• Title, Summary, Keyword: fry number

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Real-Time Measurement of Fry in the Cultivation Field Using a Line-Image Sensora

  • Ishimatsu, T.;Kawasue, K.;Kumon, T.;Ochiai, T.
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.822-825
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    • 1988
  • In this paper, we present a system which enables a real-time measurement of the number and also the body length of the fry (baby fish) using a line image sensor. Here, we consider a situation that fry are transported from a pond to another, pond through a pipe. At one position of the pipe a transparent rectanglar channel is mounted. The images of the fry, which run through this rectanglar channel, are detected by a line image sensor. The image signals are digitized to binary ones and the contour of the fry are detected. After that, a real-time image analysis is executed with a digital signal processor. Labeling program analyses the connection of every pixel. The results are transfered to a personal computer and displayed on the online monitor graphically.

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Identifying Factors Influencing Fish Production of Shallow-sea Aquaculture Based on the Dynamic Panel Model (동적패널모형을 이용한 천해어류양식 생산에 영향을 미치는 요인 분석)

  • Sim, Seonghyun;Nam, Jongoh
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.35-46
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to identify factors influencing fish production of shallow-sea aquaculture in South Korea. This study employed the two-way fixed effect and random effect models based on the panel models and also the difference between GMM and system GMM models based on the dynamic panel models using the amount of fish farming production, the number of stocked fry, the number of cultured fish, the amount of inputted feed, the farming area, the number of workers, and the sales price data from 2010 to 2017. First, the two-way fixed effect model of the panel models was selected by panel characteristics, time characteristics and Hausman tests and also the model was statistically significant. As a result of the two-way fixed effect model, the number of stocked fry, the amount of inputted feed, and the number of workers were identified as factors that increase the fish production of shallow-sea aquaculture. However, the number of cultured fish and the sales price were analyzed as factors that reduce the fish production of shallow-sea aquaculture. Second, the system GMM model of the dynamic panel models was selected by Hansen test and Arellano-Bond test in order to identify whether or not the over-discrimination condition is appropriate. Based on the system GMM model, the number of stocked fry, the amount of inputted feed, the number of workers in this year and 1 year ago, the number of cultured fish 2 years ago, and the sale price 3 years ago were analyzed as factors that increase the fish production of shallow-sea aquaculture. However, the amount of fish farming production 1, 2, 3 years ago, the farming area in this year, and the number of cultured fish in this year and 1 year ago were identified as factors that reduce the fish production of shallow-sea aquaculture. In conclusion, this study suggests that it is desirable to control the amount of stocked fry rather than to expand the farming area for fish farming in shallow-sea aquaculture, so as to keep the sale price at a certain level by maintaining the appropriate amount of fish production.

A Study on the Sorting Effect in Aquafarm (양식선별효과에 관한 연구)

  • EH, Youn-Yang;Song, Dong-Hyo
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.19-36
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    • 2018
  • Overstock in aquaculture is a matter of concern in aquaculture management. To sort fish based on fingerling size in case of overstocking is an important problem in aquaculture farm. This study aims to determine the amount of fry overstock and sorting time in aquaculture farm. This study builds a mathematical model that finds the value of decision variables to optimize objective function summing up the fingerling purchasing cost, aquaculture farm operating cost and feeding cost under mortality and farming period constraints. The proposed mathematical model involves following biological and economical variables and coefficients: (1) number of fingerlings, (2) sorting time, (3) fish growth rate and variation, (4) mortality, (5) price of a fry (6) feeding cost, and (7) possible sorting periods. Numerical simulation is presented herein. The objective of numerical simulation is to provide decision makers to analyse and comprehend the proposed model. When extensive biological data about growth function of fry becomes available, the proposed model can be widely applicable to real aquaculture farms.

