• Title, Summary, Keyword: glucose

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Glucose Effects on Cell Growth, Antibody Production, and Cell Metabolism of Hybridoma Cells (Hybridoma 세포의 세포성장, 항체생산 및 세포대사에 미치는 Glucose의 영향)

  • ;Shaw S.Wang
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.323-334
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    • 1995
  • The effects of glucose on cell growth kinetics, monoclonal antibody productivity, and cell metabolism or hybridoma cells were investigated. The mouse-mouse hybridoma cell line VIII H-8 producing mouse IgG2a was used as a modal system. Glucose showed substrate inhibition type dependence on specific growth raie. The maximum cell density increased as initial glucose concentration increased up to 4 g/$\ell$. Glucose showed a strong influence on cell death kinetics, and an inverse relationship between specific death rate and glucose concentration was found. Cell viability and monoclonal antibody production increased as initial glucose concentration increased. The specific glucose consumption rate increased with glucose concentration, and cumulative specific lactate production rate increased with increasing initial glucose concentration. The overall kinetics of ammonium ion production was almost invariant with respect to initial glucose concentration, while the cumulative specific ammonium ion production rate was dependent on initial glucose concentration.

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The Assimilability of Glucose and Xylose in Rhodopseudomonas sp. K-7. (Rhodopseudomonas sp. K-7 의 당자화성)

  • Kim, Yong-Hyo;Bae, Moo
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.169-172
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    • 1985
  • The assimilability of glucose and xylose of Rhodopseudomonas K-7, whose hydrogen evolution has been characterized previously, was investigated under the anaerobic photosynthetic and the aerobic dark conditions. This organism is able to grow well in the medium containing glutamate and malate as organic substances under the anaerobic light condition. However, the substitution of glucose for malate retarded the growth rate, while the addition of glucose to the seed culture remarkably promoted the utilization of glucose added in the main culture. Optimal glucose concentration in the seed culture to induce glucose assimilability of the organism was around the concentration of 60 mM of glucose. Then, the seed culture grown in the medium containing 60 mM of glucose were inoculated in the medium containing 10, 20, 30, 60 and 100 mM of glucose respectively. The results were revealed that the consumable content of glucose was limited even though the high concentrations of glucose was contained in the medium. The consumption of considerable amount of glucose was observed when cultured under the aerobic dark conditions than the anaerobic illuminated conditions.

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High glucose diets shorten lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans via ectopic apoptosis induction

  • Choi, Shin-Sik
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.214-218
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    • 2011
  • Diets based on carbohydrates increase rapidly the blood glucose level due to the fast conversion of carbohydrates to glucose. High glucose diets have been known to induce many lifestyle diseases. Here, we demonstrated that high glucose diet shortened the lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans through apoptosis induction. Control adult groups without glucose diet lived for 30 days, whereas animals fed 10 mg/L of D-glucose lived only for 20 days. The reduction of lifespan by glucose diet showed a dose-dependent profile in the concentration range of glucose from 1 to 20 mg/L. Aging effect of high glucose diet was examined by measurement of response time for locomotion after stimulating movement of the animals by touching. Glucose diet decreased the locomotion capacity of the animals during mid-adulthood. High glucose diets also induced ectopic apoptosis in the body of C. elegans, which is a potent mechanism that can explain the shortened lifespan and aging. Apoptotic cell corpses stained with SYTO 12 were found in the worms fed 10 mg/L of glucose. Mutation of core apoptotic regulatory genes, CED-3 and CED-4, inhibited the reduction of viability induced by high glucose diet, which indicates that these regulators were required for glucose-induced apoptosis or lifespan shortening. Thus, we conclude that high glucose diets have potential for inducing ectopic apoptosis in the body, resulting in a shortened lifespan accompanied with loss of locomotion capacity.

Candida parapsilosis에 의한 Xylitol 생성시 포도당의 영향

  • 오덕근;김종화
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.149-154
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    • 1996
  • Effect of glucose addition to xylose medium on xylitol production was investigated by using Candida parapsilosis ATCC 21019 mutant. With increasing the ratio of glucose to xylose in total amount of 50 g/l as glucose and/or xylose, xylitol production was decreased but ethanol and glycerol production were increased. Ethanol and glycerol concentration were maxmum in 10 g/l of xylose and 40 g/l of glucose medium as 21.5 g/l and 3.6 g/l, respecti- vely. No xylitol was formed in glucose medium without xylose because xylitol could be not produced from glucose. With increasing the ratio of glucose to xylose, the activity of xylose reductase which converted xylose to xylitol were decreased. The activities of xylitol dehydrogeiiase which converted xylitol to xylulose and then cell materials were found to be constant regardless of the ratio of glucose to xylose. This results indicated that glucose addition to xylose medium on cell growth was not affected. In order to prevent the inhibitory effect of glucose on xylitol production, glucose in a fermentor was fed with low concentration and then ethanol and glycerol was critically decreased and the xylitol yield from xylose of the culture with glucose feeding was recovered the almost same as that with only 50 g/l of xylose. However, the xylitol yield from total sugars (xylose and glucose) was decreased and glucose was not contributed to xylitol production. Therefore, the fermentation at high concentration of xylose without glucose was carried out. A final xylitol concentration of 242 g/l which corresponding 80.7% of xylitol yield was obtained from 300 g/l of xylose for 273 hours.

