• Title/Summary/Keyword: gelatinization

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Gelatinization Properties of Legume, Cereal and Potato Starches (두류, 곡류 및 감자전분의 호화 특성)

  • 김향숙;안승요
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.80-85
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    • 1994
  • Studies were carried out to investigate physicochemical and gelatinization properties of legume, cereal and potato starches. Cowpea, mung bean, acorn, and buckwheat starches showed similar moisture content and amylose content, however, there is neither similarity nor certaion trend in WBC, swilling power, and solubility among them. DSC thermograms of cowpea, mung bean, acorn, and buckwheat starches showed similar patterns with two endothermic peaks and relatively broad gelatinization ranges. SEM photomicrography of gelatinized cowpea, mung bean, acorn and buckwheat starches showed highly swollen and extremely disintegrated, folded structure.

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Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Punux Ginseng Starch (인삼전분의 이화학적 특성)

  • 오훈일;이송재
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.114-121
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    • 1981
  • Starch was isolated from 4-year-old and 6-year-old ginseng roots and its physical and chemical characteristics were studied. The results obtained were summarized as follows. 1. The shape of ginseng starch granules was polygonal and rounded with its granule size ranging from 2.0 to 7.5$\mu$. The swelling power of 4-year-old ginseng starch was much greater than that of 6-year old ginseng starch. Gelatinization pattern showed that 6-year-old ginseng starch gelatinized rapidly at $65^{\circ}C$, whereas 4-year-old starch continued to gelatinize, without having a definite gelatinization temperature as temperature increased 3. Amylogram of ginseng starch showed that gelatinization initiated at 61$^{\circ}C$ and was completed at 88$^{\circ}C$ with its viscosity reaching at 810 B.U. 4. The amylose contents were 32% and 9% for 4-year-old and 6-year-old ginseng starch, respectively. 5. X-ray diffraction analyses indicated that there were some structural differences between 4-year-old and 6-year-old ginseng starch.

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Degree of Gelatinization During Cooking of Rice by X-ray Diffractometry (X-ray 회절법에 의한 쌀의 취반시 호화도 측정)

  • Kim, Sung-Kon;Park, Hong-Hyun;Chung, Hye-Min;Kim, Kwan
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.266-268
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    • 1983
  • Dergree of gelatinization during cooking of Akibare(Janponica) and Milyang 23(Indica) rice was determined by X-ray diffractometry using a buit-in internal standard approach. The metod had a total coefficient of Variation of 99.9%. Milyang 23 showed slightly higher degree of gelatinization than Akibare during cooking at $100^{\circ}C$. Both rice was completely gelatinized after 20 minute cooking.

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Effect of Sugar Alcohol on Wheat Starch Gelatinization and Retrogradation (당알콜이 밀전분이 호화 및 노화에 미치는 영향)

  • 김혁일;신인영;김창순
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.1251-1255
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    • 1999
  • The sugar alcohols are useful alternatives to sucrose in confections because they provide desirable taste but lessen the potential risks for dental caries. The effects of sugar alcohol and their interaction on starch pasting properties were determined by the viscoamylograph with the concentration of 30%, 20%, 10% sugar alcohol in 1% CMC. The disaccharides, lactitol, maltitol, and isomalt, delayed pasting more than did monosaccharides, sorbitol and xylitol. With regard to the solubility in water, sorbitol and xylitol are more soluble than sucrose, maltitol and lactitol are almost equal and isomalt is less soluble than sucrose. Sorbitol and xylitol were highest on gelatinization. But their retrogradation occurred faster than other sugar alcohols. Lactitol and maltitol decreased gel strength more than did sucrose and other sugar alcohols.

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Effects on the Preparation and Preference of Haenbbyung due to Addition of Apricot Juice (살구즙의 첨가방법에 따른 행병의 제조와 기호도에 관한 연구)

  • 석은주;김동희;이숙미;염초애
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.838-843
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    • 1997
  • The effects of the addition of apricot juice on Haengbyung qualities were evaluated. The reducing sugar contents, degree of gelatinization, moisture contents, color L value and b value of Haengbyung were decreased but the color a value and hardness were increased during the storage. The reducing sugar contents and gelatinization of Haengbyung with the raw apricot juice was decreased less than those with the steamed apricot juice during the storage. the moisture contents of Haengbyung were decreased less than Baeksulgi. Color b value of Haengbyung with the raw apricot juice was decreased less than that with the steamed apricot juice. The consistence, moistness, texture and overall quality of Haengbyung were generally more favorable than Baeksulgi based upon the sensory evaluation during the storage. Throughout the storage, consistence, moistness and texture of Haengbyung with the rqw apricot juice were generally more favorable than those with the steamed apricot juice. With respect to overall quality, Haengbyung with the addition of 15% apricot juice of rice flour weight was generally the most favorable during the storage.

