• Title, Summary, Keyword: glutinous rice

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Quality Characteristics of Glutinous Rice Dduk Made from Different Rice as a Meal Substitute (쌀의 종류에 따른 식사대용 찰떡의 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Ok-Hee;Shin, Myung-Eun;Lee, Kyung-Hee
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.684-691
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    • 2012
  • Glutinous rice dduk, traditional Korean rice cake, was prepared using rice(white glutinous rice, brown glutinous rice, black glutinous rice, gaba glutinous rice) as a meal alternative, and each of their quality characteristics were compared. This study had checked sensory tests, color differences, moisture contents, texture characteristics, and storage lives of dduk during storage at room temperature for 6 days. The moisture contents of black glutinous rice dduk scored the highest. For color properties, gaba glutinous rice dduk was darker with a decreased yellow value, whereas its red value was higher comparing with that of brown glutinous rice dduk. The results of the preference test showed that appearance, flavor, texture, and overall preference were the highest in white glutinous rice dduk, whereas black glutinous rice dduk showed the lowest score. The results of the color difference test showed that softness, viscoelasticity, and fineness were the highest in white glutinous rice dduk, whereas black glutinous rice dduk showed the highest difference in color. For individual textural characteristics, black glutinous rice dduk showed the highest score, whereas white glutinous rice dduk showed the lowest scores in hardness, chewiness, and gumminess. In the results of the textural characteristics of dduk during storage, white glutinous rice dduk showed the highest increase in hardness after 48 hours, whereas black glutinous rice dduk showed the lowest increase. White glutinous rice dduk showed the highest increases in chewiness and gumminess. Cohesiveness decreased in all glutinous rice dduk. In the results of fungal occurrence in dduk during storage, black and gaba glutinous rice dduk showed increased fungi occurrence compared with white and brown glutinous rice dduk after 6 days. In conclusion, the overall preference for glutinous rice dduk made from different rice is more affected by appearance or texture than flavor.

Sensory and Physicochemical characteristics and Storage time of Daechu-Injeulmi added with various levels of chopping jujube (다진 대추를 첨가한 대추인절미의 관능적, 이화학적 특성과 저장성 연구)

  • 차경희;이효지
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.29-42
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was 10 investigate the effect of jujube on the physicochemical properties of lnjeulmi during storage. Various lnjeulmi samples were prepared with steamed glutinous rice, glutinous rice flour, or brown glutinous rice flour along with the addition of chopped jujube at 3, 6, 9, or 12% of rice. In sensory evaluation, the more jujube was added, the stronger sweetness and bitterness were obtained. The samples made with steamed glutinous rice gave the harshest texture. Tenderness and moistness of Deachu-Injeulmi were the highest in the samples made with glutinous rice followed by brown glutinous rice flour, and glutinous rice flour, and they were increased with less amount of jujube. The chewiness of the samples made with brown glutinous rice flour' was the highest and the samples made with glutinous rice were the coarsest. The more jujube was added, the redness and yellowness of Daechu-Injeulmi were increased. The moisture content was higher in the samples made with glutinous rice followed by glutinous rice flour and brown glutinous rice flour. The reducing sugar content of samples during storage was higher in the order of glutinous rice, glutinous rice flour, and brown glutinous rice flour, and it was dramatically reduced until 48hr of storag e; however, it was increased a little bit after 72 hr. The degree of gelatinization was reduced rapidly during the first 24hr of storage, and it was decreased in the order of brown glutinous rice flour, glutinous rice flour, and glutinous rice. The springiness and cohesiveness were decreased during storage. The chewiness and gumminess were increased with the increase of added jujube, and they were increased until 24hr of storage, then decreased after 48hr. The hardness was the highest in the samples made with glutinous rice and 12% of chopped jujube showed the least change in the hardness. The more jujube was added, the less change in the hardness of samples was observed during storage, consequently retarded the speed of retrogradation

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Sensory and Physicochemical characteristics and Storage time of Daechu-Injeulmi added with various levels of jujube powder (대추가루를 첨가한 대추인절미의 관능적, 이화학적 특성과 저장성 연구)

