• Title, Summary, Keyword: general bacteria

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Size-based Characteristics of Airborne Bacteria and Fungi Distributed in the General Hospital (종합병원의 실내공기에 분포하는 부유 세균과 진균의 입경별 종류와 특성)

  • Kim, Ki-Yeon;Lee, Chang-Rae;Kim, Chi-Nyon;Won, Jong Uk;No, Jaehoon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.101-109
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    • 2006
  • The objective of this study is to provide fundamental data for pertinent management of indoor air quality through investigating the size-based characteristics of bioaerosol distributed in the general hospital. Measurement sites are main lobby, ICU, ward and laboratory and total five times were sampled with six-stage cascade impactor. Based on the result of this study, concentrations of airborne bacteria and fungi were the highest in main lobby as followed by an order of ward, ICU and laboratory. Concentrations of airborne bacteria was generally higher than those of airborne fungi and the ratio of indoor and outdoor concentration of both exceeded 1.0 in all the measurement sites of the general hospital. The predominant genera of airborne bacteria identified in the general hospital were Staphylococcus spp.(50%), Micrococcus spp.(15-20%), Corynebacterium spp.(5-20%), and Bacillus spp.(5-15%). On the other hand, the predominant genera of airborne fungi identified in the general hospital were Cladosporium spp.(30%), Penicillium spp.(20-25%), Aspergillus spp.(15-20%), and Alternaria spp.(10-20%). In regard to size distribution of bioaerosol, the detection rate was generally highest on 5 stage($1.1-2.1{\mu}m$) for airborne bacteria and on 1 stage(>$7.0{\mu}m$) for airborne fungi. Cleanliness of facilities in the general hospital and condition of HVAC system should be monitored regularly to prevent indoor air contamination by airborne microorganisms.

A Study on the matter of Disinfection in UV/TiO2 Water Treatment process (UV/TiO2 수처리 공정에서의 살균에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Gyu-Hwan;Lee, Sang-Jin;Lee, Yong-Jae;Rhee, Dong-Seok
    • Journal of Industrial Technology
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    • v.27 no.A
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    • pp.15-18
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    • 2007
  • This study investigated disinfection effect by general water purifier and water purifier with UV light disinfection. The results are as follows : (i) The general bacteria existed plentifully in a storage tank before treatment (ii) Water treated in water purifier did not meet the water treatment regulation standard since the presence of bacteria, whereas with UV light application the regulation standard is totally satisfied. (iii) Photocatalytic disinfection process with UV light in the presence of $TiO_2$ more effectively killed general bacteria than UV light only.

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Profile of airborne microorganisms distributed in general offices (일반 사무실 실내공기 내 부유미생물의 분포 양상)

  • Kim, Ki Youn;Roh, Young Man;Kim, Yoon Shin;Lee, Cheol Min;Sim, In Suk
    • Journal of Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.11-19
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    • 2008
  • Mean levels of airborne bacteria, airborne fungi, temperature, relative humidity and carbon dioxide in total 69 general offices were $426({\pm}83)\;cfu/m^3$, $234({\pm}125)\;cfu/m^3$, $25.9({\pm}1.3)\;^{\circ}C$, $57.7({\pm}8.6)\;%$, $422({\pm}38)\;ppm$, respectively. The I/O ratio of airborne bacteria and fungi was over 1 and there was no significant difference among temperature, relative humidity and carbon dioxide in total 69 general offices. In construction period, a concentration of airborne bacteria and fungi was significantly highest in general offices constructed under one year and over three years since construction, respectively (p<0.05). The concentration of airborne fungi in general offices located at basement was significantly higher than those located at ground (p<0.05). No significant difference of airborne bacteria and fungi in general offices was found regardless of installation of HVAC system (p>0.05). The dominant bacterial genera identified in general offices was Staphylococcus, followed by Micrococcus, Bacillus, and Corynebacterium while usarium, Penicillium, Aspergillus, Alternaria, Rhizopus and Mucor were identified as dominant fungal genera in general offices.

A Study on Ingredient and Bacterial Contamination of Bean Curd on the Market (市販豆腐 成分 및 細菌汚染에 관한 硏究)

