• Title, Summary, Keyword: gelatinization

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Changes in Quality Properties of Fermented Waxy Rice Paste of Yakchobugak as Affected by Lactic Acid Bacteria and Waxy Rice Powder (유산균 종류와 찹쌀가루의 호화온도 및 발효시간에 따른 약초부각 발효풀의 품질특성 변화)

  • Ko, Young-Ran;Shon, Mi-Yae;Kim, Yun-Geun;Chung, Kyung-Sook;Wang, Su-Bin;Park, Seok-Kyu
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.201-210
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    • 2009
  • This study was undertaken to investigate the quality properties of yakchobugak as affected by lactic acid bacteria and waxy rice paste for improving palatability of yakchobugak of Agastache rugosa. Total sugar contents of lactic acid bacteria-fermenting waxy rice paste gelatinized at $90^{\circ}C$ were higher than that of $70^{\circ}C$. Reducing sugar contents were $2{\sim}5$ times higher in $70^{\circ}C$ waxy rice paste than in $90^{\circ}C$ waxy rice paste and increased as the fermentation progressed. Total acidity of waxy rice pastes gelatinized at $70^{\circ}C$ and fermented for 15 hours were $2.7{\sim}1.3$ times higher than at $90^{\circ}C$, and then Lactococcus lactis had the lowest total acidity during fermentation. Viscosity of fermented paste (VFP) were lower than those of raw paste. VFPs gelatinized at $90^{\circ}C$ were markedly higher than those at $70^{\circ}C$ over 28% concentration. In L. lactis and Lactobacillus plantarum, VFPs fermented for 15 hours were over $2{\sim}3$ times lower than those fermented for 40 hours. Hunter's color lightness (L) and yellowness (b) were decreased according to the elevation of gelatinization temperature and fermentation time. L. lactis and L. plantarum-producing waxy rice pastes were the uniform micell type with a large air-pore size and amorphous micell type with a small air-pore size, respectively. Based on these results, L. lactis was a lower lactic acid-producing bacteria as well as uniform air-pore distribution on waxy rice paste. It was found to be a good sourpaste-fermenting strain for enhancement of quality properties of yakchobugak, as revealed through viscosity, total acidity, Hunter's color b value and scanning electron micrographs.

Nutrient Composition and Physicochemical Properties of Korean Taro Flours According to Cultivars (품종별 국내산 토란 분말의 영양성분 및 이화학적 특성)

  • Moon, Ji-Hye;Kim, Ro-Sa;Choi, Hee-Don;Kim, Yoon-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.613-619
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    • 2010
  • Three varieties of taro flours (Altoran, Josaengjong, and Jaeraejong) were analyzed to evaluate their nutrient composition and physicochemical properties. Moisture contents of the three taro cultivars varied from 5.74-10.30%. Among the three cultivars, Altoran flour had higher protein and fat contents than other cultivars. There were 17 kinds of amino acids in the three taro flours. The major fatty acids in the three taro flours were linoleic acid (46.5-51.4%), palmitic acid (21.7-25.8%), and oleic acid (12.3-18.7%), and two thirds of the total fatty acids were unsaturated fatty acids. Potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, and calcium were the most plentiful minerals in the three taro flours, and the free sugars were glucose, fructose, and sucrose. The total dietary fiber contents of the three taro flours ranged from 12.97 to 17.60%. From these results, Altoran contained a high level of dietary fiber, minerals, essential amino acids, and free sugars. Jaeraejong showed the highest water absorption index. The water soluble index of Altoran was higher than that of the other cultivars. From the differential scanning calorimeter results, the gelatinization temperatures of the three taro flours were $84.98-89.91^{\circ}C$. The pasting temperature of the three taro flours was from 46.77 to $49.30^{\circ}C$ by rapid visco-analyzer. Among these varieties, Josaengjong had the highest peak viscosity and final viscosity, whereas Altoran had the lowest. These taro cultivars are expected to be potential material for application in taro processed foods, due to their gelatination and pasting properties.

Exploration of optimum conditions for production of saccharogenic mixed grain beverages and assessment of anti-diabetic activity (잡곡당화음료 제조 최적 조건 탐색 및 항당뇨 활성 평가)

