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The Role of Heart Rate Recovery: Possibility of Heart Disease and Exercise Program Application (회복 시 심박수의 역할: 심장질환과 운동프로그램 적용 가능성)

  • Lee, Hae Sung;Kim, Jong-Hee
    • Journal of Animal Reproduction and Biotechnology
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.166-172
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    • 2019
  • Heart rate is a relatively simple and non-invasive method that is used as an important physiological indicator in many studies and has a close relationship with heart structure and function, cardiovascular disease and sudden cardiac death. In general, appropriately low heart rate during resting means effective heart function and cardiovascular fitness; heart rate at recovery is an important indicator of health and disease condition. We found a beagle dog (Dog_1) with a high heart rate in the previous preliminary experiment. Therefore, purpose of this study was to compare the heart rate response of the Dog_1 with the control group during 12 weeks of interval exercise, to evaluate the structural and functional abnormalities of the heart and to verify the applicability of exercise program. Heart rate was checked during 12 weeks of interval exercise, and after the exercise was over, imaging examination and hematological and serum biochemistry were performed. As a result, Dog_1 (165.6 ± 1.5) showed significantly higher heart rate in low intensity session of interval exercise than control group (133.3 ± 0.5, p < 0.01). In addition, Dog_1 (181.2 ± 1.4) showed significantly higher heart rate than control group (155.1 ± 0.9) in high intensity session (p < 0.01). The heart rate (30 sec, 60 sec) during recovery state was higher in Dog_1 (30 sec: 156.8 ± 4.0, 60 sec: 166.8 ± 5.8) than in the control group (30 sec: 111.2 ± 2.5, 60 sec: 104.0 ± 5.1, p < 0.01). The results of the imaging examination of Dog_1 with high heart rate confirmed that the heart had no functional and structural abnormalities. All beagles with the interval exercise program did not show maladjustment, and in the hematological and serum biochemistry results, all the parameter were within the reference range. If the interval exercise program of this study is used in the future, it is expected to be used as an important basic data to achieve the purpose of health, welfare, and physical fitness improvement of dogs.

Effects of Increasing the Venous Return on the Heart Rate in the Water Turtle - Myogenic Regulatory Mechanisms in the so-called Bainbridge Reflex - (자라에 있어서 정맥환류량(靜脈還流量)의 증가(增加)가 심박(心博)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Yang, Woo-Jin;Lee, Jong-Eun;Gill, Won-Sik
    • The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.17-22
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    • 1977
  • By the intravenous infusion of saline solution through the postcaval vein, the effects of increasing the venous return on the heart rate were studied in the water turtle (Amyda japonica). The following results were obtained: 1) Prior to saline infusion, when the initial heart rate was below $50{\sim}55/min$ the heart rate was increased by the infusion. When the initial rate was above this value no changes in heart rate were observed following the infusion. 2) When the heart rate was decreased by vagal stimulation, the infusion elicited a remarkable increase in the heart rate. 3) Increased heart rate caused by tile infusion was not affected by vagotomy or sympathectomy. 4) These results suggest that the increase in heart rate secondary to increased venous return is under the control of a myogenic regulatory mechanism, not a neural mechanism.

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Influence of Physical Conditions of Mountain Trails on Heart Rate Changes (등산로의 물리적 조건이 심장박동수에 미치는 영향)

  • 이준우
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.49-55
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    • 1995
  • To investigate the heart rate changes under the influence of physical conditions on mountain trails, heart rates of 3 subjects were recorded on 9 routes in Kyeryongsan National Park and Odaesan National Park. Maximal heart rate during uphill walking recorded between 84% and 96% to individual maximal heart rate using ergometer, thus uphill walking on mountain trail was an exhaustive exercise. The ratio of maximal heart rate during downhill walking indicated between 78% and 93% to maximal heart rate during uphill walking. And gradient of trail influenced on heart rate, but width of trail didn't. The heart rate on wooden- or stony-step-trail were rapidly increased in comparison with the heart rates on soil-trails.

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Work Load Dependency of Heart Rate Variability (HRV) (심박변이도의 운동부하 의존성)

  • Kwon J.H.;Kim C.S.;Eom G.M.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.641-642
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this work is to investigate the effect of work load on heart rate variability (HRV) which is widely used marker of the autonomic nervous system activity. Average heart rate, rating of perceived exertion, and the power spectrum of heart rate variability were investigated in seven healthy males during exercise at various work loads. The subjects were divided into two groups according to the average heart rate during exercise, group 1 with lower heart rate and group 2 with higher heart rate. HF component showed decrease followed by increase with workload. Accordingly, the LF/HF ratio showed increase followed by decrease with workload. The peak in LF/HF ratio of group 1 was at the lower workload than that of group 2.