  • Hong, Ki-Wha
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 1983
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze general ingredient of bean cured on the market and to examine its exposure to bacterial contamination. For this study, 17 samples (each 9 samples for general bean curd, soft bean curd, and uncurdled bean curd) were randomly collected from nine areas in Seoul from the beginning of April, 1983 to the beginning of June, 1983. The result of ingredient analysis of moisture, ash, and protein of bean curd was compared with the standard set by the Ministry of Health & Social Affairs. In order to find out exposure of bean curd on the market to bacterial contamination, total biological bacteria and coliform group were examined. Experimental results were shown as follows 1) Results of ingredient analysis of moisture, ash, and protein of general bean curd showed that total samples in both moisture and protein met the standard set by the Ministry of Health & Social Affairs but 44.4% of the samples in ash was below the above standard, indicating average 82.0%, 0.9% and 9.6% in moisture, ash, and protein order. 2) Experimental results of moisture, ash, and protein of soft bean curd demonstrated 90.2%, 0.5% and 4.3% respectively total samples in both moisture and protein satisfied the self-criteria set by the Soft Food Co-operative Association of Seoul City but 11.1% of the samples in ash didn't meet the self-criteria. 3) Total samples of uncurdled bean curd satisfied the self-criteria set by the above association, indicating average 92.0%, 0.4%, and 3.5% in moisture, ash, and protein order. 4) Total biological bacteria and coliform group detected in general bean curd showed that more than 10$^5$/g in total biological bacteria accounted for 88.8% of the samples and that 10$^4$/g or more in coliform group accounted for 77.7% of the samples. The result proves that general bean curd has been exposured to a severe bacterial contamination. 5) Result of total biological bacteria and coliform group detected in such packed bean curd as uncurdled bean curd and soft bean curd showed that 61.6% of the samples exceeded 10$^6$/g in total biological bacteria and 27.7% of the samples exceeded 10$^3$/g in coliform group. 6) According to the change with time and temperatures in total biological bacteria and coliform group of general bean curd, general bean curd began to decay around 72 hours at 4$\circ$C and around 48 hours at 23$\circ$C and around 24 hours at 37$\circ$C and, at that time, total biological bacteria approached 10$^6$/g while coliform group did 10$^6$/g. The result indicates that temperature has a great effect on bacteria counts and decay.

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Occurrence of acid producing bacteria in Meju leaves (재래식 메주중의 산생성균의 분포)

  • Hur, Sung-Ho;Ha, Duk-Mo
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.130-133
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    • 1991
  • The distribution of acid producing bacteria and general bacteria in 23 samples of Korean traditional Meju loaves was investigated and the strains isolated from the samples identified. The acid producing bacteria occurred more in outer part than inner part and anaerobic acid producing bacteria showed higher tendency of occurrence compared with the aerobes in each part. The average number of nonhalophilic and halotolerant bacteria belonging to aerobes were counted as $24{\times}10^6$ and $33{\times}10^5$ and the average number of those belonging to anaerobes $10{\times}10^7$ and $58{\times}10^5$ cells/g, respectively. The general bacteria isolated more in outer part than inner part and its average number was $62{\times}10^7$ cells/g. In the isolates, 2 aerobic acid producing strains were identified as Micrococcus spp., 3 anaerobic acid producing strains as Streptococcus sp., Pediococcus sp. and Lactobacillus sp., and 2 strains of aerobic general bacteria as Bacillus spp.

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A Longitudinal Study on Salivary Microorgnisms and Immunoglobulin A after Delivery of Fixed Orthodontic Appliances (고정식 교정 장치물 장착후 타액내 미생물과 면역 글로블린 A의 변화)

  • 이현경;이광호;이승우
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.109-117
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    • 1998
  • Fixed orthodontic appliances for the treatment of malocclusion has iatrogenic side effect such as demineralization of enamel, gingivitix and gingival hyperplasia. The purpose of this study is to longitudinally investigate the salivary microorganisms and immunoglobulin A after delivery of fixed orthodontic appliances for 10 months. Eight orthodontic patients were included in this study and the author has investigated the numbers of general bacteria, Streptococcus mutans Staphylococcus aureus and concentration of immunoglobulin A from unstimulated whole saliva. The author examined these parameters at prebracketing, 1 month after, 4 months after, 7 months after and 10 months after delivery of fixed orthodontic appliances. The obtained results were as follows : There were significant increases in the number of salivary general bacteria, Streptococcus mutans and Staphylococcus aureus after delivery of fixed orthodontic appliances The numbers of general bacteria were significantly increased at 1 month after (p<005), 4 months after (p<0.05), 7 months after (p<0.01), compared with prebracketing. However it showed no difference at 10 month after compared with 7 months after bracketing. The Numbers of Staphylococcus aureus were significantly increased at 1 month after (p<0.05), 4 months after(p<0.01), 7 month(p<0.01), compared with prebracketing. However it showed decreasing pattern at 10 months after compared with 7 months after bracketing. There was no significant difference in the concentration of immunoglobulin A after delivery of fixed orthodontic appliances.

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Change of General Bacteria and Coliform Group in Drinking Water according to Storage Condition (음용수의 저장에 따른 일반세균과 대장균군의 변화)

  • 양지영;김병철;이재우
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.433-435
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    • 1999
  • The number of viable microorganism in drinking water was monitored according to storage temperature and storage period. The number of general bacteria in underground water was 10$^2$~10$^{5}$ CFU/ml and that of coliform group was decreased after 7days. The number of general bacteria in bottle water was increased until 7days but decreased after that day. Coliform group in bottle water were detected only 1 sample. The number of general bacteria in purified water was 10$^3$~10$^4$CFU/ml and 10$^2$~10$^4$CFU/m1 at 8$^{\circ}C$ and $25^{\circ}C$, respectively. Coliform group were not detected in purified water.

