• Title, Summary, Keyword: gingival index

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The effect of dentifrice containing garlic extract on dental plaque and gingivitis (마늘추출물 함유 치약이 치면세균막 감소 및 치은염 완화에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Jong-Hwa
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.67-76
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of dentifrice containing 0.1% extracts of garlic on dental plaque and gingivitis in a double blind and crossover clinical studies in 33 healthy adults aged from 20 to 22 years who provided a consent for their participation. Oral examination was performed through clinical periods and on day of baseline, 6, 13, 19, 25 days plaque index and gingival index were scored by Turesky' modified index and L$\ddot{o}$e & Silness index. After 12, 19, 25 days use of their respective dentifrices, statistically decreases of plaque index, gingival index were shown in both the experimental and the control group, respectively, Experimental group exhibited significantly the lower plaque levels and the higher levels of gingival health by the use of the dentifrices contained extract of garlic from 12 days compare with control group(p<0.05). The degree of decrease was more significant on gingivitis level of the experimental group than the control group(p <0.05). This result indicate that the use of dentifrice containing extract of garlic has a positve effect in preventing plaque and gingivitis and treating periodontal diseases.

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Comparative Study on Subgingival Irrigation Using Some Oral Mouth Rinses on Early Healing Process of Periodontal Inflammation (수 종의 구강세정제에 의한 치은연하 세정이 치주염 초기치유에 미치는 영향에 관한 비교 연구)

  • Yun, Gi-Yon;Kim, Kang-Ju;You, Hyung-Keun;Shin, Hyung-Shik
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.465-475
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the comparative effects of subgingival irrigation using some oral mouth rinses on early healing process of periodontal inflammation. The study population consisted of 13 patients with periodontal inflammation and distributed into 4 groups. Oral hygiene instruction, delicate scaling and root planing were done and then irrigated per 3 days during 2 weeks in situ with 1 of 4 solutions ; normal saline, C31G, Benzotonium chloride and tetracycline. Examination regarding probing pocket depth, plaque index, sulcular bleeding index, gingival index, gingival recession and leukocytes differential count was performed. Evaluation was made at the baseline and 2 weeks after non-surgical periodontal therapy. The results were as follows : 1. Clinical indices including probing pocket depth, plaque index, sulcular bleeding index, gingival index and gingival recession were significantly improved from baseline to 2 weeks. But there was no significant differences among 4 groups. 2. PMNs percent on leukocytes differential count was significantly decreased from baseline to 2 weeks on all groups. Those of tetracycline and C31G were significantly decreased than those of normal saline group. These results suggest that clinical indices were not different, but the decrease of inflammation were significantly different among some mouth rinses.

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Influences of stress and fatigue on periodontal health indicators in patients with periodontal disease (치주질환자의 스트레스와 피로가 치주건강 지표에 미치는 영향)

  • Jo, Ji-Young;Jeong, Ji-Hye;Lee, So-Young;Kwun, Hyeon-Sook;Park, Kyeong-Lok;Urm, Sang-Hwa;Yu, Byeng-Chul
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.225-231
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influential factors of stress and fatigue on peridontal indicators in patients with periodontal disease. Methods: A self-administrated questionnaire study was conducted during November 2012 to January 2013 with 140 periodontal patients. The Fatigue and Stress were evaluated with Multidimensional Fatigue Scale(MFS) and Psychosocial Well-bing Index(PWI). Periodontal health indicators were consisted with gingival index and pocket depth. Data were analyzed by descriptive analysis, t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis. Results: Overall stress and fatigue level of subjects were $22.61{\pm}5.62$ and $64.67{\pm}9.45$. Gingival index and periodontal pocket depth as periodontal health indicators were $1.26{\pm}0.3$ and $4.29{\pm}0.52$. The influential factors of gingival index and periodontal pocket depth were social function(subcategory of pwi) and depression(subcategory of pwi), respectively. Conclusions: Some subcategories of PWI were related with periodontal health indicators. So, consideration of stress related with depression and social function are needed to manage and prevent periodontal disease.

