• Title, Summary, Keyword: gelatinization

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Effect of annealing treatment on gelatinization of upland and lowland waxy brown rice starches (아닐링 처리가 밭벼와 논벼 찹쌀 전분의 호화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sung-Kon
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.187-189
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    • 1991
  • Gelatinization temperatures of upland and lowland waxy brown rice starches annealed at $25^{\circ}C$ and $60^{\circ}C$ for 24hr were investigated with differential scanning calorimetry No annealing effect was observed at low temperature. The upland rice starch showed narrower range of gelatinization temperature upon annealing treatment at $60\circ}C$ compared with the lowland rice starch. The enthalpy of gelatinization was not changed in case of the upland rice starch but was increased in case of the lowland one upon annealing.

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Gelatinization Properties of Starch during Steeping Condition of Potato (감자의 수침조건에 따른 전분의 호화 특성)

  • 정난희;김경애;전은례
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.431-436
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    • 2000
  • Gelatinization properties of potato starches which were prepared by steeping at 10 ${\pm}$ 1$^{\circ}C$ or 25 ${\pm}$ 1$^{\circ}C$ for 11 days were investigated. The pasting and initial gelatinization temperatures measured by rapid visco-analyzer (RVA) were increased, but the peak and trough viscosities of potato starch were decreased by steeping. The onset temperature, peak temperature, conclusion temperature, and enthalpy of gelatinization were increased by steeping as measured by DSC. The contents of hot-water-soluble carbohydrate and amylose in potato starch were decreased by steeping.

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Quality of Popped Rice with Deep-frying for Salyeotgangjung (유탕처리된 쌀엿강정용 팽화쌀의 품질)

  • 김명애
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.478-482
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    • 2001
  • This experiment was carried out to clarify the effect of frying temperature and gelatinization method on the quality of popped rice for Salyeotgangjung. Frying at 220$^{\circ}C$ or 230$^{\circ}C$ gave a good expansion and score of sensory evaluation. But the frying oil began to smoke at 230$^{\circ}C$. There was no significant difference in the quality of popped rices between the treatments of minimum gelatinization after washing rice and moderate gelatinization after soaking for 80 minutes at 30$^{\circ}C$. In conclusion, frying washed rice with minimum gelatinization at 220$^{\circ}C$ would be considered as the best method for making Salyeotganagjung.

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The Role of Ingredients and Thermal Setting in High-Ratio Layer Cake Sytems (고당배합 케이크에서의 원료의 역할과 열에 의한 케이크 구조의 고정화)

  • Kim, Chang-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.520-529
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    • 1994
  • High-ratio cakes made from the formulas with more sugar (140% based on flour weight) than flour have come to be preferred recently. To produced good light cake structure, cake batter must retain the many finely divided gas bubbles formed during mixing . Thermal setting of cake structure is mainly caused by starch gelatinization . The formula controls the temperature at which the cake batter changes from a fluid to a solid. Especially, the relatively large amount of sugar used in the formula delays gelatinization, so that air bubbles can be properly expanded by carbon dioxide gas and water vapor before the cake sets. To get a non collapsing high ratio cake structure after baking , the proper degree of gelatinization of the starch granule, the control of gelatinization temperature, and sufficient gel strength ar all important. The role of ingredients (flour , sugar, proteins, chemical leavening agents, water shortening , and emulsifiers) is reviewed with relation to the formation of satisfactory cake structure.

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Determination of Degree of Gelatinization of Various Potato Starches (품종별 감자 전분의 호화도 측정)

  • Kim, Kyung-Ae;Jung, Lan-Hee
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.15-19
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    • 1990
  • Gelatinization properties of potato starches from Irish Cobbler (the dry type), Shepody and Superior (the intermediate type) and Dejima (the moist type) were investigated. The minimum moisture contents for gelatinization of starches was 45%. When the moisture contents percentage was $45{\sim}60%$, the degree of gelatinization of potato starches was higher in Dejima than in Irish Cobbler, on the other when it was 70%, all of kind were almost similar. The gelatinization temperature of starches was $65^{\circ}C$, When the temperature was $65^{\circ}C$, degree of gelatinization was highest in Dejima and lowest in Irish Cobbler, on the other hand when it was $75^{\circ}C$. highest in Irish Cobbler and lowest in Shepody.

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Gelatinization Behaviours and Gel Properties of Hydroxypropylated and Cross-linked Corn Starches (하이드록시프로필화 및 가교화 시킨 옥수수 전분의 호화 및 겔 특성)

  • Yook, Cheol;Pek, Un-Hua;Park, Kwan-Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.70-73
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    • 1992
  • Gelatinization behaviour and gel properties of corn starch modified either by hydroxypropylation only or by cross-linking and hydroxypropylation were investigated. Gelatinization temperature of corn starch decreased greatly by hydroxypropylation, but increased slightly by cross-linking with epichlorohydrin. The treatment of both hydroxypropylation and cross-linking lowered the gelatinization temperature, although it was not significantly different from that of hydroxypropylated corn starch. The swelling power of the corn starch was reduced and gel strength was increased by both modifications. The results suggested that the gelatinization behaviour and gel properties of corn starch could be improved by both cross-linking and hydroxypropylation.

