• Title, Summary, Keyword: glutathione S-transferase

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Quality Properties of Herbal Wine containing Schizandra chinensis and Lycium chinense according to Extract Concentration (추출농도에 따른 오미자 및 구기자를 첨가한 한방약술의 품질특성)

  • Oh, Sung-Cheon
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.341-347
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    • 2019
  • In this study, the following is the result of measuring the quality characteristics of herbal wine and the active inhibition of Glutathione S-transferase in order to measure the release of physiological active substances according to the concentration of extracts. The pH level of herbal wine was 4.4, up from 3.9 before fermentation. These changes are attributed to fermentation and organic acids during alcoholic fermentation. The acidity of herbal wine was 0.55%, about six times higher than the pre-fermentation control of 0.09%. These results show that organic acids are used for flavor formation, ether, in combination with alcohol. The inhibitory activity of glutathione S-transferase were $5.1{\pm}0.31$ in herbal wine 15%, $6.5{\pm}0.6$ in herbal wine 20%, $7.6{\pm}0.6$ in herbal wine 25%, $8.4{\pm}0.2$ in herbal wine 30% and $9.7{\pm}0.7$ in herbal wine 35%. As the extract concentration was increased the inhibitory activity of glutathione S-transferase were significantly increased (<0.05).

Property and Mode of Action of Indoxacarb against Diamondback Moth, Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) (배추좀나방에 대한 Indoxacarb의 작용특성 및 기작)

  • Choi Yu-Mi;Ahn Ki-Su;Hwang In-Cheon;Kim Gil-Hah
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.317-322
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    • 2004
  • Insecticidal activity, systemic and residual effects, and effects on enzyme activities (esterase, acetylcholinesterase, glutathione S-transferase) of indoxcarb were evaluated against Plutella xylostella. The insecticide was very effective against larvae of P. xylostella. Also, indoxacarb showed only residual effect to P. xylostella when applied to vegetable leaves. It inhibited acetylcholinesterase activity, but didn't do esterase and glutathione S-transferase activities.

Induction of Phase II Enzymes and Inhibition of Cytochrome P450 Isozymes by Chitosanoligosaccharides

  • SHON, YUN-HEE;NAM, KYUNG-SOO
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.183-187
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    • 2005
  • Abstract The cancer chemopreventive potential of chitosanoligosaccharides was investigated by measuring the induction of quinone reductase and glutathione S-transferase activities and inhibition of cytochrome P450 1A1, 2B1, and 2E1 activities. Chitosanoligosaccharide I (1-${\kappa}$Da${\kappa}$Da) significantly induced glutathione S-transferase activity with a maximal 1.5-fold increase at 500 ${\mu}$g/ml, while chitosanoligosaccharide II (3-${\kappa}$Da${\kappa}$Da) (500 ${\mu}$g/ml) strongly induced quinone reductase (p<0.01) and glutathione S-transferase (p<0.005) activities. The in vitro incubation of rat liver microsomes with chitosanoligosaccharides I and II (2.5, 5, 50, and 500 ${\mu}$g/ml) showed a dose-dependent inhibiton of cytochrome P450 1A1, 2B1, and 2E1 activities. Chitosanoligosaccharide II was a more potent inhibitor of cytochrome P450 2B1 activity than chitosanoligosaccharide I. Accordingly, these findings suggest that chitosanoligosaccharides are potential chemopreventive agents.

Effect of safener fluxofenim on crop injury of chloroacetanilides and enzyme activity of glutathione S-transferase in grain sorghum seedlings (수수유묘에 있어서 fluxofenim의 약해경감효과와 glutathione S-transferase 효소활성)

