 samples (7.6%)_ among 105 samples of refrigerated foods at the supermarkets in Pusan area. From a total of 189 commerical foods, the number of isolated Listeria spp. and ratio were 6 strains(3.25) of L. grayi, one strain (0.5%) of L. welshimeri, 6 strains (3.2%) of L. innocua and 4 strains (2.15) of L monocytogenes. Listeria spp. isolates except L. monocytogenes did not show $\beta$-hemolysis on blood agar and positive reaction in CAMP test with Staphyloccccus aureus. In the antibiotic susceptibility,most isolates of Listeria spp. were susceptible to 12 antibiotics such as ampicillin , cephalotin, penicillin, amikacin, gentamicin, erythromycin, kanamycin, vancomycin, tobramycin, carbenicillin , tetracycline and trimethoprim /sulfamethoxiazole. Four strains of L. monocytogenes were susceptible to ntibiotics used in this study except nitrofurantio. The serotype of 3 strains and one strain of L. monocytogenes were classified into Listeria O serotype 1 and 4, respectively.

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국내에서 판매되는 냉동식품으로부터 Listeria monocytogenes의 분리 및 특성조사 (Isolation and Characteristics of Listeria monocytogenes from Frozen Foods in Korea)

  • 장윤희
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.1324-1329
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    • 1999
  • 국내 유통중인 냉동만두와 피자 중 L. monocytogenes의 분포와 분리균의 특성을 조사하기 위하여 1998년 8월부터 11월에 걸쳐 시료 72개를 구입하여 실험하였다. 전체 냉동식품 중 9.7%(7개)에서 L. monocytogenes가 분리되었으며 냉동만두 중 11.1%,피자 중 5.6%가 오염되어 있었다. USDA와 FDA방법. 그리고 modified cold enrichment 방법 중 USDA방법이 가장 L. monocytogenes의 분리율이 높았으며 분리된 L. monocytogenes 혈청형은 4였다. PCR실험결과 CAMP test와 API Listeria kit를 사용하여 분리된 균주가 L. monocytogenes임이 확인되었다. USDA방법과 PCR을 이용하여 L. monocytogenes를 분리하고 확인하는데 3-4일 정도의 시간이 소요되어 시간을 단축시킬 수 있는 분리 및 확인방법의 개발이 필요하리라 사료된다. 분리된 L. monocytogenes의 내열성을 조사한 결과 tryptic soy broth에서 D값이 $60^{\circ}C$에서 49.2초, $65^{\circ}C$에서 8.8초였으며 냉동식품의 안전한 사용을 위하여 L. monocytogenes의 분리율이 높은 식품에서 D값의 측정이 필요하다고 사료된다.

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전북권내 냉장·냉동식품 유통차량 온도관리 현황 (Current State for Temperature Management of Cold and Frozen Food Transportation Vehicles in Jeonbuk Province)

  • 박명수;박경진
    • 한국식품위생안전성학회지
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.107-113
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    • 2017
  • 본 연구는 전북권내 냉장 냉동식품 유통차량을 대상으로 온도관리에 대한 현황을 파악하고자 중소기업 2곳과 대기업 5곳의 운송차량 총 8대를 대상으로 온도현황을 조사하였다. 냉장 냉동식품 유통차량의 실제공간상의 온도분포 조사결과, 참여 중소기업의 냉장차량과 냉동차량 평균 온도는 각각 $8.35{\pm}5.72^{\circ}C$, $-3.45{\pm}16.88^{\circ}C$이었고, 대기업의 냉장차량과 냉동차량 평균온도는 각각 $3.92{\pm}1.44^{\circ}C$, $-15.38{\pm}2.98^{\circ}C$로 중소기업 보다는 낮은 온도로 운영되는 것으로 나타났다. 냉장식품 적재함의 공간위치별 온도 차이는 평균적으로 $2.40^{\circ}C{\pm}1.45^{\circ}C$, 냉동식품 적재함은 $2.37^{\circ}C{\pm}2.52^{\circ}C$의 차이가 나타났지만 공간위치별 냉장, 냉동온도 모두 통계적으로 유의하지 않았다(p > 0.05). 냉장 냉동식품 하역에 따른 유통차량 문 개 폐 전 후의 식품 표면온도는 냉장식품의 경우 열린 직후 평균 $2.17{\pm}1.90^{\circ}C$에서 닫힌 직후 $2.72{\pm}2.36^{\circ}C$로 약 $0.55^{\circ}C$ 상승하였으며, 냉동 식품은 열린 직후 $-18.58{\pm}3.66^{\circ}C$에서 닫힌 직후 $-17.76{\pm}4.15^{\circ}C$로 약 $1.18^{\circ}C$의 온도 상승이 나타났다. 본 연구결과 냉장 냉동식품 유통차량의 공간위치별, 이동 시간별, 그리고 유통차량 문의 개 폐에 따라 다양한 온도변화가 나타날 수 있음이 확인되었다. 따라서 유통 및 이동과정 중 온도변화를 실시간으로 확인할 수 있는 온도이력(Time-Temperature History) 추적시스템 도입에 대한 현장 적용 연구가 수행되어야 할 것으로 생각된다.

