• Title, Summary, Keyword: functionality

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Effects of the Cynanchum wilfordii Ethanol Extract on the Serum Lipid Profile in Hypercholesterolemic Rats

  • Lee, Hye-Sung;Choi, Jun-Hyeok;Kim, Young-Eon;Kim, In-Ho;Kim, Byoung-Mok;Lee, Chang-Ho
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.157-162
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the ethanol extract of Cynanchum wilfordii (ECW) on the blood lipid profile of hypercholesterolemic rats. Thirty 7-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were allowed free access to either a normal diet (AIN-93 diet), or 1% high-cholesterol diet with or without 0.5% or 1% ECW for 5 weeks. After sacrifice, the rat serum lipid profile was analyzed. The diets containing ECW decreased body weight gains compared to the normal diet. Serum HDL-cholesterol levels of ECW-fed groups were significantly increased in the hypercholesterolemic groups and normal groups (P<0.05). When 1% ECW was fed to the normal group, total cholesterol level was increased. Moreover, treatment of ECW in hypercholesterolemic groups yielded a dose-dependent and highly significant decrease in the atherogenic index as compared to the control. These results suggest that intake of Cynanchum wilfordii may help reduce the risks of hypercholesterolemia by increasing blood HDL-cholesterol and lowering the atherogenic index.

Amendment Scheme of Labeling Regulation for Functionality of Dairy Products (한국의 기능성 유제품 표시제도 개선방안)

  • Park, Ki-Hwan
    • Journal of Milk Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.47-54
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    • 2007
  • The labeling for functionality of food or food components are recognized globally and are essential for the growth of dairy product industry. To expand the functional claims of dairy product especially fermented milk product, the regulations restricting the labeling of functionality should be amended as soon as possible. The labeling regulations of functionality and efficacy for processed and functional foods in related Acts and subordinated statues such as definition, scope of claims, etc. were reviewed and the problems existed in the system were identified. The definition and classification of efficacy for processed food in Food Sanitation Act were analyzed to revise the labeling regulation of dairy product. A draft of amended labeling regulation for the functionality of dairy product is proposed, which provides consumers with appropriate information of beneficial effects on health purpose for human body structure and function. In order to develop the dairy products and related industries, these contents should be considered when the annexed Table 14 in the Enforcement Rule of the Processing of Livestock Products Act is amended.

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The Evaluation of Movement Functionality on Improved Pattern-Design Working Uniform of Construction Site Worker (건설현장 작업복의 패턴디자인 개선에 따른 동작기능성 평가)

  • Kim, Seong-Suk;Kim, Hee-Eun
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.237-242
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the functionality with improved pattern-design working uniform(protocol, P) and current working uniform(control, C). Movement functionality evaluation of improved pattern-design working uniform was carried out through sensory evaluation of working uniform. Movements for the sensory evaluation consisted of four types of up and down and horizontal movements of the shoulders, four types of waist movements and five types of knee movements. The results have been shown as follows: The sensory value of back girth, wrist, side seam area of the "P" with the posture of raising an arm forward up to $90^{\circ}$ and the maximal arm's vertical movement significantly improved compared to the "C". Therefore, it can be concluded that movement functionality was increased with the improved pattern-design working uniform in the respect of arm's up and down movement. Furthermore, for P, Movement functionality improvements were shown in P with arm's horizontal movement, waist bending movement, and knee movement. Current working uniform(C) is jumper-type which wa designed without consideration for movement functionality of the arms and legs. But Pattern-design uniform(P) which was developed in this study. Therefore, the more patterns development, the better movement functionality in working uniform. The improved movement functionality improvements in working uniform will provide not only personal pleasantness but also efficiency of productivity at construction sites. In respect of human body's movement, further study for improved working uniform is required.

