• Title, Summary, Keyword: gingival index

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AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE- AND CATALASE- ACTIVITY IN GINGIVAL TISSUES IN DIABETIC PATIENTS (당뇨환자의 치은조직내 Superoxide Dismutase와 Catalase의 활성도에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Kim, Byung-Ok;Lee, Kang-Jin;Park, Joo-Cheol
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.597-606
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    • 1994
  • Oxygen derived radicals($O_2\;^-$, $H_2O_2$, and $OH^-$) are thought to play a role in a lot of human diseases. And it has been believed that antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase(SOD) and catalase could protect the tissues from damage resulting from the oxygen derived free radicals. The purpose of this study was performed to investigate the activity of the SOD(CuZn- and Mn-SOD) and catalase in inflammatory gingival tissues and the correlation between boold glucose level and antioxidants and age in non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus(NI- DDM) patients. For this study, the patients were classified into normal, inflammatory, and diabetic, and ten their papillary bleeding index(PBI) and gingival index were checked. Subjects consisted of 11 healthy patients with no inflammatroy gingiva, 20 adult periodontitis patients, and 8 diabetic patients, aged 33 to 66(average: 44.62). The blood glucose level of diabetic group was ranged from 120ml/dl to 160ml/dl(physical status 0 : averge : 135.67ml/dl). Gingival tissues were surgically obtained from the patients during periodontal surgery, extraction, and clinical corwn lenghening procedure. The activity of CuZn and Mn- SOD and catalase in the gingival tissues was measured by using UV-spectrophotometer by the same methods that Crapo et al. And Aebi did, respectively. The results were as follows : 1. The Mn-SOD activity was significantly lower in inflammatory group in comparison to normal group(P<0.05), and the activities of antioxidants in diabetic group were not significant in comparison to normal inflammatory group(P>0.05). 2. The activities of antioxidants showed little variation among individuals of different ages (P>0.05). 3. The higher blood glucose level was, the higher gingival index was(P<0.05). 4. There was no correlation between blood glucoe level and activity of antioxidant in inflammatory gingival tissues of NIDDM patients(P>0.05). In conclusion, these results, within the limits of the present experiment, suggest that the activity of Mn-SOD might reflect the inflammatory status of gingival tissue, and the activity of antioxidants was independent of blood glucose level of diabetic patients in physical status 0.

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The effect of oral health education for the elderly using QscanTM (QscanTM을 이용한 노인 구강보건교육의 효과)

  • Kim, Mi;Lee, Su-Young;Cho, Young-Sik
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.555-563
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the effect of oral health education for the elderly using $Qscan^{TM}$. Methods: This study was a quasi-experiment design of nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design carried out by oral health education from January 17 to March 7, 2015. The subjects were 64 elderly people over 65 years old who had more than one remaining teeth in the anterior teeth and canines living in Hongseong-gun and assigned to 33 control group and 31 intervention group. The intervention group was measured only by $Qscan^{TM}$. The educational effect between two groups were evaluated using oral health behavior, gingivitis index, and plaque index. After Institutional Review Board from Namseoul N University, the elderly people participated in the study. Results: The intervention group showed lower plaque index of percent reduction than the control group. The two groups showed a significant difference in gingival index after the oral health education(p<0.05), but did not show a significant difference in oral health behavior after the oral health education(p<0.05). Conclusions: The effect of oral health education through the motivation of $Qscan^{TM}$ was very effective in the comparison of oral health behavior, gingival index and plaque index.

Effect of Self-Testing Technique on Improvement of Oral Hygiene State (구강위생상태의 개선을 위한 자가검사법의 효과)

  • Kim, Jong-Yup;Park, Joon-Bong;Lee, Man-Sup;Kwon, Young-Hyuk;Herr, Yeek
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.715-724
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to approve the possibility of clinical application of selftesting technique to confirm the cleanness status of the tooth surface after mechanical toothbrushing. Thirty-two periodontal patients who did not compromise any other systemic diseases were divided into two groups. Control group was instructed only the Bass method for toothbrushing, and then experimental group was demonstrated the Bass method and self-testing technique respectively for plaque control during this experiment. Selftesting technique is composed the comparison of roughness of the labial surface of maxillary central incisor and other toothsurface with touch sense using the tip of tongue. Plaque score and Gingival index were measured as clinical parameters at baseline and 1, 2 and 4 weeks after scaling and root planing. The results were as follows ; 1. Plaque scores and gingival index of 1, 2, and 4 weeks of two groups were statistically significant differences when compared with baseline value (p<0.05). 2. Plaque scores and gingival index of baseline and 1 week between two groups were not significant differences (p<0.05). 3. Plaque scores and gingival index of 2 and 4 weeks of test group were statistically significant difference when compared with control group (p<0.05). From the above results, self-testing technique which decides necessity of additional toothbrushing when tongue tip of subjects touch the maxillary molar buccal surfaces and mandibular molar lingual surfaces nd compares with maxillary anterior labial surfaces after toothbrushing appeared to effect the motivation of subjects. This study suggests that self-testing technique for cleanness after toothbrushing should be effect on the maintenance of oral hygiene when it is applied to clinical practice.

