• Title, Summary, Keyword: gel-coat

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Preparation, Surface Characteristics and Physical Properties of Polyurethane-based Gel-coat Containing Reactive Silicone Oligomers

  • Jang, Su-Hee;Baek, Seung-Suk;Hwang, Seok-Ho
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.269-274
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    • 2016
  • Two different reactive silicone oligomers, hydroxylpropyl terminated PDMS (PDMS-L) and 1-(2,3-dihydroxy-propoxy)propyl terminated PDMS (PDMS-B), were synthesized through hydrosilylation reaction under Karstedt's catalyst. Using the reactive silicone oligomers, two different silicone-modified gel-coat series were prepared to investigate their thermal and mechanical properties as well as surface characteristics according to reactive silicone oligomer contents. In case of thermal stabilities and mechanical properties, the gel-coat series containing PDMS-B showed higher values than that of the gel-coat series containing the PDMS-L. The contact angle for the gel-coat containing both silicone oligomers/was increased with reactive silicone oligomer contents but there was similar surface tension between PDMS-L and PDMS-B.

Chemical Structure Effect of Diisocyanate on the Coating Performance of Polyurethane-based Gel-coats

  • Park, Jin Hwan;Baek, Seung-Suk;Kim, Oh Young;Hong, Seheum;Park, Dong Hyup;Hwang, Seok-Ho
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.54 no.1
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    • pp.30-34
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    • 2019
  • Four different diisocyanates (IPDI; isophorone diisocyanate, HDI; hexamethylene diisocyanate, HMDI; dicyclohexylmethane-4,4'-diisocyanate, and XDI; m-xylylene diisocyanate) were used to prepare polyurethane gel-coats, and the weatherabilities, physical properties, and surface characteristics of the gel-coats were investigated with respect to the chemical structure of the diisocyanates. The weathering test results indicated that all of the diisocyanates used in this study were suitable for use in the preparation of the polyurethane gel-coat. However, the set-to-touch times and physical properties of the polyurethane gel-coat indicated that the cycloaliphatic diisocyanate (IPDI and HMDI) were ideal for the preparation of polyurethane gel-coats.

Clinical Effect of MS Coat and Elmex gel on the Dentin Hypersensitivity following Periodontal Surgery (치주수술 후 지각과민증에 대한 MS Coat와 엘멕스 겔처치의 임상적 효과)

  • Park, Sung-Min;Lim, Sung-Bin;Chung, Chin-Hyung
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.727-736
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    • 2001
  • Dentinal hypersensitivity is one of the complicated symptom rather than a disease. It has special reaction or pain over uncovered root by heat, mechanical or chemical stimulations, which are normal with healthy teeth, The purpose of this study is to discover rather MS Coat (oxalate-containing pre-polymerized resin suspension) or Elmex gel(amine fluoride+sodium fluoride) is effective on hypersensitivity after periodontal treatment using NRS(Numerica1 Rating Scales), which it is useful for evaluating pain level. This study has been prepared in Dankook Dental Hospital with generally healthy adult who had been suffered from dentinal hypersensitivity after periodontal treatment. Divided in three groups with saline(control group), MS Coat(test 1 group) and Elmex gel(test 2 group). And then, following evaluations were made at the end of 1 minute, 1 week, 1 month and 3 months. 1. The sequence of higher frequency & severeness of hypersensitivity is water within $7^{\circ}C$, air stream & explorer. 2. As time goes on, 1 minute, 1 week, 1 month & 3 months, severeness of hypersensitivity scored lower with water, air stream and explorer. 3. With explorer, the differences among three groups as time had to seen. 4. With air stream, the sensitivity scored lower after 1min with MS Coat, Elmex, and saline sequence. As time goes on the sensitivity was lower with MS Coat and Elmex than saline, but there was no difference between MS Coat and Elmex. 5. With water in $7^{\circ}C$, the sensitivity was much decreasing with MS Coat and Elmex than saline, but there was no difference between MS Coat and Elmex. As the result, MS Coat and Elmex are effective on hypersensitivity caused by periodontal treatment.