The role of visual and verbal information on the functionality of shapewear in female consumers' online purchase decisions

  • Shin, Eonyou;Zhang, Ling;Hwang, Chanmi;Baytar, Fatma
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.539-552
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of the current study was to examine the role of information on shapewear's functionality in consumers' purchase decisions in an online shopping context. Through two steps of stimulus development process, four mock websites were developed to conduct a main study. In the main study, a 2 (visual information: absent vs. present images of the shapewear's functionality) x 2 (verbal information: absent vs. present descriptions of the shapewear's functionality) between-subject factorial design was employed to examine the impact of visual and verbal information regarding the functionality of shapewear on the consumer decision-making process (i.e., attitudes and purchase intentions). The results showed that verbal information about how shapewear reduces the size of specific body parts (i.e., waist, abdomen, hips, and thighs) were effective in increasing perceived attractiveness in an online context, which increased attitudes and purchase intentions. In addition, attitudes toward the shapewear mediated the effects of expected physical attractiveness on purchase intentions. The results of this study provided empirical support for the importance of expected physical attractiveness in consumers' online purchase decision on shapewear and useful managerial implications for enhancing the effectiveness of online shapewear presentations by including descriptions of the functionality of shapewear in decreasing the size of body parts.

A report of 37 unrecorded anaerobic bacterial species isolated from the Geum River in South Korea

  • Lee, Changsu;Kim, Joon Yong;Kim, Yeon Bee;Kim, Juseok;Ahn, Seung Woo;Song, Hye Seon;Roh, Seong Woon
    • Journal of Species Research
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.105-116
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    • 2020
  • A total of 37 anaerobic bacteria strains within the classes Alphaproteobacteria, Betaproteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, Bacteroidia, Flavobacteriia, Bacilli, Clostridia, and Fusobacteriia were isolated from freshwater and sediment of the Geum River in Korea. The unreported species were related with Rhizobium and Oleomonas of the class Alphaproteobacteria; Acidovorax, Pseudogulbenkiania, and Aromatoleum of the class Betaproteobacteria; Tolumonas, Aeromonas, Cronobacter, Lonsdalea, and Phytobacter of the class Gammaproteobacteria; Bacteroides, Dysgonomonas, Macellibacteroides, and Parabacteroides of the class Bacteroidia; Flavobacterium of the class Flavobacteriia; Bacillus and Paenibacillus of the class Bacilli; Clostridium, Clostridioides, Paraclostridium, Romboutsia, Sporacetigenium, and Terrisporobacter of the class Clostridia; and Cetobacterium and Ilyobacter of the class Fusobacteriia. A total of 37 strains, with >98.7% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with validly published bacterial species, but not reported in Korea, were determined to be unrecorded anaerobic bacterial species in Korea.

Effect of the Shoulder Pad on Arm Movement -In the Area of Functionality and Sensory (팔동작에 미치는 어깨패드의 영향에 관하여 -심미성과 기능성을 중심으로-)

  • 이은정
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.66-76
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    • 1998
  • In order to investigate the effect of shoulder pad affecting the arm movement, eleven women volunteers of standard body whose age is from eighteen to twenty-four(x±1σ) were chosen and this experiment had done according to front-vertical motion, side-vertical motion and horizontal motion of upper limps for tow different materials of shoulder pad(sponge, non-woven) and four different thickness of shoulder pad(0.6cm, 0.8cm, 1.2cm). On the base of this, this study, when putting on shoulder pad, try to find the reform method of shoulder part pattern. The results are as follows. 1. When puting on shoulder pad to blouse pattern to rise shoulder pad for rate of two-third per thickness is seemingly the best for sensory evaluation. So, when putting on shoulder pad, we understand that in order to improve sensory evaluation. So, when putting on shoulder pad, we understand that in order to improve sensory evaluation of clothes, when that, rising shoulder pad for ate of two-third per thickness is the best. 2. From the results of measure of functional volume and physiological value for functionality evaluation according to thickness and material, motion of shoulder pad, 1.2 cm thickness and non-woven material is evaluated the worst for functionality. 3. From the results of sensory evaluation and functionality evaluation of material of shoulder pad, sponge material is superior for functionality but not for sensory evaluation, non-woven material is superior for sensory evaluation non-woven material is superior for sensory evaluation but not for functionality. So, think that it had better use sponge material for functional clothes, non-woven material for aesthetical clothes. 4. From the results of functionality of clothes, when putting on shoulder pad, the worst discomfortable parts are the armpit part and the shawl part, functionality of these part shoulder be reformed.

