• Title, Summary, Keyword: gruel

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A Study on Gruel Intake and Preference of Cheongju Area Adults and Gruel Development according to Age (연령에 따른 청주지역 성인의 죽 섭취실태, 선호도 및 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Yun, Mi-Ja;Lee, Mee-Sook;Choi, Mee-Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.449-460
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    • 2009
  • This study was performed to investigate gruel intake, preference and opinions about gruel development to produce new products for breakfast. The subjects of this study were 307 adults in Chungju city. People who favored gruels were 212(69.5%) and 50.2% of the subjects liked the gruel because of good digestion and absorption. They liked midium thick or thin gruel and also liked grain granules with some stuff as contents. The gruels often taken were abalone gruel(45.9%), pumpkin gruel(41.7%), chicken gruel(34.9%), vegetable gruel(33.6%), beef and mushroom gruel(30.3%) etc. in order. The frequency of gruel intake was 1-2 times/year and 59.6% of subjects got gruels from the special gruel restaurant. People who need gruels most were patients, indigestible person, the elderly, weaning babies, workers and students missing breakfast in order. Sesame taste obtained the highest score of all, that of bitter taste was significantly higher in over fifty year old people (p<0.05), and hot taste score was significantly higher in 30-40 year old people (p<0.01). The gruels preferred most were abalone gruel, pumpkin gruel, chicken gruel, beef and mushroom gruel, vegetable gruel, red bean gruel, pine nut gruel, egg gruel, sesame gruel, plain grain gruel etc. in order. Fifty seven percent of subjects wanted to develope new gruels fortified nutrients. In conclusion, when the substitute gruel for breakfast is developed, it is better to use food materials to be easy to digest, to have grain granules with some stuff inside and to be sesame taste.

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A study on the Improvement of Menu Patterns of Gruels as Soft Diet In Hospital Foodservice Operation (병원 급식의 죽식 식단 개선에 관한 조사 연구)

  • 이춘자
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.18-23
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    • 1994
  • This study was carried on the analysis of nutritional value and preference between the plain gruel (Hyun Jook) and the experimental gruel (Tarak Jook, Jangkook Jook & Chajohonhab Jook) in order to improve the quality and variety of menu patterns of gruels for the patients requiring soft diet. The results obtained are as follows: 1. In comparing the calorie coutent of each gruel, Tarak Jook, Jangkook Jook, and Chajohonhab Jook had more calories-82.7%), 39.3% and 12.4% respectively-than Hyun Jook. Additionally, in the case of protein content, Tarak Jook, Jangkook Jook and Chajohonhab Jook showed higher values than Hyun Jook by 270%, 137% and 28.3% respectively. 2. The preference for each experimental gruel compared with Hyun Jook, as a function of taste, color and concentration of the gruels was shown to be insignificant. But the color and concentration did effect the preference level for each gruel. Hoverer, patients did have a preference for particular gruels: Jankook Jook, Tarak Jook, Chajohorhab Jook in descending order. 3. Overall, 65.6% of the patients requiring soft diet thought gruel was only for the sick 57.1%) thought the reason for gruel as a soft diet was that it could be digested easily 75.8% of the patients disliked gruel and their frequency of intake was very low 78.8% did not know more than 5 types of gruel. Hoverer patients did prefer a loose gluel(48.4%). In couclusion, awareness of gruel as a soft diet for patients and its intake as one not to meution as a normal diet was low.

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A Study on the Quality Characteristics of Gruel Supplemented with Purple Sweet Potato (자색고구마를 활용한 노인식 죽의 개발 및 품질 특성)

  • Lee, Seung-Min
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.234-240
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    • 2013
  • This study investigated the quality characteristics of gruel supplemented with purple sweet potato. The gruel was prepared with rice powder, salt, and various amounts of purple sweet potato (0, 2, 4, 6, 8%). Increasing the content of purple sweet potato decreased the pH and viscosity of the gruel, whereas sugar content and spreadability gradually increased. In addition, the content of purple sweet potato increased, the lightness (L) significantly decreased, while redness (a) and yellowness (b) increased. The results of the sensory evaluation show that overall-acceptability was highest for the gruel containing 6% purple sweet potato. In conclusion, the results shows that the gruel with 6% purple sweet potato is the best. This study indicates that it is possible to enhance the quality and acceptability of gruel by adding purple sweet potato powder.