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The Prevention Effect of Seawater Penetration of Gel Coat Applied in Repair of FRP Fishing Vessel (FRP 어선 보수에 적용되는 겔코트의 해수 침투 방지 효과)

  • Kang, Dae Kon;Park, Jai Hak
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.15-21
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    • 2018
  • Ships may collide with reefs or other objects during operation, when arriving or departing ports. The hull plate may be damaged due to the contact with other ships. The total number of domestic powered fishing vessels has decreased, but that of FRP fishing vessels has increased by 0.7% and the ratio of FRP fishing vessels to the total fishing vessels increased to 96%. Recently, fishing vessels has been used as fishing boats for income of non-fishermen as well as fishermen. Therefore, safety management for repair and maintenance is necessary. The penetration of moisture and moisture in the composite material such as FRP may deteriorate the mechanical properties and the salt (NaCl) component of the damaged portion may cause a relatively high deterioration in material strength. The gel coat painting is the final stage of repairs ans maintenance of FRP fishing vessels. The thickness criteria in the domestic and foreign gel coat is 0.3~0.762 mm. The joint specimens, which was immersed in seawater for 120 days, were compared with those without seawater immersion. As a result, the tensile strength was 83 ~ 121.8% and the flexural strength was 83 ~ 113% compared with the specimens without seawater immersion. According to the previous study the tensile strength decreased by more than 29% and the flexural strength decreased by more than 50% when the composite material was immersed in seawater for 1,083 hours without coating. As a result, it was found that the gel coat with 0.5 mm thickness is very effective in preventing the strength decrease of the composite material.

Comparison on the fire performance of additional insulation materials for improving the fire retardancy in engine-room of FRP vessel (FRP 선박 기관실 난연성 향상을 위한 추가 방열재의 화재성능비교)

  • Choi, Jung-Min;Um, Han-Chan;Jin, Young-Hwa
    • Journal of Advanced Marine Engineering and Technology
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    • v.38 no.9
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    • pp.1150-1155
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    • 2014
  • To prevent the flame spread in FRP vessel in fire, the engine-room of the vessel should be constructed additionally with laminated fire-retardant resin over 3 times or equivalent insulation materials to former according to the relevant standard for FRP vessel structure. It is surveyed that insulation materials called 'Gel coat' are widely used in FRP fishing vessel, however, test method and its criteria for Gel coat are not clearly establish and have not been evaluated yet, while test method and criteria for fire-retardant resin and fire-retardant polyurethane composite are described in test standard for type-approval. In this study, 3 fire-retardant resins, 4 gel coats, 1 flame-retardant paint and 1 polyurethane composite were selected based on the survey and were evaluated according to both IMO FTP Code part 5 and flame-retardant test. When comparing based on CFE values from flame-spread test, average value for 4 gel coats were lower than that of 3 fire-retardant resins. As for flame-retardant test, there were no significant differences between fire-retardant resin and gel coat, based on charred area.

Development of Recombinant Coat Protein Antibody Based IC-RT-PCR and Comparison of its Sensitivity with Other Immunoassays for the Detection of Papaya Ringspot Virus Isolates from India

  • Sreenivasulu, M.;Gopal, D.V.R. Sai
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.25-31
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    • 2010
  • Papaya ringspot virus (PRSV) causes the most widespread and devastating disease in papaya. Isolates of PRSV originating from different geographical regions in south India were collected and maintained on natural host papaya. The entire coat protein (CP) gene of Papaya ringspot virus-P biotype (PRSV-P) was amplified by RTPCR. The amplicon was inserted into pGEM-T vector, sequenced and sub cloned into a bacterial expression vector pRSET-A using a directional cloning strategy. The PRSV coat protein was over-expressed as a fusion protein in Escherichia coli. SDS-PAGE gel revealed that CP expressed as a ~40 kDa protein. The recombinant coat protein (rCP) fused with 6x His-tag was purified from E.coli using Ni-NTA resin. The antigenicity of the fusion protein was determined by western blot analysis using antibodies raised against purified PRSV. The purified rCP was used as an antigen to produce high titer PRSV specific polyclonal antiserum. The resulting antiserum was used to develop an immunocapture reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (IC-RT-PCR) assay and compared its sensitivity levels with ELISA based assays for detection of PRSV isolates. IC-RT-PCR was shown to be the most sensitive test followed by dot-blot immunobinding assay (DBIA) and plate trapped ELISA.

