• Title, Summary, Keyword: full-thickness skin wound

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Enhancement of Angiogenesis by Sophorae Radix in Full-thickness Skin Wound of Rats (흰쥐의 피부상처 동물모델에서 고삼(苦蔘)이 신생혈관형성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Bum Hoi;Kang, Kyung-Hwa
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.334-340
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    • 2017
  • Wound healing is the restoration in injured skin tissue and one of the most important therapeutic targets. The process consists of inflammation, proliferation, and remodeling. There have been reported multiple factors that accelerate and delay wound healing. In this study we tested the hypothesis that Sophorae Radix extract would improve the recovery of wound healing after full-thickness skin wound in rats. Twenty young male Sprague-Dawley rats were used for the studies. A full-thickness skin wound was made on the dorsal skin of the rats. Either Sophorae Radix water extract (SR) or saline (Control) was orally administrated every day. The wound area was measured and the percentages of wound contraction, wound healed and wound epithelization were evaluated. After 15 days, the skin tissues were excised and examined by histopathological and immunohistochemistrical method. In results, wound area in SR group was significantly decreased to compared with Control. SR group showed the significant enhancements in the percentages of wound contraction, wound healed and wound epithelization. Histopathological examination revealed that SR induces neo-vascularization potential in wound healing process. SR treatment in rats significantly accelerated cutaneous wound healing in the angiogenesis process by increasing VEGF and TGF-${\beta}1$ synthesis. These results suggest that Sophorae Radix enhance skin wound repair by increasing the angiogenic agents such as VEGF and TGF-${\beta}1$.

Application of a Composite Skin Equivalent using Collagen and Acellular Dermal Matrix as the Scaffold in a Mouse Model of Full-thickness Wound (콜라겐과 무세포진피를 이용한 혼합형 인공피부 개발 및 쥐 모델에서 창상치료 적용)

  • Lee, Dong Hyuck;Youn, Jin Chul;Lee, Jung Hee;Kim, In Seop
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.42-49
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    • 2014
  • The aim of this study was to develop a composite human skin equivalent for wound healing. Collagen type1 and acellular dermal matrix powder were utilized as the scaffold with dermal fibroblasts and keratinocytes for the development of a composite human skin equivalent. Fibroblast maintained the volume of composite skin equivalent and also induced keratinocytes to attach and proliferate on the surface of composite skin equivalent. The composite human skin equivalent had a structure and curvature similar to those of real skin. Balb-C nu/nu mice were used for the evaluation of full-thickness wound healing effect of the composite human skin equivalent. Graft of composite skin equivalent on full-thickness wound promoted re-epithelialization and granulation tissue formation at 9 days. Given the average wound-healing time (14 days), the wound in the developed composite skin equivalent healed quickly. The overall results indicated that this three-dimensional composite human skin equivalent can be used to effectively enhance wound healing.

Prognosis of Full-Thickness Skin Defects in Premature Infants

  • Moon, Hyung Suk;Burm, Jin Sik;Yang, Won Yong;Kang, Sang Yoon
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.39 no.5
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    • pp.463-468
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    • 2012
  • Background In the extremities of premature infants, the skin and subcutaneous tissue are very pliable due to immaturity and have a greater degree of skin laxity and mobility. Thus, we can expect wounds to heal rapidly by wound contraction. This study investigates wound healing of full-thickness defects in premature infant extremities. Methods The study consisted of 13 premature infants who had a total of 14 cases of full-thickness skin defects of the extremities due to extravasation after total parenteral nutrition. The wound was managed with intensive moist dressings with antibiotic and anti-inflammatory agents. After wound closure, moisturization and mild compression were performed. Results Most of the full-thickness defects in the premature infants were closed by wound contraction without granulation tissue formation on the wound bed. The defects resulted in 3 pinpoint scars, 9 linear scars, and 2 round hypertrophic scars. The wounds with less granulation tissue were healed by contraction and resulted in linear scars parallel to the relaxed skin tension line. The wounds with more granulation tissue resulted in round scars. There was mild contracture without functional abnormality in 3 cases with a defect over two thirds of the longitudinal length of the dorsum of the hand or foot. The patients' parents were satisfied with the outcomes in 12 of 14 cases. Conclusions Full-thickness skin defects in premature infants typically heal by wound contraction with minimal granulation tissue and scar formation probably due to excellent skin mobility.

