• Title, Summary, Keyword: gingival index

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EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS ON PERIODONTAL STATUS ON MILITARY POPULATION IN PERIODONTAL DISEASE BY MEANS OF THE BANA ASSAY (군복무중인 성인남자의 치주상태에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Hyoung-Ho;Lee, Jae-Hyan;Chung, Chin-Hyung
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.183-192
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    • 1993
  • The purpose of this epidermiological analysis was to evaluate the periodontal status of Korean young adults(twenties) in order to provide detail & baseline data for frequence of periodontal disease. Two hundred and fifty young adults, aged 20-29 years, were selected by random sampling. Dental visity, scaling treatment, education, income, toothbrushing frequence & method were checked, and plaque index(Loe and silness), calculus index(Ramfjord), gingival index(Loe and silness), attached gingival width, perio probing depth, gingival recession were measured. The obtained results were as follows. 1. Average plaque index(1.96), calculus index(1.43), gingival index(1.7) were higher in mandible than maxillar. It was most prevalent in lst molar. 2. Average attached gingival width(4.0mm) was wider in maxillar than mandible. It was most prominent in lateral incisor. 3. Pocket depth(>4mm) was distributed in 42% subject, it was higher in mandible than maxilla and most prevalent in 1st molar. 4. Gingival recession(>1mm) was distributed in 94% subject, it was higher in mandible than maxilla, and most prevalant in canine. 5. According to unpaired t-test, palque index, calculus index, gingival index were not statistically significant in history of scaling treatment, level of eduction and account of income, but were showed statistically significant in histrory of dental clinic.(PB0.05) 6. According to ANOVA test, correlation between tooth-brushing(frequence, method) and gingival index was showed statistically significant.(P<0.05) 7. There was gingival recessionof 87% subject in only one time brushing, 80% subject in two time, and 68% subject in three times. There was gingival recessionof 68% subject in leftright direction tooth brushing, 73% subject in upper-low method and 77% subject in combination method.

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EFFECTS OF ARTIFICIAL CROWN MARGIN ON GINGIVA AND GINGIVAL SULCUS (금관변연이 치은 및 치은열구에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Dong-Chul
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.27-31
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    • 1978
  • A total of 200 patients, ranging in age from 20 to 60 years, were selected for the study. Each had at least one tooth which was restored with complete cast gold crown and a nonrestored contralateral tooth with no clinical evidence of caries and periodontal disease. The gingival tissues adjacent to the crowned and nonrestored teeth were examined to determine the evaluation of the severity of inflammation and probed to determine individual pocket depth. The findings are listed here. 1. The average sulcus bleeding index of the gingival tissues adjacent to crowned teeth was 1.99. The average sulcus bleeding index of the gingival tissues adjacent to nonrestored teeth was 0.67. 2. The average gingival sulcus depth adjacent to crowned teeth was 2.19mm. The average gingival sulcus depth adjacent to non restored teeth was 1.68mm. 3. No difference could be found between the average gingival sulcus bleeding index and average gingival sulcus depth of male and those of female. 4. The difference between sulcus bleeding index of the gingival tissues adjacent to crowned teeth and sulcus bleeding index of the gingival tissues adjacent to nonrestored teeth increased with increased age of the cast crown.

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A 2-Year Longitudinal Study of Untreated Periodontal Disease in Young Adults (20대의 치주염 진행에 대한 2년간의 종적연구)

  • Um, Heung-Sik
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.523-531
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this investigation was to examine the pattern of progression of periodontitis and the change in the extent and severity of the periodontal condition in young adults. Fourteen subjects with periodontitis, 11 males and 3 females in the age range 22-26, participated in the study. Following a baseline examination, the subjects were monitored for gingival index, probing pocket depth, gingival recession, probing attachment level and radiogrphic crestal bone height for 24 months without therapy. Re-examination were performed after 12 and 24 months. Gingival index, probing pocket depth, gingival recession and probing attachment level were assesed at 6 locations per tooth, and crestal bone height was assessed by subtraction radiography. The results from the follow-up examination revealed that the subjects underwent minor changes with respect to a series of different clinical parameters. The mean values of gingival index was improved, however, the mean values of probing pocket depth, gingival recession, probing attchment level and crestal bone height showed no significant change between baseline and the re-examination after 1 and 2 years.

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A CLINICAL STUDY ON THE GINGIVAL REPSONSE TO THE LOCATION OF THE CROWN MARGIN (금관보철물 변연의 위치가 치은조직에 미치는 영향에 관한 임상적 연구)

  • Park, Soon-Wook;Chang, Ik-Tae;Kim, Kwang-Nam
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.341-353
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    • 1987
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the gingival response to the location of the crown margin and the gingival response to the period of crown placement. Twenty one patients were selected for this study. The patients fitted into the research condition. The crown margins of anterior teeth were located at crest and supragingivally. The crown margins of posterior teeth were located at crest, subgingivally and supragingivally. Plaque index and gingival index were measured before tooth preparation and 1 week,4 weeks, 6 weeks after crown placement. The results were as follows: 1. There was no significance in the gingival response to the location of crown margin in short term period. 2. As the period of crown placement was extended, plaque index and gingival index were gradually increased. 3. Plaque index and gingival index of tooth surfaces were increased in the order of the interproximal surfaces, lingual surfaces and buccal or labial surfaces.

