• Title, Summary, Keyword: galbi

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Optimized Conditions of Model Processing for Ready-to-eat Style Galbi-jjim Prepared by Sous-vide and Cook-chill System

  • Kim, Kyeong-Mi;Park, Jin-Hee;Shin, Weon-Sun
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.673-679
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    • 2009
  • To develop ready-to-eat (RTE) style Korean traditional Galbi-jjim, the optimal conditions for sous-vide cooking and cookchill preparation and the sensory properties of the cooked products were investigated. During heating, the meat core temperatures reached $85^{\circ}C$ within 30 min and 45 min when a water bath and combination oven were used, respectively. Chilling to $3^{\circ}C$ within 45 min was conducted to meet the standards for microbiological safety set by the UK Department of Health and Social Security (DHSS) Guideline. Galbi-jjim that was vacuum-cooked in a water bath was much more tender than that of Galbi-jjim prepared using the cook-chill method, but had no difference in any reheating methods. The average sensory scores of juiciness and the overall acceptance of Galbi-jjim were significantly higher when water bath cooking was used, and there were no differences in reheating methods. In conclusion, the serial methods of sous-vide processing and rapid chilling can be applied to produce RTE traditional Galbi-jjim, and this can be conducted while meeting the standards specified in safety guidelines.

Effect of Gamma Irradiation on Shelf-life Extension and Sensory Characteristics of Dak-galbi (Marinated Diced Chicken) during Accelerated Storage

  • Yoon, Yo-Han;Cho, Won-Jun;Park, Jin-Gyu;Park, Jae-Nam;Song, Beom-Seok;Kim, Jae-Hun;Byun, Myung-Woo;Kim, Cheon-Jei;Sharma, Arun K.;Lee, Ju-Woon
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.573-578
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    • 2009
  • This study examined the effect of gamma irradiation on shelf-life extension and sensory characteristics of dak-galbi. Commercial dak-galbi sauce was gamma-irradiated at 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 kGy. The dak-galbi sauce (200 g) was then added to diced chicken (800 g) for cooking, and the cooked dak-galbi samples in vacuum bags were stored at $35^{\circ}C$ for 5 d. Dak-galbi samples were analyzed on d 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 for microbial analysis (plate count agar), thiobarbituric acid (TBARS) and volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) measurements, and on d 0 for sensory evaluation. On d 0, total bacterial populations were below detection limit after dak-galbi marinated with the gamma-irradiated (${\geq}15\;kGy$) sauces were cooked, and the samples marinated with higher dose irradiated dak-galbi sauce had lower (p<0.05) bacterial populations during storage. TBARS values of the dak-galbi samples marinated with non-irradiated sauce were not different ($p{\geq}0.05$) with those marinated with irradiated sauces on d 0, and the TBARS values increased (p<0.05) during storage at $35^{\circ}C$, regardless of irradiation dose. In the VBN analysis, there was no difference ($p{\geq}0.05$) in VBN values among irradiation doses on d 0, but VBN values decreased (p<0.05) as irradiation dose increased during storage. Moreover, there were no significant differences ($p{\geq}0.05$) in sensory characteristics among irradiation doses. These results indicate that use of gamma irradiation on dak-galbi sauce may be useful in shelf-life extension without compromising the sensory characteristics of dak-galbi.

Quality Characteristics of Dak-galbi sauce Containing Various Amounts of Tomatoes (토마토를 첨가한 닭갈비 소스의 품질특성)

  • Kim, Ki-Bbeum;Woo, Hyun-Mo;Choi, Soo-Keun
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.193-205
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    • 2011
  • This study aimed to enhance the quality and sensory acceptability of dak-galbi sauce made from general tomatoes, plum tomatoes and canned tomatoes and find the most preferred quality characteristics and tomato type for the production of dak-galbi sauce. Dak-galbi sauce was blended with different concentrations of tomatoes (0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%). As the amount of a tomato addition increased, the moisture contents, L-values, a-values and B-values significantly(p<0.001) increased while salinity, sugar contents and viscosity decreased. The attribute difference test showed that significant differences in such properties as color intensity, pungent flavor, pungent taste, mouthfeel were observed with more tomatoes added. Based on the results of this study, the optimal tomato content for maximizing the overall quality of dak-galbi sauce was 10~20% of general tomatoes or 20% of plum and canned tomatoes. More various kinds of dak-galbi sauce are expected to be developed through this study.

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Development of Dduk-Galbi Added with Ripened Korean Cabbage Kimchi (묵은지 김치를 첨가한 떡갈비 개발)

  • Lee, Jae-Joon;Jung, Hae-Ok;Lee, Myung-Yul
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.304-310
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    • 2011
  • In this study, new dduk-galbi was developed by adding ripened Korean cabbage kimchi made with solar salt. Dduck-galbi was selected by pre-estimation for main dish to add the ripened Korean cabbage kimchi. To solve the bad smell of ripened Korean cabbage kimchi and enhance the function of the food, herb was added. The preference of the herb to kimchi was determined by sensory evaluation. The preference was in the order of rosemary > lemon balm > thyme. Sensory evaluation was adopted to determine optimal contents of ripened Korean cabage kimchi. The result showed that 10 % was best for beef dduck-galbi and 20 % for pork dduck-galbi.