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Influence of Water and Surfactants on Wheat Starch Gelatinization and Retrogradation (수분과 계면활성제가 밀전분의 호화와 노화에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Mal-Shick
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.116-121
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    • 1991
  • The effects of water contents and surfactants, sodium stearoyl-lactylate, sucrose ester and distilled monoglyceride(Dimodan) on wheat starch gelatinization and retrogradation were studied by differential scanning calorimetry. The endothermic peak patterns of starch varied with water content of starch. When water content was less than 30%, gelatinization did not occur. The onset temperature of gelatinization peak of native starch was $59{\sim}60^{\circ}C$ and that of endothermal peak of retrograded starch was $50{\sim}55^{\circ}C$. The enthalpy value of retrograded starch were greatest in the $40{\sim}50%$ water content. In the presence of surfactants, gelatinization temperatures shifted slightly to higher temperatures. DSC endothermal enthalpies of the amylose-lipid complex increased. The degree of retrogradation in starch was lower with surfactant than without surfactant, but enthalpy of amylose-lipid complex did not change during storage.

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Gelatinization Properties of Starch during Steeping of Potato (감자의 수침에 따른 전분의 열 호화 특성)

  • 정난희;김경애;김성곤;서복영;전은례
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.213-218
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    • 1998
  • The changes in gelatinization patterns of potato were investigated while steeping in water for 7 days at 30${\pm}$1$^{\circ}C$. The transmittance of 0.1% starch suspension was increased rapidly from 60$^{\circ}C$ in raw starch and the starch steeped for 2 days, and increased rapidly from 65$^{\circ}C$ in the starch steeped for 4 and 6 days. As the steeping period increased, the transmittance was decreased at above condition. The gelatinization temperature of the starch measured by differential scanning calorimetry was increased from 62.79$^{\circ}C$ to 63.72$^{\circ}C$ as the steeping period increased. The gelatinization enthalpy reached the maximum in the starch steeped for 4 days. By amylograph, the initial gelatinization temperature was increased from 66$^{\circ}C$ to 84$^{\circ}C$ as the steeping period increased. Peak viscosity was decreased during steeping and the starch steeped for 5 days had no peak viscosity. Peak height after cooling to 50$^{\circ}C$ was increased up to the 4th day and began to decrease. As the steeping period increased, there was much loss of birefringence at higher temperature. The crystallinity by X-ray diffraction disappeared from 65$^{\circ}C$.

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Effects of Soaking on Pasting Gelatinization of Acorn Flour (수침이 도토리 앙금의 호화에 미치는 영향)

  • Na, Hwan-Sik;Oh, Geom-Soon;Park, Jong-Hun;Kim, Kwan;Kim, Sung-Kon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.770-776
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    • 2000
  • Pasting gelatinization of acorn flours which were prepared with soaked nut and sediment at 7.8$^{\circ}C$ for 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 days were investigated. The peak temperature of gelatinization of untreated acorn flour (0-0) by Rapid Visco Analyzer was 73.1$^{\circ}C$, respectively, but those of flours were decreased by soaking. Peak viscosity, setback and breakdown of acorn flours were increased by soaking. In addition, consistency was increased by soaking treatment. From the result of the pasting properties, gel formation ability of acorn flour was increased with increasing soaking days of acorn nut and soaking times of sediment. The gelatinization temperature examined by X-ray diffractometry was lowered with increasing of soaking days. The observation of microstructure through a scanning electron microscope revealed that gelatinized acorn flour showed loser their original shape and structure than that of with out soaking treatment (0-0). The degree of gelatinization under the fixed temperature increased with increasing soaking days. From these results, it might be concluded that the increase of soaking days and soaking times is the factor affecting the gelatinization of acorn flour.

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Physicochemical Properties and Gelatinization Kinetics of Covered Barley Strach (겉보리 전분의 이화학적 특성및 호화기작)

  • Kim, Nam-Soo;Nam, Young-Jung;Min, Byong-Yong
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.12-17
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    • 1987
  • Physicochemical properties and gelatinization kinetics of Ol barley starch were studied. The granule size was $13-28\;{\mu}$ and the granule shape was oval or circular. Also, Ol barley starch had amylose content of 32%. Swelling power and solubility reached to the maximum values of 7.22 and 2.28% at the gelatinization temperature of $90^{\circ}C$. The pasting temperature of starch was slightly higher than those of powder and defatted powder. Most of the increase in light penetration was accomplished from the gelatinization temperature of $80^{\circ}C$ to $90^{\circ}C$. The gelatinization reaction of lL barley starch occurred in 2 stages. The activation energy of lst stage gelatinization reaction was 23.84 kcal/mole, whereas activation energies of 2nd stage gelatinization reaction were 33.38 and 72.82 kcal/mole around $80^{\circ}C$.

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