  • Hwang, In-Taek;Wu, Jingrui;Hatzios, Kriton K.
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.97-103
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    • 1998
  • Effects of safener fluxofenim was investigated for crop injury of acetanilide's upland herbicides and for enzyme activity of glutathione S-transferase (GST) in grain sorghum. Bioassay with etiolated grain sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench. cv. 'G522DR'] seedlings grown in agar containing metolachlor or alachlor showed that they are strong inhibitors on root growth of grain sorghum ($GI_{50}=4.5{\mu}M$ for metolachlor and $6.2{\mu}M$ for alachlor). The safener fluxofenim applied by seed soaking protected growth of grain sorghum from crop injury of metolachlor or alachlor at the concentrations of 1 to 10 ${\mu}M$. There was a significant increase in glutathione-herbicide conjugates in root tissues of fluxofenim-treated seedlings. Activities of $GST_{-metolachlor}$ and $GST_{-CDNB}$ were increased by 82% and 70%, respectively, in the cytosolic fraction of roots with fluxofenim treatment.

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Glutathione S-Transferase Activities of S-Type and L-Type Thioltransferases from Arabidopsis thaliana

  • Cho, Young-Wook;Park, Eun-Hee;Lim, Chang-Jin
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.179-183
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    • 2000
  • The glutathione S-transferase (GST) activities of S-type and L-type thioltransferases (TTases), which are purified from the seeds and leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana, respectively, were identified and compared. The S-type and L-type TTases showed $K_m$ values of 9.72 mM and 3.18mM on 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB), respectively, indicating the L-type TTase has higher affinity for CDNB. The GST activity of the L-type TTase was rapidly inactivated after being heated at $70^{\circ}C$ or higher. The GST activity of the S-type TTase remains active in a range of $30-90^{\circ}C$. $Hg^{2+}$ inhibited the GST activity of the S-type TTase, whereas $Ca^{2+}$ and $Cd^{2+}$ inhibited the GST activity of the L-type TTase. Our results suggest that the GST activities of two TTases of Arabidopsis thaliana may have different catalytic mechanisms. The importance of the co-existence of TTAse and GST activities in one protein remains to be elucidated.

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Purification and Biochemical Properties of Glutathione S-Transferase from Lactuca sativa

  • Park, Hee-Joong;Cho, Hyun-Young;Kong, Kwang-Hoon
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.232-237
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    • 2005
  • A glutathione S-transferase (GST) from Lactuca sativa was purified to electrophoretic homogeneity approximately 403-fold with a 9.6% activity yield by DEAE-Sephacel and glutathione (GSH)-Sepharose column chromatography. The molecular weight of the enzyme was determined to be approximately 23,000 by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and 48,000 by gel chromatography, indicating a homodimeric structure. The activity of the enzyme was significantly inhibited by S-hexylGSH and S-(2,4-dinitrophenyl) glutathione. The enzyme displayed activity towards 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene, a general GST substrate and high activities towards ethacrynic acid. It also exhibited glutathione peroxidase activity toward cumene hydroperoxide.

The Effect of Dimethyl Dimethoxy Biphenyl Dicarboxylate (DDB) against Tamoxifen-induced Liver Injury in Rats: DDB Use Is Curative or Protective

  • El-Beshbishy, Hesham A.
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.300-306
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    • 2005
  • Tamoxifen citrate is an anti-estrogenic drug used for the treatment of breast cancer. It showed a degree of hepatic carcinogenesis, when it used for long term as it can decrease the hexose monophosphate shunt and thereby increasing the incidence of oxidative stress in liver rat cells leading to liver injury. In this study, a model of liver injury in female rats was done by intraperitoneal injection of tamoxifen in a dose of 45 mg/kg body weight for 7 successive days. This model produced a state of oxidative stress accompanied with liver injury as noticed by significant declines in the antioxidant enzymes (glutathione-S-transferase, glutathione peroxidase and catalase) and reduced glutathione concomitant with significant elevations in TBARS (thiobarbituric acid reactive substance) and liver transaminases; sGPT (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase) and sGOT (serum glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase) levels. The oral administration of dimethyl dimethoxy biphenyl dicarboxylate (DDB) in a dose of 200 mg/kg body weight daily for 10 successive days, resulted in alleviation of the oxidative stress status of tamoxifen-intoxicated liver injury in rats as observed by significant increments in the antioxidant enzymes (glutathione-S-transferase, glutathione peroxidase and catalase) and reduced glutathione concomitant with significant decrements in TBARS and liver transaminases; sGPT and sGOT levels. The administration of DDB before tamoxifen intoxication (as protection) is more little effective than its curative effect against tamoxifen-induced liver injury. The data obtained from this study speculated that DDB can mediate its biochemical effects through the enhancement of the antioxidant enzyme activities and reduced glutathione level as well as decreasing lipid peroxides.