Effect of Gamma Irradiation on Microbial Growth, Electron Donating Ability, and Lipid Oxidation of Marinated Beef Rib (Galbi) with Different Packaging Methods (포장방법에 따른 양념갈비의 저장 중 총균수, 전자공여능 및 지방산화의 감마선 조사효과)

  • 강호진;조철훈;이나영;김정옥;변명우
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.888-893
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    • 2004
  • The effect of irradiation and packaging methods (vacuum vs aerobic) on microbial growth, electron donating ability, and lipid oxidation in marinated beef rib (Galbi) was investigated. The total aerobic bacteria in Gazlbi reduced significantly with the increase of irradiation dose, and the effect was more significant in the Galbi with vacuum packaging, The pH showed a decreasing trend during storage and this change was more significant in the Galbi with aerobic packaging. Electron donating ability of Galbi was reduced by irradiation in aerobic packaging but no difference was found in vacuum packaging except 7 days. The 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) value of Galbi increased by irradiation in aerobic packaging during storage time, but that of vacuum packaging was maintained an initial value. Results indicated that irradiation coupled with vacuum packaging may enhance the microbial safety of Korean traditional meat products, Galbi, with minimum quality changes during storage.

Studies on the Improvement of Quality and Shelf-life of Traditional Marinated Beef(Galbi) as Affected by Packaging Method during Storage at$-1^{\circ}C$ (포장방법에 따른 전통 양념갈비의 품질 및 저장성 개선에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Cheon-Jei;Jeong, Jong-Yon;Lee, Eui-Soo;Song, Hyun-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.792-798
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    • 2002
  • Investigations on the microbiological, physicochemical, and sensory characteristics of seasoned Galbi using various packaging methods during storage at $-1^{\circ}C$ revealed no significant differences in pH values and acidities of seasoned Galbi depending on packaging methods and storage periods. Increments of thiobarbituric acid values of seasoned Galbi with non-evacuated packaging and modified atmosphere packaging were superior to those of vacuum packaging and double-film vacuum packaging during storage. Seasoned Galbi with non-evacuated packaging showed the highest volatile basic nitrogen value, and total plate count significantly increased compared to other packaging methods after 15 days storage. Coliform bacteria showed an average count of 2.35 log CFU/g at the beginning of storage, which increased slightly from 7 to 15 days, and was maintained under 4.0 log CFU/g after 15 days storage. The sensory evaluation revealed that non-evacuated packaging scored relatively lower than other methods in color, flavor, off-odor, and overall acceptability after storage.

A Study on the Relationship between the Korean Wave, Preference and Recognition of Korean Cuisine among Chinese (중국 내 한류, 한국음식 인지 및 한국음식 선호도에 관한 연구)

  • Jeon, Do Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.268-276
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    • 2019
  • This study separated different factors into the Korean Wave and Korean health food according to the interest in Korean culture among the Chinese living in China. We then conducted a two-step cluster analysis with gender, marriage status, academic background, interest in Korean culture, command of the Korean language and the status of having visited Korea as variables. The subjects were split into a Korean wave-preferring group, highly interested in Korean food as health food group and a low interested group according to clusters, and we then investigated for preference differences for 20 Korean food dishes. Between these two groups the statistics indicated a significant influence with a level p<0.001 for Bulgogi, Bibimbap, Kimchi, Galbi-tang, Galbi-gui, Chicken, Samgyepsal, Doenjang-Jjgae, Dak-galbi, Japchae and Gimbap p<0.01 for Samgye-tang and p<0.05 for Naengmyeon, Kimchi-Jjigae, Dak-galbi, Seolleongtang, Haemul-tang, Hanjeongsik and Tteok-bokki. Jeon and Juk did not show any statistically significant difference. Chinese consumers preferred Korean food for Samgyeopsal, Bulgogi and chicken and less preferred gruel, Hanjeongsik and Kimchi-Jjigae. The highly interested in Korean culture group preferred Samgyeopal, Bulgogi and Chicken, and less preferred Juk, Jeon and Hanjeonsik in that order. This study offers information on the Chinese's preference for different Korean food to any food service enterprises that manage Korean restaurants in China or that sell Korean cuisine and also basic data for differentiated marketing to those entering the Chinese market.