  • Lee, Jae Sung;Kang, Yun Hwan;Kim, Kyoung Kon;Yun, Yeong Kyeong;Lim, Jun Gu;Kim, Tae Woo;Kim, Dae Jung;Won, Sang Yeon;Bae, Moo Hoan;Choi, Han Seok;Choe, Myeon
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.12-22
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to establish the production conditions through optimization of the production process of beverages using Aspergillus oryzae CF1001, and to analyze volatile compounds and antidiabetic activity. Methods: The optimum condition was selected using the response surface methodology (RSM), through a regression analysis with the following independent variables gelatinization temperature (GT, $X_1$), saccharogenic time (ST, $X_2$), and dependent variable; ${\Delta}E$ value (y). The condition with the lowest ${\Delta}E$ value occurred with combined 45 min ST and $50^{\circ}C$ GT. The volatile compounds were analyzed quantitatively by GC-MS. Results: Assessment of antidiabetic activity of saccharogenic mixed grain beverage (SMGB) was determined by measurement of ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibition activity, and glucose uptake activity and glucose metabolic protein expression by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blot analysis. Results of volatile compounds analysis, 62 kinds of volatile compounds were detected in SMGB. Palmitic acid (9.534% ratio), benzaldehyde (8.948% ratio), benzyl ethyl ether (8.792% ratio), ethyl alcohol (8.35% ratio), and 2-amyl furan (4.826% ratio) were abundant in SMGB. We confirmed that ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibition activity, glucose uptake activity, and glucose-metabolic proteins were upregulated by SMGB treatment with concentration dependent manner. Conclusion: Saccharogenic mixed grain beverage (SMGB) showed potential antidiabetic activity. Further studies will be needed in order to improve the taste and functionality of SMGB.

Physicochemical properties of spray-dried rice flour with Lactobacillus plantarum CGKW3 (분무건조공정을 이용한 유산균포집 미분의 제조 및 물리화학적 특성)

  • Park, Hye-Mi;Lee, Dae-Hoon;Jeong, Yoo-Seok;Jung, Hee-Kyoung;Cho, Jae-Gon;Hong, Joo-Heon
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.392-398
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    • 2015
  • The physicochemical properties of spray-dried rice flour with Lactobacillus plantarum CGKW3 were investigated. Amylose and damaged starch contents of spray-dried rice flour (S10, S20, S30, and S50) with L. plantarum CGKW3 were 14.18~17.75% and 24.65~34.08%, respectively. The particle size of spray-dried rice flour was $82.28{\sim}131.17{\mu}m$. The rice flour with L. plantarum CGKW3 showed a good powder flowability. The water absorption and water solubility of spray-dried rice flour were 1.96~2.13 and 9.91~21.95%, respectively. Thermal properties measured by differential scanning calorimeter revealed that the enthalpy (${\Delta}H$) for starch gelatinization were highest in the rice flour (S50) with L. plantarum CGKW3. When compared, the viable cell number of spray-dried rice flour were found to be in the following order: S10 (5.78 log CFU/g) < S20 (6.38 log CFU/g) < S30 (6.69 log CFU/g) < S50 (7.11 log CFU/g). The survaival rate of L. plantarum CGKW3 was 60.02-73.85%, which reflected the improvement in the quality of rice flour with an increase in treatment concentration. Based on our results, spray-dried rice flour with L. plantarum CGKW3 could be used in various types of rice foods.

Comparison on Physicochemical and Cooking Properties of Milled Kernel in Waxy Corn Hybrids (찰옥수수쌀의 품종별 이화학특성 및 취반특성)

  • Lee, Yu Young;Lee, Choon-Ki;Lee, Jin-Suk;Kim, Mi-Jung;Kim, Sun-Lim;Kim, Yul-Ho;Park, Hyang Mi;Kim, Wook-Han;Kwon, Young-Up;Kim, Sung Kook
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.58 no.4
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    • pp.424-431
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    • 2013
  • Consumption of waxy corn is steadily increasing due to consumer preference for natural food. However, availability of waxy corn is limited because most of them are used for steamed waxy corn. It is therefore important to create new demands of waxy corn using food processing technology. There is little prior research about characteristics of milled kernel in waxy corn. This study examined the physicochemical and cooking properties of milled kernel using nine waxy corn hybrids. Colored hybrids (Heukjinju, Miheukchal, and Eolrukchal1) showed high milling yield and low change of grain length after milling process compared to other hybrids. The total starch content ranged from 62.1 to 68.4% and the gelatinization temperature of starch was lowest in Yeonnong1 ($69.9^{\circ}C$). The breakdown viscosity of Yeonnong1, Miheukchal and Heukjinju was higher than those of tested hybrids, whereas setback viscosity of those hybrids was lower. In cooking properties of milled waxy corn, water absorption and volume expansion rate were high in Yeonnong2 (84.9, 219.3%), Miheukchal (85.9, 211.4%), and Heukjinju (80.9, 203.7%). In the sensory test, the overall preference was significantly higher in Heukjinju and Miheukchal. Thus, Heukjinju, Yeonnong2, and Miheukchal showed good scores in milling yield, cooking properties, and the preference of sensory test. These results will provide fundamental information to extend milled waxy corns usage.

