• 제목, 요약, 키워드: frozen foods

검색결과 140건 처리시간 0.038초

모형식품의 해동방법에 따른 물성변화 (Changes of physical properties in model foods on thawing method)

  • 이재학;박영덕;강현아;장규섭
    • 농업과학연구
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.133-141
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    • 1994
  • 냉동식품을 해동하는데 적절한 해동시간과 최적해동방법을 규명하고자 감자전분, 옥수수전분 및 대두단백질을 일정비율로 혼합한 모형식품을 시료로하여 실온, 열풍 및 초단파 가열방법으로 해동하였을 때의 조직과 색의 변화 및 Drip올 측정 하였다. 동결된 모형식품의 Hardnesss는 수분함량이 적을수록 증가 하였고 단백질이 전분보다 더 낮았다. 일정성분비의 (P4S2) 해동율은 각각 실온해동 ; 0.02 kg/min, $50^{\circ}C$ 열풍해동 ; 0.08 kg/min, 초단파해동 ; 0.01kg/min)였다. 염, 당농도에 따른 조직특성은 그 첨가량에 비례하여 감소하였으며 각각 실온에서 해동완료시간이 대조구는 60분, 5% sucrose는 50분, 10% sucrose는 30분, 5% Nacl은 40분, 10% Nacl은 30분으로 나타났다. Drip발생량은 단백질 식풍은 해동초기에 수분을 흡수하는 경향을 보였으며, 전분질 식품은 수분과 전분이 많을수록 각 해동방법에서 많은 양의 유출을 보였다. 대조구의 Drip유출량은 자연해동이 22.5%, 초단파 해동이 1.3%였으나 $50^{\circ}C$ 열풍해동은 거의 없었으며, 색특성은 자연해동시 L, a, b 값의 변화가 적었고, 급속해동시에는 초단파해동이 가장 적절한 것으로 나타났다.

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가정용 냉장고의 제상 주기와 온도 변화가 저장 식품의 품질에 미치는 영향 (Influence of Thermal Oscillation on Quality of Frozen Foods Stored in Domestic Refrigerator)

  • 강길진;어중혁;김묘정;조광연;최영훈;정동선;국승욱;박관화
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.624-631
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    • 1996
  • 가정용 냉장고의 제상 횟수와 제상에 따른 온도 상승이 냉동식품의 품질에 미치는 영향을 조사하기 위하여, 육류, 생선, 과일 및 아이스크림을 냉동실에 저장하면서 품질변화를 측정하였다. 냉동실의 제상 주기가 16시간 정도이고, 제상시 온도는 $-5^{\circ}C$로 상승하는 기존의 일반 냉장고와, 제상주기가 30시간 정도이고 제상시 온도는 $-15^{\circ}C$로 조절되어 제조된 냉동실에서의 품질변화를 비교하였다. 냉동저장 중에 일어난 육류와 생선의 단백질 변성 정도와 육즙의 생성율 및 육류의 색깔 변화 정도는, 제상 주기가 짧고 온도 상승폭이 보다 큰 기존의 냉동실에서 변화가 훨씬 심한 것으로 나타났다. 냉동저장 중 얼음의 재결정화로 인한 조직의 파괴 정도와 얼음 결정의 크기를 광학현미경과 전자현미경으로 각각 관찰한 결과, 온도 변동이 심할 경우 육류의 조직이 더욱 많이 파괴되었고, 아이스크림에서는 얼음 결정이 훨씬 커진 것을 알 수 있었다. 시간-온도 지시계에 의한 냉동실의 저장 효과를 비교한 결과 위에 서 측정한 품질변화 속도와 잘 일치하였다. 따라서 냉동실의 제상 주기를 길게 하고 제상시 온도 상승폭을 줄인다면 가정용 냉장고에서 유발되는 냉동식품의 2차적인 품질 저하를 크게 감소시킬 수 있음을 알았다.