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Evaluation of ginsenoside bioconversion of lactic acid bacteria isolated from kimchi

  • Park, Boyeon;Hwang, Hyelyeon;Lee, Jina;Sohn, Sung-Oh;Lee, Se Hee;Jung, Min Young;Lim, Hyeong In;Park, Hae Woong;Lee, Jong-Hee
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.524-530
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    • 2017
  • Background: Panax ginseng is a physiologically active plant widely used in traditional medicine that is characterized by the presence of ginsenosides. Rb1, a major ginsenoside, is used as the starting material for producing ginsenoside derivatives with enhanced pharmaceutical potentials through chemical, enzymatic, or microbial transformation. Methods: To investigate the bioconversion of ginsenoside Rb1, we prepared kimchi originated bacterial strains Leuconostoc mensenteroides WiKim19, Pediococcus pentosaceus WiKim20, Lactobacillus brevis WiKim47, Leuconostoc lactis WiKim48, and Lactobacillus sakei WiKim49 and analyzed bioconversion products using LC-MS/MS mass spectrometer. Results: L. mesenteroides WiKim19 and Pediococcus pentosaceus WiKim20 converted ginsenoside Rb1 into the ginsenoside Rg3 approximately five times more than Lactobacillus brevis WiKim47, Leuconostoc lactis WiKim48, and Lactobacillus sakei WiKim49. L mesenteroides WIKim19 showed positive correlation with b-glucosidase activity and higher transformation ability of ginsenoside Rb1 into Rg3 than the other strains whereas, P. pentosaceus WiKim20 showed an elevated production of Rb3 even with lack of b-glucosidase activity but have the highest acidity among the five lactic acid bacteria (LAB). Conclusion: Ginsenoside Rg5 concentration of five LABs have ranged from ${\sim}2.6{\mu}g/mL$ to $6.5{\mu}g/mL$ and increased in accordance with the incubation periods. Our results indicate that the enzymatic activity along with acidic condition contribute to the production of minor ginsenoside from lactic acid bacteria.

A study in Mobile Functionality of beauty products according to the Digital changes (디지털 변화에 따른 뷰티제품의 휴대기능성 연구)

  • Barng, Kee-Jung
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.83-102
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    • 2012
  • The instant trend of mobile functionality in the digital age is performing a mediating role of promoting the hybrid tendency in fashion and cosmetics industry. Consumers' needs, which are getting complex and diversified along with development in scientific technology, are requiring product of technology equipped with multi-tasking function in the whole industry. The social and cultural factors, which are shown in cosmetics due to the instant trend of mobile functionality, came to be known on the basis of a ground for classification caused by a change in nomadic lifestyle and by the advance in scientific technology. The irst, The mobile functionality, which is being developed in fashion in the digital age, was indicated to be types such as mobility, one-off, and unity. Second, Even the types of mobile functionality, which are also being developed in make-up and cosmetics in digital age, were indicated to be mobility, one-off, and unity. Third, The trend caused by mobile functionality in fashion was consistent with a type in mobile functionality, which is being developed in cosmetics, thereby having been indicated to be the same type. This implies that there is the same type through independent trend in each sphere even while fashion and cosmetics organically function in the middle of the whole frame, which expresses a human being's external beauty, and implies that even the cosmetics are influenced by fashion. Swift-type beauty product, which is thrown away within one week lengthily and after being used once, are being launched diversely. This quick product can be said to be product that best reflected the characteristic of digital age. However, at this point of time that fast fashion and instant cosmetics, which are thrown away in the wake of being worn easily, are overflowing, the clothing and product with perfection, which has philosophy and thinking of being put more devotion, exert more value and are felt to be necessary.