A Very Early-Maturing, Cold Tolerant and High Quality japonica Rice Variety 'Hanseol' (극조숙 고품질 내냉성 벼 신품종 '한설')

  • Lee, Jeong-Heui;Shin, Young-Seop;Jeong, O-Young;Kim, Myeong-Ki;Kim, Yeon-Gyu;Kim, Hong-Yeol;Lee, Jeom-Ho;Lee, Jeong-Il;Cho, Young-Chan;Jeon, Yong-Hee;Choi, Yong-Hwan;Yang, Chang-Ihn;Hong, Ha-Cheol;Won, Yong-Jae;Shin, Jin-Chul;Kim, Hyung-Yoon;Seo, Dae-Ha;Hwang, Hung-Goo;Yea, Jong-Doo
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.42 no.6
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    • pp.632-637
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    • 2010
  • 'Hanseol' is a new very early-maturing, cold tolerant and high quality japonica rice variety developed from a cross of 'Jinbu24' and 'Jinbu25' by the rice breeding team of National Institute of Crop Science (NICS), Rural Development Administration (RDA) in 2009. The heading date of this variety is July 25, which is four days earlier than check variety, 'Jinbubyeo'. 'Hanseol' has 65 cm of culm length, 99 spikelets per panicle, 82.9% of ripened grain rate, and 21.5 g of 1,000 grain-weight of brown rice. This variety shows susceptibility to bacterial leaf blight and virus diseases, and insect pests. It is tolerant to cold stress in terms of less heading delay and high fertility in cold water irrigated cultivation. This variety shows delayed leaf senescence and considerable tolerance to viviparous germination at ripening stage. The milled rice of this variety exhibits translucent, clear non-glutinous endosperm and medium-short grain. 'Hanseol' showed low gelatinization temperature and 6.1% protein content, 19.1% amylose content and good palatability of cooked rice. The milled rice yield of this variety is about 5.43 MT/ha at ordinary culture in local adaptability test for three years. 'Hanseol' would be highly adaptable to mid-north and mid-mountainous areas, and mid-northern alpine area in Korea.

A New Sweetpotato Cultivar for Use of Bioethanol 'Daeyumi' (바이오에탄올용 고구마 신품종 '대유미')

  • Lee, Joon-Seol;Ahn, Young-Sup;Chung, Mi-Nam;Kim, Hag-Sin;Jeong, Kwang-Ho;Bang, Jin-Ki;Song, Yeon-Sang;Shim, Hyeong-Kwon;Han, Seon-Kyeong;Suh, Sae-Jung
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.42 no.6
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    • pp.674-678
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    • 2010
  • A new sweetpotato variety, 'Daeyumi', was developed by Bioenergy Crop Research Center, National Institute of Crop Science (NICS), RDA in 2008. This variety was obtained from the cross between 'Jinhongmi' and 'Xusju 18' in 2000. The seedling and line selections were performed from 2001 to 2003, preliminary and advanced yield trials were carried out from 2004 to 2005, and the regional yield trials were conducted at six locations from 2006 to 2008. 'Daeyumi' has cordate leaf, green vine and petiole, elliptic storage root, red skin and yellow flesh color of storage root. This variety is also resistant to Fusarium wilt and nematode. The starch value was 25.9%, ethanol yield was 418 L/Ton, which was 7% higher than that of 'Yulmi' variety, and the total sugar content was 2.47 g/100g, dry weight. 'Daeyumi's initial temperature of starch gelatinization was lower, 76.2$^{\circ}C$, and the retrogradation process was earlier than 'Yulmi'. The average yield of storage root was 27.8 ton/ha in the regional yield trials, which was 36% higher than that of 'Yulmi' variety. Number of storage roots over 50 gram per plant was 3.0, and the average weight of one storage root was 152 gram. This variety can be used for the production of bioethanol and starch processing.

An Early-Maturing, Blast Resistant and High Quality Rice Cultivar "Pyeongwon" (벼 조생 단간 내도열병 고품질 신품종 "평원")

  • Ryu, Hae-Young;Jeon, Yong-Hee;Jung, Kuk-Hyun;Shin, Young-Seop;Hwang, Hung-Goo;Kim, Hong-Yeol;Kim, Myeong-Ki;Jung, O-Young;Won, Yong-Jae;Kim, Yeon-Gyu;Yang, Chang-In;Lee, Jeom-Ho;Lee, Jeong-Il;Lee, Jeong-Heui;Choi, Yoon-Hee;Yang, Sae-Jun;Ahn, Eok-Keun
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.177-181
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    • 2009
  • 'Pyeongwon' is a new japonica rice cultivar which is developed from a cross between Jinbu19 and Samjiyeon4 from North Korea by the rice breeding team of National Institute of Crop Science, RDA. Pyeongwon has about 107 days duration from seeding to heading in mid-northen plain, alpine, north-eastern coastal and southern alpine areas. It has about 67 cm culm length and tolerance to lodging. Pyeongwon has 13 tillers per hill and 82 spikelets per panicle. It showed tolerance to heading delay and spikelet sterility due to cold treatment similar to Odaebyeo. It also showed slow leaf senescence and moderate tolerance to viviparous germination during the ripening stage. Pyeongwon has resistance to blast disease but susceptible to stripe virus and brown planthopper. Milled rice of Pyeongwon has translucent kernels, relatively clear non-glutinous endosperm and medium short grain. It is characterized as a low gelatinization temperature and slightly lower amylose content (17.1%) variety compared to Odaebyeo (19.5%) and has good palatability of cooked rice. The milled rice yield performance of this cultivar was about 5.28 MT/ha by ordinary culture in local adaptability test for three years. This cultivar may be highly adaptable to the mid-northen plain, alpine, north-eastern coastal and southern alpine areas of Korea.

