• Title, Summary, Keyword: giraffe

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Reproductive System of Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis)

  • Yong, Hwan-Yul
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.293-295
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    • 2009
  • Two postmortem male and female reticulated giraffes were examined. The adult male giraffe showed sigmoid flexure of penis similar to most ungulates. Epididymis was well-developed and divided with head, body and tail parts. On the tip of penis, there was a urethral process. At the necropsy of a 20-month-old and nulliparous giraffe, ovaries, oviducts, two uterine horns with a septum and a cervix were distinctively shown. Understanding reproductive organs of giraffes would be beneficial to succeed in artificial breeding on this species especially in the difficult situation of importing hoofed animals.

Serous Fat Atrophy of a Reticulated Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis)

  • Yong, Hwan-Yul
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.297-300
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    • 2010
  • A female reticulated giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis), 20-month-old, 342 kg, died at Seoul Zoo on January 2, 2009 after a stressful episode of chronic diarrhea. Given the appearances postmortem, it was strongly suspected that the giraffe suffered from malnutrition for a long time. Typical appearances of serous fat atrophy were shown on most fat tissues of body organs such as heart, bone, liver, mesentery and kidney. In this study, the sudden death that had been known as "peracute mortality syndrome" was clearly identified to have resulted from a lack of understanding the Browser's diet and general failure in giraffe husbandry. Individualized care and high quality hay must be provided to compensate higher consumption of metabolic energy and to prevent animal loss in winter season.

Tooth Wear of Two Male Giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis) in Winter Season

  • Yong, Hwan-Yul
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.201-206
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    • 2010
  • Two male reticulated giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata), 21-year-old, died of nutritional deficiency that primarily caused by serious tooth wear at Seoul Zoo in winter. A 970 kg-weighed giraffe showed tooth wear of premolars, molars and incisors at necropsy. A foreign body in the rumen, congestion and ulcer of abomasum and duodenum were also observed. Mild appearance of serous fat atrophy in pericardial sac suggests that lack of nutritional intake caused by tooth wear can become harmful enough to threat life. At the necropsy of a 1,290 kg-weighed giraffe, a large quantity of sandy soil were found in the rumen which would stuck the pathway of well-fermented ruminal contents at esophageal groove. Nutritional deficiency could be suspected to urge this giraffe to graze grass on the ground along with sandy soil. Secondarily, the soil damaged teeth and become a culprit making irregular tooth wear and mild serous fat atrophy. Nutritionally good care of geriatric animals is needed especially for browsing animals like giraffes and critically in winter season.

Management of Incomplete Avulsion Injury of the Foot in a Masai Giraffe (Giraffe camelopardalis tippelskirchi) (마사이 기린에서 발의 불완전 결출당 치유 1례)

  • 권수완;황범태;정순옥;권오경
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.118-122
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    • 1997
  • The lateral hoof of right hind limb of a pregnant Masai giraffe was accidentally injured, and its coronet, hoof wall, and sole were detached in a mass. The bleeding was observed from the exposed dermis of the affected foot for several hours, with second scoreof supporting lameness. The bleeding from the digital artery at the exposed dermis was stopped by epinephrine spray and direct pressing. Nitrofurazone ointment was topocally applied for 5 days and sxytetracycline solusion was delivered by a fluid jet in the affected hoof one month. The calf was born 5 months after the avulsion. The horn of the hoof wall was grown from the coronet to sole, and was gradually filled from the heel to the toe. The growth rate and filling rate of the hoof wall were 0.32mm and 0.54mm a day, respectively.

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Baby Giraffe Rope-Pulled Out of Mother Suffering from Dystocia without Proper Restraint Device (기린 난산에서 물리적 보정장치 부재시 밧줄을 이용한 태아 견인)

  • Yong, Hwan-Yul;Park, Suk-Hyun;Choi, Myoung-Keun;Jung, So-Young;Ku, Dae-Chang;Yoo, Jong-Tae;Yoo, Mi-Jin;Yoo, Mi-Hyun;Eo, Kyung-Yeon;Yeo, Yong-Gu;Kang, Shin-Keun;Kim, Heon-Youl
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.113-116
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    • 2009
  • A 4-year-old female reticulated giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata), at Seoul Zoo, Gwacheon, Korea had a male calf with no help of proper restraint devices. The mother giraffe was in a danger of dystocia more than 7 hours in labor after showing the calf's toe of the foreleg which protruded from her vulva. After tugging with a snare of rope on the metacarpal bone of the calf and pulling it, the other toe emerged. Finally, with two snares around each of metacarpal bones, the calf was completely pulled out by zoo staff. After parturition, the dam was in normal condition for taking care of the calf and her progesterone hormone had also dropped down to a normal pre-pregnancy.

Chemical Immobilization of Reticulated Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata) Using Medetomidine and Ketamine (Medetomidine과 Ketamine을 사용한 그물무늬 기린마취에 대한 고찰)

  • Kim, Kyoo-tae;Kim, Jong-bu;Chang, Kyung-cheol;Lee, Il-bum
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.501-505
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    • 2003
  • The chemical immobilization in giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata) remains a challenge because of their size, behavior, and anatomic and physiologic characteristics that commonly create life threatening problems during immobilization. The drug combination medetomidine (MED) and ketamine (KET) was administered by remote injection. The dosages of MED and KET were correlated to the giraffe's shoulder height (SH), become recumbent with a dosage of $114{\mu}g$ of MED and 2.1 mg of KET, $320{\mu}g$ of atipamezole per cm of SH, respectively. After injection of the drugs, initial signs of sedation including ataxia were noticed at 3 minutes followed by lateral recombency at 12 minutes. The mean heart rate, respiratory rate and rectal temperature recorded during the procedures were 55 beats per minute, 48 breaths per minute and $36.6^{\circ}C$, respectively. Atipamezole was administered, after 33 minutes result in death. Assuming that 24 hours fasting times were short and light esteemed of atipamzole adverse effects like vomiting, passive regurgitation.