  • 차경희;심영현;이효지
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.609-621
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of addition of jujube on lnjeulmi in storage. Jujube powder was added to lnjeulmi made from the steamed glutinous rice, glutinous rice flour and brown glutinous rice flour. As a result of the sensory evaluation, the more jujube is added, the stronger sweetness and the more bitterness is shown. The sweetness and bitterness, made from brown glutinous rice, of Deachu-Injeulmi added jujube powder is the highest, and the more jujubes are tasted. Tenderness and moistness of Deachu-Injeulmi is decreased in the order of Deachu-Injeulmi made from glutinous rice, brown glutinous rice, glutinous rice flour, tenderness and moistness is increased with less amount of jujube. Chewiness of Deachu-Injeulmi made brown glutinous rice flour is the highest and Deachu-Injeulmi made from glutinous rice is the most rough. Moisture content is decreased in the order of Daechu-Injeulmi from glutinous rice, glutinous rice flour, brown glutinous rice flour. The reducing sugar content about storage period of Daechu-Injeulmi is decreased in the order of glutinous rice, glutinous rice flour, brown glutinous rice flour, and it is dramatically reduced until 48 hours of storage. However, it is increased a little bit after 72 hours. The changes in degree of gelatinization by storage period is that it is rapidly reduced until 24 hours, and it is decreased in the order of glutinous rice, glutinous rice flour, brown glutinous rice flour. That is to say, the more jujube powder is added, the less change there is. Springiness and cohesiveness is decreased during storage. Chewiness and gumminess is higher with more jujube, and it is increased until 24hour of storage period, then it is decreased after 48 hours. Hardness of Daechu-Injeulmi made from glutinous rice flour is the highest and the more jujube is added. Hardness of Daechu-Injeulmi added jujube powder is decreased in the order of Daechu-Injeulmi of 2.5%, 10% and 7.5%. The more jujube is added, the less change of the hardness by the storage period Daechu-Injeulmi is observed, thus the speed of the retrogradation is getting slower.

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Quality and antioxidant characteristics of cooked rice the mixture of glutinous rice and cooking methods

  • Woo, Koan Sik;Lee, Kyung Ha;Kim, Mi-Jung;Ko, Jee Yeon;Sim, Eun-Yeong;Lee, Choon Ki;Jeon, Yong Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.248-248
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    • 2017
  • This study was carried out to compare the cooking and antioxidant characteristics of cooked rice added at various rate of glutinous rice addition and treated with two cooking methods. Cooked rice added with glutinous rice was cooked by general and high pressure cooking method with and without fermented alcohol. Pasting characteristics of cooked rice were decreased as increasing the amounts of glutinous rice. Water binding capacity and swelling power were significant decreased with the amounts of glutinous rice increasing, however water solubility indices were significant increased. Palatability characteristics of cooked rice added with glutinous rice showed similar results to cooked rice without glutinous rice. Total polyphenol contents of cooked rice added with glutinous rice and fermented alcohol were significantly distinct, but there was no significant difference. Total flavonoid contents were increased as increasing the amounts of glutinous rice. Total flavonoid contents by general cooking method of cooked rice added with 20% glutinous rice and fermented alcohol were $23.20{\pm}0.61{\mu}g\;CE/g$. DPPH radical scavenging activities added with and without glutinous rice were 2.97~5.19 and 3.19~5.45 mg TE/100 g, respectively. ABTS radical scavenging activities by high pressure cooking method of cooked rice added with 20% glutinous rice and fermented alcohol were $19.48{\pm}0.63mg\;TE/100g$. In this study, cooking and antioxidant characteristics of cooked rice added with glutinous rice were expected to be used as basic data on manufacturing processed products.

