• 제목, 요약, 키워드: gelatinization

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일반계와 통일계 현미전분의 호화성질 비교 (Comparison of Gelatinization Properties of Japonica and Tongil Brown Rice Starches)

  • 변기원
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.428-435
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    • 1992
  • 현미 전분의 고유점도는 일반계와 통일계 사이에 유의적인 차이가 없었다. 시차주사열량기에 의한 전분의 호화개시온도는 통일계보다 2$^{\circ}C$ 정도 높았고, 호화온도의 범위는 일반계가 통일계보다 유의적으로 컸으나 호화엔탈피는 유의적인 차이가 없었다. 호화에 필요한 수분함량과 아닐링 처리에 의한 호화성질은 서로 유의적인 차이를 보이지 않았다. 호화에 필요한 수분함량은 일반계의 경우 호화온도 범위와 부의 상관을, 통일계 경우에는 고유점도와 부의 상관을 보였다. 전분의 고유점도는 일반계와 통일계 모두 호화 엔탈피와 정의 상관을 보였다.

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마이크로파 가열방법에 따른 감자전분의 호화특성 변화 (Changes in Gelatinization Properties of Potato Starch by Microwave Heating Methods)

  • 최옥자;고무석;신말식
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.696-703
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the gelatinization properties of potato starch heated with microwave. Two types of potato starches were prepared; In group A raw potato starch was heated with microwave and in group B potato starch was isolated from potato heated with microwave. Both groups were exposed to the microwave energy in a 560W, 2,450 MHz oven for 60, 120, 180 and 300 seconds. Gelatinization behaviour by DSC made a few differences according to the ratio of starch to water. As the microwave heating time took longer, gelatinization temperature and gelatinization $enthalpy({\bigtriangleup}H_1)$ were decreased in and melting $enthalpy({\bigtriangleup}H_2)$ was increased in group A. Whereas they were increased in group B. In both groups, maximum viscosity in gelatinization by Brabender amylogram was decreased by microwave heating. Then the peak of the maximum viscosity was shifted to higher temperature and cold viscosity was slightly increased. In group A, viscosity in gelatinization and light transmittance by NaOH was increased in initial stage and gel volume in gelatinization by KSCN was decreased. On the other hand, in group B, viscosity by alkali was slightly decreased, but light transmittance by NaOH was almost never changed. Gel volume is decreased like group A.

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밭벼 찹쌀의 겨층 구조와 전분의 호화 성질 (Bran structure and gelatinization properties of upland waxy rice starch)

  • 김성곤
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.75-76
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    • 1991
  • Bran structure and gelatinization property of upland and lowland japonica waxy brown rice were compared. Dimension, weight and number of aleurone layer were similar between upland(Nonglimna 1) and lowland(Shinsunchalbyeo) rices, but the aleurone layer and pericarp of upland rice were thicker. Water uptake rate of upland rice at $60^{\circ}C$ was lower than that of lowland one. There was no difference in intrinsic viscosity between two rice starches. Upland rice starch had lower onset temperature, narrower gelatinization temperature and lower water content lot gelatinization compared with lowland rice starch.

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Gelatinization Characteristics of Glutinous Rice Varieties

  • Kim, Kwang-Ho;Park, Hong-Sook;Kim, Jae-Sung
    • 한국작물학회지
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.64-69
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    • 1999
  • Gelatinization characteristics of 111 glutinous rice varieties were evaluated by Rapid Visco Analyzer. Gelatinization viscosity of glutinous rice tested varied with ecotypes or varietal groups: indica, japonica, and Tongil type. Indica rice showed the highest average value of initial pasting temperature. The average values for peak, hot, and cool viscosities were highest in Tongil-type rice, and lowest in japonica rice. Japonica showed the lowest breakdown and consistency, but the highest setback value. Indica was lower in alkali digestion value (ADV), and shorter in gel length after gelatinization thanjaponica and Tongil-type. Glutinous rices tested could be divided into six groups by cluster analysis based on their gelatinization characteristics. Group I-A was mostly early maturing japonica varieties while I-B was mostly indica and Tongil-type rices. Groups II-A and II-B were consisted of very early maturingjaponica, and III-A and III-B included medium or medium late maturingjaponica varieties. Group III-A showed the lowest average values of peak, hot, cool, and consistency viscosities, and also in breakdown and setback ratios. Group I-B revealed the highest values in peak, hot, cool, breakdown, and consistency viscosities. ADV was low in groups I-A, I-B, and II-B, and gel consistency was not different among the six varietal groups. Principal component analysis using seven traits related with gelatinization produced four effective components, and the first and second components were highly correlated with all the gelatinization characters evaluated.