The Effects of the haemodialysate Solcoseryl on second-intention full-thickness skin wound healing in dogs (개에서 Haemodialysate Solcoseryl이 전층피부창상의 제2기 유합 치유에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwon, Young-sam;Jang, Kwang-ho
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.697-702
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a protein-free, standardized dialysate/ultrafiltrate (HD) derivatives from calf blood (Solcoseryl$^{(R)}$) for second-intention full-thickness skin wound healing in dogs. Three $2{\times}2cm$ area-matched full-thickness skin wounds were created bilaterally on the dorsolateral aspect of the trunk of nine dogs. In each dog, two wounds were treated with HD, cemella asiatica extract (Centrasol$^{(R)}$) and normal saline, respectively. For six weeks, the wounds were evaluated grossly for contraction, epithelialization and healing and were examined histopathologically. In the first week of the wound healing period, HD stimulated wound contraction and healing more significantly than centasol and normal saline (p<0.05). Neutrophils were more increased in the HD-treated wounds than those in centasol or normal saline treated wounds. In the second week, HD stimulated epithelialization more significantly than centasol or normal saline (p<0.05), and neovascularization and granulation more increased in the HD-treated wounds than those in centasol and normal saline treated wounds. In conclusion, HD was the most effective on early wound contraction, epithelialization and healings among three experimental drugs in full-thickness skin wound.

Effects of Danggwieumja on the Healing of Full-Thickness Skin Injury in Rat

  • Kim, Bum-Hoi
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.887-893
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the wound healing effects of Danggwieumja (DG), which is commonly used for skin inflammation, skin wound, skin pruritus, and chronic hives etc. The 1.5 cm ${\times}$ 1.5 cm full-thickness skin wound was induced to two groups, DG (n=16) and Saline (n=16) group. The DG extract and Saline were orally administrated daily for 15 days after skin wound induction. Then, the body weight of rats and the congestion indices were daily measured for 15 days after skin wound induction. The wound contractions and epithelizations were also measured. The wound contractions were daily measured for 15 days after wound induction and wound epithelizations were measured for 8 days from day 7 after wound induction. For evaluating angiogenesis, the immunoreactivities of vWF and VEGF protein were measured immunohistochemistrically on day 15. In results, although the percentage increases in mean body weight of rats in the DG and Saline groups hve no significant differences, DG extract decreased the time of wound healing and congestion around wound, and improved wound contraction and epithelization. The contraction percentage of DG group was significantly increased on day 5 (P<0.05) and day 7 (P<0.01) than that of Saline group. DG group showed significant increase of wound epithelization on day 7 (P<0.05) as compared to Saline group. Moreover, DG extract reduced the inflammation of skin dermis and promoted the growth of vascular vessels of dermis by accelerating vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) protein. These results suggest that DG has the beneficial effects on skin incision wound and can be the suitable wound healing agent for various surgical wounds.

Sopung-san Extract Enhances healing potential on Full-thickness Skin Wound in Rats: Role of VEGF and TGF-β1 (흰쥐의 전층피부상처 동물모델에서 소풍산(消風散)이 VEGF 및 TGF-β1발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Bum Hoi
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.123-134
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    • 2017
  • Wounds are commonly created during almost every kind of surgery, trauma and skin diseases. Delayed wound healing affects a plenty of patients and requires prolonged treatments that seriously reduce the quality of life for patients. Skin damage involving large areas or great severity can lead to disability or even death. Wound healing involves a complicated series of actions, of various tissues and cell lineages, concerning inflammation, migration, proliferation, reepithelialization, and remodeling. Sopung-san is reported to have anti-inflammatory effect and has been used for various skin diseases such as allergic dermatitis and atopic dermatitis. In this study, the hypothesis that oral treatment with Sopung-san could enhances healing potential on rat full thickness skin wounds was tested. Twenty young male Sprague-Dawley rats were used for the studies. A full-thickness skin wound was made on the dorsal skin of the rats. Either Sopung-san water extract (SPS) or saline (Control) was orally administrated every day. The wound area was measured and the percentages of wound contraction, wound healed and wound epithelization were calculated. Wound tissue samples were excised following injection for histopathological and immunohistological examination. Wound area in rats of SPS group significantly was decreased compared to Control. SPS group showed significant promotion of wound healing compared to Cotrol group in the percentages of wound contraction, wound healed and wound epithelization. Histopathological examination revealed that SPS induces neo-vascularization potential in wound healing process. SPS treatment in rats significantly accelerated cutaneous wound healing in the neo-vascularization process by increasing VEGF and $TGF-{\beta}1$ synthesis. The results suggest that Sopung-san affects key cellular processes responsible for wound repair and point to a unique potential for this molecule in the therapy of skin wounds, particularly as an angiogenic agent.

The effect of Korean Red Ginseng on full-thickness skin wound healing in rats

  • Park, Ki-Soo;Park, Dae-Hwan
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.226-235
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    • 2019
  • Background: Panax ginseng is regarded as one of the best compounds for promoting health, and it has been used traditionally as a medicinal herb. Recently, Korean Red Ginseng (RG) has been shown to protect skin from aging and wrinkling; it can also relieve atopic dermatitis and allergy symptoms. This study aimed to evaluate RG's effects on the regeneration of the full-thickness skin wounds in rat. Methods: Full-thickness skin wounds were generated in rats, and then RG was administered either orally or topically. The wound-healing effects of RG were investigated by assessing wound size, mRNA expression patterns of genes related to wound healing, histological staining, and measurements of lipid, moisture, and elasticity in skin tissues. Results: The wound size was smaller, and tissue regeneration rate was faster in the RG-treated group than that in the control group on days 15 and 20 after initiating treatment. On postoperative day 20, skin lipid and moisture content had increased significantly in the RG-treated group. Significant increases in the gene expression levels of transforming growth $factor-{\beta}1$ and vascular endothelial growth factor were found in the RG group during the early stages of wound healing. Matrix metalloproteinase-1 and matrix metalloproteinase-9 showed significant increases in gene expression levels on day 20. Conclusion: The results suggested that RG may promote healing of full-thickness skin wounds in rats. They also provided basic insights into the effects of RG on skin regeneration, supporting its use as a dressing material for wound treatment and its development as a functional food.