Studies on Mild Mutants of Tobacco Mosaic Virus II. Biochemical Properties of Ribonucleic Acid and Coat Protein (약독 담배모자이크바이러스 II. RNA 및 외피단백질의 특성)

  • Choi Jang Kyung;Park Won Mok
    • Korean Journal Plant Pathology
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.121-128
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    • 1986
  • The biochemical properties of ribonucleic acid (RNA) and coat protein of the mild tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) mutant, Tw 333 are described. The molecular weight of the RNA calculated from polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was $2.03\times10^6$ daltons. The molar ratio of the bases of the RNA was 25.4 guanine, 29.2 adenine, 17.5 cytosine and 27.9 uracil in moles. The hyperchromicity on Tw 333-RNA by thermal denaturation was $25.1\%$, indicating Tm value of $47^{\circ}C$. The virus coat protein migrated as a single component in SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and had a molecular weight of 17,500 daltons. A total of 158 amino acid residues are present in the protein. Separation of the tryptic peptides by electrophoresis and chromatography yielded ninhydrin-positive compounds. The biochemical properties of RNA and coat protein of the mild mutant we very similar to those of wild type of TMV-OM strain, but some difference between the strains were observe in the base composition, hyperchromicity, amino acid composition and tryptic peptide map.

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Characteristics of Tobacco Mosaic Virus Isolated from Wasabi (Eutrema wasabi) in Korea

  • Kim, Hyung-Moo;Lee, Kui-Jae
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.247-250
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    • 1999
  • Wasabies showing mosaic symptoms were collected and extracted for virus purification. Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) was identified as causal agent by electron microscopy and nucleic acid and coat protein analyses. TMV strains were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). TMV was identified as W and C strain in wasabi. The results of host reaction indicated that this virus induced local lesions on Nicotiana tabacum cv. Bright Yellow and N. glutinosa, leaf spots on Chenopodium amaranticolor and mosaic symptoms on wasabi. Rot shape virus particles were observed and was about 300 nm in length. About 6.5 kb single RNA molecule was observed from extracted viral RNA sample and 26 KDa coat protein was detected in denatured acrylamide gel. Infection ratio of TMV was 8% for the first cultivation year, but was 22% for the second year when TMV-W antiserum was used. The results of this experiment showed that infection ratios of both TMV-W and TMV-C strains were higher compared to that of TMV-P strain.

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Modification of Turnip yellow mosaic virus coat protein and its effect on virion assembly

  • Shin, Hyun-Il;Chae, Kwang-Hee;Cho, Tae-Ju
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.46 no.10
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    • pp.495-500
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    • 2013
  • Turnip yellow mosaic virus (TYMV) is a positive strand RNA virus. We have modified TYMV coat protein (CP) by inserting a c-Myc epitope peptide at the N- or C-terminus of the CP, and have examined its effect on assembly. We introduced the recombinant CP constructs into Nicotiana benthamiana leaves by agroinfiltration. Examination of the leaf extracts by agarose gel electrophoresis and Western blot analysis showed that the CP modified at the N-terminus produced a band co-migrating with wild-type virions. With C-terminal modification, however, the detected bands moved faster than the wild-type virions. To further examine the effect, TYMV constructs producing the modified CPs were prepared. With N-terminal modification, viral RNAs were protected from RNase A. In contrast, the viral RNAs were not protected with C-terminal modification. Overall, the results suggest that virion assembly and RNA packaging occur properly when the N-terminus of CP is modified, but not when the C-terminus is modified.

Preparation of Unsaturated Polyester-based Hybrid Gel-Coats Containing Urethane Acrylate and Their Coating Performance

  • Kim, Ji-Hee;Baek, Seung-Suk;Kim, Oh Young;Park, Dong Hyup;Hwang, Seok-Ho
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.54 no.3
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    • pp.247-251
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    • 2019
  • Two different urethane acrylates (mono-acrylate and di-acrylate) were used to prepare unsaturated polyester-based hybrid gel-coats. The physical properties and surface characteristics of these gel-coats were investigated on the basis of the content and type of urethane acrylate. The set-to-touch time increased and the physical properties (surface hardness and tensile strength) decreased with an increase in the urethane acrylate content. However, the type of urethane acrylate did not affect these parameters. It was found that the optimal urethane acrylate content for the application of unsaturated polyester-based hybrid gel-coats is ~10 wt%.