Ordering Model of Fingerlings in Aquaculture Farm (치어 주문모형에 관한 연구)

  • Eh, Youn-Yang;Song, Dong-Hyo
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.47-59
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    • 2017
  • Fish mortality is the most important success factor in aquaculture management. To order fingerlings considering the effect of mortality is a important problem in aquaculture farm. This study is aimed to decision the number and size of fry in aquaculture farm. This study build the mathematical model that finds the value of decision variable to minimize total cost that sums up the fingerling purchasing cost, aquaculture farm operating cost and feeding cost under mortality constraint. The proposed mathematical model involve biological and economical variables: (1) number of fingerlings (2) fish growth rate (3) mortality (4) price of a fry (5) feeding cost, and (6) possible order period. Numerical simulation model presented here in. The objective of numerical simulation is to provide for decision makers to analyse and comprehend the proposed model. When extensive biological and cost data become available, the proposed model can be widely applied to yield more accurate results.

Spawning Patterns of Three Bitterling Fishes (Pisces: Acheilognathinae) in Relation to the Shell Size of Host Mussels (Unio douglasiae sinuolatus) (납자루아과(Pisces: Acheilognathinae) 담수어류 3종의 숙주조개(작은말조개; Unio douglasiae sinuolatus) 크기에 대한 산란양상)

  • Choi, Hee-kyu;Lee, Hyuk Je
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.202-215
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to investigate the spawning preference of the Acheilognathinae fishes in relation to the shell size of host mussels after identifying the species of eggs and fries in the host mussel using our recently developed RFLP (Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism) molecular marker at four sites [Hongcheon Naechoncheon (HN) and Deokchicheon (HD) from the North Han River basin and Jeongseon Goljicheon (JG) and Joyanggang (JJ) from the South Han River] in South Korea during May in each year between 2015 and 2018. The Acheilognathinae fish observed in the studied sites included one species (Acheilognathus signifer) in HN and JG, three species (Rhodeus uyekii, A. signifer, and Acheilognathus yamatsutae) in HD, and two species (A. signifer and Acheilognathus yamatsutae) in JJ, and we collected 982 host mussels (Unio douglasiae sinuolatus) that inhabited in all four sites. Using the RFLP molecular marker, we confirmed 46 eggs and fry of the Acheilognathinae fish (454 A. signifer, 43 Acheilognathus yamatsutae, and 149 Acheilognathus yamatsutae) in Unio douglasiae sinuolatus (N=163; 16.6%). We compare the average shell length, shell height, and shell width of mussels with [presence] eggs/fry and mussels without [absence] eggs/fry to examine the spawning preference according to the size of host mussels in each site. The results show that the shell length (1.98 mm), shell height (0.85 mm), and shell width (0.73 mm) of mussels with the eggs/fry were significantly larger (Mann-Whitney U test, P=0.002; difference=1.98 mm) than those of mussel without eggs/fry in HD where three species cohabitated. Although the shell length, shell height, and shell width of mussels with the eggs/fry were larger also in the other three sites, the difference was not statistically significant. In addition, we analyzed the mean number of spawned eggs and fry of each species and found $9.31{\pm}5.94$ R. uyekii, $2.86{\pm}2.45$ A.signifer, and $2.50{\pm}1.32$ A. yamatsutae. R. uyekii spawned 6.45-6.81 more eggs than A.signifer and A. yamatsutae on average per mussel, and it was statistically significant (Kruskal-Wallis test, P < 0.001). These findings indicate that the three species of Acheilognathinae fish tend to prefer larger mussels as their spawning hosts, and this tendency increases when the number of cohabitating bitterling fish species increases. Moreover, A.signifer and A. yamatsutae spawned a smaller number of eggs evenly in more host mussels while R. uyekii spawned many eggs on relatively fewer mussels. We found mussels (N=4) having the eggs/fry of two coexisting species, A. signifier and A. yamatsutae in HD and JJ where more than two bitterling fish species occurred. It suggests the interspecific competition taking place between the Acheilognathinae fishes for utilizing the same resource of mussels for spawning when two or more species cohabitate. This study is expected help to understand better the spawning patterns and reproductive ecology of the Acheilognathinae fishes, which will provide insightful information for advancing our understanding of their ecological relationships - mutualism or host-parasitism - with host mussels.