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일부냉동식품에서의 Lipoxygenase와 이취발생관계 (Lipoxygenase and Off-flavor Development in Some Frozen Foods)

  • 이영춘
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.53-56
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    • 1981
  • 냉동 단옥수수에서 발생하는 이취와 lipoxygenase 역가간의 관계를 규명하기 위하려 여러 가지 시험이 수행되었다. 수확직후 단옥수수의 lipoxygenase 역가는 전체의 약 60%가 배아부분에 있는 것으로 나타났다. 자숙하지 않은 채 단옥수수를 냉동 저장했을 때 저장중에 이취가 발생되었으며, 이취가 발생된 단옥수수의 flavor profilerk가장 중요한 변화는 대조구에 비하여 $4{\sim}5$배 높게 나타난 hexanal peak였다. 살균 처리한 단옥수수에 lipoxygenase를 단독 또는 다른 효소와 혼합하여 첨가한 처리구에서 높은 hexanal peak가 관찰되었는데, 이런점으로 미루어보아 이취가 발생된 단옥수수의 높은 hexanal peak는 리놀레산(그리고 기타 불포화 지방산)이 lipoxygenase의 촉매작용으로 산화된데 기인하는 것으로 여겨진다. Lipoxygenase의 역가와 리놀레산 함량분포를 근거로 관찰해 보면 이런 산화작용이 대부분 배아부분에서 일어난다고 할 수 있겠다. 냉동 저장한 대공에 붙은 단옥수수(corn-on-the-cob)의 관능시험결과와 배아부분의 hexanal peak간에는 유의성이 있는 상관관계가 있었으며, 이런 결과는 냉동 단옥수수의 이취발생여부를 객관적으로 측정하는 방법으로 hexanal peak를 사용할 수 있음을 말해준다.

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냉동 및 레토르트식품에서 상업적 변성전분의 적용에 관한 연구 (The Study for Application of Commercial Modified Starch to Frozen and Retort Foods)

  • 장재권
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.881-889
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    • 1998
  • For the application of the commercially modified starch in frozen and retort foods, apparent viscosity and water loss were measured at each stages of heating, sterilization and freezing-thawing stages. Apparent viscosity showed the exponential increase with concentration and the slopes of apparent viscosity against concentration in the Firm-Tex(hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate), Hi-Flo(acetylated distarch adipate) and Colflo 67(acetylated distarch adipate) from waxy maize starch were higher than those of Amyloacetate M20(starch acetate) and X-amylo 250(distarch phosphare) from potato starch. In the presence of 1 or 2% NaCl, X-amylo 250 among modified starches showed the increase in water loss and the decrease in apparent viscosity, whereas Colflo 67, Hi-Flo and Firm-Tex were little affected by NaCl. In the presence of 1 or 2% sucrose, water loss and apparent viscosity of the modified starches were not affected. In the range of pH 4~8, water loss and apparent viscosity of the modified starches had no change but the differences were detected to some extent between each of heating, sterilization and freezing-thawing stages. In the apparent viscosity and water loss of the modified starches after 3 week storage from heating and sterilization, Hi-Flo, Amyloacetate M20 and X-amylo 250 were not changed at the storage period, and the overall acceptability of retort food containing the modified starches such as Firm-Tex and Amyloacetate M20 were favored more than others. In the apparent viscosity and water loss of the modified starches which have been frozen and thawed three times repeatedly, Colflo 67, Hi-Flo and Firm-Tex were not changed in freezingthawing, and the overall acceptability of frozen food containing Firm-Tex was most favored.

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반조리 냉동 육류제품의 저장 및 재가열 방법에 따른 지방 산화율 측정 (Measurement of Lipid Oxidation Rates in Semi-prepared Frozen Muscle Foods During Various Storage and Reheating Conditions)

  • 송은승;강명화
    • 한국식품조리과학회지
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.88-93
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    • 1993
  • Semi-prepared frozen muscle foods purchased from local industry were tested for lipid oxidation. The effects of various storage conditions, cooking methods, defrosting methods and reheating methods on rancidity were examined using TBA assay and sensory evaluation. TBARS values were increased faster in cooked samples than in uncooked ones during storage periods. During refrigeration of cooked samples, TBARS values were increased significantly for 15 days (p<0.001). In defrosting experiments, refrigerated defrosting was proven to be better compared with room temperature or microwave defrosting (p<0.05). For overall explanation, stepwise regression analysis was done and the results are in this order: storage conditions, cooking methods, moisture content, and lipid content. Using these 4 variables, TBARS values could be explained by 40~53%.