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Physicochemical Properties of Non-glutinous, Dull, and Glutinous Rice Grain in Segregating Populations of Dull/Glutinous Crosses

  • Kim, Kwang-Ho;Kim, Eun-You;Jeong, Young-Pyeong
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.277-281
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    • 1999
  • Dull grains segregated from F$_3$ and F$_4$ of the crosses between two dull mutants and a glutinous cultivar were compared with non-glutinous and glutinous segregants for their physicochemical properties. Amylose content of dull rice grain segregated from the dull/glutinous cross showed the intermediate value between glutinous and non-glutinous rice grain, whether it is controlled by the recessive or dominant gene. Alkali digestibility value (ADV) of dull rice grain was lower than that of glutinous or non-glutinous rice. A positive correlation was found between ADV and amylose content of homozygous non-glutinous or dull F$_4$ grains, but a negative relationship was observed in glutinous grains. Protein content of dull grain was significantly higher than that of glutinous or non-glutinous grain segregated from the same cross, while those of glutinous and non-glutinous grains were not different. Among gelatinization characteristics, initial pasting temperature and peak viscosity of dull grains were higher than glutinous rice, and were not different with non-glutinous grain. Hot, cool and consistency viscosities of dull grain were intermediate between glutinous and non-glutinous rices. Dull grains showed the highest breakdown viscosity and the lowest setback viscosity among the three endosperm types.

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Quality Characteristics of Baked Rice Cake using Dry and Wet Rice Powder (습식과 건식 쌀가루 종류를 달리하여 구운 떡의 품질 특성)

  • Park, Young Mi;Jung, Hyo Sun;Yoon, Hye Hyun
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.23 no.7
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    • pp.129-139
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    • 2017
  • This study investigated the quality characteristics of baked rice cake using dry and wet rice flour. The moisture contents, color values, texture and sensory evaluation(attribute difference and acceptance) for the samples were tested. The moisture content of baked rice cake was the highest in rice cake baked with non- glutinous rice of dry type, and rice cake baked in dry type had weaker brownishness and therefore had higher brightness value compared to the rice cake baked in wet type. In relation to the texture, the hardness was found to be the highest in the rice cake baked with wet non- glutinous rice, and the rice cake baked with glutinous rice was found to be soft. The hardness was the lowest in both wet and dry glutinous rice, and was the highest in the wet non- glutinous rice. Attribute difference test of samples showed that, the rice cake baked with glutinous rice showed clear manifestation of springiness, moistness, adhesiveness, and gumminess (except for the harness). Although the cake baked with dry rice powder showed no significant difference, the dry glutinous rice flour was preferred the most. The rice cake baked with wet glutinous rice flour was preferred the most in terms of flavor, taste, texture, and overall acceptability.

Varietal Differences in Quality Characteristics of Yukwa(Fried Rice Cookie) made from Fourteen Glutinous Rice Cultivars (14품종 찹쌀의 유과 가공성 비교)

  • Kang, Mi-Young;Sung, You-Me
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.69-74
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    • 2000
  • Varietal difference in physicochemical characteristics of glutinous rice grain and interrelationships between these properties and the quality characteristics of Yukwa(fried rice cookie) were investigated on fourteen rice varieties, to obtained the basic informations for diversifying the utility of glutinous rice grain and for developing various glutinous rice cultivars adaptable to glutinous rice food processing. Among physicochemical properties of glutinous rice grain, the content of released reducing sugar during soaking treatment was the most positive correlation between the adaptability to Yukwa processing quality. CB243 and Sandong 71 were the most adaptable glutinous rice cultivars to make the Yukwa, because of its tested score in expansion volume, crispiness and sensory preference was higher than other glutinous rice cultivars.

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A Study on the Application of Non-glutinous rice in Shanghanlun (『상한론(傷寒論)』의 갱미(粳米) 입약법(入藥法)에 대한 고찰)