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A study of distribution, prevalence and relationship of the localized periodontitis of first and second molar root fusion (제 1, 2 대구치 치근융합의 발생빈도와 분포 및 국소적 치주염과의 관련성 조사)

  • Choi, Byung-Kook;Hong, Ki-Seok;Chung, Chin-Hyung;Lim, Sung-Bin
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.503-513
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the distribution, prevalence and relationship of the localized periodontitis of root fusion in maxillary and mandibular molars. One hundred patients who had eight maxillary and mandibular molars(third molars excluded) were consecutively selected for the study subjects. The subjects provided a total of 800 molars, i. e., 400 maxillary and 400 mandibular molars. A decision about root fusion was made on the radiographic examination. Probing depth, plaque index, gingival index and mobility were measured. The results were as follows. 1. 15.9% of the molars had a fused root. 22% of the maxillary molars and 9.8% of the mandibular molars had a fused molars. 2. In maxillary molars, the results of probing depth, plaque index, gingival index, mobility are more higher in test group than in control group, and there was a significantly difference except plaque index of maxillary first molars group(p<0.01). 3. In mandibular molars, the results of probing depth, plaque index, gingival index, mobility are more higher in test group than in control group, and there was a significantly difference(p<0.01). As a result of this study, it can be concluded that, in management of molars with a root fusion, we should detect the molars through the precise radiographic examination, early periodontal treatment and systematic treatment plan should be chosen. And postoperative continuing supportive periodontal therapy is needed.

Related Factors of Oral health of scaling Patients in Dental hygiene department (치위생과 스켈링 실습실 내원자의 구강건강에 영향을 미치는 요인 분석)

  • Lee, Yun-Hui;Choi, Sung-Suk
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.55-64
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was related factors of oral health of scaling patients in dental hygiene department. Methods: The sample consisted of 218 at the scaling practice room of dental hygiene department in D College from March to November 2011. Chi-square test was used to analyze the relation the oral health behavior or oral hygiene and oral health, and losistic regression analysis was performed to analyze the factors asociated with oral health. Results: Scaling patients was 43.6% of the male and 56.4% of the women. Their age group was 79.8% of the twenty. Lately they was smoking status 69.7%. Brushing three times a day, 55.8% in male and female were 74.0% with significant differences(p=0.019). Kind of toothbrush "normal" the response was the highest, 45.3% male, 62.6% women were significantly higher in women(p=0.012). Toothbrushing educational experienced 33.7% men, women's educational experience rate of 52.8% was significantly higher(p=0.006), use of oral hygiene products education experienced 15.8% of the men and women 27.6% had significant difference(p=0.049). Scaling experience is not in the Dental plaque index the number of "bad" was significantly higher(p=0.035), toothbrushing educational experience is not in the Dental plaque index the number of "bad" and significantly higher(p=0.008) and Gingival bleeding index was significantly higher(p=0.033). Use of oral hygiene products educational experience if you do not have the number of the Dental plaque index "bad" were higher(p=0.011). Gingival bleeding index, affecting demographic variables were smoking(p=0.024). Dental plaque index the influence of experience with oral hygiene products factors(p=0.044) and gingival bleeding index was influenced Toothbrushing of educational experience(p=0.029). Conclusion: The results reported here confirm the factors associated with the oral health were education of oral hygiene products factors and Toothbrushing experience.

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Relationship of Halitosis to Oral Hygiene : Pilot Study (구취와 구강위생과의 관계에 대한 예비실험)

  • 함동선;홍정표
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.271-276
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of the pilot study was to know the relationship between halitosis and oral hygine, to examine the difference of the positon of the straw to be placed in the oral cavity by using Halimeter. Fourteen persons that has good health condition without halitosis were participated in this pilot study. They were treated twice prophylaxis and then they had not tooth brushing during two weeks. After two weeks, they were examied to gingival index, plaque index, VSC valuses. The obtained results were as follosws : 1. No significant difference of VSC values were observed during two weeks withoiut tooth brushing. But significant difference of gingival index, plaque index were observed. It was suggested that halitosis was not caused by only plaque, complex reasons(salivary function, stress etc) maybe caused halitosis. 2. Here were significant reduction of VSC values as the depth of plastic straw into the oral cavity decreased (p<0.05)

