• Title, Summary, Keyword: harmonics

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A Study on the Analysis of Harmonics on Low-voltage AC Lines (저압 전원선의 고조파 분석)

  • Lee, B.H.;Baek, Y.H.
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1885-1887
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    • 2004
  • This paper presents the aspect and distribution of voltage and current harmonics being made at low voltage power systems. The voltage and current harmonics in power systems supplying various loads were monitored and analyzed. We have examined the results compared to advanced countries' harmonics control standards. As a result, the current harmonics were significantly greater than the voltage harmonics. In particular, the harmonics of currents flowing through loads with power switching electronics was pronounced. Also, the contents of current harmonics of street lamp circuits was about 30%, and it was decreased to 12.3% with the installation of scries reactor. On the whole, The measured results of voltage and current harmonics exceeds the regulation limits recommended by IEEE std 519-1992.

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A Study on the Analysis of Harmonics Aspects on Low-voltage AC Mains (저압 전원계통에서 고조파 양상의 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Bok-Hee;Baek, Young-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of IIIuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers Conference
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    • pp.100-103
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    • 2004
  • This paper presents the aspect and distribution of voltage and current harmonics being made at low voltage power systems. The voltage and current harmonics in power systems supplying various loads were monitored and analyzed. We have examined the results compared to advanced countries' harmonics control standards. As a result, the current harmonics were significantly greater than the voltage harmonics. In particular, the harmonics of currents flowing through loads with power switching electronics was pronounced. Also, the contents of current harmonics of street lamp circuits was about 30%, and it was decreased to 12.3% with the installation of series reactor. On the whole, The measured results of voltage and current harmonics exceeds the regulation limits recommended by IEEE 519-1992.

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A Study on Harmonics Detection for Power Equipments (전력설비의 고조파진단에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Buhm;Kim, Yong-Ha;Choi, Sang-Kyu;Kim, Jong-Kuk
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.669-672
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    • 2000
  • This paper presents the methodology which analyze the effect of harmonics in power system. Considering the effect of less-harmonics, economic life and system loss, we have made the comprehensive countermeasure. According to the results of studying harmonics diagnosis and countermeasure, the following problems are pinpointed: protection of power system double investment space of the field. Therefore, in the initial stage, the countermeasure of harmonics trouble are set up. h a results, the following work has been done: $\circled1$ Generation source of harmonics and it's effect into en power system $\circled2$ Review of law related to harmonics, $\circled3$ Countermeasures to reduce the harmonics

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A study on propagation effect and countermeasure of the harmonics generated in high speed traction (고속전철 차량에서 발생한 고조파 파급영향과 그 대책에 관한 연구)

  • Park, S.M.;Kim, J.C.;Kang, C.W.
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.59-61
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    • 2003
  • This paper demonstrates an analysis of harmonics at the high speed railway substation and proved on this countermeasure using the PSCAD/EMTDC simulation tool. First, high speed railway feeding system is composed using PSCAD/EMTDC electrical railway feeding system model in advance. Second, This paper applications line capacitance values as feeder-trolley, trolley-rail and feeder-rail to analysis harmonics more accuracy in advance did not application. This capacitance values calculate using the EMTP(Electro Magnetic Transient Program). Third, the tractions are arranged in the section that substation supplies power, and this paper take the simulation each case(fractions composition amount) to see harmonic propagation from traction to substation. As a result, generated harmonics at traction can confirmed that harmonics did not reduce at utility source. This harmonics have an influence on bulk power system. Finally, this paper introduces the methods of harmonics effect minimum. This paper proved harmonics reduce effect through the passive filters application.

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A Study on the Characteristic of Capacitor by Voltage and Current Harmonics (전압 및 전류 고조파에 의한 커패시터 동작 특성)

  • Kim, Jong-Gyeum;Park, Young-Jeen;Lee, Dong-Ju;Lee, Eun-Woong
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers P
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    • v.58 no.3
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    • pp.257-262
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    • 2009
  • Capacitor is basically used for the power-factor compensation and sometimes as the passive filter to reduce harmonics of nonlinear load. Since the impedance of capacitor is inversely proportional to the frequency. The harmonic current may result in the problems of voltage distortion and resonance. Capacitor has easily fall under by two harmonic components, a nonlinear load and a distorted utility voltage. The amplified harmonic current and voltage may damage power capacitor. Hence the pre-investigation of harmonic is needed before designing and application the power factor for reducing fault rate. In this paper, we analyzed that voltage and current with harmonics components act on the capacitor under the resonance condition. we concluded that both voltage and current harmonics have an bad effect on the capacitor and current harmonics is a bitter rather than effect by voltage harmonics.