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Acute Effects of Tobacco and Non-tobacco Cigarette Smoking on the Blood Pressure and Heart Rate

  • Kho Young-Lim;Yi Sang-Gu;Lee Eun-Hee;Chung Moon-Ho
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.222-226
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    • 2006
  • Smoking of tobacco cigarettes is associated with a rise in blood pressure together with increase in heart rate. This study was aimed to examine the acute effect of tobacco and non-tobacco cigarette smoking on the blood pressure and heart rate by randomized crossover study. In the results, systolic/diastolic blood pressure and heart rate changes after smoking were significantly different between male and female group. Blood pressure and heart rate were elevated after smoking, but statistical significance for the difference was identified only in the female group. Because Non-tobacco smoke made from leaves of E. ulmoides has no nicotine, its effect on blood pressure and heart rate was negligible. Remarkable difference of heart rate changes in women was observed between tobacco cigarette smoking group and non-tobacco cigarette smoking group.

Clinical Usefulness of Serum Uric Acid and Resting Heart Rate in the Diagnosis of Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Adults

  • Shin, Kyung-A
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.118-127
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    • 2017
  • Elevated serum uric acid and resting heart rate are risk factors and predictors of metabolic syndrome. However, few studies have examined the optimal cutoff value for serum uric acid and resting heart rate to predict metabolic syndrome in Korean adults. Subjects for this study were 22,302 adults (average age 45 years old), who underwent health screening examination from January 2010 to December 2012 at the Health Promotion Center of one hospital in Gyeonggi-do for general health check-up. The uric acid and resting heart rate cutoff values were calculated by ROC analysis for metabolic syndrome. Elevated serum uric acid and resting heart rate were associated with an increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Korean adults. The optimal cutoff value for uric acid level to predict metabolic syndrome in adults was 4.95 mg/dL (male 6.35, female 4.55) and optimal cutoff value for resting heart rate to predict metabolic syndrome was 68 beats per minute (male 66, female 68). However, serum uric acid and resting heart rate were found to have limitations for the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome.

Comparison of oxygen saturation, heart rate of cerebral palsy and normal child between the pre-ambulation and post-ambulation (뇌성마비아동과 정상아동의 보행전후 산소포화도 및 심박수 비교에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang, Joo-Moon;Lee, Wan-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.38-46
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    • 2003
  • Since the current tendencies show us the increasing number of cerebral palsy children and the standard longevity, we need to find out more research about the following various problems. Therefore I have tried to figure out the difference of oxygen saturation and heart rate between before ambulation and after. Objects chosen are 17 C.P children on the process of treatment those who were able to walk and 8 normal children in Ah-San hospital, Gang-Nung. They haven't had either any operation or suffered heart disease and I measured their oxygen saturation and heart rate by using pulse-oximeter and are analyzed by SPSS (10.07 version). Results are the followings; 1. There was no difference of oxygen saturation and heart rate between pre-ambulation and post-ambulation of normal and spastic hemiplegia children. 2. There showed the significant statistic difference of oxygen saturation, heart rate between pre-ambulates and post-ambulation of normal and spastic diplegia(p<.05). 3. There was no difference of oxygen saturation, heart rate in C.P between(p>.05), but shows the significant statistic difference in heart rate(p<.05). As I compared the oxygen saturation and heart rate of spastic and normal children on between pre-ambulation and post-ambulation, theres is significant statistic difference on both items (p<.05). However there was no difference of oxygen saturation among hemiplegia, normal and diplegia children while the pulse rate showed the significant difference(p<.05). According to this clinical research, CP children's oxygen saturation and heart rate had no change between pre and post compared to normal children. But there was difference in diplegia. This is why we need to invest time to study these kinds of research about various analysis and comparison of oxygen saturation and heart rate, and furthermore making use of pulse-oxymetry in physical therapy room for the children involved would be beneficial to calculate in accuracy without any discomfort for the patient as well.