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The effect of vitamin-C containing neutraceutical on periodontal wound healing as an adjunct to non-surgical or surgical periodontal treatment (비외과적.외과적 치주치료와 병행 투여된 비타민 C 특수영양 보충용 식품이 치주질환의 치유과정에 미치는 효과)

  • Baek, Young-Ran;Park, Jin-Woo;Lee, Jae-Mok;Suh, Jo-Young
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.157-166
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: There are numerous reports about the usefulness of antibiotics such as doxycycline or metronidazole in the conventional treatment for the patients with chronic periodontal diseases. However, seldom are the reports about effects of vitamins or nutraceuticals. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of nutrient supplement including multiple vitamins and neutraceuticals with PRF-K2 from plants and seaweed in treatment of the patients with chronic periodontitis which is needed a nonsurgical or a surgical treatment by evaluating the clinical parameters and the gingival crevicular fluid volume. Methods: The systemically healthy and nonsmoking patients diagnosed with chronic periodontitis were divided into a nonsurgical group and a surgical group. They were also divided into the test group with nutrient supplements and the control group without nutrient supplements. In the nonsurgical group, the clinical parameters (probing depth, clinical attachment level, sulcus bleeding index, and plaque index) and the gingival crevicular fluid volume were checked on baseline, at 1 week, at 3 week and at 9 week after a supplement treatment. In the surgical group, the clinical parameters and the gingival crevicular fluid volume were also checked at 15 week after a surgical treatment. Results: In both nonsurgical and surgical groups, reduction of pocket depth and increment of clinical attachment level were revealed in the test group compared with the control group, but there was not statistically significant difference (p>0.05), and sulcus bleeding index was decreased with statistically significant difference (p<0.05). In addition, plaque index was decreased with statistically significant difference (p<0.05) in the nonsurgical group. Gingival crevicular fluid volume was decreased with statistically significant difference (p<0.05) at week 9 in both non-surgical and surgical groups. Conclusions: In conclusion, our results demonstrate that providing nutrient supplement in both nonsurgical or surgical periodontal treatments may improve gingival inflammation and gingival crevicular fluid.

The Effect of Dextranase-Containing Mouthwash in Human Experimental Gingivitis (실험적 치은염에서 dextranase 함유 구강 세정액의 양치 효과)

  • Son, Eun-Ju;Kim, Young-Jun;Kim, Do-Man;Chung, Hyun-Ju
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.401-420
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    • 2001
  • A novel glucanhydrolase from a mutant of Lipomyces starkeyi(KSM 22)has been shown effective in hydrolysis of mutan, reduction of mutan formation by Streptococcus mutans and removal pre-formed sucrose-dependent adherent microbial film and Lipomyces starkeyi KSM 22 dextranase has been strongly bound to hydroxyapatitie. These in vitro properties of Lipomyces starkeyi KSM 22 dextranase are desirable for its application as a dental plaque control agent. This study was performed to determine oral hygiene benefits and safety of dextranase(Lipomyces starkeyi KSM 22 dextranase)-containing mouthwash in human experimental gingivitis. This 3-week clinical trial was placebo-controlled double-blind design evaluating 1U/ml dextranase mouthwash and 0.12% chlorhexidine mouthwash. A total 39 systemically healthy subjects, who had moderate levels of plaque and gingivitis were included. At baseline, 1, 2 and 3 weeks, subjects were scored for plaque(Silness and $L{\ddot{o}e$ plaque index and plaque severity index), gingivitis($L{\ddot{o}e$ and Silness gingival index), and at baseline and 3 weeks of experiment, subjects were scored for plaque(Turesky-Quingley-Hein's plaque index and plaque severity index), tooth stain(Area and severity index system by Lang et al). Additionally, oral mucosal examinations were performed and subjects questioned for adverse symptoms. Two weeks after pre-experiment examinations and a professional prophylaxis, the subjects provided with allocated mousewash and instructed to use 20-ml volumes for 30s twice dailywithout toothbrushing. All the groups showed significant increase in plaque accumulation since 1 week of experiment. During 3 weeks' period, the dextranase group showed the least increase in plaque accumulation of Silness and $L{\ddot{o}e$ plaque index, compared to the chlorhexidine and placebo groups, but chlorhexidine group showed the least increase inplaque accumulation of Turesky-Quingley-Hein's plaque index. As for gingival inflammation, all the groups showed significant increase during 3 weeks of experiment. The dextranase group also showed the least increase in gingival index score, compared to the chlorhexidine as well as the placebo groups. Whereas the tooth stain was increased significantly in the chlorhexidine group, compared to the baseline score and the placebo group since 3 weeks of mouthrinsing. It was significantly increased after 3 weeks in the dextranase group, still less severe than the chlorhexidine group. As for the oral side effect, the dextranase group showed less tongue accumulation, bad taste, compared to the chlorhexidine group. From these results, mouthrinsing with Lipomyces starkeyi KSM 22 dextranase was comparable to 0.12% chlorhexidine mouthwashin inhibition of plaque accumulation and gingival inflammation and local side effects were if anything less frequent and less intense than chlorhexidine, in human experimental gingivitis. All data had provided positive evidence for Lipomyces starkeyi KSM 22 dextranase as an antiplaque agent and suggested that further development of dextranase formulations for plaque control are warranted.