Development of an Effective Strategy to Teach Evolution

  • Ha, Min-Su;Cha, Hee-Young
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.440-454
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    • 2011
  • This study proposes a new instructional strategy and corresponding materials designed from various alternative frameworks to help students understand evolution as a biologically acceptable theory. Biology teachers have normally taught the evolutionary mechanism by means of comparing Lamarckism with natural selection. In this study, a new instructional strategy in which the Lamarckian explanation is first excluded because Lamarckism is known to be subsumed in a learner's cognitive structure as a strong preconception of evolution is suggested for teaching evolution. After mutation theory is introduced, Darwinism including natural selection is explained separately during the next class hour. Corresponding instructional materials that aid student understanding of the evolutionary mechanism were developed using recently published articles on human genetic traits as scientific evolutionary evidence instead of the traditional evolutionary subject matter, giraffe neck. Evolutionary evidence from human genetic traits allows students to exclude anthropocentric thoughts effectively and raise concern for the phenomenon of evolution positively. The administered instructional strategy and materials in this research improved student conception, concern, and belief of evolution and it is believed that they helped students understand the evolutionary mechanism effectively.

Aesthetic Characteristics of Traditional Korean Patterns Expressed on Contemporary Fashion Design - from 1990 to 2005 -

  • Hyun, Sun-Hee;Bae, Soo-Jeong
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.139-156
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the aesthetic characteristics of traditional Korean patterns appearing on fashion collections from 1990 to 2005. Traditional Korean patterns have been used as an important element to express a Korean image since the 1990s. Frequently used patterns included several kinds of geometric patterns, plant patterns(flower, peony, Four Gracious Plants), and Chinese character patterns. Specifically, since the 2000s, animal patterns such as tiger, Chinese phoenix, and giraffe which were not often used, plant patterns such as arabesque, peony, and flower, and a variety of Chinese character patterns appeared. For the expression techniques, while embroidery and printing was often used in the 1990s, they became varied into printing, beading, embroidery, gold and silver leaf, and hand painting after 2000 as a result of designers' active attempts. The aesthetic characteristics of fashion design with its focus on traditional patterns were analyzed. First, Chinese character patterns and phoenix pattern which were mainly used for a court suit, and show the excellence and unique originality of Korean culture. Second, traditional Korean patterns directly and indirectly imply symbolistic significance of lucky sign and illustrate the use of various lucky sign patterns. Third, traditional Korean patterns such as arabesque or peony were expressed by colorful embroidery to add decorative beauty. Finally, traditional Korean patterns reflect a naturalistic worldview and are completed finished as the design.

Seroprevalence of hepatitis E virus in zoo animal species in Korea

  • Song, Young-Jo;Kim, Bo-Sook;Park, Woo-Jung;Park, Byung-Joo;Lee, Seul-Kee;Shin, Jong-Il;Lee, Nak-Hyung;Lee, Joong-Bok;Park, Seung-Yong;Song, Chang-Seon;Seo, Kun-Ho;Choi, In-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.53 no.1
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    • pp.65-68
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    • 2013
  • Hepatitis E virus (HEV) can infect not only human but also several animals. This study has been conducted to evaluate the comprehensive anti-HEV seroprevalence in zoo animals in Korea. Anti-HEV antibodies were identified in 14 of 64 zoo animal species. HEV antibodies were detected for the first time in Eurasian Lynx, Setland Pony, Fallow Deer, Ezo Sika, Formosa Deer, East Wapitis, Barasingha, Corriedale, American Bison, Guanacos, Reticulated Giraffe, and Saanen. These results indicate that the several zoo animal species were exposed to HEV.

An analysis of symbols of animal patterns in oriental and occidental clothing - focusing on comparison of Buddhism- Confucianism and Christian cultural area - (동.서양의 복식에 표현된 동물문양의 상징성에 관한 비교 연구 - 유교적 불교문화권과 그리스도교 문화권과의 비교를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Yun-Jung
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.469-480
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    • 2006
  • Patterns in clothing symbolize some specific meaning that differs across cultures and religions, although patterns have been mostly used to realize human desires to overcome natural hazards in every culture or religion. This research aims to compare animal patterns of Korea (Confucian/Buddhism culture) with those of Byzantine (Christian culture), based upon a research method of literature survey. It is found through the research that both cultures used common patterns, such as dragon, butterfly, bat, honeybee, peacock, fish, and chicken. In the case of dragon patterns, Korea used it to symbolize emperor, dignity, or authority, while Byzantine used it for devil. Bat patterns had different symbolic meanings in both cultures: they mean happiness, longevity, prosperity or many off-springs in Korea while they mean misfortune or unhappiness in Byzantine. On the other hand, the rest of animal patterns, including butterfly, honeybee, peacock, chicken, had quite a similar symbolic meaning. Butterfly means change of life or beginning of new life in Korea, whereas it means resurrection in Byzantine. Honeybee symbolizes diligence, order, and cooperation. Many animal patterns were used in both cultures at the same time. Another difference can be found in terms of the kind of animals; for example, Korea used wild goose, pheasant, giraffe, deer, mandarin duck & turtle, while Byzantine used eagle, snake, pigeon. Of course, each and every animal has its own meaning, mostly positive. Except dragons and bats, both cultures have a similar meaning in most of animal patterns. Generally speaking, Korea used imaginary animals to pray for human happiness, but Byzantine used real animals to pray for resurrections.

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