냉동가공 식품에 대한 소비자 인식도 및 수산 냉동식품의 오염 상태 조사 연구 (A Study on Consumer's Recognition of Frozen Processed Foods and Contamination Levels of Frozen Seafoods)

  • 강수정;김옥선;손시혜;유혜민;이지원;정수영;조아영;윤기선
    • 동아시아식생활학회지
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.873-883
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    • 2008
  • In this study, we assessed consumers' recognition of frozen foods via a survey study, and monitored the contamination levels of total aerobic bacteria and Escherichia coli in imported and domestic frozen seafoods obtained from five whole sale markets in Seoul. A questionnaire used to assess the perception of frozen food safety and the attitude towards frozen food usage was developed and distributed to 350 adults. A total of 324 questionnaires were subjected to frequency analysis and a chi-square test, using SPSS for Windows. The results of our survey study demonstrated that 44.6% of the respondent consumed frozen processed foods two to three times per month, with dumplings being the most frequently purchased. 70.5% of the respondents selected "convenient cooking" as the principal reason for their frozen food purchases. 58% of the respondents believed that frozen processed food is not safe to eat as the result of food additives and changes in quality during the shelf life period. Consumers most profoundly preferred frozen seafood originating from America, and preferred that from China least profoundly (81.2%). Microbiological analyses demonstrated that the aerobic plate counts of frozen seafood, regardless of origin, fulfill the standard requirements except for one frozen clam (6.6 Log CFU/g), which was a heated-frozen domestic product. In addition, E. coli was isolated from frozen cooked mussels, frozen raw clams and squids, thus indicating that more strict hygienic regulation for frozen seafoods will be necessary to protect the consumer in both domestic and foreign markets.

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대형할인매장에서의 냉장.냉동식품 판매대의 설정온도와 판매식품 표면온도 비교 및 온도분포 분석 (The Comparison and Distribution of Temperatures Established in Display Stands and Food Surfaces for Cold and Frozen Foods in large Discount Stores in Korea)

  • 최문실;최정애;김미혜;박경진
    • 한국식품위생안전성학회지
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.308-314
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    • 2011
  • 대형할인매장에서의 냉장 냉동판매대의 설정온도와 판매중인 냉장 냉동 가공식품류들의 표면온도를 측정하여 비교 분석한 결과 냉장판매대 설정온도 평균은 $3.5{\pm}1.8^{\circ}C$로, 최소 $0^{\circ}C$에서 최대 $7^{\circ}C$까지 분포하며, 냉장식품의 평균 표면온도는 $10.7{\pm}2.9^{\circ}C$로, 최소 $4.6^{\circ}C$와 최대 $18.4^{\circ}C$까지 분포하는 것으로 나타났다. 전체적으로 냉장식품의 표면온도가 설정온도보다 평균적으로 $7.2^{\circ}C$ 높으며, 총 냉장식품의 53%는 표면온도가 $10^{\circ}C$이상으로 나타났으며, 47%만이 $10^{\circ}C$이하로 나타났다. 특히, 야채 및 과일류 등은 온도 차이가 낮았으나 냉장음료류는 온도 차이가 가장 높은 식품군으로 나타났다. 냉동판매대의 경우 설정온도 평균은 $-20.7{\pm}1^{\circ}C$이며, 냉동식품 평균 표면온도는 $-15.4{\pm}5^{\circ}C$로, 최소 $-28^{\circ}C$에서 최대 $-4.6^{\circ}C$(제상중 제품 포함)까지 분포하는 것으로 나타났다. 냉동육류($-13.8^{\circ}C$), 냉동가공식품($-15.9^{\circ}C$), 아이스크림류($-16.8^{\circ}C$) 순으로 낮은 표면 온도를 가지고 있었으며, 실제 냉동식품의 32.3%만이 $-18^{\circ}C$이하의 온도를 나타내는 것으로 조사되었다. 결론적으로 냉장 냉동식품 모두 식품자체의 표면온도가 냉장 냉동 판매대에서 설정된 온도보다 높았으며, 냉장 냉동보관 식품별 온도편차가 다양한 것으로 나타나 유통매장에서 냉장 냉동식품 온도관리에 대한 새로운 관리체계가 마련되어야 할 것이다.