Effects of bovine amniotic membrane graft on healing of full-thickness skin wound in dogs (소양막이식편이 개의 전층 피부 창상치유에 미치는 효과)

  • Hwang, Kyeong-teak;Kweon, Oh-kyeong;Woo, Heung-myung;Kim, Dae-young;Nam, Tchi-chou
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.645-652
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of bovine amniotic membrane grafts on healing of full-thickness skin wound in dogs. Two $3cm{\times}3cm$ area-matched full-thickness skin wounds were induced bilaterally on the dorsolateral aspect of the trunk of 15 dogs. Chlorhexidine-treated amnion, dried amnion, silver sulfadiazine and 0.9% sterile saline solution were applied on the wound area and examined grossly and histopathologically. Begining 14 days after wounding, amnion applied group had appreciably less amount of inflammatory exudate and hemorrhage than sulfadiazine and saline treated groups. From 14 days after wounding, the degree of wound contraction in amnion groups, especially in the dried amnion group was greater than that of the sulfadiazine and saline treated groups. The percentages of wounds completely healed on 28 days after wounding in saline treated group, chlorhexidine-treated amnion group, dried amnion group and sulfadiazine treated group were 33%, 50%, 83% and 50%, respectively. Microscopically neovascularization and fibrosis were first noticed on 5 days after wounding in the dried amnion group and sulfadiazine treated group, on 7 days in the chlorhexidine-treated amnion group and on 14 days in the saline treated group. Epithelialization in the dried amnion and sulfadiazine treated groups was first noticed on 9 days after wounding, which was faster than that in the other groups. The present study suggests that bovine amniotic membrane, especially dried bovine amnion is effective on healing of full-thickness skin wound in dogs through both wound contraction and epithelialization.

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Immunohistochemical analysis of the effect of low power GaAlAs laser treatment on the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in full-thickness excisional wound of rat skin (CaAlAs 저출력 레이저 자극이 흰쥐의 피부 전층결손 절제 창상의 치유시 proliferating cell nuclear antigen(PCNA)발현에 대한 면역조직화학법적 분석)

  • Kim, Soon-Ja;Koo, Hee-Seo
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.198-205
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    • 2003
  • We evaluated the effect of low power GaAsAl laser on re-epithelization in full-thickness excisional wound of rat skin. Two full-thickness excisions were made on the back of the experimental animals. Low power laser applications with 10mW intensity were treated experimental animals twice a day for 7 days. On the seventh postoperative day the quantitative analysis of re-epithelization was performed using immunohistochemical staining for proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). The majority of PCNA immunoreactive cells was observed at epithelial cells in the margin of full thickness excisional wound. The low power laser treatments significantly increased the number of PCNA immunoreactive cell as compared to that of non treated animal group (p<0.01). The shape of PCNA immunoreactive cell appeared as small dark, round to ovoid structures. Most PCNA immunoreactive cells exhibited a high intensity of staining that contrasted sharply with the surrounding background. In conclusion, these findings suggest that GaAlAs laser treatments effectively enhance the epithelial wound healing by the stimulating cell proliferation. Furthermore, the majority of cell proliferation occurred in the margin of full thickness excisional wound.

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Use of the Full-thickness Free Skin Mesh Graft for Reconstruction of Wound in a Dog (개의 피부손상에 대한 전층망상식피술 증례)

  • Kim, Joo-Ho;Lee, Jong-Il;Lee, Hae-Beom;Heo, Su-Young;So, Kyoung-Min;Ko, Jae-Jin;Chon, Seung-Ki;Lee, Cheol-Ho;Kim, Nam-Soo
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.280-283
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    • 2007
  • A 6-year-old male dog was referred to Animal Medical Center, Chonbuk National University with large distal extremity abrasion wound to the hind limb by automobile accident. The wound was reconstructed with an autogenous, full-thickness skin mesh graft. The graft was harvested from the ventrolateral abdominal wall and transplanted to the wound. The skin mesh graft survived successfully without any noticeable complications. Successful grafting requires asepsis, an adequately prepared recipient bed through the surgical debridement and lavage, proper harvesting and preparation of the graft. Full-thickness skin mesh graft has lesser skin contraction which prevents formation of scar. Meshing the graft provides more graft flexibility over uneven, convex and concave surfaces and allows adequate drainage. The full-thickness skin mesh graft can be successfully used for the treatment of large distal skin wounds in dogs.