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE PROBING ATTACHMENT LEVEL, RADIOGRAPHIC AND SURGICAL MEASUREMENT ACCORDING TO GINGIVAL INFLAMMATORY CONDITION (치은 염증 상태에 따른 치주낭 측정 깊이와 방사선학적 측정 깊이, 외과적 측정 깊이의 비교 연구)

  • Baik, Dong-Hoon;Chai, Jung-Kiu;Cho, Kyoo-Sung;Kim, Chong-Kwan
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.261-270
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate relationship of probing attachment levels, radiographic measurements and surgical measurements according to gingival inflammatory condition. Patients with incipient to moderate periodontitis were selected. Upper and lower premolar and molar teeth excluding third molars were measured. At first visit, gingival index and bleeding on probing were taken, and subjects were grouped into 4 categories as follows : Experimental group I : gingival index 1 and no bleeding on probing. Experimental group II : gingival index 2 and no bleeding on probing absent. Experimental group III : gingival index 1 and bleeding on probing present. Experimental group IV : gingival index 2 and bleeding on probing present. Probing attachment levels were measured with manual probe on mesial and distal surfaces from cementoenamel junctions to terminal ends of probe. Radiographic measurements were made to assess bone loss by measuring the distance from cementoenamel junction to the alveolar crest. After thorough scating, a flap was raised exposing the alveolar bone and surgical measurements were made from cementoenamel junction to alveolar bone. The results were as follows: 1. Differences between probing attachment level and radiographic measurements showed $1.01{\pm}0.73mm$ for experimental group I, $0.98{\pm}0.48mm$ for experimental group II, $0.59{\pm}0.66mm$ for experimental group III, $0.98{\pm}0.38mm$ for experimental group IV and with no significant difference between groups. 2. Differences between probing attachment level and surgical measurements showed $1.36{\pm}0.80mm$ for experimental group I, $1.47{\pm}0.54mm$ for experimental group II, $1.06{\pm}0.39mm$ for experimental group III, $1.41{\pm}0.40mm$ for experimental group IV and with no significant difference between groups. 3. Differences between surgical and radiographic measurements showed $0.36{\pm}0.48mm$ for experimental group I, $0.51{\pm}0.54mm$ for experimental group II, $0.57{\pm}0.72mm$ for experimental group III, $0.41{\pm}0.49mm$ for experimental group IV and with significant difference between experimental group I and experimental group II, III, IV(P<0.05).

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Screening for diabetes mellitus using gingival crevicular blood with the help of a self-monitoring device

  • Gaikwad, Subodh;Jadhav, Varsha;Gurav, Abhijit;Shete, Abhijeet R.;Dearda, Hitesh M.
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.37-40
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of study was to compare blood glucose in capillary finger-prick blood and gingival crevice blood using a self-monitoring blood glucose device among patients with gingivitis or periodontitis. Methods: Thirty patients with gingivitis or periodontitis and bleeding on probing (BOP) were chosen. The following clinical periodontal parameters were noted: probing depth, BOP, gingival bleeding index, and periodontal disease index. Blood samples were collected from gingival crevicular blood (GCB) and capillary finger-prick blood (CFB). These samples were analyzed using a glucose self-monitoring device. Results: Descriptive statistical analysis has been carried out in the present study. Data were analyzed using a Pearson's correlation coefficient and Student's t-test. A r-value of 0.97 shows very strong correlation between CFB and GCB, which was statistically highly significant (P<0.0001). Conclusions: The authors conclude that GCB may serve as potential source of screening blood glucose during routine periodontal examination in populations with an unknown history of diabetes mellitus.

