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Effects of Phytic Acid Content, Storage Time and Temperature on Lipid Peroxidation in Muscle Foods (근육식품에서 지방산화에 대한 피틴산, 저장기간 및 온도의 영향)

  • 이범준;김영철;조명행
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.27-33
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    • 1999
  • Phytic acid, making up 1~5% of the composition of many plant seeds and cereals, is known to form iron-chelates and inhibit lipid peroxidation. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), as an indication of lipid peroxidation, were measured in beef round, chicken breast, pork loin, and halibut muscle after the meats were stored for 0, 1, 3, 5, and 7 days at various temperatures [frozen (~2$0^{\circ}C$), refrigerator (4$^{\circ}C$), and room temperature ($25^{\circ}C$)]. Phytic acid effectively inhibited lipid peroxidation in beef round, chicken breast, halibut, and pork loin muscle (p<0.05). The inhibitory effect of phytic acid was dependent on concentration, storage time, and temperature. At frozen temperature, the inhibitory effect of phytic acid was minimal, whereas at room temperature, the inhibitory effect of phytic acid was maximal, probably due to the variation of the control TBARS values. At the concentration of 10 mM, phytic acid completely inhibited lipid peroxidation in all the muscle foods by maintaining TBARS values close to the level of the controls, regardless of storage time or temperature (p<0.05). The rate of lipid peroxidation was the highest in beef round muscle, although they had a close TBARS value at 0 day. Addition of phytic acid to lipid-containing foods such as meats, fish meal pastes, and canned seafoods may prevent lipid peroxidation, resulting in improvement of the sensory quality of many foods and prolonged shelf-life.

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Food Utilization Status and Perceived Performance of food Management of School Food Service in the Kyunggi Area (경기지역의 학교 급식 식재료 사용 현황 및 관리 직무 수행도에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Mee-Hye;Kang, Kun-Og
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.592-600
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    • 2008
  • The perceived performance of food management and the food utilization status of school food service managers in nine sectors of management in the Kyunggido area were evaluated[ED highlight - please ensure this is correct]. The results of this study revealed that 84.5% of the service managers used domestic food and $20{\sim}40%$ used organic food, with an average of 80% using one of these types of foods. In addition, the average use of pre-handling food varied widely when compared to other food items[ED highlight - very confusing, please ensure my changes do not alter your intended meaning] Additionally, most respondents used frozen food (72.0%), processed food (83.9%), and substitute food (53.4%), for the average of 20%,[ED highlight - I cannot infer your intended meaning here, what is an average of 20%? Please clarify]; however, 40.6% did not use any food substitutes. The most common reason given for using pre-handled[ED highlight - do you mean pre-packaged or pre-prepared? Please clarify] food was to save time (32.2%), whereas frozen foods were most often used to help with menu organization (37.5%). Additionally, the respondents most common reason for using processed food was its high acceptability (47.8%), while substitute foods were most often used due to non suitable foods beingreturned (75.3%). Among the varieties of food that were used, those that are easily obtained and cooked were used the most. Furthermore, the mean score for the perceived performance of food sanitary management was $4.51{\pm}0.425$ (based on the 5-point Likert scale). Finally, it was generally believed that the overall food management well executed, but that more active management of unsatisfactory food suppliers is required[ED highlight - please ensure my changes do not alter your intended meaning].

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A Study on Utilization of Processed Foods and Recognition of Food Labels among University Students (대학생들의 가공식품 구매실태와 식품표시 인지 정도)

  • Lee, Jeong-Sill;Oh, Hyun-Kun;Choi, Kyung-Soon
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.24-33
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    • 2015
  • This study examined the utilization of processed food and the recognition of food labels among 257 university students (201 females and 56 males) in Seoul and Kangwon-do. The results of the study showed that the most important considered information on food labels are shelf life, nutrition facts, and price in sequential order. Female students' recognition of nutrition facts was significantly higher than that of male students (p<0.05). Female students more attentively checked the manufacturer, origin of the products, and shelf life information on food labels than did the male students. In checking out the food labels information, the most checked items on food labels were calories, trans fatty acid and cholesterol in that order and the least checked information was the sodium contents. Among processed foods, male students' consumption was dominant in instant noodles, frozen dumplings, and canned goods, while female students had more candies/chocolates. In selecting processed foods, male students showed strong preference for cheaper and quantitative products, while female students chose more tasty, brand new, well-known brand, and products of domestic origin. Frequency of canned and frozen food consumption showed a positive correlation with BMI, while candies/chocolates showed a negative correlations with BMI. Negative correlations were found in the attitude of selecting food with longer shelf life and BMI. The results of this study suggest that university students need to be well informed to make wise food choices that contribute to a healthy diet. Additionally, food manufacturers and government authorities concerned should make certain that consumers know how to use food label information more easily and effectively through proper education.

