• Title, Summary, Keyword: graded domain

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KAPLANSKY-TYPE THEOREMS IN GRADED INTEGRAL DOMAINS

  • CHANG, GYU WHAN;KIM, HWANKOO;OH, DONG YEOL
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.1253-1268
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    • 2015
  • It is well known that an integral domain D is a UFD if and only if every nonzero prime ideal of D contains a nonzero principal prime. This is the so-called Kaplansky's theorem. In this paper, we give this type of characterizations of a graded PvMD (resp., G-GCD domain, GCD domain, $B{\acute{e}}zout$ domain, valuation domain, Krull domain, ${\pi}$-domain).

ON GRADED KRULL OVERRINGS OF A GRADED NOETHERIAN DOMAIN

  • Lee, Eun-Kyung;Park, Mi-Hee
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.205-211
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    • 2012
  • Let R be a graded Noetherian domain and A a graded Krull overring of R. We show that if h-dim $R\leq2$, then A is a graded Noetherian domain with h-dim $A\leq2$. This is a generalization of the well-know theorem that a Krull overring of a Noetherian domain with dimension $\leq2$ is also a Noetherian domain with dimension $\leq2$.

ON t-ALMOST DEDEKIND GRADED DOMAINS

  • Chang, Gyu Whan;Oh, Dong Yeol
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.54 no.6
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    • pp.1969-1980
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    • 2017
  • Let ${\Gamma}$ be a nonzero torsionless commutative cancellative monoid with quotient group ${\langle}{\Gamma}{\rangle}$, $R={\bigoplus}_{{\alpha}{\in}{\Gamma}}R_{\alpha}$ be a graded integral domain graded by ${\Gamma}$ such that $R_{{\alpha}}{\neq}\{0\}$ for all ${\alpha}{\in}{\Gamma},H$ be the set of nonzero homogeneous elements of R, C(f) be the ideal of R generated by the homogeneous components of $f{\in}R$, and $N(H)=\{f{\in}R{\mid}C(f)_v=R\}$. In this paper, we introduce the notion of graded t-almost Dedekind domains. We then show that R is a t-almost Dedekind domain if and only if R is a graded t-almost Dedekind domain and RH is a t-almost Dedekind domains. We also show that if $R=D[{\Gamma}]$ is the monoid domain of ${\Gamma}$ over an integral domain D, then R is a graded t-almost Dedekind domain if and only if D and ${\Gamma}$ are t-almost Dedekind, if and only if $R_{N(H)}$ is an almost Dedekind domain. In particular, if ${\langle}{\Gamma}{\rangle}$ isatisfies the ascending chain condition on its cyclic subgroups, then $R=D[{\Gamma}]$ is a t-almost Dedekind domain if and only if R is a graded t-almost Dedekind domain.

CHARACTERIZATIONS OF GRADED PRÜFER ⋆-MULTIPLICATION DOMAINS

  • Sahandi, Parviz
    • Korean Journal of Mathematics
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.181-206
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    • 2014
  • Let $R={\bigoplus}_{\alpha{\in}\Gamma}R_{\alpha}$ be a graded integral domain graded by an arbitrary grading torsionless monoid ${\Gamma}$, and ⋆ be a semistar operation on R. In this paper we define and study the graded integral domain analogue of ⋆-Nagata and Kronecker function rings of R with respect to ⋆. We say that R is a graded Pr$\ddot{u}$fer ⋆-multiplication domain if each nonzero finitely generated homogeneous ideal of R is ⋆$_f$-invertible. Using ⋆-Nagata and Kronecker function rings, we give several different equivalent conditions for R to be a graded Pr$\ddot{u}$fer ⋆-multiplication domain. In particular we give new characterizations for a graded integral domain, to be a $P{\upsilon}MD$.

GRADED INTEGRAL DOMAINS AND PRÜFER-LIKE DOMAINS

  • Chang, Gyu Whan
    • Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.54 no.6
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    • pp.1733-1757
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    • 2017
  • Let $R={\oplus}_{{\alpha}{\in}{\Gamma}}R_{\alpha}$ be an integral domain graded by an arbitrary torsionless grading monoid ${\Gamma}$, ${\bar{R}}$ be the integral closure of R, H be the set of nonzero homogeneous elements of R, C(f) be the fractional ideal of R generated by the homogeneous components of $f{\in}R_H$, and $N(H)=\{f{\in}R{\mid}C(f)_v=R\}$. Let $R_H$ be a UFD. We say that a nonzero prime ideal Q of R is an upper to zero in R if $Q=fR_H{\cap}R$ for some $f{\in}R$ and that R is a graded UMT-domain if each upper to zero in R is a maximal t-ideal. In this paper, we study several ring-theoretic properties of graded UMT-domains. Among other things, we prove that if R has a unit of nonzero degree, then R is a graded UMT-domain if and only if every prime ideal of $R_{N(H)}$ is extended from a homogeneous ideal of R, if and only if ${\bar{R}}_{H{\backslash}Q}$ is a graded-$Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domain for all homogeneous maximal t-ideals Q of R, if and only if ${\bar{R}}_{N(H)}$ is a $Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domain, if and only if R is a UMT-domain.