  • Ahn, Jin-hee
    • Journal of Korean Medical classics
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.71-92
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    • 2019
  • Objectives : To examine various ways non-glutinous rice has been applied in different formulas of "Shanghanlun" and the relationship between non-glutinous rice and the formulas' effects. Methods : First, texts that included non-glutinous rice were selected from the "Shanghanlun". Then, they were categorized according to the application of non-glutinous rice, followed by analysis of its relationship with each formula. Results : Most formulas that used non-glutinous rice in raw form when decocting with other ingredients included Shigao. Non-glutinous rice alleviates coldness of Shigao as in the case with Taohuatang where it stops diarrhea. Non-glutinous rice used in Wumeiwan warms the center and boosts Qi and helps the medicinal ingredients to bind when made into pellets. In Guizhitang and Lizhongwan, non-glutinous rice assists Stomach Qi. In Shizaotang, porridge is taken after diarrhea to help quick recovery. To prevent damage of Zheng Qi, Baisan can be mixed with rice water for administration. The level of cathartic effect can be managed through giving cold or hot porridge to the patient according to his/her response to the medicine. Mazirenwan, Mulizexiesan, Banxiasan, Sinisan, Wulingsan are mixed in rice water for administration. It makes it easier to swallow than when mixed with plain water. The application of rice flour is either internal or external. In Zhufutang, where rice flour is parched, it harmonizes the center and stops diarrhea. In Daqinglongtang when there is too much perspiration, warm powder is sprinkled on the skin to stop sweating. Clear porridge in Jiuziyisifang and rice flour in Shechuangzisan were exclusive to "Jinguiyaolue", while Baisan and rice water mixture could only be found in "Shanghanlun". Conclusions : The excavation and research on various ways non-glutinous rice was applied in treatment holds certain meaning in contemporary practice of Korean Medicine where treatment leans heavily on medicinal treatment rather than food, and all ingredients are boiled together in large quantities for most decoctions.

Quality Characteristics of Cooked Rice with Mixed Cereals by Blending Ratio of the Cereals Frequently Consumed in Korea (섭취빈도가 높은 곡류의 혼합비율에 따른 곡류 혼합밥의 품질특성)

  • Han, Gyusang;Chung, Hae-Jung;Lee, Youngmi;Yoon, Jihyun
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.537-552
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to investigate the quality characteristics of cooked rice with cereals frequently consumed in Korea by blending ratio. Seven kinds of cereals, white rice, glutinous barley, brown rice, black rice, glutinous rice, glutinous foxtail millet and proso millet, were chosen for the study. According to the results from rapid viscosity analyzer, glutinous barley had the lowest pasting temperature($66.55^{\circ}C$) and black rice had the highest values in the peak(231.77 RVU), trough(162.25 RVU), final viscosity(295.81 RVU) and set back(64.05 RVU)(p<0.05). Water absorption rate by soaking time for black rice and brown rice was increased only 18.77% and 14.57%, respectively, even after 120 minutes, whereas those of other cereals were increased up to 20.28~39.32% after 50 minutes. The pasting characteristics of white rice blended with cereals tended to be lower than white rice in the peak, trough, and final viscosity. Textural property of cooked white rice blended with black rice, brown rice, and glutinous foxtail millet showed a significantly higher value for hardness than that of cooked white rice only(p<0.05). The most preferred blending ratio of the respective cereals was 25% for glutinous barley, 10% for black rice, brown rice and proso millet, and 5% for glutinous foxtail millet and glutinous rice in the sensory evaluation for overall quality, but there were no significant differences except glutinous barley, brown rice and glutinous foxtail millet.

Effects of Glutinous Rice Flour Substitution Levels on Physicochemical and Sensory Properties of Yakgwa (찹쌀가루 배합비율이 약과의 이화학적 특성 및 관능적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Jin Sook;Lee, Hyun Ah;Lee, Kyong Ae
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.285-291
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: In this study, we evaluated the physicochemical and sensory effects of glutinous rice flour substitution in Yakgwa. Methods: The glutinous rice flour was added to Yakgwa dough as ratio to ranging from 0, 20, 40, 60%. Dehydration, oil absorption, color, texture and preference properties of Yakgwa were then investigated. Results: Glutinous rice flour caused a decrease in dehydration and oil absorption during frying. For color determination, L-value increased while b-value decreased as the addition of glutinous rice flour increased. In the instrumental texture analysis, hardness and chewiness increased with increasing glutinous rice flour content. Yakgwa with 20 or 40% glutinous rice flour showed a significantly higher overall acceptability than others. Conclusion: It can be concluded that 20 or 40% glutinous rice flour substitution is appropriate for preparing Yakgwa, based on the sensory evaluation results.