Multiple-Period Repetitive Controller for Selective Harmonic Compensation with Three-Phase Shunt Active Power Filter

  • Zhang, Chao;Gong, Maofa;Zhang, Yijun;Li, Yuxia
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.819-829
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    • 2015
  • This paper presents a shunt active power filter (SAPF) for compensating inter-harmonics and harmonics when inter-harmonics content is evident in the grid. The principle of inter-harmonics generation in the grid was analyzed, and the inter-harmonics effect on repetitive controllers was discussed in terms of control performance. Traditional repetitive controllers are not applicable in inter-harmonic compensation. Moreover, the effect of an ideal controller on harmonics signals was analyzed on the basis of the internal model principle. The repetitive controller was improved in the form of a basis function according to theoretical analysis. The finite-dimensional repetitive controller, which is also called the multiple-period repetitive controller, was designed for the control of multiple periodic signals. A selective harmonic compensation system was developed with SAPF. This system can be used to compensate harmonics and inter-harmonics in the grid. Finally, system control performance was verified by simulation and experimental results.

Elimination of Low Order Harmonics in Multilevel Inverters Using Genetic Algorithm

  • Salehi, Reza;Farokhnia, Naeem;Abedi, Mehrdad;Fathi, Seyed Hamid
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.132-139
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    • 2011
  • The selective harmonic elimination pulse width modulation (SHEPWM) switching strategy has been applied to multilevel inverters to remove low harmonics. Naturally, the related equations do not have feasible solutions for some operating points associated with the modulation index (M). However, with these infeasible points, minimizing instead of eliminating harmonics is performed. Thus, harmful harmonics such as the $5^{th}$ harmonic still remains in the output waveform. Therefore, it is proposed in this paper to ignore solving the equation associated with the highest order harmonics. A reduction in the eliminated harmonics results in an increase in the degrees of freedom. As a result, the lower order harmonics are eliminated in more operating points. A 9-level inverter is chosen as a case study. The genetic algorithm (GA) for optimization purposes is used. Simulation results verify the proposed method.

A Study on the Characteristic of Capacitor by Asymmetrical Voltage Unbalance (비대칭 전압 불평형에 의한 커패시터 동작 특성)

  • Kim, Jong-Gyeum;Park, Young-Jeen
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers P
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    • v.59 no.1
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    • pp.18-23
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    • 2010
  • As the increasing of Non-linear load, we have been growing interest for the harmonics. Harmonics has been focused on the current component rather than voltages. Voltage harmonics can be mainly generated at the PCC with non-linear load and act on voltage unbalance. Voltage harmonics can be enlarged at the capacitor with low impedance as frequency increases. Capacitor is basically used for the power-factor compensation and sometimes as the passive filter. Small voltage of low-order acts on quite a few at the capacitor by the current increase. Capacitor has easily fall under by harmonic components. In this paper, we measured the magnitude and phase angle of asymmetrical voltage with harmonics components at the PCC and calculated with the same condition. we concluded that voltage harmonics of higher order increase each current component but have a little effect on capacitor rating.

Analysis of Input Characteristic in the Rectifier for Output Filter with Unbalanced Supply Voltages (불평형 전원전압을 갖는 정류시스템에서 출력필터에 따른 입력 특성 분석)

  • Kang, Su-Heon;Kim, Sang-Hoon
    • Journal of Industrial Technology
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    • v.25 no.B
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    • pp.195-202
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    • 2005
  • The rectifier characteristics and the quality of the input current worsens with the increase of unbalances or harmonics of the supply voltages. Rectifier input current harmonics interfere with proper power system operation, reduce rectifier power factor, and limit the power available from a given source. It is of importance to select appropriately the rectifier's output filter inductance to determine the rectifier input current waveform, the input current harmonics, and the power factor. This paper presents a quantitative analysis of single and three phase rectifier input current harmonics, total harmonic distortion, and power factor as a function of the output filter inductance under balanced and unbalanced conditions. Also, its performance under the supply voltage including harmonics be investigated. These results provide a reference for selecting reasonable rectifier's output filter inductance for given harmonics or power factor criterion.

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Analysis and Performance Test of Hybrid Transformer used in the Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Generation System (태양광 계통연계형 하이브리드 변압기의 해석 및 성능시험)

  • Kim, Ji-Ho;Park, Hoon-Yang;Shon, Jin-Geun
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers P
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    • v.63 no.4
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    • pp.333-338
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    • 2014
  • This paper concerns the development of the transformer that can reduce harmonics supplied to the system if the output of photovoltaic inverter in the photovoltaic system is grid-connected, and suggests that problems of harmonics and power factor degradation in the grid-connected photovoltaic system can be improved. In this study, the burden of increasing the investment in new facilities and securing their installation space due to harmonics has been substantially eased through the development of a hybrid transformer possessing unbalanced function and harmonics reduction function using zig-zag coils, and most of all, it is expected that the development of such high efficiency hybrid transformer possessing functions of transformation and reducing harmonics can improve the power quality as well as prevent damages caused by harmonics, leading to suppress unnecessary loss of electric power and thereby contribute to energy savings.