A Study on Quality Characteristics of Kiwi Fruit-Gruel with Added Kiwi Concentrate (키위 농축액을 첨가한 키위 죽의 품질 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jong-Wook;Sung, Ki-Hyub
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.313-320
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    • 2010
  • In this study, kiwi fruit, which has various medical actions and excellent functionality, was used together with gruels for comparison and analysis of to compare and analyze the changes in physico-chemical quality of a kiwi fruit-gruel according to the amount of kiwi concentrate added to the gruel. Analysis on the sensual quality of kiwi fruit-gruel spread was done to indicate to it was executed to find out the merchandising potential of the preparation and to provide basic data for gruel commercialization. Increasing content of kiwi concentrate decreased the solid content and pH of kiwi fruit, and increased sweetness and viscosity. Significant changes in chromaticity to L(lightness) and a(redness), texture qualities of hardness and cohesiveness, gumminess, springiness, color, flavor, sourness, and sweetness were evident with increasing kiwi concentrate. Concerning overall acceptability and sensory evaluation, 20% softness samples were most preferred. The findings may lead to enhanced medical/nutritional activity and functionality of kiwi fruit-supplemented gruel. The more the kiwi concentrate was added to the gruel, solid content and pH of the kiwi fruit-grue decreased. The sweetness and viscosity of kiwi fruit-gruel increased. For chromaticity to L(lightness) and a(redness) of the gruel decreased and showed significant difference between sample groups. For texture, there were significant changes shown for hardness and cohesiveness the amount of kiwi concentrate added was different, increased There was a significant change between samples for gumminess. As for springiness, there was a significant change between samples. There were significant difference between each sample for color, flavor, sourness, sweetness. For softness, overall-acceptability and sensory evalution 20% group was most preferred based on this study, from the physico-chemical and sensual perspective, 20% group is highly recommended for adding kiwi concentrate into gruel. In conclusion, this study is meaningful as it enhanced the functionality and quality of a gruel by combining kiwi fruit with various medical action and excellent functionality, with Kiwi Fruit and presented a basic material for creating a kiwi concentrate combined gruels.

Physiological Activities of Saccharified Cherry Tomato Gruel Containing Different Levels of Cherry Tomato Puree (방울토마토 첨가량을 달리한 당화 방울토마토죽의 항산화 및 ACE 저해 효과)

  • Kim, Jin Sook;Kim, Ja Young;Chang, Young Eun
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.773-779
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to investigate the physiological activities of saccharified cherry tomato gruel containing different levels(0, 15, 30, and 45%) of cherry tomato puree. The total phenolic compound and flavonoids contents of saccharified cherry tomato gruel with cherry tomato puree were 1.73-5.09 mg/g and 0.28-7.01 mg/g, respectively. DPPH radical scavenging activities of saccharified cherry tomato gruel with cherry tomato puree were 8.67-92.58%, respectively. The ABTS radical scavenging activities of saccharified cherry tomato gruel with cherry tomato puree ranged from 6.02 to 61.59%. The ACE inhibitory activity of cherry tomato rice gruel increased with cherry tomato puree showed a range of 38.85-62.15%, respectively. With increasing additions of cherry tomato puree, the total phenolic compound and flavonoid contents, DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities and, ACE inhibitory activities were increased significantly (p<0.05). In conclusion, saccharified cherry tomato gruel could be used as a gruel processing method to in order to increase the functional values of gruels.

Development and Standardization of Dried Persimmons Gruel on Books (고문헌을 바탕으로 한 건시죽(乾粥)의 개발과 표준화)

  • Cho, Mi-Sook;Lee, Eun-Young;Kim, Jan-Di
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.115-120
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    • 2008
  • The dried persimmon was effective in caring an inflammation, an ulcer and a burn and preventing hypertension and arteriosclerosis. At the Jejungsinpyun. dried persimmons gruel was beneficial to stomach and intestine and toned down voice. Based on Jejungsinpyuns and Sikryochanyo, dried persimmons gruel was developed for modern people. To standardize the dried persimmons gruel, physical properties and consumer acceptability was examined. The procedures of dried persimmons gruel was to make dried persimmons juice after soaking dried persimmons with same volume water during 24 hr and blending. To decrease the astringent taste of dried persimmons, dried persimmons juice and water with cinnamon (2%) was mixed and simmered during 3 min. Dried persimmons paste with cinnamon was added and the gruel was boiled more during 5 min. dried persimmons gruel was completed. The dried persimmons gruel were divided of 5 groups consisted of each 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 g dried persimmons. As dried persimmons content increased, lightness, apparent viscosity decreased. Acceptability test indicated the sample of dried persimmons : rice ratio at 2 : 5 had the highest overall acceptability and flavor. Considered to each, the sample of the dried persimmons : rice ratio at 2 : 5 met the purpose of the study.