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Studies on the Root Rot of Ginseng(III) (인삼근부병에 관한 연구 3)

  • 이민웅
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.153-158
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    • 1974
  • Around and in the area of Wolgot-Muon, Gimpo-Gun, Kyunggi province, I examined total bacteria, general Pseudomonas spp., fluorescent Pseudomonas spp., in soil layers and also in different kinds of soil of respective diseased, uncultivated, and healthy areas, and found the followings. 1. In the diseased and uncultivated areas, the content of moisture and silt was greater than in the healthy area. 2. Contrary to the above, the healthy area contained a greater amount of inorganic elements such as $P_2O_5$, K, Ca and of soil particle such as Cs and Fs. The degree of pH and content of Mg were even in three types of soils. 3. Total bacteria were found in abundance in the healthy soil. It was observed that in all types of areas, bacteria reside in abundance in the rhizosphere, i.e., 10-15 cm layers and that the closer the surface, the greater the numbers of the bacteria. 4. General Pseudomonas spp. were also found to the greater in number on the surface of the soil, especially so in the rhizosphere, with the numbers decreasing as the soil layers increase. Numbers of this bacteria in all types of area were nearly uniform. 5. A great number of fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. were found in the diseased area, especially so in the rhizosphere.

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Microbial population in Han River estuary (한강하류 감조수역에 있어서의 미생물분포)

  • Hong, Soon-Woo;Hah, Yung-Chil;Lee, Kwang-Woong
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.107-112
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    • 1968
  • Examining the microbial populations in the Han River estuary, we conducted this experiment at six sites of the estuarine area, Chollyu-ri, Cholsan-ri, Wolgon-ri, Chogi-ri, Inhwa-ri, and Oepo-ri for 5 months since May 1967. From the results obtained it could be summarized as follows. 1) The salinity of the estuarine water increased in order of the distances from the base point of the Old Han River Bridge to every site of the estuary, and pH of the water, which were between 7. 3 and 8. 1, showing little difference each other in both the sites and dates of experiment. 2) The populations of the general bacteria and coliform group bacteria were highest at the site of Chollyu-ri, and it decreased with the downstreaming of the river water toward Oepo-ri site. As for fungi which have comparatively high tolerance to the salinity, its population was shown hi hest at Chogi-ri. 3) The relationship between the salinity and the number of the general bacteria have indicated that the incresed salinity reduced the growth rates of the bacteria. By this it can be assumed that the fresh-water bacteria decreased due to the sea water as well as its dilution effects. 4) The high pollution of the esturarine water was caused by the increases of inhabitants and water thrown by industries in Seoul and Kyung-In Industrial District as well as the excrements fertilized to the farms.

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Association of periodontitis-related bacteria complex with socio-demographic and oral health condition among the elderly in a rural area (일부 농촌지역 노인의 일반 특성 및 구강상태와 치주염유발세균의 관련성)

  • Lee, Seung-Geun;Jung, Eun-Jae;Kim, Ji-Hye;Song, Keun-Bae;Choi, Yun-Hee
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.743-752
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: The objectives of this study were to investigate the distribution and level of periodontopathic bacteria with the general characteristics and oral health condition of the elderly. Methods: A total of 335 elderly individuals aged 65 years or older who lived in Ganghwa-gun, Incheon, were included in the study. Oral examination, investigation through a questionnaire, and collection of saliva were carried out. The collected saliva was analyzed for the distribution and levels of bacteria (red and orange complex bacteria) by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Statistical analyses were performed using chi-square test, t-test, one-way analysis of variance, and Pearson's correlation coefficient with SAS statistical software version 9.4. Results: Among the general characteristics, there were significant differences in the distribution of Porphyromonas gingivalis, Treponema denticola, and Parvimonas micra depending on sex, age, and dental visits (p<0.05). The number of remaining teeth and denture use were related to the distribution of periodontopathic bacteria, except T. denticola (p<0.05). Additionally, periodontitis was related to the distribution of P. gingivalis (p<0.05). As the number of remaining teeth increased, the copy number of red and orange complex bacteria also increased (p<0.05). Those individuals who did not use dentures and had periodontal disease had more periodontopathic bacteria (p<0.05). Conclusions: The distribution and copy number of periodontopathic bacteria in the elderly were more related to oral health condition than to general characteristics. In particular, the distribution and copy number of periodontopathic bacteria were higher in subjects with multiple remaining teeth, no dentures, and periodontal disease.