The Physicochemical Characteristics of Marinated Beef Galbi under Different Cooking Conditions (양념 소갈비의 조리과정에서의 물리화학적 특성 평가)

  • Hong, Sang-Pil;Kim, Young-Ho;Lee, Nam-Hyouck;Heo, Yeong-Uk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.78-88
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    • 2013
  • Marinated beef galbi is a traditional Korean dish cooked with soy sauce, pear juice, onion, sesame oil, and sugar. However, there are many differences in beef galbi, including flavor and physicochemical aspects, depending on cooking conditions. Therefore, the physicochemical characteristics of marinated beef galbi prepared through various recipes was evaluated for its effects on pH, texture, aging, proteolysis, heating conditions, cooking time, and flavor compounds (pyrazines, IMPs, or FAAs). There were significant differences in salt concentration (0.8~3.03%), pH (4.89~6.22), and solid soluble contents (1.34-6.31 Brix) between recipes in this study. In the Pearson assay for sensory evaluation, overall preference correlated well with texture (a well-known sensory attribute in meat evaluation). Controlling the pH of meat through soaking in lemon solution, alkali water, phosphate, and baking powder solution, improved water holding capacity as much as 9 to 15% compared with the control. The myofibril index (MFI) of marinated meat stored at $4^{\circ}C$ increased 32% with 24 hours of aging and reached 39% at 48 hours of aging, and its fragmentation was observed through microscopy. SDS-PAGE showed hydrolysis of acid-soluble collagen by the pear juice, possibly related to meat tenderness. On the basis of surface temperature, the cooking time was estimated to be 8 minutes with pan heating at $170^{\circ}C$, 6 minutes at $270{\sim}300^{\circ}C$, and 4 minutes with charcoal at $700{\sim}900^{\circ}C$. Different pyrazine compounds, such as 2-methyl-3-phenylpyrrol(2,3-b) pyrazine (the typical product of the browning reaction) was mainly detected, and IMP (one of the main taste compounds in beef) was in higher amounts with the charcoal treatment, potentially related to its flavor preference among treatments. Our results demonstrate an effective case study and cooking system for beef galbi.

Dining-out Tendencies of Foreign Residents for Meat Dishes in Korea (국내거주 외국인들의 고기요리에 대한 소비행태)

  • Kim, Eun-Mi;Seo, Sang-Hee;Kwon, Ki-Hyun;Lee, Min-A;Hong, Sang-Pil;Lee, Eun-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.568-577
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to provide fundamental data for the Korean food service industry by researching the awareness and consumption tendencies of 180 domestic foreign residents towards Korean meat dishes. The results showed differences in the preferred types of food depending on gender; men tended to like meats, followed by stews, and rice, whereas women tended to like meats, followed by rice, and stew. The foreigners who participated in this research dined at Korean restaurants at least 20 times per month on average, regardless of their place of residence. Dishes with the lowest intake were suyuk (boiled meat, 66.7%) and dakbokkeumtang (sauteed chicken stew, 67.8%) and dishes with the highest intake tended to be roasts, which are relatively easier to prepare. The types of preferred food were in the order of galbi, bulgogi, and dakgalbi, and the least favored foods were yukgaejang, followed by suyuk, and seollengtang. "It is delicious" was the response found most frequently as a reason for preference regardless of the type of meat dish, and the reason for distaste was: "It is not delicious" This demonstrated that taste was the most important factor when visiting a Korean restaurant. Unexpectedly, sirloin roast, beef galbi stew, chicken stew, samgyetang, and dakbokumtang were not favored because of unfamiliar aroma and taste. In the case of galbi, "It is not very sanitary" was the main factor in responses. For areas of improvement, food sanitation, meat smells left on clothes, and smoke generated during roasting were factors with a high degree of importance, whereas the use of gas burners and the blackening of bowls were found to have a lower degree of importance.

Evaluation of Microbiological, Physicochemical, and Sensory Properties of Galbi-jjim Prepared by Sous-vide and Cookchill Method at Different Temperatures

  • Shin, Weon-Sun;Kim, Kyeong-Mi;Park, Jin-Hee;Cho, Tae-Im
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.722-729
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    • 2010
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the physico-chemical, sensory, and microbiological properties of ready-to-eat Korean traditional seasoned beef ribs ("galbi-jjim") prepared by sous-vide/cookchill technology during storage at three different temperatures (4, 10, and $20^{\circ}C$). Beef short ribs marinated in soy sauce for 24 h at $3^{\circ}C$ were packed with vegetables under vacuum. Vacuum-packed beef ribs mixed with vegetables were heated at $90^{\circ}C$ for 90 min in a water bath, and then immediately chilled below $3^{\circ}C$ within 120 min in an ice slurry. Physicochemical (pH, water activity, TBARS, $L^*a^*b^*$ color, and texture profile), sensory (appearance, odor, flavor, texture, and acceptance) and microbiological (Coliform, Escherichia coli, food-borne pathogenic bacteria) properties of the samples were determined during storage at different temperatures. Results showed that pH, $a_w$, and sensory evaluation of products were not affected in any consistent way as a function of either storage duration or temperature. Coliform, E. coli and food-borne pathogens were not detected during storage at any temperature. However, TBARS significantly increased during storage period (p<0.05). Based on TBARS values, SV/CC "galbi-jjim" can be stored for 15 d, 12 d and 1 d at 4, 10 and $20^{\circ}C$, respectively.