Quality Characteristics and Antioxidant Activities of Gruel Containing Saccharina japonica Powder (다시마(Saccharina japonica) 분말을 첨가한 죽의 품질특성 및 항산화 효과)

  • Lee, Yeon-Ji;Kim, Won-Suk;Lee, Bae-Jin;Jeon, You-Jin;Kim, Yong-Tae
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.50 no.6
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    • pp.707-713
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    • 2017
  • Saccharina japonica is a type of seaweed rich in dietary fiber, iodine, calcium, and selenium. We investigated the quality characteristics and antioxidant activities of gruel made with S. japonica powder, and identified the best ratio of powder to gruel to maximize its health effects. The gruel was prepared with rice, glutinous rice, GABA (${\gamma}-aminobutyric$ acid)-enriched sea tangle fermented in lactic acid (0.3%), and various amounts (0-10% gruel volume) of S. japonica powder. The pH, color, viscosity, spreadability, antioxidant activities, and sensory evaluation of the gruel were investigated. Spreadability and pH decreased, whereas viscosity and antioxidant activities increased, with increasing powder content. In addition, color lightness decreased significantly, whereas redness and yellowness increased. In sensory tests, color, aroma, and texture were rated highest for gruel with 5% powder. On the other hand, flavor and overall acceptability were considered optimal in gruel with 7% powder.

Perception and Preference of Korean Gruel among Housewives (중년 주부들의 죽에 대한 인식 및 기호도 조사)

  • Nam, Hae-Won;Pyun, Jin-Won;Hyun, Young-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.463-469
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    • 2009
  • This study was carried out to investigate the perception and preference of the Korean gruels. The survey was conducted among housewives living in Seoul and Gyeonggi province using a questionnaire during September 2008. The responses of 313 housewives were analyzed by SPSS program. The results were as follows. The gruel served as a dainty or therapeutic diet. Among the subjects, 37.2% liked gruel because of 'special treat' or 'easy to digest', The reason of dislike of gruel was absence of chew or cumbersome cooking. They usually cooked gruel at home, and considered that goods on the market were expensive or unsanitary. The highly perceptive gruel was Potjook, Dakjook, Hobakjook. Jeonbokjook, Hobakjook, Dakjook were mostly preferred in order. Socio-demographic factors didn't affect the awareness of gruel, but there were significant correlations between the preference of gruel and the state of employment or monthly income. It is necessary to develop various and convenient to cook gruels to be consumed, riding on the trend of well-being and slow-food.

The study of a medicinal gruel therapy (약죽요법에 관한 연구)

  • Seo, Hae-gyoung;Oh, Min-suck;Song, Tae-won
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.167-177
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    • 2002
  • Objectives : There are a lot of food used herb medicine among the people in order to cure diseases. A medicinal gruel is the easiest and most universal among alimmentotherapy. The purpose of this thesis is to understand a medicinal gruel therapy. Methods: I researched the definition, history, ingredients, application and special feature. Result and conclusion : A medicinal gruel therapy is alimmentotherapy for diseases prevent and diseases treatment which get mixed with her medicine and rice, based on oriental medicine theory. A medicinal gruel therapy was put on record in ${\ll}$A historical book${\gg}$. A medicinal gruel therapy can be used in chronic diseases, convalescent stage, assistant treatment for acute disease, disease prevention, aging prevention, diet food and substitute food for breakfast.

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Quality Characteristics of Ripened Pumpkin Powder and Gruel in Relation to Drying Methods (건조 방법에 따른 호박 분말 및 죽의 품질 특성)

  • Hwang Sung-Hee;Chung Hun-Sik;Youn Kwang-Sup
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.180-185
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    • 2006
  • To develop a new instant pumpkin gruel food, this study investigated the dried powder and gruel quality characteristics depend on drying method. The pumpkin powder was dried by infrared and freeze drying, and then milled to 80 mesh, after which the manufactured gruel was mixed with glutinous rice by heating. The gruels prepared by dried pumpkin powder were compared with steamed and freeze dried powder as a control, the crude protein and total sugar contents were high in the infrared drying powder, but freeze drying kept more carotenoid content. Soluble solid of gruel was higher in the freeze dried powder, and steam treated powder showed increased L and b values. Sensory test was carried out to select proper drying methods with 5-point scale. The gruel with freeze dried powder gained the highest score in overall quality. These results suggest that freeze drying could be used for manufacturing high quality instant pumpkin gruel.

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