Treatment of Class II Furcation Involvements in Humans with Bioabsorbable Guided Tissue Regeneration Barriers (2급 치근분지부 병소에서의 생분해성 차폐막의 효과)

  • Lee, Hak-Churl;Han, Seoung-Min;Seol, Yang-Jo;Lee, Chul-Woo;Um, Heung-Sik;Chang, Beom-Suk;Chung, Chong-Pyoung;Han, Soo-Boo
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.539-553
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this 6-months study was to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes following guided tissue regeneration treating human mandibular Class II furcation defects with a bioabsorbable BioMesh barrier(test treatment) or a nonabsorbable ePTFE barrier(control treatment). Fourteen defects in 14 patients(mean age 44 years) were treated with BioMesh barriers and ten defects in 10 patients(mean age 48 years) with ePTFE barriers. After initial therapy, a GTR procedure was done. Following flap elevation, root planing, and removal of granulation tissue, each device was adjusted to cover the furcation defect. The flaps were repositioned and sutured to complete coverage of the barriers. A second surgical procedure was performed at control sites after 4 to 6 weeks to remove the nonresorbable barrier. Radiographic and clinical examinations(plaque index, gingival index, tooth mobility, gingival margin position, pocket depth, clinical attachment level) were carried out under standardized conditions immediately before and 6 months after surgery. Furthermore, digital subtraction radiography was carried out. All areas healed uneventfully. Surgical treatment resulted in clinically and statistically equivalent changes when comparisons were made between test and control treatments. Changes in plaque index were 0.7 for test and 0.4 for control treatments; changes in gingival index were 0.9 and 0.5. In both group gingival margin position and pocket depth reduction was 1.0mm and 3.0mm; clinical attachment level gain was 1.9mm. There were no changes in tooth mobility and the bone in radiographic evaluation. No significant(p${\leq }$0.05) difference between the two membranes could be detected with regard to plaque index, gingival index, gingival margin position, pocket depth, and clinical attachment level. In conclusion, a bioabsorbable BioMesh membrane is effective in human mandibular Class II furcation defects and a longer period study is needed to fully evaluate the outcomes.

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THE EFFECTS OF CHLORHEXIDINE AND LISTERINE MOUTHRINSE WITHOUT PERIODONTAL DRESSING AFTER PERIODONTAL SURGERY (치주수술후 치주포대 비부착시 클로르헥시딘과 리스트린 구강 양치의 효과)

  • Lim, Yong-Soo;Kim, Yoon-Sung;Shin, Hyung-Shik
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.406-420
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of Chlorhexidine, Listerine and hypertonic saline mouthrinse without periodontal pack during 2 weeks following periodontal surgery. Twelve patients were treated with modified Widman flap procedures. Each fourth patients assigned to chlorhexidine mouthrinse group, Listerine mouthrinse group and control group. Each group wasn't significant difference in clinical and microbiologic parameters at preoperation. Examination regarding plaque index, gingival index, pocket depth, change of gingival color postsurgically, pain index and contrast phase microscope were performed. Evaluations were made at the first, the second and the fourth weeks postsurgically. The results were as follows: 1. Chlorhexidine mouthrinse group and Listerine mouthrinse group were significantly different in plaque index at the first, the second and the fourth weeks 2. The pocket depth of three groups were significantly reduced at the fourth weeks. 3. Chlorhexidine mouthrinse group and Listerine mouthrinse group were significantly different in change of gingival color at the first week. 4. Cocci and non-motile rods were increased at the first and the second weeks. But, motile rods and spirochete were increased at the fourth weeks.

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A Clinical Study on Effect of Mouth Cleaning by Use of Water jet (Water jet 사용시의 구강청결 효과에 관한 임상적 조사연구)

  • 김용성;김경민;신승철
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.85-94
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of this study is to provide a guide for selection of oral hygiene devices for nations and establishing valid indication of recently popularized water jet. The author has divided 36 persons into general, orthodontic, periodontal patients according to their oral hygiene state, and then evaluated the degree or decrease in plaque indices and gingival bleeding indices. The obtained results were as follows. 1. When both manual toothbrush and water jet were used together by three kind of patients, significant decreases in plaque index were observed in all patients, after 4 weeks compared with ordinary toothbrushing only(p<0.05). 2. When both oral hygiene devices were used together by three kind of patients, significant decreases in gingival bleeding index were observed in all patients after 4 weeks compared with ordinary toothbrushing only(p<0.05). 3. Singificant differences of the average gingival bleeding index & plaque index among three kind of patients were observed(p<0.05). 4. Therefore, it is concluded that for effective oral hygiene care. water jet can be recommendable to general patients, especially to orthodontic or periodontal patients.

