• Title, Summary, Keyword: heat transfer coefficient

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Research on heat transfer coefficient of supercritical water based on factorial and correspondence analysis

  • Xiang, Feng;Tao, Zhou;Jialei, Zhang;Boya, Zhang;Dongliang, Ma
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.52 no.7
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    • pp.1409-1416
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    • 2020
  • The study of heat transfer coefficient of supercritical water plays an important role in improving the heat transfer efficiency of the reactor. Taking the supercritical natural circulation experimental bench as the research object, the effects of power, flow, pipe diameter and mainstream temperature on the heat transfer coefficient of supercritical water were studied. At the same time, the experimental data of Chen Yuzhou's supercritical water heat transfer coefficient was collected. Through the factorial design method, the influence of different factors and their interactions on the heat transfer coefficient of supercritical water is analyzed. Through the corresponding analysis method, the influencing factors of different levels of heat transfer coefficient are analyzed. It can be found: Except for the effects of flow rate, power, power-temperature and temperature, the influence of other factors on the natural circulation heat transfer coefficient of supercritical water is negligible. When the heat transfer coefficient is low, it is mainly affected by the pipe diameter. As the heat transfer coefficient is further increased, it is mainly affected by temperature and power. When the heat transfer coefficient is at a large level, the influence of the flow rate is the largest at this time.

A study on the Evaluation of Heat Transfer Coefficient by Optimization Algorithm (최적화 기법을 활용한 열전달계수의 측정)

  • Kim, J.T.;Lim, C.H.;Choi, J.K.
    • Transactions of Materials Processing
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    • v.15 no.9
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    • pp.679-685
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    • 2006
  • New method for evaluation of heat transfer coefficient is proposed. In general, many researchers have been studied about inverse problem in order to calculate the heat transfer coefficient on three-dimensional heat conduction problem. But they can get the time-dependent heat transfer coefficient only through inverse problem. In order to acquire temperature-dependent heat transfer coefficient, it requires much time for numerous repetitive calculation and inconvenient manual modification. In order to solve these problems, we are using the SQP(Sequential Quadratic Programming) as an optimization algorithm. When the temperature history is given by experiment, the optimization algorithm can evaluate the temperature-dependent heat transfer coefficient with automatic repetitive calculation until difference between calculated temperature history and experimental ones is minimized. Finally, temperature-dependent heat transfer coefficient evaluated by developed program can used on various heat transfer problem.

A Study on the Radiation and Convection Component Separated from Surface Combined Heat Transfer Coefficient on Dynamic Heat Load Simulation (표면 열전달율의 복사.대류성분 분리와 비정상 열부하 계산에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Tag;Choi, Chang-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this paper was to analyze the influence of radiation and convection component separated from surface heat combined transfer coefficient on dynamic Heat load simulation. In general, it was not considered the mutual radiation of walls that heat load simulation calculated by surface combined heat transfer coefficient. In order to solve this problem, we had developed new simulation program to calculate radiation heat transfer and convection heat transfer respectively, and verified the influence of radiation component with this new program, in indoor heat transfer process.

Experimental Study on Heat and Mass Transfer Characteristics in bundles of horizontal absorption tubes (수평관군 흡수기의 열 및 물질 전달특성에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • 설원실;정용욱;문춘근;윤정인
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.113-120
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    • 2000
  • On the absorber of absorption chiller/heater, LiBr solution at high concentration is sprinkled on a bundle of horizontal tube cooled by cooling water. In this case, the conditions of LiBr solution and cooling water have an influence on heat/mass transfer coefficient in this system. Therefor it is important to find optimal operation conditions of absorption chiller/heater to save energy. Heat and mass transfer coefficient increased with the increase of solution flow rate, and also heat and mass transfer rate increased but overall heat and mass transfer coefficient decreased by increasing the solution concentration within the experimental range. The superheating of the solution resulted in superior heat transfer character to a state of equilibrium from the point of heat flux and overall heat transfer coefficient.

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Contact Heat Transfer Coefficient for Finite Element Analysis in Warm Forging Processes (온간단조 공정의 계면열전달계수)

  • Kang J.H.;Ko B.H.;Jae J.S.;Kang S.S.
    • Transactions of Materials Processing
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.183-188
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    • 2006
  • Heat transfer coefficients have great influence on finite element analysis results in elevated temperature forging processes. Experimentally calculated contact heat transfer coefficient is not suitable for one-time finite element analysis because analyzed temperature will be appeared to be too low. To get contact heat transfer coefficient for one-time finite element analysis, tool temperature in operation was measured with thermocouple and repeated finite element analysis was performed with experimentally calculated contact and cooling heat transfer coefficient. Surface temperature of active tool was obtained comparing measurement and analysis results. Contact heat transfer coefficient for one-time finite element analysis was achieved analyzing surface temperature between repeated finite element analysis and one-time finite element analysis results.