Monitoring the Rate of Frozen Denaturation of Bovine Myosin by Competitive Indirect ELISA Method (Competitive Indirect ELISA를 이용한 Bovine Myosin의 동결 변성도 측정)

  • Kim, Seong-Bae;Lee, Ju-Woon;Park, Jong-Heum;Do, Hyung-Ki;Hyun, Chang-Kee;Shin, Heuyn-Kil
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.862-870
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    • 1998
  • This study shows the application of Ci-ELISA method for monitoring the denaturation of myosin by the frozen treatment in order to differentiate thawed beef from chilled. Hanwoo M.Semitendinosus (n=25) was treated under the two different frozen process as follows; simple frozen treatment (Exp-1) at 4 different temperatures, -10, -20, -50 and $-80^{\circ}C$, respectively, and repeated thawing-refreezing treatment (Exp-2) stored at 4 different temperatures, -10, -20, -50 and $-80^{\circ}C$, respectively. Antibodies (Abs) were produced from rabbits immunized with myosin whole molecule (MWM) isolated from beef round, heavy meromyosin S-1 (S-1) and light meromyosin (LMM) prepared by digestion of MWM. Each immunoglobulin G (IgG) was separated from antiserum. At 6 month storage, IA of anti-MWM IgG for myosin was decreased to 32.67, 32. 23, 51.52 and 34.27% in Exp-1 and to 14.82, 15.61, 25.3 and 23.7% in Exp-2 at -10, -20, -50 and $-80^{\circ}C$, respectively (P<0.05). In Exp-1, the reactivities of anti-LMM IgG were decreased to 25.12, 21.42, 49.05 and 28.96%, and those of Exp-2 were to 11.88, 9.56, 20.63 and 12.64% at -10, -20, -50 and $-80^{\circ}C$, respectively, at 6 times thawing (P<0.05). Conclusively, myosin was denaturated by freezing treatment and LMM or myosin rod part might have suffered from more extreme demage than HMM S-1, and samples at $-50^{\circ}C$ were slightly injured less than others by freezing treatment.

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Effect of Freeze Storage Temperature on the Storage Stability of Frozen Mandu (동결저장온도가 냉동만두의 저장성에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Jin-Woong;Jo, Jin-Ho;Kim, Young-Dong;Kwon, Dong-Jin;Kim, Young-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.527-531
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    • 1991
  • Frozen mandu, which is one of the main frozen prepared foods, purchased from a local manufacturer, were stored at five constant temperatures ($0,\;-5,\;-10,\;-20\;and\;-30^{\circ}C$) for six months. Effects of the storage temperature and the storage period on the changes in pH, acid value, peroxide value, volatile basic nitrogen, color, sensory score and microbial counts of frozen mandu were studied. The changes in microbiological and physicochemical characteristics were significantly increased in comparison with the initial value after 1 month at $0^{\circ}C$, after 3 months at $-5^{\circ}C$ and after 5 months at $-10^{\circ}C$, but nearly constant in spite of storage periods when the temperature dropped below $-10^{\circ}C$Out of five chemical components, AV and POV were the most reliable components in the quality judgement of frozen mandu and its upper limiting content were 2.56 and 19.35 meq/kg each. Regression equation for shelf life prediction of frozen mandu with sensory scores and POV was determined.

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Improvement of Microwave Heating Properties of Frozen Starch by Spray of Surface Materials (Maltodextrin류의 표면도포에 의한 냉동전분의 Microwave 가열특성 개선)

  • Kim, Eun-Mi;Han, Hye-Kyung;Kim, In-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.34 no.7
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    • pp.1035-1040
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to investigate the surface spraying effect of materials on the rheological properties of frozen starch with microwave heating. Microwave helps reduce cooking time by high temperature, but swiftly snatches moisture from foods such as frozen starches (buns and noodles etc) and makes surface of foods harder. Four types of maltodextrin materials have been prepared for different concentration solutions and sprayed on surface doughs of sheet type. Sprayed dough samples were Quickly frozen at $-70^{\circ}C$ and wrapped with polypropylene film. All the treated samples were kept at 0, -20 and $-50^{\circ}C$, and then taken out periodically for measurement of the quality during storage. The quality attributes evaluated after heating with microwave energy include sensory quality retrogradation, texture, surface color and microstructure. The quality of frozen starches deteriorated with long term storage even at low temperatures of -20 and $-50^{\circ}C$, and the spray materials were found to improve the textural and physical properties of frozen starches in the microwave heating. Particularly, maltodextrin with D.E value of $9\~12$ had the most desirable effects of quality improvement.