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THE STUDY OF CORRELATION WITH CYCLOSPORIN A INDUCED GINGIVAL OVERGROWTH AND LOCAL FACTORS (Cyclosporin A 유도 치은증식과 국소적 요인과의 상관관계에 대한 연구)

  • Ko, Eun-Ah;Yoo, Hyung-Keun;Shin, Hyung-Shik
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.14-23
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    • 1995
  • Cyclosporin A is a powerful immunosuppressive agent commonly used for patients receiving organ transplants. Like phenytoin and the calcium channel blockers, the drug is associated with gingival overgrowth. The purpose of this study was to compare the correlation with gingival overgrowth score and clinical indices(i.e, : plaque index, papillary bleeding index, probing depth) and correlation with gingival overgrowth score and microorganism distribution in use of phase contrast microscope. After renal tranplant, taking cyclosporin A 40 patients participating in this investigation. Post - transplatation cyclosporin medication period was average $17.53{\pm}15.75$ months. In previous study reported that gingival overgrowth is an adverse side - effects seen in about 25-81% of patient taking cyclosporin A. The results were as follows : 1. Gingival overgrowth prevalence in taking cyclosporin A patients was 77.5%. Prevalence rate of region was anterior region(26 teeth, 55.3%), molar region(14 teeth, 29.8%), premolar region(7 teeth, 14.8%) in turns. Gingival overgrowth score by Angelopoulos & Goaz method was molar region($1.56{\pm}0.81$), anterior region($1.52{\pm}0.75$), premolar region($1.14{\pm}0.90$) in turns. 2. Medication period was not correlation with gingival overgrowth score. 3. Clinical indices and gingival overgrowth score were as follows. 1) Plaque index and gingival overgrowth score was significantly correlated(p

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A Study on Corwn Contour and Gingival Response (치관수복물의 형태와 치은반응에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Hong-So;Chang, Wan-Shik
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.415-423
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    • 1983
  • A total of 202 full coverage crowns from 31 patients was investigated to find out the relationships between crown contour and gingival response. Every experimental crown has its contralateral natural tooth for its control group. Gingival Index and buccolingual width of the crowns were measured on both experimental and control group. Following conclusions were obtained from the study. 1. Most of the crown restorations were overcontoured and the increments were servere at cervical and height of contour area. 2. Height of contour and contact point of the restored crown were located near cervical area. Besides, most crowns had narrow embrasure with wide contact area. 3. Gingival Index around crown restorations was significantly larger than that of control group. 4. the interrelationship between Gingival Index and restored material or restored period was not verified at 5% significant level. 5. When grouping the artificial crowns into overcontoured, normal contoured, and undercontoured group by their width increment, the gingival inflammation was the severest in the overcontoured group and the mildest in the undercontoured group.

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Effects of resolution of inflammation for low-power $CO_2$ laser treatment on gingivitis patients (치은염 환자에서 저출력 이산화탄소 레이저의 염증완화 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Hyun-Jong;Kim, Byung-Ock;Jang, Hyun-Seon
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.657-668
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: In this study, we compared low-power $CO_2$ laser treatment to ultrasonic scaling, which is generally approved as a power-driven mechanical instrumentation, and evaluated both of these treatments regarding their clinical effectiveness and change in the volume of in GCF. Material and methods: 20 patients who had gingivitis were selected. all of patients has no systemic problems. Randomly selected, one quadrant received ultrasonic scaling only, another quadrant received ultrasonic scaling and $CO_2$ laser irradiation, the other quadrant received $CO_2$ laser irradiation only. Clinical parameters measured at baseline, 1 weeks, 2weeks, 4weeks and 8weeks. Result: Pocket probing depth and clinical attachment level were not changed during study period. Gingival index of all group were improved after treatment. At 1 weeks after treatment, Gingival index of ultrasonic scaling group was only significantly different compared to control group. At 2 weeks after treatment, gingival index of all experimental group were significantly different compared to control group. At 4 and 8 weeks after treatment, gingival index of all group were increased, but experimental group were lower than control group. Sulcus bleeding index was similar to the results of gingival index. At 1 weeks after treatment, all experimental group were significantly different compared to control group and it maintained during study. At 2 weeks after treatment, sulcus bleeding index of all group were lowest during study. Gingival crevicular fluid were measured with $Periotron^{(R)}$ 8000($Oraflow^{(R)}$, Inc. USA). At baseline, all group were showed moderately severe condition. At 1 week after treatment, laser treatment only group was reduced quantity of gingival crevicular fluid mostly, and all group were reduced quantity of gingival crevicular fluid. At 2 weeks after treatment, all group were health state. At 4 and 8 weeks after treatment, all group were showed recurrent of inflammation, and control group was the most significantly increased. Conclusion: This study showed that the effects of $CO_2$ laser treatment were similar to conventional ultrasonic scaling and this result remained longer than plaque control only. These results suggest possibility of $CO_2$ laser treatment for altered periodontal therapy.