Physicochemical changes in edible oils (soybean, canola, palm, and lard) and fried foods (pork cutlet and potato) depending on fry number (튀김횟수에 따른 튀김식품(돈까스, 감자튀김) 및 식용유지(대두유, 카놀라유, 팜유, 돈지)의 변화)

  • Lee, Jung-Hoon;Park, Jung-Min;Kim, Ha-Jung;Koh, Jong-Ho;Kim, Jin-Man
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.50-55
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of frying number on oxidative changes in edible oils and fried foods. According to the frying number, the extracted edible oils from pork cutlet and fried potato were used as experimental samples. The Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (MFDS) regulations permit edible oils to have <2.5 mg KOH/g of acid value and <50 meq/kg of peroxide value in food. However, there are no regulations for edible oils used to fry livestock. Animal foods contain protein and fat, and should be held to a different standard than ordinary food. Therefore, we present basic information and suggest the establishment of regulations for livestock frying oil and fried livestock.

Analysis of Functional Components in Roasted Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) Seeds (볶음 오크라 종자의 주요 기능성분 분석)

  • Ahn, Yul Kyun;Jang, Ki Chang;Kim, Shun Hwan
    • Protected Horticulture and Plant Factory
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.61-64
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to investigate the general characteristics of raw okra seeds and the functional components of roasted okra seeds. The number of okra seed per pod was 78 in 'Greensod' and 88 in 'Beny'. The weight of okra seed per pod of 'Greensod' and 'Beny' were 4.4 g and 6.3 g, respectively. Free amino acid contents of the stir-fry and fresh okra seeds were measured as $2.69mg{\cdot}g^{-1}$ and $0.31mg{\cdot}g^{-1}$. Total polyphenolic compound content of the stirfry okra seeds was estimated as $12.61mg\;CGA{\cdot}g^{-1}$, compared to $2.54mg\;CGA{\cdot}g^{-1}$ fresh okra seeds, Thus, free amino acid and total polyphenolic compound contents in the stir-fry okra seeds were higher than fresh one, Antioxidant activities, such as DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging in the stir-fry okra seeds was the higher than fresh okra seeds.

A Study on the Quality Control for the Holding Method of Food Served by an Industry Foodservice Establishment (산업체 급식소에서 제공되는 음식의 조리후 보관방법에 따른 품질평가)

  • 김혜영;고성희
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.129-137
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was that to estimate the microbial and sensory quality by the method and time of holding in the step of holding of Cow's Knee Broth, Stir-Fry Pork and Cooked Cuttlefish that were provide at the industry foodservice establishment, then to suggest safer feeding by the reasonable holding method. The results are as follows: Cow's Knee Broth: holding at room temperature was shown that the number of mi- crobiology by passage of the holding time was higer than the case of holding at steam table, but it was lower after reheating it. As a result of sensory test, it was exellent to holding at steam table and to reheat after holding room temperature within four hours and six hours each. Stir-Fry Pork: as a result of microbial analysis, in the case of holding at the steam table microbes increased safer two hours, but after four and six hours they little reduced. In the case of holding at room temperature the number of microbes increased according to the passage of time. As a result of sensory analysis, its taste of room temperature holding was fine until four and six hours each. Cooked Cuttlefish: as a microbial analysis, it was shown that the amount of total plate counts of room temperature holding ten times as high as the latter after six hours. As the result of sensory analysis, the cold holding was better until six hours and the room temperature holding was fine just until two hours. As a result of food poisoning bacteria, it was negative in every test in sample against Salmonella, Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio parahaemolyticus.

