• Title, Summary, Keyword: functional sponge cake

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The Characteristics of Sponge Cake with Moringa Powder (모링가 분말을 첨가한 스펀지케이크의 품질특성)

  • Choi, Hyoung-il
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.188-195
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    • 2018
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the quality characteristics of moringa powder enrichment in sponge cake. The developed product can be a promising inclusion in the functional foods. Moringa powder was added to sponge cake batter (in the ratios of 0, 3, 6, 9, 12% of the total flour), called MP3, MP6, MP9, and MP12 respectively. The effect of moringa supplementation on physical, chemical and sensory quality of cakes were evaluated and analyzed statistically using SPSS program. The pH of cake was decreased as the concentration of moringa powder added. The specific volume of cake samples decreased with increasing levels of moringa powder in the formulation. Colour measurements showed that lightness and yellowness were decreased with an increased level of moringa powder. But redness result revealed and increasing in redeness with the increasing morigna powder level, compared to the control sample. The results of texture profile analysis showed hardness, springness, cohesiveness of the moringa cake that were higher than control sample. In sensory evaluation, MP3 was selected as the most acceptable sample. In the conclusion, moringa powder was incorporated in the formulation to enrich sponge cakes and was suggested for development of functional foods.

The Quality Characteristics of Sponge Cake Containing a Functional and Natural Product(1. Mulberry Leaf Powder) (기능성 천연물을 첨가한 스펀지 케이크의 품질 특성(1. 뽕잎 분말))

  • Choi, Gil-Young;Bae, Jong-Ho;Han, Gab-Jo
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.703-709
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the quality characteristics of sponge cake with various amounts of mulberry leaf powder in place of flour. The specific gravity of kneading was maintained at the different amounts of added mulberry leaf powder, which increased at ratios of 5, 10, 15, and 20 percent. The crumb decreased greatly when flour rather than mulberry leaf powder was used. As the amount of mulberry powder increased, red and yellow color decreased in both the crumb and crust. The volume and symmetry indices of the sponge cake slightly decreased when the amount of mulberry powder increased. However, uniformity was not significantly different between the samples. The specific volume of the cake decreased when the amount of the mulberry leaf powder increased. In addition, mulberry leaf powder increased the degrees of hardness and gumminess of cake, but did not show any differences for the cohesiveness and springiness of the cake texture. In the consumer acceptability test, the most favorable taste and odor were attained at the 10 percent level of mulberry leaf powder.

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The Quality Characteristics of Sponge Cake with Varied Levels of Whey Protein Isolate (Whey Protein Isolate(WPI)의 대체비율을 달리한 스폰지 케이크의 품질 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn, Myung-Soo;Kim, Chan-Hee
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.41-49
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    • 2007
  • The substitution effects of whey protein isolate(WPI) for egg in the preparation of sponge cake were determined by objective and subjective tests. Milk whey is drained from milk curd as a by-product of cheese manufacture. Whey protein is known as a good nutritional source and a functional material for many processed foods, especially baked goods. WPI contains above 90% whey protein. The specific gravity and viscosity of sponge cakes tend to be affected by WPI substitution. The cooking loss of sponge cakes with WPI substituted for egg(abbreviated as WPI cake) during oven baking was smaller than that made with egg(abbreviated as egg cake) and the specific loaf volume of WPI cake was larger than that of egg cake. The number of pores was highly increased and the size of pores was more uniformly and finely distributed in the cross section of WPI cake than those of egg cake, as observed by scanning electron microscopy(SEM). The hardness, gumminess and chewiness of WPI cake made with 10-20% WPI substitution were the lowest among all the tested cakes, including egg cake, thereby confirming the considerable improvement in their cake qualities. By the results of sensory evaluation, appearance, pore uniformity, softness, chewiness, moistness, flavor, mouth feeling, and overall acceptability of 10-20% WPI substitute cakes were evaluated as being significantly superior to those of all other cakes(p<0.05). These results support the better physicochemical characteristics and sensory evaluations of sponge cake prepared with 10-20% of WPI substitution for egg.