Gingivitis reducing effect of calcium glycerophosphate, cetylpyridinium chloride and dipotassium glycyrrhizate containing dentifrice (글리세로인산칼슘과 염화세틸피리디늄 및 글리시리진산이칼륨 배합세치제의 치은염 감소효과)

  • Kim, Sang-Sun;Cho, Ja-Won;Lee, Cheon-Hee
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.983-992
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: This study is to compare measuring gingival and peridontal indices and changes in dental plaque per period using a three mix types of dentifrice and to investigate dental diseases preventive effects depending on gingivitis reducing effect of dentifrice through a clinical experiment. Methods: This study targeted adult females and males with mild to moderate gingivitis from age 20 to 60. The Calculus index, Papillary Marginal Attached Gingival (PMA) index, Gingival index, Patient Hygiene Performance (PHP) index, and Plaque index were measured at pre-experiment and at 1, 2, 4 weeks post experiment. Results: The PMA, Gingival index, PHP index, plaque index of experimentla group decreased after 4 weeks (p<0.05). Conclusions: A three mix types of dentifrice for relieving tooth sensitivity was verified to be effective in removing dental plaque and reducing gingivitis.

The study of the peri-inplant soft tissue around osseointegrated implants in partial edentulous patients (하악 부분 무치악 환자의 골유착성 임플랜트 주위 연조직에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Keun-Sik;Lim, Sung-Bin;Chung, Chin-Hyung
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.561-573
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    • 1997
  • The keratinized mucosa around the implant is an important key in health of soft tissue and hard tissue. The purpose of this study is showed that the keratinized mucosa is associated with the keratinized mucosa index, plaque index, gingival index, probing depth. which is investigated to observing the peri-implant mucosa of mandibular partial edentulous patuent using periodontal parameter by previously published paper. It was estimated 6 site with regard to 80 fixture for 28 person, and the average age is 46.8. Each estimation is the order of less trauma, that is, plaque index, keratinized mucosa index, gingival index and probing depth. In this study, statstically analyzed treatment is used for Spss V 7.0 for Windows(Spss Inc, USA). The Kruskal Walis Test is used to compare the amount of the keratinized mucosa is into the $0{\sim}3$ index, with plaque index, gingival index and probing depth. Mann-whitney Test is used to interpreate the relation of plaque index and probing depth, which is showed significant difference. The Result are as follows 1. The kertinized mucosa index 3 amounts to 47.7%, which is much higher than the other indices and the index order is followed 3, 1, 2 and O. 2. The plaque index 1 amounts to 61.7%, which is much higher than the other indices and the index order is followed 1, 2, 3 and O. The plaque index 0 is significant to each of index(P<0.05). The plaque index is decrease as the keratinized mucosa index is increased. 3. The probing depth for 2mm, 1mm, 3mm is 48.9%, 23.5%, 16.8% respectively, which is most occupied. The probing depth 2mm and 3mm for the keratinized mucosa index is significant(P<0.05). The probing index is decreased as the keratinized mucosa index is increased. 4. The gingival index 0 amounts to 58.0%, which is much higher than the other indices and the index order is followed 0, 1, 2 and 3.

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A comparative study of the clinical effects of chitosan nanofiber membrane in the treatment of mandibular class II furcation defects (하악 2급 치근 이개부 병소에서 키토산 나노 차폐막을 이용한 치주조직 재생의 임상적 효과에 관한 비교 연구)

  • Choi, Han-Sun;Jeong, Lim;Kim, Jeong-Bin;Hong, Ki-Seok;Lim, Sung-Bin;Chung, Chin-Hyung
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.703-718
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of guided tissue regeneration(GTR) technique using chitosan nanofiber membrane and to compare it to the clinical efficacy following GTR using PLA/PLGA(copolymer of polvlactic acid and polylacticglycolic acid) membrane in mandibular class II furcation defects in human. The chitosan nanofiber membranes were applied to the mandibular class II furcation defects of 13 patients(test group) and PLA/PLGA membranes were applied to those of 11 patients(control group). Probing pocket depth, clinical attachment level, gingival recession, plaque index and gingival index were measured at baseline and 3 months postoperatively. Vertical and horizontal furcation defect depth were measured at surgery. Both groups were statistically analyzed by Wilcoxon signed Ranks Test and Mann-Whitney Test using SPSS program. The results were as follows: 1. Probing pocket depth, clinical attachment loss and gingival index were significantly reduced at 3 months postoperatively compared to values of baseline in both groups(p<0.05). 2. Gingival recession and plaque index were not significantly decreased at 3 months postoperatively compared to values of baseline in both groups. 3. No significant difference between two groups could be detected with regard to changes of probing pocket depth, gingival recession, clinical attachment level, plaque index and gingival index at 3 months postoperatively. In conclusion, chitosan nanofiber membrane is effective in the treatment of human mandibular class II furcation defects and a longer period study is needed to fully evaluate the outcomes.