냉동 가공 식품, 식품 표시 및 영양 표시에 대한 냉동 식품 산업 종사자와 비종사자의 인식 차이 조사 연구 (Comparison of the Perception of Frozen Processed Food, Food Labeling and Nutrition Labeling between Employees and Non-employees in the Frozen Food Industry)

  • 이민진;윤기선
    • 동아시아식생활학회지
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.533-543
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    • 2009
  • The objective of this study was to compare the differences of opinion, purchasing behavior, and recognition of food labeling and nutrition labeling of frozen processed food between employees and non-employees in the frozen food industry. The results of this survey study showed that the group working in the frozen food industry had a positive opinion of frozen processed food compared to the non-employee group who was not working in the food industry. The main reason for the positive opinion of frozen processed food was because it was convenient and easy to prepare while the main concern with consuming frozen processed food was that it was bad for one's health. The most popular menu was western style. Sixty one percent of employees in the frozen food industry preferred the microwave-cooking method, while only 37.9% of non-employees preferred the microwave-cooking method followed by cooking in boiling water (27.6%). There was a significant (p<0.001) difference in the preference of cooking method between these two groups. Most of the respondents considered 'taste' as the most important factor and 32.9% of the respondents selected 'sanitation/health' as the most serious concern for the consumption of frozen processed food. Both groups checked the food & nutrition label to verify the expiration date and the presence of food additives. The non-employee group recognized the need for nutritional information on total calorie, carbohydrate, protein, fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, minerals, vitamins, sodium, and fiber on the nutrition label of frozen processed food.

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한국 대학생의 편의식품에 대한 가치 구조 평가에 대한 요인 분석 (A Factor Analysis on the Value System of Convenience Foods by Korean College Students)

  • 문수재;윤혜준;김정현;이양자
    • 한국식품조리과학회지
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.327-337
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    • 1999
  • This study was conducted on a sampling of 700 mixed college students from seven different schools nationwide by written questionnaire to evaluate the value system of convenience foods among Korean college students. Korean students put value on the following categories of convenience foods in order; convenience, taste, price, appearance, appliance to daily life, variety, locality, nutritional value, originality, improvement required, cleanliness and tradition. Significant differences between the sexes occurred in categories as cleanliness and convenience, since females considered convenience foods as convenient but not so clean (safe to eat). This study also conducted factor analysis on 24 individual convenient foods. Noodles laid emphasis on nutritional value; where refrigerated foods, ready to eat (RE) side dishes, on-the-spot kimbab, and sandwiches focused on cleanliness. Noodles. cereal, and instant soup focused on price. Frozen pizza, noodles, retort, RE meat, ham, fish cakes were dependent on locality and traditionality. Noodles, instant food, and packed kimchi scored highly on convenience. Frozen fried rice, retort, instant porridge, instant rice, RE meat, cereal, instant soup, and RE side dishes on consumption on a regular basis. Cereal, refrigerated foods, and RE side dishes laid emphasis on taste. Noodles, instant rice, cereal, ham, and RE side dishes focused on variety. Retort, RE meat, ramen, cereal, ham, and on the spot sandwiches looked to originality, while canned foods was recognized as ‘needing improvement’.

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