Quality characteristics and antioxidant activity of sponge cake with cabbage powder (양배추 분말을 첨가한 스펀지 케이크의 품질특성 및 항산화 활성)

  • Kim, Sook-Young;Kim, Ki-Ju
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.294-302
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the quality characteristics, antioxidant activities and sensory properties of sponge cake with cabbage powder (CP). Physicochemical and sensory properties of sponge cake with different amount (0%, 5%, 10%, and 15%) of CP were examined. As the increase in the amount of CP addition, the specific gravity and baking loss rate were increased, whereas the color of the cake crumb and crust, volume index and specific volume were decreased (p<0.05). The symmetry and uniformity index of the sponge cake were not affected by the addition of CP (5-15%) (p<0.05). The hardness was significantly increased while by CP addition cohesiveness was decreased (p<0.05). The springiness, gumminess and brittleness were not changed by CP addition (p<0.05). The total polyphenolic, DPPH radical scavenging activities and reducing power were significantly increased by addition of CP at high concentrations (p<0.05). In the sensory evaluation, addition of CP significantly degraded the panel preference related to the color, flavor and texture of the sponge cake. However, the highest point were given to sponge cakes containg 5-10% of CP in taste and overall acceptance (p<0.05). These data suggested that adding 5% of CP is the optimal concentration overall for making sponge cake. However, the sponge cake with 10% of CP is recommended in order to maximize antioxidant activity, the sponge cake was the best when contained 5% CP and the sponge cake prepared with the addition of 10% CP was recommended to use due to its advantages in functional property.

Quality and Antioxidant Properties of Sponge Cake added with Flaxseed Powder (아마씨 분말을 첨가 스펀지케이크의 품질 및 항산화 활성)

  • Park, Byung-Gu;Lee, So-Yeon;Lee, Myung-Ho
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.207-215
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    • 2017
  • The study produced a functional sponge cake added with 0~20% proportion of excellently functional flaxseed powder aimed at obtaining basic data for the possibility to develop new products through a physiochemical properties assessment and a sensual assessment of the product. The water content was the lowest in the control, at 27.63%, and the 5~20% water content following the increase in added flaxseed powder failed to display a significant difference (p<0.05). The pH of the dough was 6.77~6.44, and displayed a significant difference according to the added amount of flaxseed powder (p<0.05). The specific weight of the dough appeared to be 0.40~0.51, and displayed a significant increase according to the added amount of flaxseed powder. The DPPH radical scavenging activity of the sponge cake added with flaxseed powder was 12.8%, and the plot added with flaxseed powder displayed a significantly higher percentage of 22.34~55.57% than the control plot. Crumb color change had increased values for value a and value b, and a significantly decreased L value. Texture significantly increased according to the increase in hardness, gumminess, chewiness, and cohesiveness, while springiness significantly decreased. Sensual assessment displayed a high preference for the 10% flaxseed powder additive plot in all items including appearance, taste, color, flaror, softness, and overall acceptability. The assessment of physiochemical properties and sensuality of the sponge cake added with flaxseed powder revealed that 10% flaxseed powder is suitable as the optimum proportion.

Characteristics of Sponge Cake Prepared with Yacon Concentrates as Sugar Substitute (설탕 대체제로 야콘 시럽을 이용하여 제조한 스펀지케이크의 특성)

  • Kim, Kee-Hyuk;Lee, Gyu-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.45 no.10
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    • pp.1453-1459
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    • 2016
  • Yacon syrup, which contains fructooligosaccharides (FOS), was used as a substitute for sugar to make functional healthy sponge cake. Regarding characteristics of sponge cake with various yacon syrup concentrations, height and volume decreased while moisture content increased with increasing yacon syrup concentration. Sponge cake with increasing yacon syrup content showed a greater green-yellowish color. Springiness, cohesiveness, hardness, and brittleness decreased with increasing yacon syrup concentration. Hardness values of cakes made with 100% sugar (YS 0) and yacon syrup substitute for 10% sugar (YS 10) were not significantly different. Overall acceptance of sponge cake decreased with increasing yacon syrup content, whereas those of YS 0 and YS 10 were not significantly different. For storage period, moisture content of sponge cake with increasing yacon syrup concentration decreased during storage, whereas the decreasing moisture content was less than that of YS 0. The color of sponge cake with various yacon syrup concentrations did not change significantly during storage. Springiness and cohesiveness decreased during storage. Hardness increased with storage period, whereas that of sponge cake made with yacon syrup was lower than that of YS 0. In conclusion, sponge cake made with YS 10 is the best to make sponge cake with high consumer acceptance, reduced sugar content, and FOS.

Development of Functional Sponge Cakes with Onion Powder (양파 분말을 첨가한 기능성 스폰지 케이크의 개발에 관한 연구)

  • 전순실
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.62-66
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    • 2003
  • Mass consumption of the surplus onion in the period of harvesting season by processing to various value-added functional food products would be one of the counterplot for stable market. This study was to develop functional sponge cakes with addition of onion powder, using physiochemical properties and sensory evaluation. The specific gravity and viscosity tended to increase according to the addition of onion powder. The water content was highest mark on the 4% onion powder added-cake. The color of lightness, yellowness, and redness of cake crust tended to decrease with the addition of onion powder. The addition of onion powder showed decrease in lightness and yellowness and increase in redness of cake crumb. The specific loaf volume was superior with the addition of 4% onion powder. The resilience, fracturability and adhesiveness showed a difference from the control. Sensory evaluation of cake indicated that addition of onion powder especially at the level of 2, 4%, enhanced appearance flavor, mouth feeling, and overall acceptability.