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한국형 냉장편의식 개발을 위한 주부들의 인식 조사 (The Survey of Housewives' Perception for the Development of Refrigerated Convenience Foods for Koreans)

  • 곽동경;이경은;박혜원;류경;최은정;홍완수;장혜자;김성희
    • 한국식생활문화학회지
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.391-400
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    • 1997
  • To provide basic information for the development of refrigerated convenience foods for Koreans, 492 house-wives residing in Seoul and Kyunggi Province were surveyed concerning satisfaction of buying precooked convenience foods, frequency of using them, preferred Korean dishes, and willingness to buy the convenience foods if they are developed. Statistical data analysis was completed using SAS package program. The satisfaction mean score of the marketed precooked convenience foods was 2.73 out of 5 and the housewives were least satisfied with feed additives and sanitation factors. The factors affecting satisfaction in purchasing were sanitation, taste, variety of type, nutrition, price, and food additives for side-dishes sold refrigerated or at room temperature, and taste, sanitation, variety of type, price, nutrition, and food additives for frozen prepared foods in order respectively. The frequency of using the precooked convenience foods was generally low but that of using the pickled dishes, Jokbal Soondae, and frozen prepared foods was relatively high. The answer of 'the thought that meals should be prepared in households' was the primary reason for avoiding using the precooked convenience foods and 'no time to cook' was the most frequent answer among the reasons for using them. Currently, the precooked convenience foods were used for snacks mainly, but the usages to be expected to increase were for lunchbox, main dishes, snacks, side dishes, special occasions foods, and leisure foods in order. Based on preference and buying priority, the dishes needed to be developed as refrigerated convenience foods among Korean dishes were identified. The result showed that 'preference' was not consistent with buying priority and the housewives perceived the factor of 'convenience' more importantly than 'preference' in purchasing the convenience foods.

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노인을 위한 가정배달급식의 포장방법 및 저장조건에 따른 물성ㆍ관능적 품질 변화 3 (Changes of Physical and Sensory Quality in Home-delivered meals for elderly as affected by Packaging methods and Storage conditions 3)

  • 김혜영;류시현
    • 한국식품조리과학회지
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.374-389
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    • 2003
  • The Purpose of this study was to propose the most effective packaging method and storage conditions to apply to home-delivered meals for the elderly Changes in the physical and sensory qualities of pan fried oak mushroom and meat, soy sauce glazed hair tail and roasted dodok, in wrap packaging, top sealing and vacuum packaging were evaluated during storage at 25, 4 and -18$^{\circ}C$, for 5 days. The speed of falling-off in the foods qualities, under chilled and frozen storage conditions did not differ much as the 5 day storage period was too short for a proper assessment. The sensory characteristics of taste and texture were better evaluated in the chilled than in the frozen storage. The most effective packaging method at all the storage temperatures was the vacuum packaging, which assured the safety of the foods by the removal of oxygen. The lightness, springiness and hardness were significantly influenced by the storage temperature, period and packaging method, while the sensory characters were affected by storage temperature and the period. In conclusion, the quality of the vacuum packed pan fried oak mushroom and meat and soy sauce glazed hair tail, in frozen storage, were still fresh after the five days of the experiment. The shelf-life of those foods with wrap packaging, in chilled storage, were suggested to be three days. The quality of the roasted dodok, with vacuum packaging in chilled storage, was preserved for five days.

국내 시판 주요 냉동수산식품의 영양 특성 (Nutritional Characteristics of the Major Commercial Frozen Seafood Products in Korea)

