• Title, Summary, Keyword: heavy metals

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Availability of Carboxylated Magnetic Beads for Extracting Heavy Metals from Aqueous Solution

  • So, Hyung-Suk;Yoo, Yeong-Seok;Schaeffer Andreas
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.98-102
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    • 2006
  • It was examined in this study that magnetic beads, which are assumed to be environmentally functional, could be effective in processing heavy metals that are water pollutants. For the purpose, magnetic beads containing carboxyl groups, which has strong binding force with heavy metals, are mixed with each Cd, Pb, Ni, Cu and Cr(III) solution, then stirred in pH 6. As a results of the process, it was proven that heavy metals bind quickly with magnetic beads through the reaction. In order to analyze heavy metal concentration, magnetic beads bind with heavy metal were collected by external magnetic force and dissolved in acid. The graphite furnace AAS was used to get heavy metal concentration melted in the acid solution. The results showed that heavy metal extractions by magnetic beads were influenced by the type and the concentration of a heavy metal, and over 90% of a heavy metal can be extracted in ppm level save for Cr(III). It was also examined in the study whether heavy metal extraction is influenced when other ions exist in each heavy metal solution. According to experiment, adding other heavy metals to a solution did have little influence on extracting an intended heavy metal. But in case salt or heavy metal chelate was added, Ni extraction changed sensitively although extracting other heavy metals were influenced only when the concentration of an added substance is high. In conclusion, it was shown that magnetic beads could be used to treat wastewater with relatively high heavy metal concentration.

Marble wastes as amendments to stabilize heavy metals in Zn-Electroplating sludge

  • Riahi, Khalifa;Chaabane, Safa;Thayer, Bechir Ben
    • Advances in environmental research
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.15-23
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    • 2017
  • Powdered marble wastes (PMW) generated by Utique marble cutting industries (North of Tunisia) with abundant amounts were used in this study as low-cost materials to investigate the stabilization of heavy metals (Pb, Zn, Fe) in sludge generated from a local Zn-Electroplating factory. Powdered marble wastes were evaluated by means of chemical fractions of heavy metals in sludge and concentrations of heavy metals in leachate from columns to determine their ability to stabilize heavy metals in contaminated sludge. Results indicated that chemical fractions of heavy metals in sludge were affected by application of the PMW mineral materials and pH, however, the effects varied with heavy metals. Application of the powdered marble wastes mineral materials reduced exchangeable metals in the sequence of Pb (60.5%)>Fe (40.5%)>Zn (30.1%). X-ray diffraction and hydro-geochemical transport code PHREEQC analysis were successfully carried out to get a better understanding of the mechanisms of reactive mineral phases involved in reduced exchangeable heavy metals in sludge after PMW material amendments. Therefore, metal immobilization using powdered marble wastes materials is an effective stabilization technique for industrial metallic hydroxide sludge.

Rejection Characteristics of Various Heavy Metals by Low-pressure Nanofiltration (저압나노여과에 의한 각종 중금속의 제거 특성)

  • Oh, Jeong-Ik;Kim, Han-Seung;Kim, Chung-Hwan
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.493-499
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    • 2004
  • Rejection characteristics of heavy metals by nanofiltration membranes were investigated. Nanofiltration membranes rejected heavy metals much better than chloride, sulfate and TOC, of which concentration in synthetic wastewater was higher than that of heavy metals. To consider rejection characteristics of various metals by nanofiltration membranes, separation coefficient, which is the ratio of the metal permeation rate to the chloride ion or TOC permeation rate, was introduced. In spite of different materials and different nominal salt rejection of nanofiltration membrane used, the separation coefficients of metals were nearly the same. In particular, the separation coefficient of arsenic against chloride ion and TOC was larger than any other separation coefficient of heavy metals. These phenomena were observed in the relationship between the molar conductivity and the separation coefficient for heavy metals.

Distributions and Correlation of Heavy Metals Sediment, Soil, Weeds and Vegetables on Lower Nakdong River (낙동강 하류 유역의 저니토, 토양, 잡초 및 채소 중의 중금속의 분포와 상관관계)

  • Jeong, Gi-Ho;Kim, Moon-Soon;Jeong, Jong-Hak
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.5 no.6
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    • pp.801-812
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    • 1996
  • We investigated concentrations of heavy metals(Cr, Cd, Zn, Fe, Pb, Cu, and Mnl and correlations between concentrations of heavy metals in the sediment, soil, weeds, and vegetables on the lower Nakdong river. Concentrations of heavy metals on the lower Milyang river was generally lower than those of other sampling area. In the soil, concentration of Pb is generally larger than that of other heavy metals. Generally, concentrations of heavy metals in the sediment show decreasing tendency 8s the sampling area moves toward downstream of the river, but those of in the soil and weeds show increasing tendency. There is no significant correlation between concentration of heavy metals in the soil-sediment, soil-vegetables, sediment-weeds, or vegetables-weeds. Only concentrations of Pb in the vegetables and those of in the weeds show very high correlation.