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Survey on the Eating Habit and Food Preference of Lower and Higher Grade Elementary School Students - Based on Daejeon Area - (초등학교 저학년과 고학년 학생의 식습관 및 기호도 조사 - 대전지역을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Myung Hee;Yoon, Sun Young;Kim, Mi Won
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.952-966
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the differences of food habits and food preferences between lower and higher grade students through the survey of elementary school students in Daejeon four elementary schools located in Jung-Gu and Seo-Gu in Daejeon are selected for this survey randomly and the completion of the questionnaires are according to grade. 1. Practical Analysis of Food Habits: For regular meals, the highest number of subjects skipped breakfast. It is being found that the girl students (81.61%) consumed more cooked rice than the boys (78.85%) and more boys (13.10%) ate bread or milk more than the girls (9.20%). The most important thing for the lower grades students (34.20%) when consuming is the nutritious foods, while the higher grades students (49.67%) consumed the set meals. During consumption, the highest number of the subjects watched TV or read books from time to time. More higher grades students (38.98%) preferred spicy and salty foods than the lower grades (22.09%). 2. Food Preferences: Between rice and noodles, most subjects preferred cooked rice (81.38%), Jajangmyeon (80.80%), Ramyeon (79.43%), and disliked bean-mixed rice (28.39%). For soups, Most students enjoy the Deokkguk. Majority of the subjects prefer meat and fried or steamed foods, and also grilled and pan-fried dishes. For the pan-roasted and fried dishes, most subjects did not enjoy the rhizome fry and sweet-pumpkin fry methods, and for vegetables, they did not like wild vegetable and seasoned cucumber (40.57%) The higher grades students enjoy the vegetables and salads more than the lower grades students. For Kimchi varieties, it is found that subjects like the cabbage Kimchi (69.66%) the most. There is little difference in food preference between the lower and higher grade students, but the rankings of food preferences are different according to various grades.

A Study for Drying of Sewage Sludge through Immersion Frying Using Used Oil (폐유를 이용한 하수슬러지 유중 건조 연구)

  • Shin, Mi-Soo;Kim, Hey-Suk;Hong, Ji-Eun;Jang, Dong-Soon;Ohm, Tae-In
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.30 no.7
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    • pp.694-699
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    • 2008
  • Considering the severe regulation associated with sludge treatment such as direct landfill and ocean dumping, there is no doubt in that an advanced study for the proper treatment of sludge is urgently needed in near feature. As one of viable method for sludge treatment, fry-drying of sludge by waste oil has been investigated in this study. The fundamental mechanism of this drying method lies in the phenomenon of rapid moisture escape in the sludge pore toward oil media. This is caused by the severe pressure gradient formed by the rapid oil heating between sludge and oil. As part of research effort of fry-drying using waste oil, a series of basic study has been made experimentally to obtain typical drying curves as function of important parameters such as drying temperature, drying time, oil type and geometrical shape of sludge formed. Based on this study, a number of useful conclusion can be drawn as following. The fry-drying method by oil immersion was found quite effective in the removal efficiency of sludge moisture, in general, the moisture content decreases significantly after 10 minutes and the whole moisture content was less than 5% after 14 minutes regardless of the drying temperature. The increase of oil temperature up to 140$^{\circ}C$ favors significantly for the removal of moisture but there was no visible difference above 140$^{\circ}C$. As expected, the decrease of diameter in sludge was efficient in drying due to the increased surface area per unit volume. Further, the effect of oil property by the change of oil type was noted. To be specific, for the case of engine oil the efficiency was found to be remarkably delayed in moisture evaporation compared with that of vegetable oil due to the increased viscosity of engine oil. It produced a result of increasing the evaporation of moisture largely relatively high in the drying temperature over 140$^{\circ}C$ compared with the drying temperature 120$^{\circ}C$ drying temperature as the drying time passed. Accordingly, the drying temperature is considered desirable as keeping over 140$^{\circ}C$ regardless of a sort of used oil.