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Effect of Mugwort Powder on Physicochemical Properties, Paste and Gel of Rice Flour (쑥가루를 첨가한 습식 및 건식 쌀가루의 이화학적 특성)

  • 김영인
    • Korean Journal of Rural Living Science
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.125-129
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    • 1997
  • The effect of mugwort powder on some physicochemical properties of rice flour, the viscosity of rice flour pastes and the degree of gelatinization of pastes and gels were investigated. By addition of mugwort, water binding capacity, swelling power, and solubility of rice flour were increased, also the viscosity and, the degree of gelatinization of rice flour pastes and gels were increased. Generally wet rice flour-mugwort pastes and gels were better than those of dry rice flour-mugwort. And viscosity and gelatinization of the rice-mugwort pastes and gels were decreased slightly during storage at $20^{\circ}C$ for 7 days.

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Relation of Correlation about Rice quality related Characters in Condition storage of Unhulled rice (정조 저장조건에서 식미관련특성에 대한 상관성 정도)

  • Hwang, Pil-Seong;Lee, Jeom-Sig;Kim, Kee-Jong;Son, Jong-Rok;Chung, Won-Bok;Oh, Ju-Seong
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.510-514
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    • 2007
  • This study was carried on cool and RT(room temperature) storage of unhulled rice. In RT storage of an analysis of coefficient relation, high significant positive coefficients were observed in toyo index and breakdown, setback and protein content. high significant negative coefficients were showed setback and breakdown, breakdown and protein content. In cool storage of an analysis of coefficient relation, high significant positive coefficients were observed in toyo index and amylose content and gelatinization start temperature and protein content and high significant negative coefficients were showed toyo index and whiteness, toyo index and gelatinization start temperature, gelatinization start temperature and amylose content. In RT storage of a path coefficient analysis, a highest positive direct influence was observed in amylose content and a highest negative direct influence was protein content. Positive indirect influence was high revealed breakdown and protein content and negative indirect influence was gelatinization start temperature and Mg/K ratio. In cool storage of a path coefficient analysis, a highest positive direct influence was whiteness and a highest positive indirect influence was gelatinization start temperature. Positive indirect influence was high revealed gelatinization start temperature and amylose content, negative indirect influence was whiteness and gelatinization start temperature. In RT storage of Multiple regression equation of Toyo index based on physicochemical properties of unhulled rice, a highest coefficient of determination was revealed among five facters of whiteness, protein content, Mg/K ratio, amylose content and gelatinization start temperature. In cool storage of Multiple regression equation of toyo index based on physicochemical properties of unhulled rice, highest coefficient of determination was revealed among five facters of moisture content, amylose content, gelatinization start temperature, breakdown and setback.