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Effect of Groundwater Anions and pH on the Sorption Removal of Heavy Metals by Bentonite (벤토나이트의 중금속 흡착제거에 대한 pH와 지하수 음이온의 영향)

  • 정찬호
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.31-40
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    • 2000
  • Sorption characteristics of Pb, Cu, Cd, and Zn onto Ca- and Na-bentonites were investigated by the batch experiments in the condition of various pHs and concentrations of groundwater major anions (${So_4}^{2-}$ and ($HCO_3$), which can form a complex with heavy metals. The sorption removal of heavy metals steadily increases as pH increases. The sorption capability about heavy metals of both Ca-bentonite and Na-bentonite is in the order of Pb>Cu>Zn>Cd. The effect of pH and selectivity of heavy metals of bentonites were explained by the change of surface charge of bentonite and the speciation of heavy metals. Na-bentonite has a little higher sorption ability about heavy metals than that of Ca-bentonite. A high sorption removal of Pb in 0.1M sulfate solution may be attributed to the precipitation of $PbSo_4$(anglesite). However, sulfate has a slight effect on the sorption of CU, Cd and Zn. More than 99% of heavy metals were removed from the 0.1 M bicarbonate solution. However, the efficiency of sorption removal of heavy metals highly decreases in the bicarbonate solution of $10^{-2}$M to $10^{-4}$M. The speciation and saturation index calculated by the WATEQ4F program indicate that the sorption of anionic complexes such as ${Pb(CO_3)_2}^{2-}$, ${Cd(CO_3)_2}^{2-}$, ${Zn(CO_3)_2}^{2-}$, ${Cu(CO_3)_2}^{2-}$ and the precipitation of the solid phases such as $PbCO_3$(cerrusite), $ZnCO_3$(smithsonite), $CdCO_3$(obtavite) are involved in sorption removal of heavy metals in bicarbonate solution. The sorption capability about heavy metals of bentonites in the presence of anions shows the following order: Pb>Cu Cd>Zn.

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Depth Profiles of Heavy Metals in the Surface Sediments of Haedong Reservoir

  • Byung-Chul Moon;Kwa
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.1.2-9
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    • 1992
  • We investigated the depth profiles of heavy metals in the surface sediments at Haedong reservoir in Pusan. Sampling was done at the intervals of 50 m of drift along the water channel into the reservoir. All samples were analyzed with an ICP-AES. We determined the content of Zn, Pb, Cd, Mn, Cu, Cr, and Fe. The overall mean content of these heavy metals were observed to $(2.9{\pm}1.2){\times}10^{-3}$, $(1.3{\pm}0.7){\times}10^{-3}$, $(1.9{\pm}2.1){\times}10^{-4}$ $(2.3{\pm}1.1){\times}10^{-2}$ $(1.6{\pm}1.0){\times}10{-3}$, and $(4.5{\pm}2.6){\times}10^{-4}$ ppm/ppm Fe, recpectively excluding iron data. Mean contents of Cu show an increasing trend toward the surface of sediments, while those of U show a decreasing trend, and those of Pb and Cr are relatively stable. Comparing with the contents of heavy metals in soils at two sites of Kumjeong mountain, enrichment factors of heavy metals in the surface sediments were determined. Among heavy metals we investigated, copper showed the largest value of enrichment factor. Considering the maximum content of heavy metals in the surface sediment, the values of enrichment factors of Cu, Cd and Cr were significant which were n, 8.1 and 4.0, respectively. In leaching experiment, it appeared that Pb, Cd, Cr, and Fe in sediments were hardly leached out into water. We also examined the effect of pH on the content of heavy metals.

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Immobilization of Heavy metal mechanism in Contaminated Coastal Sediment using Biostimulant Ball (BSB) with Modified Zeolite

  • Subha, Bakthavachallam;Woo, Jung-Hui;Song, Young-Chae
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.130-131
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    • 2016
  • Although many metals contaminated sediment from coastal area contain both anionic and cationic heavy metals, the current remediation technologies are not effective for stabilize heavy metals of both anionic and cationic elements from contaminated coastal region. the present work investigated the efficiency and mechanism of immobilization of Fe, Zn, Cr, Cu, Pb and Cd metal solutions in modified zeolite based biostimulant ball. Biostimulant ball containing acetate, nitrate and sulphate which are enhance the activity of marine microorganisms and it can act as electron donors and electron acceptors. Modified zeolite and chelating agent is greatly enhance the metal stabilization due to increased immobility of the analysed metals. The XRD, FT-IR and SEM of modified zeolite which cheating agents containing heavy metals were investigated. The results indicated that heavy metals could be effectively immobilized in modified zeolite and chelating agents in BSB added sediment. The immobilization of heavy metals in modified zeolite and chelating agents along with BSB could be due to stabilize of heavy metal cations. Immobilization of heavy metals using BSB with modified zeolite and chelating agent has lower cost effect and enhance the sediment quality.