Enhancement of Anticancer Activities of Kimchi by Manipulating Ingredients

  • Kim, Ju-Youn;Rhee, Sook-Hee;Park, Kun-Young
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.126-130
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    • 2000
  • To enhance the antitumor activity of Chinese cabbage kimchi, four kinds of kimchi, which ere differently prepared in kinds and levels of sub-ingredients, were fermented at 15$^{\circ}C$ for 1 day and then at 5$^{\circ}C$ up to pH 4.3. The solid tumor formation, hepatic glutathione S-transferase activity and glutathione contents in the liver, and natural killer (NK) cell activity of spleen were determined from the sarcoma-180 cell injected Balb/c mice that were treated with methanol extracts of the kimchi samples. Kimchi IV, prepared with organically cultivated Chinese cabbage, red pepper powder, garlic, Chinese pepper powder mustard leaf and heat processed salt (Gueun salt), reduced the tumor formation by 39.3% compared to the sarcoma-180 cell treated group, resulting in the smallest tumor weight. Methanol extracts of the kimchi III and kimchi IV recovered the activities of hepatic glutathione S-transferase(GST) that was decreased by the transplantation of the sarcoma-180 cells to th mice. The injections of methanol extracts of kimchi II and kimchi IV increased glutathione contents in sarcoma-180 cells treated mice. The methanol extract of kimchi IV increased the natural killer (NK) cell activity of spleen lymphocytes a more effectively (p<0.05) than those the other kimchi samples. These results suggest that the anticancer activities of kimchi can be increased by changing the kinds and levels of sub-ingredients.

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Tolerance Mechanism to Simazine in Coix lacryma-jobi (율무(Coix lacryma-jobi)의 제초제 Simazine에 대한 내성기구)

  • Ma, Sang-Yong;Kim, Jong-Seok;Chun, Jae-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.37-43
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    • 1997
  • Tolerance mechanism to simazine (6-chloro-N,N'-diethyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diamine) in Coix lacryma-jobi was investigated with respect to herbicide detoxification via glutathione conjugation. Simazine was initially absorbed by seedlings of C. lacryma-jobi and corn, but after 12 hours of treatment, no significant difference in simazine absorption was found in both species. Simazine absorbed was rapidly metabolized to glutathione-simazine conjugate. One to six hours after treatment, metabolism was approximately 2-fold faster in C. lacryma-jobi than in corn. Glutathione content was found 1.5- and 2.3-fold higher in coleoptile and root of C. lacryma-jobi, respectively, compared with corn. In both species, the highest concentration of glutathione was found in coleoptile tissue. Glutathione S-transferase that exhibits activity with 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene was not significantly different between two species. However, glutathione S-transferase activity with simazine was approximately 2-fold greater in C. lacryma-jobi than in corn. The glutathione S-transferase activity was 20 to 30% greater in shoot of either species than in root. Fast protein liquid chromatography-anion exchange column was used to separate glutathione S-transferase isozymes in coleoptiles of C. lacryma-jobi and corn. A peak of glutathione S-transferase activity with 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene and two peaks of glutathione S-transferase activity with simazine from C. lacryma-jobi were coeluted with those from corn, but showed greater activity than in the case of corn. Another glutathione S-transferase isozyme that exhibits activity with simazine was detected in the elution of C. lacryma-jobi extract, but not in corn. Electron transport in chloroplast thylakoids isolated from leaves of both species was equally sensitive to simazine applied at 1 to 100 nM. These results indicate that the simazine tolerance in C. lacryma-jobi is due to its capacity to detoxify the herbicide via glutathione conjugation, which is positively correlated with the level of glutathione content and glutathione S-transferase activity.

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