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Evaluation of Glucose Concentration by Wireless Continuous Glucose Monitoring System in Healthy Dogs (무선 연속 당측정기에 의한 정상 개의 당 농도 평가)

  • Kang, Ji-Houn;Kim, Sung-Soo;Yang, Mhan-Pyo
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.392-396
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    • 2010
  • Blood glucose curves in the management for diabetic patients have several limitations including intermittent assessment of blood glucose concentration, hospitalization, patient restraint, and repeated phlebotomy. The aim of this study was to apply and evaluate a wireless continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) in healthy dogs. Subcutaneous interstitial glucose concentrations in 7 dogs were continuously monitored and recorded by wireless CGMS. During induced hyperglycemia, the interstitial glucose concentrations were compared with whole blood glucose concentrations measured by glucometer and serum glucose concentrations measured by automated chemistry analyzer, respectively. There were no significant differences among interstitial, whole blood and serum glucose concentrations. The interstitial glucose concentrations had a good correlation to serum glucose concentrations. The real-time wireless CGMS is a valuable tool for monitoring system of glucose concentrations in dogs. Use of the CGMS for diabetic patients will provide accurate information over traditional blood glucose curves.

Glucose Sensing Properties of Electrospinning-Synthesized ZnO Nanofibers (전기방사로 합성된 산화아연 나노섬유의 Glucose 감응특성)

  • Choi, Jong-Myoung;Byun, Joon-Hyuk;Kim, Sang Sub
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.25 no.12
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    • pp.655-658
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    • 2015
  • The development of glucose biosensors has been attracting much attention because of their importance in monitoring glucose in the human body; such sensors are used to diagnose diabetes and related human diseases. Thanks to the high selectivity, sensitivity to glucose detection, and relatively low-cost fabrication of enzyme-immobilized electrochemical glucose sensors, these devices are recognized as one of the most intensively investigated glucose sensor types. In this work, ZnO nanofibers were synthesized using an electrospinning method with polyvinyl alcohol zinc acetate as precursor material. Using the synthesized ZnO nanofibers, we fabricated glucose biosensors in which glucose oxidase was immobilized on the ZnO nanofibers. The sensors were used to detect a wide range of glucose from 10 to 700 M with a sensitivity of $10.01nA/cm^2-{\mu}M$, indicating that the ZnO nanofiber-based glucose sensor can be used for the detection of glucose in the human body. The control of nanograins in terms of the size and crystalline quality of the individual nanofibers is required for improving the glucose-sensing abilities of the nanofibers.

Glucose Transport in Jurkat Cell: Concentration-Dependent Regulation

  • Koh, Woo-S.;Shin, Ki-D.;Lee, Jeong-W.;Chung, Moon-K.;Han, Sang-S.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Toxicology Conference
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    • pp.147-147
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    • 2002
  • In this study, a mechanism by which glucose level modulates glucose transport in Jurkat cells was investigated. Glucose uptake was more efficient in the cells cultivated in low glucose (2.5 mM) medium than that grown in high glucose (20 $\mu$M) medium. Vmax (0.74 n㏖/10$^6$ cells$\cdot$min) of glucose uptake measured with the cells grown in the low glucose medium was higher than the one (1.06 n㏖/10$^6$ cells$\cdot$min) in the high glucose medium while Km was almost consistent through the change of glucose levels, indicating the increase of glucose transporter number.

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Sucrose Synthase, UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase and ADP-glucose Pyrophosphorylnse in Korea Ginseng Roots

  • Yelena V.Sundukova;Lee, Mi-Ja;Park, Hoon
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.83-88
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    • 2000
  • The seasonal variation in the activity of sucrose synthase, ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase and UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase in roots of Panax ginseng C.A.Meyer have been studied. It was revealed that sucrose synthase and ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase are adaptive enzymes and can serve as markers of sink strength, while UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase is the maintenance enzyme. The average day temperature exceeded 24。C appeared to cause the disturbance in refilling process, affecting the starch synthesis. Study on the dependence of oxygen consumption in stele tissue with temperature revealed the sharp accelerating of this process after 24。C.

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Enzymatic Determination of Glucose Using Soybean Sprouts Peroxidase. (콩나물 Peroxidase를 이용한 포도당의 효소적 분석)

  • 이민경
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.416-420
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    • 1998
  • Soybean sprouts peroxidase can be used for enzymatic determination of glucose. Peroxidase from soybean sprouts was purified by ammonium sulfate precipitation and DEAE Sephacel column chromatography. The glucose could be quantitatively assayed by using glucose oxidase and soybean sprouts peroxidase. The optimum pH and temperature for glucose assay were of pH 5.5 and $40^{\circ}C$, respectively. The relationship between absorbance and glucose concentration was linear. And also the relationship between absorbance and reaction time was linear. The reducing agents such as L-cysteine, dithiothreitol inhibited the glucose assay by glucose oxidase and soybean sprouts peroxidase.

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Diabetes, Glucose Transport and Hypoglycaemic Agents

  • Khil, Lee-Yong
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.202-208
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    • 2004
  • Diabetes mellitus is a complex metabolic derangement with hyperglycaemia being the most characteristic symptom of diabetes. Hyperglycaemia can be caused by an increase in the rate of glucose production by the liver or by a decrease in the rate of glucose use by peripheral tissues. Impaired glucose transport is one of the major factors contributing to insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic patients. The ability of insulin to mediate tissue glucose uptake is a critical step in maintaining glucose homeostasis and in clearing the post-prandial glucose load. Glucose transport is mediated by specific carriers called glucose transporters (GLUTs). In this article, the functional importance and molecular mechanisms of insulin-induced glucose transport and development of hypoglycaemic agents which increase glucose transport are reviewed.