A Medium-Maturing and Good Quality Japonica Rice Variety, "Cheongan" (벼 중생 고품질 신품종 "청안")

  • Yang, Sae-Jun;Kim, Yeon-Gyu;Choi, Im-Soo;Cho, Young-Chan;Hwang, Hung-Goo;Hong, Ha-Cheol;Kim, Myeong-Ki;Oh, Myung-Kyu;Shin, Young-Seop;Lee, Jeom-Ho;Choi, Yong-Hwan;Choi, In-Bea;Kang, Kyung-Ho;Yea, Jong-Doo;Lee, Jeong-Heui
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.649-653
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    • 2009
  • "Cheongan" is a new japonica rice variety developed from a cross between SR15225-B-22-1-2-1 and Iksan431 in summer season, 1997 by National Institute of Crop Science, RDA. The line SR15225-B-22-1-2-1 has good canopy architecture and multi-disease and insect resistance, and Iksan431 has translucent milled rice and good eating-quality. Heading date of Cheongan is August 13 in central lowland and mid-mountainous areas. "Cheongan" having culm length of 84 cm shows relatively semi-erect pubescent leaf blade and rigid culm, tolerance to lodging with and good canopy architecture. This variety has 14 tillers per hill and 126 spikelets per panicle. It shows tolerance to heading delay and spikelet sterility comparable to Hwaseongbyeo when exposed to cold stress. Leaf senescence of Cheongan progresses slowly during the ripening stage and the viviparous germination ratio was 59 %, similar to that of Hwaseongbyo. "Cheongan" shows moderately resistance to blast disease, but susceptible to stripe virus and brown planthopper. The milled rice of "Cheongan" exhibits translucent, clear non-glutinous endosperm and medium short grain. It shows similar amylose content of 18.7%, gelatinization temperature, and similar palatability of cooked rice compared to Hwaseongbyeo. The milled rice yield of this cultivar is about 5.54 MT/ha at ordinary season culture in local adaptability test for three years. Especially, "Cheongan" has better milling properties of higher 98.4% and 73.9% in the percentage of head rice in milled rice and milling recovery of head rice, respectively, than those of Hwaseongbyeo. "Cheongan" could be adaptable to the central and mid-southern plain area, and mid-western coastal area of Korea.

Changes in Physicochemical Properties in Wheat Grains as Influenced by Average Temperature Rise during Ripening Stage (등숙기 평균기온 상승에 따른 밀 종실의 이화학적 특성 변화)

  • Ahn, Seung-Hyun;Kim, Dea-Wook;Lee, Hyeon-Seok;Jeong, Jae-Hyeok;Jeong, Han-Yong;Hwang, Woon-Ha;Baek, Jung-Sun;Choi, Kyung-Jin;Choi, In-Bea;Park, Hong-Kyu;Youn, Jong-Tag;Kim, Geun-Joong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of International Agriculture
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.50-55
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    • 2017
  • We investigated the changes in the physicochemical properties of wheat grains during ripening stage to determine the effect of the rise in average temperature on that of wheat grains. The treated average temperatures were $18.3^{\circ}C$(control), $19.9^{\circ}C$($1.6^{\circ}C$ increase), $21.5^{\circ}C$($3.2^{\circ}C$ increase) in artificial climate room from heading time to harvest. Results showed that the ripening period from heading to maturity tended to be shorter during higher temperature treatment condition. The 1,000-grain weight, grain width, number of florets per spike, and number of grains per spike decreased as the ripening period was shortened. Gelatinization properties were affected by high temperature due to the reduction of starch and amylose contents. As the grain filling period was shortened by high temperature treatments, the crude protein content increased. As the grain filling period was shortened by 6 days, the starch and amylose contents decreased by 10.8% and 5.4%, respectively. However, the crude protein content increased by 1.7% in such a condition. Starch content showed positive correlations between amylose and breakdown. Meanwhile, it showed negative correlations between electric conductivity of leaching water from seeds, crude protein content, peak viscosity, trough viscosity, final viscosity, and setback.