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COMPARISON OF RECOLONIZATION OF THE SUBGINGIVAL MICROFLORA AFTER SCALING AND ROOT PLANING ON SINGLE AND MULTIROOT PERIODONTAL POCKETS (치석 제거술과 치근면활택술후 다근치와 단근치의 치은연하 세균 재군락에 대한 비교연구)

  • Baek, Ho-Jin;Mok, Seong-Kyu;Shin, Hyung-Shik
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.483-492
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of this study was to assess the recolonization of the subgingival microflora following scaling and root planing on single and multiroot teeth with periodontal pockets which were above 5mm. 7 patients with deep pockets were selected for this study. They had not taken antibiotics for 6 months and no history of dental treatment for 6 months before the study. After initial clinical(plaque index, gingival index, probing pocket depth), microbiological and BANA test were determined, each subject received a single session of scaling and root planing, but they were not received oral hygiene instructions. Clinical indices, microbial parameters and BANA test were reassessed 1, 2, and 4 weeks after treatment. The results were as follows : 1. Plaue index, gingival index and pocket depth were not significantly when compared single root group with multiroot group, both groups were siginficantly reduced at 2weeks in plaque index and 2, 4 weeks in gingival index(P<0.05), probing pocket depth was siginificantly changed at 2, 4weeks in multiroot teeth group and 4 weeks in single root teeth group(P<0.05). 2. Percentage of cocci was significantly increased at 4weeks in single root teeth group(P<0.05), motile rod was significantly changed at 4weeks in both group(P<0.05), spirochetes and nonmotile rods were not significantly changed. 3. BANA test was significantly reduced at 1 and 2 weeks (P<0.05) in single root teeth group, multiroot teeth group was not significantly all weeks. This results were suggested that clinical and microbiological effect following scaling and root planing on periodontal disease.

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EFFECT OF CHLORHEXIDINE MOUTH RINSE ON SUBGINGIVAL BACTERIA (Chlorhxidine 구강 양치용액이 치은연하 세균에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구)

  • Lim, Hong-Ki;Yang, Seung-Oh;Shin, Hyung-Shik
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.503-512
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical and microbiological effect of chlorhexidine rinse following scaling and root planing on periodontits. 10 patients with periodontal disease were selected for the study. They had not taken antibiotics for months and no history of dental treatment for 6 months before the study. They were good in general health. Patients received a scaling and root planing under local infiltration anesthesia, chlorhexidine rise group were subjected to twice a day 0.1% chlorhexidine rinse for a period 2 week. After initial clinical(plaque index, gingival index, probing pocket depth), microbiological and BANA tests were determined, each subject received a single session of scaling and root planing but no oral hygiene instructions. Clinical indices were measured, microbial parameters and BANA test were reassessed 1, 2 and 4 weeks after treatment. The results were as follows : 1. Plaque index, gingival index and pocket depth in chlorhexidine rinse group and control group were not significantly reduce during all weeks when compared chlorhexidine rinse group with control groups. Plaque index in chlorhexidine rinse group and control group were siginificantly reduced at 1, 2, 4weeks(P<0.05), gingival index and pocket depth wee ignificantly reduced at 2, 4weeks in both groups(P<0.05). 2. Perecntage of cocci and motile rods was significantly changed at 1, 2, 4weeks in chlorhexidine rinse group(P<0.05), control group was significantly changed at 4weeks in control group(P<0.05), intergroup difference was significantly at 2weeks in cocci and 4weeks in motile rods(P<0.05). 3. Percentage of non-motile rods in all group were not significantly changed when compared with those of baseline. 4. Percentage of spirochetes was significantly reduced at 4 week(P<0.05), control group was not significantly reduced during all weeks. 5. BANA test scores was significantly reduced during all weeks in chlorhexidine rinse group(P<0.05), control group was not significantly reduced during all weeks. The result showed that clinical and microbiological effect following scaling, root palning and chlorhexidine on periodontal disease.

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