The Quality characteristics of sponge cake added with the ingredients of Sagoonja-Tang (사군자탕(四君子湯) 재료를 첨가한 스폰지 케이크의 품질특성)

  • Nam, Hae-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.1066-1075
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    • 2017
  • This study was carried out to determine the functional works and basic ingredients of Sagoonja-Tang on sponge cake. The experimental groups consisted of 6% mixtures of five (Ed-confirm the number) kinds powders : S1 for Sagoonja-Tang powder, S2 for Panax ginseng, S3 for Poria cocos, Koidz, S4 for Atractylodes macrocephala, and S5 for Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. The volume of sponge cake somewhat decreased after adding the ingredients, and the volume differences in order from highest to lowest, were control>S1>S3>S2>S4>S5. In the microbiological quality test, viable cell counts were high in control groups of sponge cake, and the numbers of viable cell for control sponge cake reached to $9{\times}10^7CFU/g$ on the 7th day of storage, and decreased to $2.5{\times}10^5CFU/g$ on the 10th day of storage. All sponge cakes added with ingredient's powder showed pretty low viable cell counts. Especially, the group S5 showed the lowest counts of $1.2{\times}10^2CFU/g$ on the 7th day of storing. In the texture analyses of sponge cake, All groups showed higher degree of hardness, gumminess and chewiness than SC. The antioxidative activity of the Sagoonja-Tang's ingredients was measured. The POV value measured was S5>S4>S3>S2 >S1>control in order of highest to lowest. In sensory test, the overall acceptability of sponge cake was from highest to lowest S3>SC S2>S1>S5>S4.

Optimization of Ingredient Mixing Ratio for Preparation of Sponge Cake with Bamboo (Pseudosasa japonica Makino) Leaves Powder (대나무잎 가루를 첨가한 스펀지 케이크 재료 혼합비율의 최적화)

  • Park, Jung-Eun;Jeong, Heung-Do;Jang, Myung-Sook
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.317-329
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    • 2009
  • In the study, we determined the optimal ingredient mixing ratio for the preparation of sponge cake containing bamboo (Pseudosasa japonica Makino) leaves. This experiment was designed in according with the D-optimal design of mixture design, which involved 14 experimental points including 4 replicates for three independent variables (sugar 110${\sim}$129%, bamboo leaves 3${\sim}$8%, oil 10${\sim}$25%). The results the F-test, specific gravity, volume and color values (L, a, b) decided a linear model, while the viscosity, hardness and sensory characteristics (color, smell, taste, texture and overall acceptance) decided a quadratic model. The results of our fitness analysis demonstrated that in all characteristic, the probabilities were significant within 0.05%; thus, the models were accepted as appropriate. The response surface and trace plot results demonstrated that increasing amounts of added bamboo leaves induced a reduction in brightness, and increasing redness and yellowness. In addition, increasing amounts of bamboo leaves caused increases in hardness, and thus the softness of the cake decreased. And as the level of added oil increased, softness increased. Cake samples received low sensory evaluation scores when sugar, bamboo leaves, and oil were added above their optimal levels. In the numeric optimization, the optimal ingredient amounts were 121.36% sugar, 4.96% bamboo leaves, and 15.69% oil. The above results demonstrate the feasibility of adding bamboo leaves to sponge cake, and therefore, a bamboo leaves as a functional food.

Quality characteristics of sponge cake with buckwheat powder (메밀가루를 첨가한 스펀지 케이크의 품질특성)

  • Lee, Seon-Ho;Bae, Jong-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.204-210
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    • 2015
  • This study investigated the quality characteristics of sponge cake by introduction of buckwheat powder (BP). Cake batter was prepared by substituting wheat flour with an equivalent amount of BP based on weight. Sponge cakes were prepared with different amounts of BP (0, 10, 20, and 30%, respectively). Their physicochemical and sensory properties were tested. The specific gravity was not affected by the addition of BP (10~30%) (p<0.05). The lightness (L value) and yellowness (b value) of the crumb significantly decreased with the increase in the BP contents (p<0.05), whereas the redness (a value) increased (p<0.05). As the increase in the amount of BP addition, the hardness, cake volume (mL), baking loss rate (%), and specific volume (mL/g) significantly decreased (p<0.05). On the contrary, the cake weight increased. In the sensory evaluation, no significant differences in terms of color, taste, texture, flavor, and overall acceptance were observed among the different amout of BP addition (0~20%) (p<0.05). Overall, the sponge cake prepared with the addition of 20% BP was recommended to use due to its advantages in functional property.