The Effect of Thawing Rate on the Physicochemical Properties of Frozen Ostrich Meat

  • Hong, Geun-Pyo;Park, Sung-Hee;Kim, Jee-Yeon;Lee, Chi-Ho;Lee, Sung;Min, Sang-Gi
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.676-680
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    • 2005
  • This study investigated the effect of thawing rate on the physicochemical properties of frozen ostrich meat. Five different thawing rates (0.33, 0.54, 0.61, 0.68, and 0.78 cm/h) were delivered by controlling the air velocity as heat convection at $15^{\circ}C$. The pH value decreased with increasing thawing rate (p<0.05). In color measurement, $L^*$-values of all treatments were lower and $b^*$-values higher than those of control, but $a^*$-values were not significantly different among the treatments except at the thawing rate of 0.33 cm/h. Increasing thawing rate tended to improve the water holding capacity (WHC) of the samples. Thawing loss decreased with increasing thawing rate and significantly higher cooking loss was observed at the thawing rate of 0.33 cm/h. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) levels of all treatments were significantly higher than that of control (p<0.05). Increasing thawing rate tended to decrease the total volatile basic nitrogen (TVBN) value. These results indicated that a rapid thawing process at $15^{\circ}C$ improved the quality of frozen ostrich meat.

A Study on the Drying Heat Transfer for the High Quality Product of the Dried Sea Foods (고품질 수산 건제품의 건조열전달에 관한 연구)

  • Mun, Soo-Beom;Kim, Kyong-Suk;Lee, Choon-Wha;Kim, Kyung-Kun;Oh, Chul;Bae, Chang-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.460-469
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    • 2010
  • In spite of the global-class aquaculture and fishing technology of our country, the processing technologies are lags behind the other nations relatively. The processed marine products are mainly frozen foods, canned goods, salty food (fermented fish products), fish paste products (boiled fish paste), and we can see that the high-value dehydrated foods by drying are very few. These problems are considered to be caused directly by the lack of drying technologies. This paper is concerned to the experimental results of drying heat transfer characteristics for the green energy type vacuum dryer for the high quality sea foods production.

Processing and quality stability of precooked frozen fish foods : (II) Quality stability of sardine burger (조리냉동식품의 가공 및 저장 중 품질안정성 : (II) 정어리버어거의 동결저장 안정성)

  • Ihm, Chi-Won;Kim, Jin-Soo;Joo, Dong-Sik;Lee, Eung-Ho
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.260-264
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    • 1992
  • In present paper, we investigated the quality stability of sardine burgers during storage at $-20{\pm}2^{\circ}C$. During frozen storage of sardine burger, the PH were decreased, while volatile basic nitrogen contents were increased. The results of changes in peroxide values, thiobarbituric acid values, fatty acid compositions and color values during frozen storage showed that lipid oxidation and discolorization of antioxidant treated sardine burger and vacuum packed sardine burger could be effectively retarded. The changes in the taste compounds such as free amino acid, nucleotide and their related compounds, total creatinine, betaine and trimethylamine oxide, total amino acids and texture profile analysis of vacuum packed sardine burger were negligible during frozen storage. From the results of sensory evaluation and chemical experiments, the vacuum packed sardine burger could be preserved in good quality during frozen storage of 90 days.

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Bacteriological profiles of dressed broilers at different conditions and frozen storage periods

  • Ehsan, M.A.;Rahman, M.S.;Chae, Joon-Seok;Eo, Seong-Kug;Lee, Ki-Won;Kim, In-Shik;Yoon, Hyun-A;Lee, John-Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.225-231
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to determine the incidence of microorganisms associated with dressed broiler with intact skin and without skin at different frozen storage periods such as 0, 10, 20, 30 days and to demonstrate the role of packaging and pretreatment chilling on the changes of carcass quality. The values of total viable count (TVC), total coliform count (TCC), total streptococcal count (TStC) and total staphylococcal count (TSC) were determined for meat samples of thigh and breast and swab samples of visceral surfaces of the broilers with intact skin and without skin. It was observed that the values of TVC, TCC, TStC and TSC in both cases of dressed broiler with intact skin and without skin exceeded the International Commission on Microbiological Specification for Foods. However, numbers of microorganisms were considerably decreased during the frozen storage. Packing and prechilled conditions were generally better effective in decrease of the loads of microorganisms than without packing and prechilled conditions, and lower bacterial numbers were also found in dressed broiler with intact skin than that without skin. The highest sensory panel score was obtained at 10 days of frozen storage. These results, thus, indicate that usages of appropriate periods and conditions of frozen storage and packaging systems can minimize the potential health hazards associated with contaminants gaining access to the dressed or processed broilers and improve the quality and shelf life of dressed broilers.