GRADED INTEGRAL DOMAINS IN WHICH EACH NONZERO HOMOGENEOUS IDEAL IS DIVISORIAL

  • Chang, Gyu Whan;Hamdi, Haleh;Sahandi, Parviz
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.56 no.4
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    • pp.1041-1057
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    • 2019
  • Let ${\Gamma}$ be a nonzero commutative cancellative monoid (written additively), $R={\bigoplus}_{{\alpha}{\in}{\Gamma}}$ $R_{\alpha}$ be a ${\Gamma}$-graded integral domain with $R_{\alpha}{\neq}\{0\}$ for all ${\alpha}{\in}{\Gamma}$, and $S(H)=\{f{\in}R{\mid}C(f)=R\}$. In this paper, we study homogeneously divisorial domains which are graded integral domains whose nonzero homogeneous ideals are divisorial. Among other things, we show that if R is integrally closed, then R is a homogeneously divisorial domain if and only if $R_{S(H)}$ is an h-local $Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domain whose maximal ideals are invertible, if and only if R satisfies the following four conditions: (i) R is a graded-$Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domain, (ii) every homogeneous maximal ideal of R is invertible, (iii) each nonzero homogeneous prime ideal of R is contained in a unique homogeneous maximal ideal, and (iv) each homogeneous ideal of R has only finitely many minimal prime ideals. We also show that if R is a graded-Noetherian domain, then R is a homogeneously divisorial domain if and only if $R_{S(H)}$ is a divisorial domain of (Krull) dimension one.

INTEGRAL CLOSURE OF A GRADED NOETHERIAN DOMAIN

  • Park, Chang-Hwan;Park, Mi-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.449-464
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    • 2011
  • We show that, if R is a graded Noetherian ring and I is a proper ideal of R generated by n homogeneous elements, then any prime ideal of R minimal over I has h-height ${\leq}$ n, and that if R is a graded Noetherian domain with h-dim R ${\leq}$ 2, then the integral closure R' of R is also a graded Noetherian domain with h-dim R' ${\leq}$ 2. We also present a short improved proof of the result that, if R is a graded Noetherian domain, then the integral closure of R is a graded Krull domain.

UPPERS TO ZERO IN POLYNOMIAL RINGS OVER GRADED DOMAINS AND UMt-DOMAINS

  • Hamdi, Haleh;Sahandi, Parviz
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.55 no.1
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    • pp.187-204
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    • 2018
  • Let $R={\bigoplus}_{{\alpha}{\in}{\Gamma}}\;R_{\alpha}$ be a graded integral domain, H be the set of nonzero homogeneous elements of R, and ${\star}$ be a semistar operation on R. The purpose of this paper is to study the properties of $quasi-Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ and UMt-domains of graded integral domains. For this reason we study the graded analogue of ${\star}-quasi-Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domains called $gr-{\star}-quasi-Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domains. We study several ring-theoretic properties of $gr-{\star}-quasi-Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domains. As an application we give new characterizations of UMt-domains. In particular it is shown that R is a $gr-t-quasi-Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domain if and only if R is a UMt-domain if and only if RP is a $quasi-Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domain for each homogeneous maximal t-ideal P of R. We also show that R is a UMt-domain if and only if H is a t-splitting set in R[X] if and only if each prime t-ideal Q in R[X] such that $Q{\cap}H ={\emptyset}$ is a maximal t-ideal.

GRADED PRIMITIVE AND INC-EXTENSIONS

  • Hamdi, Haleh;Sahandi, Parviz
    • Communications of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.397-408
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    • 2018
  • It is well-known that quasi-$Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domains are characterized as those domains D, such that every extension of D inside its quotient field is a primitive extension and that primitive extensions are characterized in terms of INC-extensions. Let $R={\bigoplus}_{{\alpha}{{\in}}{\Gamma}}$ $R_{\alpha}$ be a graded integral domain graded by an arbitrary torsionless grading monoid ${\Gamma}$ and ${\star}$ be a semistar operation on R. The main purpose of this paper is to give new characterizations of gr-${\star}$-quasi-$Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domains in terms of graded primitive and INC-extensions. Applications include new characterizations of UMt-domains.

Forced vibration analysis of cracked functionally graded microbeams

  • Akbas, Seref D.
    • Advances in nano research
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.39-55
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    • 2018
  • Forced vibration analysis of a cracked functionally graded microbeam is investigated by using modified couple stress theory with damping effect. Mechanical properties of the functionally graded beam change vary along the thickness direction. The crack is modelled with a rotational spring. The Kelvin-Voigt model is considered in the damping effect. In solution of the dynamic problem, finite element method is used within Timoshenko beam theory in the time domain. Influences of the geometry and material parameters on forced vibration responses of cracked functionally graded microbeams are presented.