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알칼리 호화에 따른 옥수수전분의 특성 (Physiochemical Characteristics of Corn Starch during the Alkali Gelatinization)

  • 조석철;신해헌
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.637-643
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    • 2007
  • 옥수수 전분의 용해도, 아밀로오스 용출량 및 용출당 함량은 알칼리 호화도에 따라 모두 증가하였다. 알칼리호화의 경우 낮은 호화도에서도 특정 X-ray 회절각도에서의 강도 및 DSC의 호화 엔탈피가 감소하여 가열호화와는 달리 호화 초반에 전분입자의 결정질이 손상되는 것을 알 수 있었으며, 결정질이 손상됨에 따라 용출당 중의 아밀로오스의 상대적 함량이 낮아지고 호화과정중의 전분 입자크기는 거의 변하지 않았다. 또한 DSC의 흡열곡선이 호화도가 증가함에 따라 고온으로 이동하였다. 이와 같은 현상으로 미루어 볼 때 알칼리 첨가에 의하여 전분입자의 팽창보다는 약한 결정질로부터 파괴되면서 호화가 진행되는 것으로 추정된다.

옥수수전분 현탁액의 알칼리 호화 (Alkali Gelatinization of Corn Starch Suspension)

  • 신해헌;차윤환;변유량;조석철
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.169-174
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    • 2007
  • 옥수수전분의 알칼리호화는 NaOH 첨가에 의하여 지수적으로 증가하였으며, 호화도가 급격히 증가하기 시작하는 구간을 알칼리호화 개시점으로 추정하였다. 10%(w/w) 옥수수 전분 현탁액의 $40^{\circ}C$에서 호화개시점은 24.1 meq NaOH/g starch인 반면에 $60^{\circ}C$에서는 9.8 meq NaOH/g starch이었다. 또한 옥수수전분 현탁액의 농도를 40%로 증가시킨 경우 $40^{\circ}C$에서 9.5 meq NaOH/g starch에서 호화가 개시되었다. 이와 같은 결과로부터 전분의 알칼리호화 개시농도가 전분 현탁액의 농도와 온도에 반비례하는 것을 알 수 있었다.

자색고구마를 첨가한 스펀지케이크의 항산화성 및 호화 특성 (Antioxidative Activities and Gelatinization Characteristics of Sponge Cake added with Purple Sweet Potato)

  • 김종희;이근종
    • 동아시아식생활학회지
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.750-759
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    • 2013
  • In the study, purple sweet potato sponge cake was prepared with different ratios of purple sweet potato powder in order to examine the antioxidative activities and gelatinization characteristics. For DPPH radical scavenging effect, content of $IC_{50}$ came out with (+) control group of BHA. Sponge cake with purple sweet potato powder of 0% showed a range of 49.7 mg/mL, The treatment groups with purple sweet potato powder of 5~30% showed a range of 25.0 mg/mL~6.0 mg/mL. That was, the higher the added quantity of purple sweet potato powder was, antioxidative activities increased. With the higher quantity of purple sweet potato, the content of phenols and flavonoids also increased. As a result of examining the gelatinization activity with DSC, the group with purple sweet potato powder showed a faster progress in temperature for starting gelatinization compared to the control group. Gelatinization activity increased in proportion to the content of purple sweet potato powder. Based on the above study results, it was proved that there is a possibility to produce baking processed foods using purple sweet potato with stable gelatinization and excellent antioxidative activities.

Effects of Amylose Contents and Degree of Gelatinization of Rice Flour on In Vitro Starch Digestibility, Physical Characteristics, and Morphological Properties

  • Park, Ji Eun;Bae, In Young;Oh, Im Kyung;Lee, Hyeon Gyu
    • 산업식품공학
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.341-350
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    • 2017
  • The relationship of in vitro starch digestibility and gel strength was investigated at various concentrations (10-30%) of rice cultivars with different amylose contents (27.9, 17.9, and 5.2%). As the rice flour concentration increased, predicted glycemic index decreased, but gel strength increased regardless of amylose contents. Gel strength correlated strongly with amylose content, whereas in vitro starch digestibility was more highly affected by rice flour concentration than by amylose contents. Moreover, the impact of degree of gelatinization on in vitro starch digestibility of high amylose rice was also examined in terms of structural features and rheological properties. The digestion rate of fully gelatinized flour was 1.7 times higher than that of native flour, while the disrupted structure with a different gelatinization degree during starch digestion was visually demonstrated through the X-ray diffraction and molecular distribution analysis. The rice flour changed from an A-type to a V-type pattern and showed difference in crystalline melting. The low molecular weight distribution increased with increasing degree of gelatinization during starch digestion. The apparent viscosity also increased with degree of gelatinization. These results demonstrated that the starch digestibility of rice was more affected by concentration than by amylose content, as well as by the degree of gelatinization due to structural difference.

쌀, 옥수수, 칡 및 생강 전분의 알카리 호화 (Alkali Gelatinization of Rice, Corn, Arrow Root and Ginger Root Starches)

  • 김성곤;정혜민;조만희
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.214-216
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    • 1984
  • Alkali gelatinization of rice, corn, arrow root and ginger root starches at various sodium hydroxide concentrations was investigated. Critical concentrations of alkali for starch gelatinization ranged from 2.33 to 3.17 meq NaOH per gram of starch. Ginger root starch was most resistant to alkali gelatinization and arrow root starch was least stable to alkali.

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