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Physiological analysis of mountain climbing exercise (등산운동의 생리학적 분석)

  • Kim, Wan-Tai;Nam, Kee-Yong
    • The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.15-27
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    • 1971
  • Physiological analysis of the physical exercise was made on 9 subjects performing mountain climbing. The course between two points (256 and 516 meters altitude) was 1,300 meters in distance and difference of vertical height was 260 meters making the mean grade of 20%. In the field, the heart rates during uphill or downhill walk were recorded by EKG radio-telemetry. In the laboratory, oxygen consumption was obtained by the recorded heart rates, using individual heart rate vs oxygen consumption diagram obtained by treadmill test. the following results were obtained. 1. Uphill walk time was 36.5 minutes, and during this period the mean heart rate was 149.0 heats/min and peak heart rate was 169.2 beats/min. The total heart beats during the uphill walk was 5.433 beats. 2. The ratio of individual mean heart rate during the uphill walk to the maximal heart rate distributed between 66.6% and 98.3%, and the mean of the total group was 83.1%. The ratio of peak heart rate of uphill walk to the maximal heart rate was 94.5% in the group. Thus uphill walk of a 20% grade mountain course was an exhaustive exercise. 3. Oxygen consumption during uphill walk was 2.22 l/min (ranged between 1.79 and 2.70 l/min) and the ratio of this to the resting oxygen consumption was 8.31. The peak value of oxygen consumption during uphill walk was 2.73 l/min and the ratio of this to the resting oxygen consumption was 10.39. 4. Energy expenditure during uphill walk showed a mean of 11.1 kcal/min and the peak expenditure rate was 13.6 kcal/min. The total energy expenditure during 36.5 minutes of uphill walk was 396 kcal. 5. In downhill walk, the time was 31.7 minutes, mean heart rate was 118.4 (ranged between 100.1 and 142.7) beats/min, and the peak heart rate was only 129.4 beats/min. The ratio of mean heart rate to the maximal heart rate was 66.3%. Total heart beats during downhill walk was 3,710 beats. The ratio of downhill oxygen consumption to the resting consumption was 5.70. The rate of energy expenditure was 7.5 kcal/min, and the total onery expenditure during the 31.7 minutes of downhill walk was 228 kcal. 6. The effect of training was manifest in the uphill walk and not in the downhill walk. After training in mountain course walk, i) the uphill time was shortened, ii) mean heart rate increased, iii) time vs heart rate curve became smooth and showed less frequent zig-zag, i.e., the depth of trough on the curve decreased and the magnitude was less than 10 beats. In non-trained subject the depth of trough on the curve was greater than 50 beats and appeared more frequently. 7. Mountain climbing is a good health promotion exercise. For the promotion of health the reasonable amount of uphill mountain walk exercise in a 20% grade course is a walk for 40 or 50 minutes duration once a week.

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A Novel Method to Estimate Heart Rate from ECG

  • Leu, Jenq-Shiun;Lo, Pei-Chen
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.441-448
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    • 2007
  • Heart rate variability (HRV) in electrocardiogram (ECG) is an important index for understanding the health status of heart and the autonomic nervous system. Most HRV analysis approaches are based on the proper heart rate (HR) data. Estimation of heart rate is thus a key process in the HRV study. In this paper, we report an innovative method to estimate the heart rate. This method is mainly based on the concept of periodicity transform (PT) and instantaneous period (IP) estimate. The method presented is accordingly called the "PT-IP method." It does not require ECG R-wave detection and thus possesses robust noise-immune capability. While the noise contamination, ECG time-varying morphology, and subjects' physiological variations make the R-wave detection a difficult task, this method can help us effectively estimate HR for medical research and clinical diagnosis. The results of estimating HR from empirical ECG data verify the efficacy and reliability of the proposed method.

Analysis of Vestibuloautonomic Reflex by Heart Rate Variability (심박수 변이도를 이용한 전정자율신경반사의 분석)

  • 오경아;박옥규;김민선;김재효;박병림
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Emotion and Sensibility Conference
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    • pp.243-248
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    • 1999
  • There is substantial evidence that anatomical connections and functional interactions exist between vestibular and autonomic systems. Heart rate variability (HRV) including mean, standard deviation, coefficient of variation (CV), power spectrum was analyzed for evaluation of the physiological role of the vestibular system on control of heart rate in rabbits. In anesthetized rabbits, electrical stimulation of the vagus nerve decreased heart rate and decreased LF/HF by increasing HF. On the cervical sympathetic nerve increased heart rate and increased LF/HF by increasing LF. Atropine, cholinergic blocker, increased heart rate and increased LF/HF by reducing HF, and propranolol, ${\beta}$-adrenergic blocker, decreased heart rate and decreased LF/HF by reducing LF> In unanesthetized rabbits, stimulation of the vestibular system induced by rotation or caloric increased heart rate and increased LF/HF by increasing LF> Also electrical stimulation of the vestibular nerve produced the same of effects as rotation or caloric in anesthetized rabbits. These results suggest that Stimulation of the vestibular system increased heart rate not by inhibiting the parasympathetic nerve but by activating the sympathetic nerve.

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