  • 김연계;남기호;박선영;김도엽;강상인;한상국;김진수
    • 한국수산과학회지
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    • v.52 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2019
  • We investigated the nutritional components of the major commercial frozen seafood products (MCFSP) [sliced frozen-skipjack tuna (ST), -bigeye tuna (BET), -bluefin tuna (BFT), -yellowfin tuna (YT), fish steaks (FST), fish pancakes (FP), fish cutlets (FC), seafood cake balls (SCB), fried shrimp (FS), shrimp patties (SP), shrimp cutlets (SC)] in Korea. All species of sliced frozen tuna and FST were classified as low-calorie foods; the other frozen seafood products were classified as medium-calorie foods. The MCFSP were significant sources of nutritional and functional minerals: the SCB and SC provided calcium; the FST, FC, and SCB provided phosphorus; the BET, YT, and FST provided potassium; the FST, FC, and BFT provided magnesium; the FST, FP and SC provided iron; the SCB, FS, SP, and SC provided zinc; the YT and SCB provided copper; and the FC provided manganese. The total amino acid contents of the MCFSP were in the range of 6.85-26.34 g/100 g. Glutamic acid was the major amino acid in the SCB, FS, SP, and SC. Fatty acid contents were in the range of 386-2,925 mg/100 g; the major fatty acids in the ST, BFT and YT were 16:0, 18:1n-9, 22:6n-3. The MCFSP were not a significant source of vitamin A or riboflavin.

국내 시판용 Frozen Yogurt의 병원성 미생물 검출 및 미생물학적 품질 평가에 관한 연구 (Detection of E. coli O157:H7 and Listeria monocytogenes, and Appraisal for Microbiological Qualities in the Commercial Frozen Yogurt Products in Korea)

  • 윤성식
    • 한국축산식품학회지
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.63-74
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    • 1998
  • Recently the high outbreaks of intestinal disease caused by the consumption of frozen dairy foods containing pathogenic bacteria has generated considerable interest in the causative agent such as Listeria monocytogenes and E. coli O157:H7. This study was carried out to detect the above pathogens and compare the microbiological qualities of three commercial forzen yogurt products. The main results obtained were as follows. L. monocytogenes coliforms and E. coli O157:H7 were not detected in the total of seven frozen yogurt samples. For microbiological qualities the viable lactic counts of products manufactured by FA company were about 2.9$\times$108 -1.6$\times$109cfu/ml 1.7$\times$106 cfu/ml for FB's and 1.2$\times$106 cfu/ml for FC's The PH values of FA's FB's and FC's products was in the range of pH 4.1~5.3 and the values of FA's were 4.1~4.6 compared by the pH 5.2~5.3 of FB's and FC's products. During refrigeration of the test samples the survival rates of L. monocytogenes spiked into thawed frozen yogurt sample(FA's FB,s and FC's) were 0.55% 15.61% and 16.89% respectively. On the other hand E. coli O157:H7 and L. monocytogenes were 12.4% and 25.0% for FA's 10.8% and 20.8% for FB's and 10.26% and 22.7% for FC's under 37$^{\circ}C$ storage, As the results described above each frozen yogurt products were different in microbiological qualities. The survival rates of pathogens spiked into the samples increased with the pH of the products. This indicates that the pH or any other factors pre-sumable supressed the growth of E. coli O157:H7 and L. monocytogenes in frozen yogurt products.

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대구.경북지역 대학생의 식품 표시에 대한 인식 및 가공식품 소비 실태 (Perception and Consumption Status of Food Labeling of Processed Foods among College Students in Daegu.Gyeongbuk Area)

  • 박어진
    • 동아시아식생활학회지
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.671-680
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to examine the consumption realities of processed food and the perception of food labeling with targets of university students attending schools in Daegu and Gyeongbuk areas. The reason for buying processed food was because it is easy to cook. As for the number of using processed food, it was answered that everyday dairy products, noodles, breads and snacks for 3~4 times a month, and meat processed foods, canned foods, sauces and frozen foods for 2~3 times a month. With regard to selecting processed products, both male and female students answered with taste and price first, barely considering the safety and nutritional elements. It turned out that they check the price, expiration date and country of origin in order upon buying processed foods. Most of them recognized food labeling, but answered that they checked it sometimes in order to check the 'expiration date' and the 'calories'. They were aware of the food nutritional contents indication. It was turned out that male students check it for nutrients and female students for weight control. The effect of the processed food indication was that it is easy to choose the necessary foods for health and as well as for comparing the food with other products. The satisfaction of the food labeling system was mediocre. The results indicated that the food indication system needs to be educated or promoted.