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울산 달천광산 인근의 식물체 중금속 축적에 관한 연구

  • Kim Cheol;Cheon Mi-Hui
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.131-137
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    • 2006
  • This study was investigated the contents of heavy metals in plants at Dalcheun mine area, in order to offer basic data for phytoremedation on soil contamination by heavy metals. As the results of this study, the contents of Ni, As, Cd in plants were the highest at the west area of Dalcheun mine area. But the content of Zn was similar in all of Dalcheun mine area. For the herbaceous plants, the contents of heavy metals were higher in plants which were included in Gramineae and Compositae than any other families. And then the contents of Ni, Zn, Cd in root were higher $1.4{\sim}1.8$ times than stem, especially the content of As was higher 4 times. For the trees, the contents of heavy metals were usually high in Zanthoxylum piperitum, Pine tree, Chestnut tree, Quercus acutissima and Lindera obtusiloba. The contents of heavy metals with parts of tree were almost same range. All experimental result, we paid attention on two conclusions. First, the contents of heavy metals in herbs was higher than in trees. And second, if there were some spices that the content of heavy metal in leave were higher than in root, they could accumulate that kind of heavy metal. Therefore, It is above 2 times which the content of heavy metal in the leave is higher than in the root about herbs, that kind of plants was regarded as a accumulation species. According as the heavy metals, accumulation species were selected. We think that the accumulation species are able to absorb the heavy metals from the soil, they will make use of phytoremedation on contaminated soil by heavy metals.

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Effects of heavy metals on contents of various phosphate compounds and organic compounds in chlorella cells (Chlorella의 인산화합물 및 유기물함량에 미치는 중금속의 영향)

  • 이종삼;임영복
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.27-40
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    • 1982
  • The effects of heavy metals on the growth rate and phosphate metabolism of Chlorella elliposidea cells were investigated. Chlorella cells were cultured in the media treated with Hg(0.3, 0.7, 0.9 ppm), Cd(1, 5, 15ppm), and Zn(1, 5, 50ppm) for 6days. Aliquots cells were taken out at the inoculation and at intervals during the culture, and measured packed cell vlolume and optical density. The inhibitions of heavy metals on the growth rate and chlorophyll contents were traced. Also after 6 days culture, the amounts of inorganic phosphate and organic compounds of various fractions in Chlorella cells were observed. The turbid effects of heavy metals on the growth rate and chlorphyll contents of Chlorella cells were in order of Hg>Cd>Zn. Because heavy metals depressed the biosynthesis of inorganic polyphosphates and nucleic acids and turn over of inorganic phosphates, the amounts of various phosphate compounds were decreased. The inhibitory effect of photosynthesis by heavy metals resulted in lower contents of carbohydrate. Due to the turbidity of biosynthesis of amino acids by heavy metals, contents of protein were reduced in comparison with those of control. It is suggested conciusively that the minimum concentrations affected by heavy metals on the growth rate and phosphate metabolism of Chlorella cells were 0.7 ppm Hg, 15ppm Cd, 50ppm Zn.

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Recycling of Biological Industrial Waste as an Adsorbent for Heavy Metals (중금속 제거를 위한 흡착제로서 생물산업 폐기물의 재활용)

  • 장재선;이제만;김용희
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.7-13
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    • 2002
  • The removal efficiency of heavy metals by chitosan complex isolated from biological industrial waste was investigated through laboratory experiments. The results of the study are as follows. The adsorption kinetics of heavy metals were reached the equilibrium adsorption in approximately 30 minutes and the removal efficiency were showed 70.7~97.4%. The effect of temperature on heavy metals adsorption by chitosan complex shows that as the temperature increased, the amount of heavy metals adsorption per unit weight of chitosan complex increased. The correlation between amount of heavy metals adsorption per unit weight of chitosan complex and temperature were obtained through the coefficient of determination($R^2$). $R^2$ values were 0.75(p<0.05), 0.99(p<0.05) and 0.98(p<0.05) in Hg, Mn, and Zn, respectively. The injected chitosan complex in which 0.1 g was adsorpted highly and the removal of heavy metals was found to have the best removal efficiency A linearized Freundlich equation was used to fit the acquired experimental data. As a result, Freundlich constants, the adsorption intensity(I/n) was 0.5564, 0.4074, 0.5244 on the Hg, Mn, Zn, respectively And the measure of adsorption(k) was 2.2144, 1.6963, 2.0792 on the Hg, Mn, Zn, respectively. So, it was concluded that adsorption of heavy metals by chitosan complex is effective.