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A CLINICAL STUDY ON THE PERIODONTAL STATUS OF THE PATIENT WITH DIABETES MELLITUS (당뇨병 환자의 치주건강 상태에 대한 임상적 연구)

  • Kim, Hyun-Sub;Kim, Byung-Ok;Han, Kyung-Yoon
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.27-36
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    • 1993
  • The purpose of the this study was to research the interrelationship of periodontal status and patient's age between diabetic group and non-diabetic group and compare that of periodontal status according to the blood sugar level and duration of diabetics. The participants of this study were 52 diabetic patients and 51 non-diabetic patients. The diabetic group and non-diabetic group were further divided into four subgroups according to the age(under 35 years old, 36 - 45 years old, 46 - 55 years old, over 56 years old) and the diabetic group was further divided into three subgroups according to the duration of diabetics (under 5 years, 6 - 10 years, over 11 years) and blood sugar level(under 140mg/100ml, 140-200mg/100ml, over 200mg /100ml), respectively. Author evaluated such periodontal status as plaque index and calculus index, gingival lndex, loss of attachment, papillary bleeding index, tooth mobility and missing teeth, and then data was statistically analyzed by SPSS/PC+ using ANOVA, respectively. The results were as follows: 1. The mean value of plaque index, gingival index, loss of attachment, papillary bleeding index, tooth mobility and missing teeth of diabetic patients were significantly higher than that of non-diabetic patients, respectively(p <0.01, p<0.01, p<0.01, p<0.01, p<0.001, p<0.001), but there was no significant difference between diabetic group and non-diabetic group in calculus index(P>0.05). 2. According to the increase of age, loss of attachment and missing teeth were increased in both group, and correlation of each subgroup was statistically significant, respectively(p<0.05, p<0.001). 3. According to the elevation of blood sugar level of diabetics, plaque index, gingival index, loss of attachment, papillary bleeding index, tooth mobility and missing teeth were increased in diabetic group, and correlation of each subgroup was statistically significant, respectively (p<0.05, p<0.05, p<0.05, p<0.05, p<0.001, p<0.001). 4. According to the duration of diabetics, plaque index, gingival index, loss of attachment, papillary bleeding index, tooth mobility and missing teeth were increased in diabetic group, and correlation of each subgroup was statistically significant, respectively(p<0.05, p<0.05, p<0.05, p<0.05, p<0.001, p<0.001).

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THE STUDIES OF PLAQUE INDEX AND NURSING OF OUTPATIENTS AT THE DENTAL CLINIC (치과 내원 환자의 치태침착도 및 간호에 대한연구)

  • Chung, Ha-Boon
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.305-308
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    • 1977
  • Dental plaque has been considered as one of the major causes of inflammation. Therefore, removal of dental plaque by tooth brushing is the most important to prevent gingival and periodontal diseases and to maintain postoperative gingival health. The author executed clinical examination on 100 outpatients who were admitted to infirmary of dental college, S.N.U. The patients were examined on their tooth brushing method, frequency, habit and admitted experience to dental clinic. The obtained results were as follows; 1. The patient group who brushed with the method of Stillman, showed the lowest plaque index. 2. The examined group who brushed more frequently per a day, showed the tendency of reduced plaque index. 3. Plaque index was lowest in the group who brushed after meals and before bed. 4. The patient group who visited more frequently to dental clinic, showed the lower tendency of plague index. 5. Among the total examined group, those who recognized the importance of oral hygiene were less than 10%.

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