Effect of Ohmic Heating at Subgelatinization Temperatures on Thermal-property of Potato Starch (호화점 이하에서 옴가열이 감자 전분의 열적특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Cha, Yun-Hwan
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.1068-1074
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    • 2012
  • Ohmic heating uses electric resistance heat which occurs equally and rapidly inside of food when electrical current is flown into. In other study, we researched about soybean protein's characteristic changes by ohmic heating. Nevertheless treated same temperature, denaturation of soybean protein were accelerated by ohmic heating than conventional heating. In this time, we studied thermal property change of potato starch by ohmic heating besides conventional heating. For this purpose, potato starch was heated at same subgelatinization temperature by ohmic and conventional heating. And thermal properties were tested using DSC. Annealing of starch is heat treatment method that heated at 3~4% below the gelatinization point. DSC analysis results of this study, the $T_o$, $T_p$, $T_c$ of potato starch levels were increased, whereas $T_c{\sim}T_o$ was narrowed. This thermal property changes appear similar to annealing's result. It is thought the results shown in this study, because the heating from below the gelatinization point. 6, 12, 24, 72, and 120 hours heating at $55^{\circ}C$ for potato starch, $T_o$, $T_p$, $T_c$ values continue to increased with heating time increase. The gelatinization temperature of raw potato starch was $65.9^{\circ}C$ and the treated starch by conventional heating at $55^{\circ}C$ for 120 hr was $72^{\circ}C$, ohmic was $76^{\circ}C$. The gelatinization range of conventional (72 hr) was $10^{\circ}C$, ohmic was $8^{\circ}C$. In case of 24 hours heating at 45, 50, 55, 60, $65^{\circ}C$ for potato starch, the result was similar to before. $T_o$, $T_p$, $T_c$ values continue to increased and gelatinization range narrowed with heating temperature increase. In case of conventional heating at $60^{\circ}C$, the results of gelatinization temperature and range were $70.1^{\circ}C$ and $9.1^{\circ}C$. And ohmic were $74.4^{\circ}C$ and $7.5^{\circ}C$. When viewed through the results of the above, the internal structure of starch heated by ohmic heating was found that the shift to a more stable form and to increase the homology of the starch internal structure.

Gelatinization and Retrogradation Properties of Surfactant Added Sweet Potato Starches (계면활성제 첨가 고구마 전분의 호화와 노화특성)

  • Lee, Shin-Kyung;Shin, Mal-Shick
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.463-471
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    • 1994
  • Physicochemical properties, gelatinization and retrogradation characteristics of surfactant added sweet potato starches were investigated. Three different surfactants, SSL (sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate), Dimodan (mono/diglyceride) and SE1670 (sucrose fatty acid ester 1670) were used. Shapes and crystallinities of starch granules were not changed by the addition of surfactants. Total lipid contents increased and the amylose content decreased by the addition of surfactants and the order was as follows: SE1670>SSL>Dimodan. The swelling power and solubility at $80^{\circ}C$ decreased in the surfactant added starches. By amylograph, initial gelatinization temperature of untreated sweet potato starch was $72.5^{\circ}C$, and did not change by the addition of surfactants, but SE1670 or Dimodan added starch showed the peak viscosity. The peak temperature of gelatinization and enthalpy of untreated starch by DSC were $53.9^{\circ}C$ and 1.3cal/g, respectively. The peak temperature increased by the addition of surfactants, while the enthalpy decreased. In gelatinization by alkali, the viscosity was lower in surfactant added starches than in untreated starch at concentration. The degree of retrogradation by ${\alpha}-amylase-iodine$ method was a lower in SSL and SE1670 added starches than untreated starch and the enthalpy by DSC also decreased in surfactant added and retrograded starches.

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Physico-Chemical Properties of Starches from Atlantic and Bora Valley Potato Cultivar with Different Colors (색깔이 다른 대서와 보라밸리 감자 전분의 이화학적 특성)

  • Lee, Jae-Soon;Choi, Mi-Kyeong;Moon, Eun-Young;Kang, Myung-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.542-547
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    • 2010
  • Physico-chemical properties of starches from potato cultivars with different colors were investigated. White Atlantic potato had 10% higher starch yield than violet Bora Valley potato. It turned out that the shape and structure of Atlantic and Bora Valley potato starch were the same by mechanical analysis using X-ray and SEM. The ratio of $50\;{\mu}m$ particle in starches from Atlantic and Bora Valley potato was $45.44\pm2.79%$ and $42.37\pm1.03%$ respectively. The particle size of Atlantic potato starch was less than that of Bora Valley; however, there was no significant difference (p<0.05). As for moisture coupling, there was no difference (p<0.05) between the two potatoes. Swelling power showed a high increase from $65^{\circ}C$ to $80^{\circ}C$. The swelling power of Atlantic starch was higher by about 0.3% than that of Bora Valley at $90^{\circ}C$. Since Atlantic has smaller starch particles than Bora Valley, more starch particles are contained in the same size, and hence a difference in swelling power. As a result of measuring the gelatinization of potato starches from Atlantic and Bora Valley, a higher gelatinization start, climax, and complete temperatures occurred at Bora Valley than Atlantic. As for gelatinization enthalpy, Bora Valley starch with a higher gelatinization temperature consumed more energy for gelatinization.