A Study on the Laminar Flow Field and Heat Transfer Coefficient Distribution for Supercritical Water in a Tube (초임계상태의 물에 대한 관 내 층류유동장 및 열전달계수 분포특성에 관한 연구)

  • 이상호
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.15 no.9
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    • pp.768-778
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    • 2003
  • Numerical analysis has been carried out to investigate laminar convective heat transfer in a tube for supercritical water near the thermodynamic critical point. Fluid flow and heat transfer are strongly coupled due to large variations of thermodynamic and transport properties such as density, specific heat, viscosity, and thermal conductivity near the critical point. Heat transfer characteristics in the developing region of the tube show transition behavior between liquid-like and gas-like phases with a peak in heat transfer coefficient distribution near the pseudocritical point. The peak of the heat transfer coefficient depends on pressure and wall heat flux rather than inlet temperature and Reynolds number, Results of the modeling provide convective heat transfer characteristics including velocity vectors, temperature, and the properties as well as the heat transfer coefficient. The effect of proximity to the critical point is considered and a heat transfer correlation is suggested for the peak of Nusselt number in the tube.

A Numerical Study on the Laminar Flow Field and Heat Transfer Coefficient Distribution for Supercritical Water in a Tube

  • Lee Sang-Ho
    • International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.206-216
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    • 2005
  • Numerical analysis has been carried out to investigate laminar convective heat transfer at zero gravity in a tube for supercritical water near the thermodynamic critical point. Fluid flow and heat transfer are strongly coupled due to large variation of thermodynamic and transport properties such as density, specific heat, viscosity, and thermal conductivity near the critical point. Heat transfer characteristics in the developing region of the tube show transition behavior between liquid-like and gas-like phases with a peak in heat transfer coefficient distribution near the pseudo critical point. The peak of the heat transfer coefficient depends on pressure and wall heat flux rather than inlet temperature and Reynolds number. Results of the modeling provide convective heat transfer characteristics including velocity vectors, temperature, and the properties as well as the heat transfer coefficient. The effect of proximity on the critical point is considered and a heat transfer correlation is suggested for the peak of Nusselt number in the tube.

Analysis of Heat Transfer in Cooling of a Hot Plate by Planar Impingement Jet (평면충돌제트에 의한 고온 판 냉각과정의 열전달 해석)

  • Ahn, Dae-Hwan;Kim, Dong-Sik
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.17-27
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    • 2009
  • Water jet impingement cooling is used to remove heat from high-temperature surfaces such as hot steel plates in the steel manufacturing process (thermo-mechanical cooling process; TMCP). In those processes, uniform cooling is the most critical factor to ensure high strength steel and good quality. In this study, experiments are performed to measure the heat transfer coefficient together with the inverse heat conduction problem (IHCP) analysis for a plate cooled by planar water jet. In the inverse heat transfer analysis, spatial and temporal variations of heat transfer coefficient, with no information regarding its functional form, are determined by employing the conjugate gradient method with an adjoint problem. To estimate the two dimensional distribution of heat transfer coefficient and heat flux for planar waterjet cooling, eight thermo-couple are installed inside the plate. The results show that heat transfer coefficient is approximately uniform in the span-wise direction in the early stage of cooling. In the later stage where the forced-convection effect is important, the heat transfer coefficient becomes larger in the edge region. The surface temperature vs. heat flux characteristics are also investigated for the entire boiling regimes. In addition, the heat transfer rate for the two different plate geometries are compared at the same Reynolds number.

Study on Characteristics of Flow Boiling Heat Transfer in Multi channels (수평 다채널 관에서의 유동 비등 열전달 특성에 관한 연구)

  • CHOI, Yong-Seok;LIM, Tae-Woo
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.1310-1317
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    • 2015
  • Two-phase flow boiling heat transfer in micro-channels was experimently investigated. The test section consisted of 15 rectangular micro-channels with a depth of 0.45mm, width of 0.20mm. The experiments were performed for heat fluxes ranging from 5.6 to 46.1kW/m2 and mass fluxes from 150 to 450kg/m2s using FC-72 as the working fluid. According to the results, at the low heat flux region, heat transfer coefficient strongly depends on the heat flux, while heat transfer coefficient at the high heat flux region was independent on the heat flux. Four correlations were used to predict the heat transfer coefficient. The measured heat transfer coefficient was compared with four correlations. It was found that Kaew-On and Wongwises's correlation well predicted the measured data, within the MAE of 40.3%.

Boiling Heat Transfer Characteristics of R-290 in Horizontal Minichannel (수평미세관내 R-290의 비등열전달 특성)

  • Choi, Kwang-Il;Pamitran, A.S.;Oh, Jong-Taek
    • Proceedings of the SAREK Conference
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    • pp.68-73
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    • 2006
  • The present paper deals with an experimental study of boiling heat transfer characteristics of R-290, and is focused on pressure gradient and heat transfer coefficient of the refrigerant flow inside horizontal smooth minichannel with inner diameter of 3.0 mm and length of 2000 mm. The direct heating method applied for supplying heat to the refrigerant where the test tube was uniformly heated by electric current which was applied to the tube wall. The experiments were conducted with R-290 with purity of 99.99% at saturation temperature of 0 to $10^{\circ}C$. The range of mass flux is $50{\sim}250kg/m^2s$ and heat flux is $5{\sim}20kW/m^2$. The heat transfer coefficients of R-290 increases with increasing mass flux and saturation temperature, wherein the effect of mass flux is higher than that of the saturation temperature, whereas the heat flux has a low effect on increasing heat transfer coefficient. The significant effect of mass flux on heat transfer coefficient is shown at high quality, the effect of heat flux on heat transfer coefficient at low quality shows a domination of nucleate boiling contribution. The heat transfer coefficient of the experimental result was compared with six existing heat transfer coefficient correlation. Zang et al.'s correlation(2004) gave the best prediction of heat transfer coefficient.

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